On This Day

Deaths in History in 1859

  • Jan 8 Antoine GB Schayes, Belgian historian/archaeologist, dies at 50
  • Jan 18 Alfred Vail, American inventor and early telegraph pioneer, dies at 51
  • Jan 21 Henry Hallam, British lawyer and historian, dies at 81
  • Jan 27 Carl A Agardh, Swedish botanist/bishop of Karlstad, dies at 74
  • Jan 28 F. J. Robinson, 1st Viscount Goderich, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (1827-28), dies at 76
  • Jan 28 William H. Prescott, American historian, dies at 62
  • Jan 29 Seth Thomas, American manufacturer and pioneer in the mass production of clocks, dies at 73
  • Jan 29 William Cranch Bond, American astronomer (codiscovered Hyperion), dies at 69
  • Feb 23 Zygmunt Krasiński, Polish Romantic poet (b. 1812)
  • Apr 12 John Emde, German evangelist, dies at about 84
  • Apr 16 Alexis de Tocqueville, French historian (b. 1805)
  • Apr 30 Sergey Aksakov, Russian writer (Chronicles of a Russian Family), dies at 67
  • May 2 Eliza Courtney, English illegitimate daughter of Charles Grey and Georgiana Cavendish, Duchess of Devonshire, dies at 67
  • May 4 Joseph Diez Gergonne, French mathematician, dies at 87
  • May 5 Peter G L Dirichlet, German mathematician, dies at 53
  • May 6 Friedrich Heinrich Alexander, explorer/scientist, dies

  • May 10 John Archduke of Austria, dies
  • May 22 Ferdinand II [Re Bomba], Dutch King of Sicily, dies at 49
  • Jun 7 David Cox, English painter (Treatise on Landscape Paint), dies at 73

Person of interestWalter Hunt

Jun 8 Walter Hunt, American inventor (safety pin, sewing machine), dies at 62

Inventor Walter Hunt
Walter Hunt
  • Jun 27 Jean Chrétien Baud, Dutch gov-gen of Dutch-Indies (1834-36), dies at 69
  • Jul 5 Charles Cagniard de la Tour, French physicist (b. 1777)
  • Jul 8 Oscar I, King of Sweden and Norway (1844-59), dies at 60
  • Jul 13 Rufus Choate, American lawyer (Hall of Fame), dies at 59
  • Jul 20 Hans E Schack, Danish politician/writer (Fantasy), dies
  • Jul 23 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), dies at 73

Person of interestHorace Mann

Aug 2 Horace Mann, American education advocate, dies at 63

Father of American Education Horace Mann
Father of American Education
Horace Mann
  • Aug 4 Jean Vianney, French Catholic priest, dies at 73
  • Aug 10 George Staunton, English writer and traveller to China, dies at 68
  • Sep 5 Friedrich von Olivier, German landscape painter, dies at 68
  • Sep 15 John LA Luyten, Catholic Member of Dutch 2nd parliament, dies at 72

Person of interestIsambard Kingdom Brunel

Sep 15 Isambard Kingdom Brunel, British engineer (SS Great Britain, Great Western Railway), dies of a stroke at 53

  • Sep 19 John Pringle Nichol, Scottish Astronomer and educator, dies at 55
  • Sep 28 Rinse Posthumus, Frisian writer and poet, dies at 68
  • Oct 4 Karl Baedeker, German publisher (known for guidebooks for tourists), dies at 57

Person of interestWashington Irving

Nov 28 Washington Irving, American author (Legend of Sleepy Hollow), dies of a heart attack at 76

BattleJohn Brown

Dec 2 John Brown, American abolitionist and revolutionary (Harpers Ferry), hanged at 59

Abolitionist John Brown
John Brown
  • Dec 8 Thomas De Quincey, English writer (Confessions of English Opium Eater), dies at 74

Person of interestWilhelm Grimm

Dec 16 Wilhelm Grimm, German writer (Grimm's Fairy Tales), dies at 73

  • Dec 21 Nicolaas Christiaan Kist, Dutch Reformed theologian and church historian, dies at 66
  • Dec 28 Thomas Babington Macaulay, English poet and historian (Ivry, Naaseby), dies at 59