On This Day

Deaths in History in 1878

  • Jan 5 Alfonso Ferrero la Marmora, Italian general and statesman (6th Prime Minister of Italy, 1864-66), dies at 73
  • Jan 7 François-Vincent Raspail, French chemist (b. 1794)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel II

Jan 9 Victor Emmanuel II, King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

King of Sardinia and Italy Victor Emmanuel II
King of Sardinia and Italy
Victor Emmanuel II
  • Jan 18 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, dies at 89
  • Jan 19 Henri V. Regnault, French physicist and chemist, dies at 67
  • Jan 26 Ernst Heinrich Weber, German anatomist and physiologist (one of the founders of experimental psychology), dies at 82
  • Feb 1 George Cruikshank, English caricaturist and illustrator (Grimm), dies at 85
  • Feb 7 Pius IX, "Pio Nono", [Giovanni Ferretti], Pope (1846-78), dies at 85
  • Feb 8 Elias M. Fries, Swedish botanist (System mycologicum), dies at 83
  • Feb 10 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), dies at 64
  • Feb 11 Gideon Welles, 24th U.S. secretary of the navy under presidents Abraham Lincoln and Andrew Johnson, dies at 75
  • Feb 17 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, dies at 59
  • Feb 18 Peter D Regout, industrialist (Sphinx, Maastricht), dies at 76
  • Feb 19 Charles-François Daubigny, French painter of the Barbizon school, dies at 61
  • Feb 25 Townsend Harris, American diplomat (1st Western consul to reside in Japan), dies at 73
  • Mar 3 Joseph Bonomi the Younger, English artist and Egyptologist, dies at 81

  • Mar 16 William Banting, English undertaker, dies
  • Mar 20 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), dies at 63
  • Mar 27 Dobri Voynikov, Bulgarian teacher, playwright and journalist (The Phoney Civilization), dies at 44
  • Mar 27 George Gilbert Scott, architect, dies

Person of interestMark Hopkins

Mar 29 Mark Hopkins, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), dies at 64

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Mark Hopkins
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Mark Hopkins
  • Apr 1 John Corry Wilson Daly, Canadian politician (b. 1796)
  • Apr 4 Richard Brewer, American gunslinger/cowboy (b. 1850)

Person of interestBoss Tweed

Apr 12 William Magear Tweed "Boss Tweed", American politician and corrupt New York fraudster, dies in prison of pneumonia at 55

Politician and Businessman Boss Tweed
Politician and Businessman
Boss Tweed
  • Apr 23 Friedrich Preller, landscape painter, dies
  • Apr 25 Anna Sewell, English author (Black Beauty), dies at 58
  • May 12 Catherine Beecher, American educator (championed higher education for women), dies at 77
  • May 13 Joseph Henry, American scientist and pioneer of electromagnetism, dies at 80
  • May 14 Ookubo Toshimichi, Japanese statesman, samurai, and one of the three great nobles who led the Meiji Restoration (b. 1830)

Person of interestJohn Russell

May 28 John Russell, 1st Earl Russell, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1846-52 and 1865-66), dies at 85

British Prime Minister John Russell
British Prime Minister
John Russell
  • Jun 6 Robert Stirling, Scottish inventor (Stirling cycle engine) (b. 1790)
  • Jun 12 Hendrik Jut, Dutch murderer (Head of Jut), dies at 26
  • Jun 12 William Cullen Bryant, American poet (Thanatopsis), dies at 83
  • Jun 16 Crawford Williamson Long, American surgeon and pioneer (use of ether as an anesthetic in surgery), dies at 62
  • Jun 23 George Back, English sea officer and explorer (Back River), dies at 81
  • Jun 26 Mercedes of Orléans, Queen of Spain, dies at 18

  • Jul 7 Yegor Ivanovich Zolotarev, Russian mathematician (b. 1847)
  • Jul 17 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian poet (Tre Fiumi), dies at 65
  • Jul 21 Sam Bass, American Old West train robber and outlaw, dies at 27
  • Jul 23 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)
  • Jul 28 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, dies at 58
  • Aug 17 Richard Upjohn, US architect, died
  • Aug 22 Maria Christina of the Two Sicilies, Queen of Spain (1829-33), dies at 72
  • Sep 12 Friedrich August von Alberti, German geologist (Triasic Age), dies at 83
  • Oct 5 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer, dies of yellow fever at 54
  • Nov 28 Orson Hyde, American religious leader (b. 1805)
  • Nov 30 George Henry Lewes, English philosophical writer (Life of Goethe), dies at 61
  • Dec 10 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), dies at 72
  • Dec 14 Princess Alice of the United Kingdom, Grand Duchess of Hesse, dies at 35
  • Dec 19 Bayard Taylor, American author and poet (b. 1825)
  • Dec 25 Anna Claypoole Peale, American painter of miniatures, dies