Historical Figures Who Died in 1878

  • Jan 5 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (6th Prime Minister of Italy, 1864-66), dies at 73
  • Jan 7 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)

Victor Emmanuel IIVictor Emmanuel II (1820-1878)

Jan 9 King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

  • Jan 18 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, dies at 89
  • Jan 19 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • Jan 26 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), dies at 82
  • Feb 1 George Cruikshank, English caricaturist & illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • Feb 7 Pius IX, "Pio Nono" [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • Feb 8 Elias M. Fries, Swedish botanist (System mycologicum), dies at 83
  • Feb 10 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), dies at 64
  • Feb 11 Gideon Welles, 24th U.S. secretary of the navy under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, dies at 75
  • Feb 17 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, dies at 59
  • Feb 18 Peter D Regout, industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • Feb 19 Charles-François Daubigny, French painter of the Barbizon school, dies at 61
  • Feb 25 Townsend Harris, American diplomat (1st Western consul to reside in Japan), dies at 73
  • Mar 3 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, dies at 81
  • Mar 16 William Banting, English undertaker, dies
  • Mar 20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • Mar 27 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), dies at 44
  • Mar 27 George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

Mark HopkinsMark Hopkins (1813-1878)

Mar 29 American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), dies at 64

  • Apr 1 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • Apr 4 Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)

Boss TweedBoss Tweed (1823-1878)

Apr 12 American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, dies in prison of pneumonia at 55

  • Apr 23 Friedrich Preller the elder, German landscape painter, dies at 73
  • Apr 25 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), dies at 58
  • May 12 Catherine Beecher, American educator (championed higher education for women), dies at 77
  • May 13 Joseph Henry, American scientist and pioneer of electromagnetism, dies at 80
  • May 14 Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)

John RussellJohn Russell (1792-1878)

May 28 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), dies at 85

  • Jun 6 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (Stirling cycle engine) (b. 1790)
  • Jun 12 Hendrik Jut, Dutch murderer (Head of Jut), dies at 26
  • Jun 12 William Cullen Bryant, American poet (Thanatopsis), dies at 83
  • Jun 16 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), dies at 62
  • Jun 23 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (Back River), dies at 81
  • Jun 26 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, dies at 18
  • Jul 7 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • Jul 17 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • Jul 23 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • Jul 28 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, dies at 58
  • Aug 17 Richard Upjohn, English-born American architect (Gothic Revival), dies at 76
  • Aug 22 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), dies at 72
  • Sep 12 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • Oct 1 Mindon, King of Burma (1853-1878) penultimate ruler of the Konbaung dynasty and founder of Mandalay, dies at 70
  • Oct 5 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer, dies of yellow fever at 54
  • Nov 28 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • Nov 30 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), dies at 61
  • Dec 10 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), dies at 72
  • Dec 14 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, dies at 35
  • Dec 19 Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • Dec 25 Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter of miniatures, dies at 87