Historical Figures Who Died in 1864

  • Jan 7 Caleb Blood Smith, American journalist and politician, 6th U.S. Secretary of the Interior, dies at 55
  • Jan 24 Stephen Gardner Champlin, brigadier general (Union), dies at about 36
  • Jan 27 Leo von Klenze, German neoclassical architect (Walhalla), dies at 59
  • Jan 28 Émile Clapeyron, French engineer and physicist (b. 1799)
  • Jan 31 Hamilton Rowan Gamble, American judge/governor of Missouri (1861-64), dies
  • Feb 1 Louise Marie Thérèse of Artois, Duchess of Parma and Piacenza, dies at 44
  • Feb 15 William Dyce, painter, dies
  • Feb 19 William Edwin Baldwin, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in a horse accident at 36
  • Feb 21 Jeffery Forrest, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Feb 26 Louis-Hippolyte Lafontaine, French Canadian politician (Prime Minister of the Province of Canada), dies at 56
  • Mar 3 Ulric Dahlgren, Union colonel, dies in battle at 21
  • Mar 4 Thomas Starr King, American Unitarian clergyman and lecturer who advocated for California to remain in the Union (Christianity & Humanity), dies of an illness at 39
  • Mar 10 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), dies at 52
  • Mar 16 Robert Smith Surtees, British novelist (Jorrocks’s Jaunts and Jollities), dies at 58
  • Mar 17 Alexandre Calamo, Swiss painter, etcher and lithographer, dies at 53
  • Mar 21 Luke Howard, British manufacturing chemist and meteorologist (nomenclature system for clouds), dies at 91
  • Mar 27 Jean-Jacques Ampère, French scholar (b. 1800)
  • Apr 2 Princess Hildegard of Bavaria, seventh child and fourth daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria and Therese of Saxe-Hildburghausen, dies at 38
  • Apr 4 Joseph Pitty Couthouy, American naval officer (b. 1808)
  • Apr 12 Thomas Green, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 50
  • Apr 22 Joseph Gilbert Totten, US Union general-major, dies at 75

Abraham GesnerAbraham Gesner (1797-1864)

Apr 29 Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), dies at 66

  • Apr 29 Charles-Julien Brianchon, French mathematician (Brianchon's theorem), dies at 80
  • May 5 Alexander Hays, US Union-general-major, dies in battle at 44
  • May 5 John Marshall Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 43
  • May 5 Leroy Augustus Stafford, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 42
  • May 6 Henry Livermore Abbott, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • May 6 Micah Jenkins, Confederate brigadier general (friendly fire), dies at 28
  • May 8 James Samuel Wadsworth, American politician and major general (Union), dies in battle at 56
  • May 9 John Sedgwick, American Major General (Union Army), is shot in battle after claiming "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance" at 50
  • May 9 Thomas D. Doubleday, American bookstore owner & Union Army officer, dies in an accident at 48
  • May 10 James Clay Rice, lawyer/Union brigadier general, dies in battle at 34
  • May 10 Thomas Greeley Stevenson, Union brigadier general, dies at about 27
  • May 12 Abner Monroe Perrin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 37
  • May 13 Junius Daniel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 35
  • May 14 William N Green Jr, Union brigadier general, dies
  • May 16 Lean Bear, Cheyenne chief, murdered
  • May 18 James Byron Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 41

Nathaniel HawthorneNathaniel Hawthorne (1804-1864)

May 19 American author (House of 7 Gables, The Scarlet Letter), dies at 59

  • May 20 John Clare, English poet (Poems Descriptive of Rural Life and Scenery), dies at 70
  • May 26 Charles Sealsfield, Austrian-American writer, dies at 71
  • May 28 Henry H Giesy, US Union-brigadier general, dies in battle
  • May 28 Simion Bărnuţiu, Romanian philosopher and liberal politician, dies at 55
  • May 30 James Barbour Terrill, US attorney/Confederate brigadier general, dies at 26
  • Jun 1 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (b. 1812)
  • Jun 1 Solomon George Washington Dill, poor white ally of African Americans, assassinated in his home by white terrorists in SC
  • Jun 2 George Pierce Doles, US businessman/Confed brigadier general, dies at 34
  • Jun 3 James P. McMahon, US Union colonel (164th NY), dies in the Battle of Cold Harbour at about 29
  • Jun 3 Peter A. Porter, US Union colonel (8th NY), dies in the Battle of Cold Harbour at 36
  • Jun 4 Nassau William Senior, British economist (New Poor Law 1834), dies at 73
  • Jun 5 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 39
  • Jun 14 Leonidas Polk, Lt. Gen. (Confederate Army), killed in action in Battle of Pine Mt at 58
  • Jun 15 Haller Nutt, American rich Southern Plantation owner (Longwood house - largest octagonal house in the US), dies at 48
  • Jun 19 George Lincoln Prescott, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 35
  • Jun 27 Charles Garrison Harker, US Union-brigadier general, dies at the Battle of Kennesaw Mountain battle at 26
  • Jul 6 Samuel Allen Rice, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies of injuries at 36
  • Jul 17 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 29
  • Jul 17 Dirk Dark Curtius, attorney/liberal minister of Justice, dies at 71
  • Jul 22 James Birdseye McPherson, US Union general-major, dies in The Battle of Atlanta at 35
  • Jul 22 William H. T. Walker, American Major General (Confederate Army), killed in action at 47 during the Atlanta Campaign
  • Jul 25 Clement H. Stevens, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 42
  • Jul 27 John Putnam Chapin, American politician (10th Mayor of Chicago (1846-47), dies at 54
  • Jul 27 Margaret E Breckinridge, US nurse/daughter of VP John, dies
  • Jul 28 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • Jul 31 Louis Christophe François Hachette, French publisher (Librairie Hachette), dies at 64
  • Aug 5 Griffin A. Stedman, American Brigadier General (Union Army), dies in battle at 26
  • Aug 7 Li Xiucheng, late Taiping's Field Marshal and soul person.(b. 1823)
  • Aug 12 Sakuma Shōzan, Japanese reformer (b. 1811)
  • Aug 15 Daniel Phineas Woodbury, US engineer/Union general-major, dies
  • Aug 16 John Randolph Chambliss Jr, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 31
  • Aug 16 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 27
  • Aug 20 Daniel Chaplin, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • Aug 20 John H Kelly, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • Aug 21 John Calhoun Sanders, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 24
  • Aug 31 Ferdinand Lassalle, French socialist and political activist (Allgemeiner), dies at 39
  • Sep 4 John Hunt Morgan, American Confederate military leader of 'Morgan's Raiders', killed by Union troops at Greeneville at 39
  • Sep 15 John Hanning Speke, British explorer, the first European to reach Lake Victoria in east Africa, dies at 37
  • Sep 17 Walter Savage Landor, English poet and writer (Imaginary Conversations), dies at 89
  • Sep 19 Archibald Campbell Godwin, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 David Allen Russell, United States Army officer (Union), dies in battle at 43
  • Sep 19 Robert Emmet Rodes, American Civil War Confederate Army Major General, dies in battle at 35
  • Sep 23 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), dies at 23
  • Sep 29 Hiram Burnham, American Union army officer (Chancellorsville), dies in Battle of Chaffin's Farm at 49 or 50
  • Oct 1 John Dunovant, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 1 Juan José Flores, General and first President of Ecuador (1839-1845), dies at 64
  • Oct 1 Rose Greenhow, American Confederate spy (b. 1817)
  • Oct 4 Joseph Montferrand, French Canadian logger and strong man, dies at 61
  • Oct 7 Alexander Gardiner, US Union brigadier general, dies in battle
  • Oct 7 John Gregg, American judge/Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 36
  • Oct 8 Thomas Jonathan Coffin Amory, US Union-brigadier general, dies at about 34
  • Oct 10 David Bullock Harris, US Confederate colonel, dies of yellow fever
  • Oct 12 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87
  • Oct 18 David Bell Birney, American businessman, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), dies at 39
  • Oct 19 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, magistrate/brigadier general, dies in battle at 45
  • Oct 20 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 27
  • Oct 24 James Jay Archer, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 46

William T. AndersonWilliam T. Anderson (c. 1840-1864)

Oct 26 American Civil War Pro-Confederate rebel guerrilla leader (Lawrence Massacre, Centralia Massacre), killed in battle by union troops at 23 or 24

  • Nov 3 Antonio Goncalves Dias, Brazilian national poet, dies at sea
  • Nov 23 Friedrich Georg Wilhelm von Struve, German-Russian astronomer, dies at 71
  • Nov 30 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • Nov 30 John Adams, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at about 39
  • Nov 30 Otto French Strahl, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • Nov 30 Patrick Ronayne Cleburne, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in the Battle of Franklin at 33
  • Dec 2 Archibald Gracie III, Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at Siege of Petersburg, Virginia aged 32
  • Dec 8 George Boole, English mathematician (Boolean algebra), dies at 49
  • Dec 10 Henry Schoolcraft, American geographer and geologist, dies at 71
  • Dec 21 Archduke Louis of Austria, 14th child of Holy Roman Emperor Leopold II and Feldmarschal-Leutnant of Austrian Imperial Army, dies at 80
  • Dec 31 George Mifflin Dallas, American politician (11th Vice President of the United States) and United States Minister to Russia, dies at 72