On This Day

Deaths in History in 1868

  • Jan 11 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 59
  • Jan 28 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • Feb 10 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), dies at 86
  • Feb 11 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, dies at 48
  • Feb 29 Ludwig I, King of Bavaria (1825-48), dies at 81
  • Mar 4 Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • Mar 28 James Brudenell, British 7th Earl of Cardigan (led the Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War), dies at about 70
  • Apr 7 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, dies at 42
  • Apr 13 Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, commits suicide at 50
  • Apr 21 Henry James O'Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • May 7 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 89
  • May 10 Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)
  • May 14 John Newton Brown, American publisher and Baptist teacher, dies at 64
  • May 17 Isami Kondo, Shinsengumi Commander (b. 1834)
  • May 19 Benjamin Guinness, Irish brewer and philanthropist, dies at 69
  • May 22 Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies

Person of interestKit Carson

May 23 Kit Carson, American frontiersman, Indian fighter and army officer, dies of an aortic aneurysm at 58

Frontiersman Kit Carson
Kit Carson
  • May 26 Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution
  • May 29 Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia (b. 1823)
  • May 29 Levi Lincoln, Jr., American lawyer and 13th Governor of Massachusetts (1825-34), dies at 85

Person of interestJames Buchanan

Jun 1 James Buchanan, 15th US President (1857-61), dies at 77

15th US President James Buchanan
15th US President
James Buchanan

Person of interestJames Brooke

Jun 9 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), dies of a stroke at 65

1st White Rajah of Sarawak James Brooke
1st White Rajah of Sarawak
James Brooke
  • Jun 10 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia (1839-42,1860-68), murdered at 44
  • Jun 22 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (b. 1801)
  • Jun 25 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), dies at 57
  • Jun 25 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), dies at 88
  • Jul 3 Lafayette Curry Baker, American investigator spy and Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 41
  • Jul 6 Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
  • Jul 15 William T. G. Morton, American dentist who first used ether as a surgical anaesthetic (HOF 1920), dies at 48
  • Jul 19 Soji Okita, Japanese samurai, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • Jul 24 George Cattermole, painter/illustrator, dies
  • Aug 5 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (discovered flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley), dies at 79
  • Aug 11 Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R), dies at 76
  • Aug 25 Costache Negruzzi, Romanian author/poet, dies at about 60
  • Aug 25 Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar (Iowa), dies at 62
  • Aug 25 Jacob van Lennep, Dutch 2nd member of parliament, dies at 66

  • Sep 6 Pierre Adolphe Rost, Louisiana judge, Confederate commissioner (b. 1797)
  • Sep 17 Roman Nose (Wiquini), Cheyenne indian leader, dies
  • Sep 19 William Sprague, American minister and politician from (b. 1809)
  • Sep 26 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • Sep 27 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, dies at 58
  • Sep 28 Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Jr., American attorney, and Confederate Army Major General, assassinated at 40
  • Oct 1 Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • Oct 9 Howell Cobb, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Treasury), dies at 53

Person of interestLaura Secord

Oct 17 Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812, dies at 93

Canadian War Heroine Laura Secord
Canadian War Heroine
Laura Secord
  • Oct 23 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Benjamin F. Randolph, American minister and politician (South Carolina state senator), assassinated by members of the KKK at about 48
  • Nov 19 Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)
  • Dec 6 August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • Dec 13 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, dies at 74
  • Dec 24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist, dies at 66
  • Dec 25 Linus Yale Jr., American portrait painter and inventor (Yale cylinder lock), dies at 47