On This Day

Deaths in History in 1882

  • Jan 3 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • Jan 3 Clement Claiborne Clay, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alabama), dies at 65
  • Jan 4 John William Draper, English scientist, photographer (b. 1811)
  • Jan 6 Richard Henry Dana Jr., American author (Two Years Before the Mast), dies at 66
  • Jan 11 Theodor Schwann, German physiologist and co-originator of cell theory, dies at 71
  • Jan 13 Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
  • Jan 20 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • Jan 24 Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
  • Feb 13 Henry Highland Garnet, diplomat, dies in Monrovia Liberia at 66
  • Feb 28 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, dies at 89
  • Mar 24 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75

Person of interestJesse James

Apr 3 Jesse James, American outlaw, shot dead at 34, in St Joseph Mo by Robert Ford

Outlaw Jesse James
Jesse James
  • Apr 8 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • Apr 9 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • Apr 13 Bruno Bauer, German theologian, dies at 72
  • Apr 17 George Jennings, English sanitary engineer (invented first public flush toilets), dies at 71

  • Apr 18 Henry Cole, English inventor & civil servant, 1st director of the V&A Museum, promoter of 1851 Great Exhibition, dies at 73

Person of interestCharles Darwin

Apr 19 Charles Darwin, English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Naturalist Charles Darwin
Charles Darwin

Person of interestRalph Waldo Emerson

Apr 27 Ralph Waldo Emerson, American essayist & philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

Lecturer and Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson
Lecturer and Poet
Ralph Waldo Emerson
  • May 6 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, dies at 45
  • May 6 Thomas Henry Burke, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • May 13 Jules-Nicolas Crevaux, French explorer, murdered at 35
  • May 29 Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)

Person of interestGiuseppe Garibaldi

Jun 2 Guiseppi Garibaldi, Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, dies at 74

Unifier of Italy Giuseppe Garibaldi
Unifier of Italy
Giuseppe Garibaldi
  • Jun 3 Christian Wilberg, German painter, dies at 42
  • Jun 11 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, dies at 77
  • Jun 25 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)

BattleCharles J. Guiteau

Jun 30 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, hanged at 40

  • Jun 30 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, dies at 55
  • Jul 9 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero(b. 1848)
  • Jul 11 Eugène Simonis, Belgian sculptor, dies on 72nd birthday
  • Jul 13 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

Person of interestMary Todd Lincoln

Jul 16 Mary Todd Lincoln, American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), dies of a stroke at 63

First Lady of the United States Mary Todd Lincoln
First Lady of the United States
Mary Todd Lincoln
  • Jul 19 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, dies at 67
  • Aug 1 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet (Bell Birds), dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • Sep 8 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies
  • Sep 19 Andreas Ignatius Schaepman, Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • Oct 13 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • Oct 20 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet (El arpa perdida), dies at 41
  • Oct 22 Janos Arany, Hungarians poet (Toldi Szerelme), dies at 65
  • Nov 20 Henry Draper, American amateur astronomer (photos of the Moon, Orion Nebula), dies of pleurisy at 45
  • Nov 21 Sergey Nechayev, Russian Nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary), dies at 35
  • Nov 26 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel, Prussian conservative statesman and Minister-President of the Kingdom of Prussia (1850-88), dies at 77
  • Dec 3 Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
  • Dec 6 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician and railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)
  • Dec 6 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), dies at 67
  • Dec 12 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59
  • Dec 31 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), dies at 44