Deaths in History in 1814

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  • Jan 21 Jacques-Henri Bernardin de Saint-Pierre, French writer and botanist (b. 1737)
  • Jan 27 Johann Gottlieb Fichte, philosopher, dies
  • Jan 27 Philip Astley, English circus owner "Father of the Modern Circus", dies at 72
  • Jan 29 Johann G Fichte, German philosopher (Wissenschaftslehre), dies at 51
  • Mar 26 Joseph-Ignace Guillotin, French physician and freemason who proposed and became the namesake of the guillotine, dies of natural causes at 75
  • Apr 1 Jozef de Ferraris, French/Austrian general/cartographer, dies at 87
  • May 12 Robert Treat Paine, US judge (signed Declaration of Independence), dies at 83
  • May 29 Jos├ęphine de Beauharnais, first wife of Napoleon I and first Empress of France (1804-14), dies of pneumonia aged 50
  • Jun 7 Robert Jasper van der de Capellen, mister of Marsch, dies at 71
  • Jun 15 Charles Palissot de Montenoy, French writer/politician, dies at 84
  • Jul 7 Robert Jasper van der Capellen, Dutch politician, dies at 71
  • Jul 19 Matthew Flinders, English cartographer (Australia coast), dies at 40
  • Aug 21 Benjamin Thompson, American physicist and inventor (b. 1753)
  • Aug 31 Arthur Phillip, British admiral, 1st Governor of New South Wales (1788-92), dies at 75
  • Sep 22 A W Iffland, writer, dies
  • Oct 1 Jakob I van Przysucha, Polish hassidic leader, dies
  • Nov 1 Alexander Samoylov, Russian general and statesman (b. 1744)
  • Nov 18 William Jessop, British civil engineer (b. 1745)
  • Nov 23 Elbridge Gerry, US merchant/signer (Declaration of Independence), dies at 70

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 2 Marquis de Sade, French philosopher and writer (Justine), dies at 74. The words sadism and sadist are derived from his name.

Philosopher and Writer Marquis de Sade
Philosopher and Writer
Marquis de Sade
  • Dec 13 Charles Joseph Prince of Ligne, Belgium fieldmarshal/author, dies at 79
  • Dec 19 Joseph Bramah, Inventor and Locksmith, notably invented the beer pump