On This Day

Deaths in History in 1861

  • Jan 2 Frederick William IV, King of Prussia (1840-61) & Germany (1849-61), dies at 65
  • Jan 17 Lola Montez, Irish-born adventurer (b. 1821)
  • Jan 18 John Heathcoat, English inventor of lace-making machinery, dies at 77
  • Jan 31 Franciscus J van Vree, Dutch Catholic foreman, dies at 53
  • Feb 10 Francis Danby, Irish painter, dies at 67
  • Feb 18 Louis C Luzac, Dutch minister of Internal Affairs, dies at 74
  • Feb 21 Lars Levi Laestadius, Swedish botanist and founder of Laestadianism, dies at 61
  • Mar 10 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet and painter, dies at 47
  • Apr 4 John McLean, American Supreme Court Justice (1829-61) and Postmaster General, dies at 76

Person of interestElisha Otis

Apr 8 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, dies of diphtheria at 50

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Apr 11 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet (b. 1824)
  • May 9 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philologist & politician, dies at 55
  • May 24 Elmer E. Ellsworth, American soldier who was the 1st Union officer killed in the American Civil War, dies at 24
  • Jun 1 John Q Marr, US Confederate captain, dies in battle at Fairfax Courthouse, the first Confederate death of the war
  • Jun 3 Stephen A. Douglas, American politician, US senator from Illinois (Lincoln-Douglas debates), dies at 48
  • Jun 5 John Garland, US Union colonel and brigadier general, dies in battle

  • Jun 6 Giuseppe Concone, Italian singing teacher, dies at 59
  • Jun 6 Count Camillo Benso di Cavour, Prime Minister of Italy (b. 1810)
  • Jun 25 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, dies at 38

Person of interestElizabeth Barrett Browning

Jun 29 Elizabeth Barrett Browning, British poet and writer ("How Do I Love thee"), dies at 55

  • Jul 2 Petrus Augustus de Génestet, Dutch vicar and poet, dies at 31
  • Jul 7 John Willis Ellis, US governor of NC (1858-61), dies
  • Jul 13 Robert Selden Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • Jul 21 Francis Stebbins Bartow, Confederate colonel, dies in battle at 44
  • Jul 22 Barnard Elliot Bee, US Confederate brigadier general, dies at 37
  • Jul 25 Jonas Furrer, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1805)
  • Aug 10 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier-General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle at 43
  • Aug 12 Eliphalet Remington, American firearms manufacturer (Remington Arms Co., L.L.C.), dies at 67
  • Aug 17 Alcée Louis la Branche, American Politician (b. 1806)
  • Aug 22 Xianfeng, Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, dies at 30
  • Sep 12 George N. Briggs, American lawyer and politician, 19th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 65
  • Oct 5 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (b. 1778)
  • Oct 6 Elias Canneman, liberal minister of Finance (1813-14), dies at 84
  • Oct 21 Edward Dickinson Baker, US attorney/senator, dies in battle at 50
  • Oct 21 John Breckinridge Grayson, Confederate brigadier general, dies
  • Oct 25 Friedrich C von Savigny, German lawyer, dies at 82
  • Nov 11 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), dies at 24
  • Nov 13 Arthur Hugh Clough, English poet, friend of Matthew Arnold, dies at 42
  • Dec 14 Albert, English prince consort & husband of Queen Victoria, dies at 42

Person of interestGeorge Hamilton-Gordon

Dec 14 George Hamilton-Gordon, 4th Earl of Aberdeen, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Peelite: 1852-55) & Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs, dies at 76

British Prime Minister George Hamilton-Gordon
British Prime Minister
George Hamilton-Gordon
  • Dec 26 Philip St. George Cocke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), commits suicide at 52