Historical Figures Who Died in 1814

  • Jan 21 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • Jan 27 Philip Astley, English circus owner "Father of the Modern Circus", dies at 72
  • Jan 29 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • Feb 26 Johan Tobias Sergel, Swedish sculptor, dies at 73
  • Mar 26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • Apr 1 Jozef de Ferraris, French-Austrian general and cartographer, dies at 87
  • May 12 Robert Treat Paine, American judge (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • May 29 Joséphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), dies of pneumonia aged 50
  • Jun 7 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician and Master of Marsch, dies at 71
  • Jun 15 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician, dies at 84

William Howe

Jul 12 William Howe, 5th Viscount Howe, British Military Leader (commander of British forces in the American Revolutionary War), dies at 84

Matthew Flinders

Jul 18 Matthew Flinders, English explorer, Navigator and cartographer who was 1st to circumnavigate Australia, dies from kidney disease at 40 [1]

  • Aug 21 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (Royal Institution of Great Britain), dies at 61

Arthur Phillip

Aug 31 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), dies at 75

  • Sep 8 Maria Carolina of Austria, Queen of the Two Sicilies, dies at 62
  • Oct 1 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • Nov 1 Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • Nov 18 Aleijadinho ‘the Cripple’ [Antônio Francisco Lisboa], Brazilian architect and sculptor (São Francisco de Assis), dies at 76
  • Nov 18 William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • Nov 23 Elbridge Gerry, American politician signer of Declaration of Independence, 5th Vice-President of the US (under James Madison, 1813-14), and namesake of "gerrymander", dies at 70

Marquis de Sade

Dec 2 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine) and where the words sadism and sadist are derived from, dies at 74

  • Dec 13 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgium fieldmarshal and author, dies at 79
  • Dec 19 Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump