On This Day

Deaths in History in 1844

  • Jan 25 Horace H. Hayden, 1st American licensed dentist and cofounds 1st dental college, dies at 74
  • Jan 26 John Wedgwood, British ceramicist and founder of the Royal Horticultural Society, dies at 77
  • Jan 31 Henri Gratien, Comte Bertrand, French general and engineer, dies at 70
  • Feb 4 Willem de Clerq, Dutch merchant/literary, dies at 49

Person of interestHenry Addington

Feb 15 Henry Addington, 1st Viscount Sidmouth, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1801-04), dies at 86

British Prime Minister Henry Addington
British Prime Minister
Henry Addington
  • Feb 16 Joseph Crosfield, English soap and alkali manufacturer, dies at 51
  • Feb 27 Nicholas Biddle, US lawyer/diplomat/statesman/financier, dies at 85
  • Feb 28 Abel P. Upshur, Secretary of State, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • Feb 28 Thommas W. Gilmer, Navy Secretary, dies in explosion on USS Princeton
  • Mar 6 Gabriel Duvall, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1811-35), dies at 91
  • Mar 8 Charles XIV [Jean Bernadotte], French-born King of Sweden & Norway (1818-44), Marshall of France, dies at 81
  • Mar 21 Leopold van Sasse van Ysselt, Dutch nobleman and politician, dies at 65
  • Mar 24 Bertel Thorvaldsen, Danish sculptor (Dying Lion), dies at 73
  • Apr 4 Charles Bulfinch, 1st US pro architect (Mass State House), dies at 80
  • May 2 William Beckford, British writer (Epsiodes of Vathek), dies at 83
  • May 18 Richard McCarty, American politician, dies at 64

  • May 24 William Crockford, clubman/gambler, dies
  • Jun 3 Louis Antoine, French Duke of Angoul√™me and General of France, dies at 68
  • Jun 15 Thomas Campbell, Scottish poet (Ye Mariners of England), dies at 66
  • Jun 19 √Čtienne Geoffroy Saint-Hilaire, French naturalist, dies at 72
  • Jun 27 Hyrum Smith, founder/leader (Mormon Church), shot by mob in Carthage Ill

Person of interestJoseph Smith

Jun 27 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Mormon Church, shot by a mob at 38

Religious Leader Joseph Smith
Religious Leader
Joseph Smith
  • Jul 11 Evgeny Baratynsky, Russian poet (b. 1800)
  • Jul 12 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
  • Jul 15 Claude Charles Fauriel, French historian (b. 1772)
  • Jul 23 Christian Gobrecht, 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office

Person of interestJohn Dalton

Jul 27 John Dalton, English physicist and chemist who developed the atomic theory of matter and researched colour blindness, dies at 77

Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist John Dalton
Chemist, Physicist and Meteorologist
John Dalton
  • Jul 28 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain (b. 1768)
  • Aug 4 Jakob Aall, Norwegian journalist and statesman, dies at 71
  • Aug 10 Grand Duchess Alexandra Nikolaevna of Russia, youngest daughter and fourth child of Tsar Nicholas I, Emperor of Russia, and his wife, Princess Charlotte of Prussia, dies at 19
  • Aug 11 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slavic Grammatica), dies at 63
  • Aug 14 Henry Francis Cary, translator (Dante), dies
  • Aug 29 Edmund Ignatius Rice, Irish founder of the Christian Brothers and Presentation Brothers (b. 1762)
  • Aug 30 Francis Baily, English astronomer and describer of "Baily's Beads" during solar eclipse, dies at 70
  • Sep 23 Alexander von Benckendorff, Russian general and statesman (b. 1783)
  • Sep 27 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), dies at 63
  • Sep 28 Pyotr Aleksandrovich Tolstoy, Russian general and statesman (b. 1769)
  • Oct 12 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies at 43
  • Nov 14 Flora Tristan, French writer and social activist, dies at 41
  • Nov 14 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, dies at 64
  • Nov 21 Ivan Krylov, Russian fabulist (b. 1769)
  • Nov 29 Princess Sophia of Gloucester, great-granddaughter of King George II of Great Britain and niece of King George III, dies at 71
  • Dec 2 Eustachy Erazm Sanguszko, Polish general and politician, dies at 76