On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1868

  • Jan 11 Henry Haywood Bell, U.S. Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 59
  • Jan 28 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Witiko), commits suicide at 62
  • Feb 10 David Brewster, Scottish physicist and inventor (kaleidoscope), dies at 86
  • Feb 11 Leon Foucault, French physicist whose pendulum proved that the Earth rotates, dies at 48
  • Feb 29 Ludwig I, King of Bavaria (1825-48), dies at 81
  • Mar 4 Jesse Chisholm, American pioneer of the Chisholm Trail (b. 1805)
  • Mar 12 Ernest Doudart de Lagrée, French naval officer and entomologist (led the Mekong River expedition 1866-68), dies during the Mekong Expedition at 44
  • Mar 28 James Brudenell, British 7th Earl of Cardigan (led the Charge of the Light Brigade during Crimean War), dies at about 70
  • Apr 7 Thomas D'Arcy McGee, Irish-Canadian journalist and Father of Confederation, dies at 42
  • Apr 13 Tewodros II, Emperor of Ethiopia, commits suicide at 50
  • Apr 21 Henry James O'Farrell, Australian would-be assassin of Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh
  • May 7 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, dies at 89
  • May 10 Henry Bennett, American politician (b. 1808)
  • May 14 John Newton Brown, American publisher and Baptist teacher, dies at 64
  • May 17 Isami Kondo, Shinsengumi Commander (b. 1834)
  • May 19 Benjamin Guinness, Irish brewer and philanthropist, dies at 69
  • May 22 Julius Plucker, German mathematician/physicist (formula of P), dies

Kit Carson

May 23 Kit Carson, American frontiersman, Indian fighter and army officer, dies of an aortic aneurysm at 58

  • May 26 Michael Barrett, Irish nationalist, last British public execution
  • May 29 Michael Obrenovich III, Prince of Serbia (b. 1823)
  • May 29 Levi Lincoln, Jr., American lawyer and 13th Governor of Massachusetts (1825-34), dies at 85

James Brooke

Jun 9 James Brooke, British adventurer and 1st Rajah of Sarawak (1841-68), dies of a stroke at 65

  • Jun 10 Michael Obrenovic, ruler of Serbia (1839-42,1860-68), murdered at 44
  • Jun 22 Heber C. Kimball, American religious leader (Church of the Latter Day Saints), dies at 67
  • Jun 25 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), dies at 57
  • Jun 25 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), dies at 88
  • Jul 3 Lafayette Curry Baker, American investigator spy and Brigadier General (Union Army), dies at 41
  • Jul 6 Sanosuke Harada, Shinsengumi Captain (b. 1840)
  • Jul 7 Edward Coles, American anti-slavery advocate and politician (Governor of Illinois, 1822-26), dies at 81
  • Jul 15 William T. G. Morton, American dentist who first used ether as a surgical anaesthetic (HOF 1920), dies at 48
  • Jul 19 Soji Okita, Japanese samurai, 1st Captain of the Shinsengumi (b. 1842 or 1844)
  • Jul 24 George Cattermole, painter/illustrator, dies
  • Aug 5 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (discovered flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley), dies at 79
  • Aug 10 Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian military leader and revolutionary who fought against Ottoman rule, killed in battle at 28
  • Aug 11 Thaddeus Stevens, US Radical Republican congressional leader (Rep-R), dies at 76
  • Aug 25 Costache Negruzzi, Romanian author/poet, dies at about 60
  • Aug 25 Henry P Scholte, Dutch/US vicar (Iowa), dies at 62
  • Aug 25 Jacob van Lennep, Dutch 2nd member of parliament, dies at 66
  • Sep 6 Pierre Adolphe Rost, Louisiana judge, Confederate commissioner (b. 1797)
  • Sep 17 Roman Nose (Wiquini), Cheyenne indian leader, dies
  • Sep 19 William Sprague, American minister and politician from (b. 1809)
  • Sep 26 August Ferdinand Möbius, German mathematician and astronomer (b. 1790)
  • Sep 27 Alexander Walewski, French earl and Foreign Minister, dies at 58
  • Sep 28 Thomas Carmichael Hindman, Jr., American attorney, and Confederate Army Major General, assassinated at 40
  • Oct 1 Rama IV [Phra Chomklao Chaoyuhua], king of Thai (1851-68), dies at 63
  • Oct 9 Howell Cobb, American politician (U.S. Secretary of Treasury), dies at 53

Laura Secord

Oct 17 Laura Secord, Canadian heroine of the war of 1812, dies at 93

  • Oct 23 Cullen Whipple, American inventor (pointed screw machine), dies at 67
  • Oct 26 Benjamin F. Randolph, American minister and politician (South Carolina state senator), assassinated by members of the KKK at about 48
  • Nov 19 Ivane Andronikashvili, Georgian general (b. 1798)
  • Dec 6 August Schleicher, German linguist (b. 1821)
  • Dec 13 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, dies at 74
  • Dec 24 Adolphe d'Archiac, French paleontologist and geologist, dies at 66
  • Dec 25 Linus Yale Jr., American portrait painter and inventor (Yale cylinder lock), dies at 47