On This Day

Deaths in History in 1865

  • Jan 3 Jozef Lies, Flemish painter, dies at 43
  • Jan 8 Aimé, duc de Clermont-Tonnerre, French general and statesman, dies at 85
  • Jan 19 Pierre-Joseph Proudhon, French philosopher and anarchist (b. 1809)
  • Feb 6 John Pegram, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in battle at 33
  • Feb 7 John Henry Winder, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and provost marshal, dies at 64
  • Feb 10 Heinrich Lenz, German physicist (b. 1804)
  • Feb 15 Nicholas Wiseman, 1st Archbishop of Westminster (1850-65), dies at 62
  • Feb 24 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, dies at 23
  • Feb 25 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Zwischen Himmel und Erde), dies at 47
  • Mar 1 Anna Pavlovna, Russian queen consort of the Netherlands, dies at 70
  • Mar 2 Carl Sylvius Völkner, German missionary to New Zealand (b. 1819)
  • Mar 10 William Henry "Little Billy" Chase Whiting, American Confederate Major General, dies in a prison camp at 48
  • Mar 20 Keisuke Yamanami, Japanese samurai (b. 1833)
  • Mar 26 Thomas Hancock, pioneer of rubber industry (Stoke Newington), dies
  • Mar 27 Petrus Hoffman Peerlkamp, Dutch scholar (b. 1786)
  • Mar 28 Albert G Bilders, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 26

  • Apr 2 A. P. Hill, Confederate general, killed in action at 39
  • Apr 2 Richard Cobden, founder Anti-Corn-Law League, dies at 60
  • Apr 6 John Austin Wharton, American lawyer and Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 36
  • Apr 6 Reuben B Boston, US Confederate cavalery colonel, dies in battle
  • Apr 9 Thomas Alfred Smyth, Irish/US Union general-major, dies at 32

Person of interestAbraham Lincoln

Apr 15 Abraham Lincoln, 16th US President (Republican: 1861-65), dies from gunshot wounds at 56

16th US President Abraham Lincoln
16th US President
Abraham Lincoln
  • Apr 16 Robert C. Tyler, US Confederate brigadier general, dies during the Battle of West Point, at 32
  • Apr 22 Francis Washburn, US Union colonel/gen major, dies of injuries
  • Apr 22 William McKean, American naval officer (Union Navy), dies at 64
  • Apr 23 James Dearing, U.S. Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 24
  • Apr 28 Samuel Cunard, Canadian-British shipping magnate & founder (1st regular Atlantic steamship line), dies at 77
  • Apr 30 Robert Fitzroy, English admiral and scientist, dies at 59
  • May 21 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish Archaeologist, created Stone, Bronze, Iron age system, dies at 76
  • May 25 Madeleine Sophie Barat, French saint and founder of the Society of the Sacred Heart, dies at 85
  • May 30 William Clarke Quantrill, criminal/Confederate bushwhacker, dies at 27
  • Jun 2 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, dies at 59
  • Jun 2 Ner Alexander Middleswarth, American politician, dies at 81
  • Jun 3 Okada Izō, Japanese samurai (b. 1838)
  • Jun 8 Joseph Paxton, English architect, gardener and MP (Crystal Palace), dies at 61
  • Jun 13 Cleaveland J Campbell, Union brigadier general, dies at about 29

  • Jun 15 Edmun Ruffin, US secessionist/writer, commits suicide
  • Jun 21 Frances Adeline Seward, wife of United States Secretary of State William H. Seward (b. 1824)
  • Jun 23 Samuel Francis DuPont, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 61
  • Jul 7 Lewis Powell, American Confederate soldier who was part of the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln and who attempted to kill Secretary of State William H. Seward, executed by hanging at 21
  • Jul 7 David Herold, American pharmacist's assistant who was part of the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln, executed by hanging at 23
  • Jul 7 George Atzerodt, American conspirator who failed to attempt an assassination of Vice President Andrew Johnson on the night Abraham Lincoln was murdered, executed by hanging at 30
  • Jul 7 Mary Surratt, American boarding house owner who was part of the conspiracy to assassinate Abraham Lincoln, executed by hanging at 42 or 45. She becomes the first woman executed by the US government.
  • Jul 15 Reinier C Bakhuizen van de Brink, Dutch historian, dies at 55
  • Jul 25 James Barry [Margaret Ann Bulkley], British military surgeon and the 1st woman in Great Britain to become a qualified medical doctor, dies at 66 or 67
  • Jul 30 George Wright, US Union brigadier general, dies at 61
  • Aug 12 William Jackson Hooker, botanist, dies
  • Aug 13 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, dies at 47
  • Aug 17 Mosby Munroe Parsons, United States officer in the Mexican–American War and brigadier general of the Confederate States Army, dies in battle at 42
  • Aug 26 Johann F Encke, German astronomer (Comet Encke), dies at 73
  • Aug 26 Marcellus Monroe Crocker, US attorney/Union brigadier general, dies at 35
  • Aug 27 Thomas Chandler Haliburton, Canadian novelist (The Clockmaker; or, The Sayings and Doings of Samuel Slick of Slickville), dies at 68
  • Aug 29 John Brough, US publisher/(gov-R-Ohio), dies at about 54
  • Sep 11 Christophe Léon Louis Juchault de Lamoricière, French general, dies at 59
  • Sep 16 Christian Julius De Meza, Danish general (b. 1792)
  • Sep 20 William H Revere Jr, US Union brigadier general, dies
  • Sep 22 Heinrich Christian Pander, Baltic German biologist and embryologist, dies at 71
  • Sep 30 Samuel David Luzzatto, Italian-Jewish scholar, dies at 65
  • Oct 16 Andrés Bello, Venezuelan poet, lawmaker, philosopher, and sociologist (b. 1781)

Person of interestHenry John Temple

Oct 18 Henry John Temple, 3rd Viscount Palmerston, British Prime Minister (1855-58 and 1859-65), dies of fever at 80

British Prime Minister Henry John Temple
British Prime Minister
Henry John Temple
  • Oct 20 Champ Ferguson, Confederate guerrilla (b. 1821)
  • Oct 31 William Parson, 3rd Earl of Rosse & maker of large telescopes, dies
  • Nov 10 Henry Wards, Confederate prison supt, executed for excessive cruelty
  • Nov 12 Elizabeth Gaskell, English novelist (b. 1810)
  • Nov 12 Preston King, U.S. Senator from New York (1857-63), dies at 59
  • Nov 17 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, dies at 52
  • Nov 23 René E de Russy, West Indian/US brigadier general, dies at about 75
  • Nov 25 Heinrich Barth, German historian/geographer (Central Africa), dies
  • Nov 29 Herman van Sonsbeeck, Dutch lawyer and statesman, dies at 69
  • Dec 1 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • Dec 1 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
  • Dec 10 Leopold I, King of Belgium (1831-65), dies at 74
  • Dec 14 Johan Georg Forchhammer, Danish geologist, dies at 71
  • Dec 24 Sir Charles Lock Eastlake, British painter and writer (b. 1793)
  • Dec 30 Henry Winter Davis, American politician and unionist, dies at 48