Historical Figures Who Died in 1882

  • Jan 3 Clement Claiborne Clay, American politician (U.S. Senator from Alabama), dies at 65
  • Jan 3 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Guy Fawkes), dies at 76
  • Jan 4 John William Draper, English scientist, photographer (b. 1811)
  • Jan 6 Richard Henry Dana Jr., American author (Two Years Before the Mast), dies at 66

Ignacy ŁukasiewiczIgnacy Łukasiewicz (1822-1882)

Jan 7 Polish engineer, businessman and inventor who built the 1st modern oil refinery and invented the kerosene lamp, dies at 59

  • Jan 11 Theodor Schwann, German physiologist and co-originator of cell theory, dies at 71
  • Jan 13 Wilhelm Mauser, German weapon designer and manufacturer (b. 1834)
  • Jan 20 John Linnell, British painter/minaturist/engraver, dies
  • Jan 24 Levi Boone, Mayor of Chicago (b. 1808)
  • Feb 13 Henry Highland Garnet, diplomat, dies in Monrovia Liberia at 66
  • Feb 28 John Romney Robinson, Irish astronomer and physicist, dies at 89
  • Mar 24 Henry Wadsworth Longfellow, American poet (Song of Hiawatha), dies at 75

Jesse JamesJesse James (1847-1882)

Apr 3 American outlaw and son of a clergyman, shot dead at 34 by fellow gang member Robert Ford in St. Joseph, Missouri

  • Apr 8 Jules Quicherat, French historian and archaeologist, dies at 67
  • Apr 9 Dante Gabriel Rossetti, English Pre-Raphaelite poet and painter, dies at 53
  • Apr 13 Bruno Bauer, German theologian, dies at 72
  • Apr 17 George Jennings, English sanitary engineer (invented first public flush toilets), dies at 71
  • Apr 18 Henry Cole, English inventor & civil servant, 1st director of the V&A Museum, promoter of 1851 Great Exhibition, dies at 73

Charles DarwinCharles Darwin (1809-1882)

Apr 19 English naturalist (Origin of the Species) who conceived the theory of evolution by natural selection, dies of heart failure at 73

Ralph Waldo EmersonRalph Waldo Emerson (1803-1882)

Apr 27 American essayist and philosopher (Concord Hymn), dies of pneumonia at 78

  • May 6 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, dies at 45
  • May 6 Thomas Henry Burke, assassinated by Fenian Invincibles, in Dublin
  • May 13 Jules Nicolas Crevaux, French naval doctor and explorer (French Guiana and the Amazon), murdered at 35
  • May 29 Vasily Perov, Russian painter (b. 1833)

Giuseppe GaribaldiGiuseppe Garibaldi (1807-1882)

Jun 2 Italian general and nationalist (Risorgimento) who helped unify Italy, dies at 74

  • Jun 3 Christian Wilberg, German painter, dies at 42
  • Jun 11 Louis Désiré Maigret, French Catholic prelate, dies at 77
  • Jun 25 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • Jun 30 Alberto Henschel, German-Brazilian photographer and businessman, dies at 55

Charles J. GuiteauCharles J. Guiteau (1841-1882)

Jun 30 American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, hanged at 40

  • Jul 9 Ignacio Carrera Pinto, Chilean war hero (b. 1848)
  • Jul 11 Eugène Simonis, Belgian sculptor, dies on 72nd birthday
  • Jul 13 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)

Mary Todd LincolnMary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882)

Jul 16 American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), dies of a stroke at 63

  • Jul 19 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, dies at 67
  • Aug 1 Henry Clarence Kendall, Australian poet (Bell Birds), dies of tuberculosis at 43
  • Sep 8 Joseph Liouville, French mathematician (surface of Liouville), dies at 73
  • Sep 19 Andreas Ignatius Schaepman, Archbishop of Utrecht (1868-82), dies at 67
  • Oct 13 Arthur de Gobineau, French philosopher (b. 1816)
  • Oct 20 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina poet (El arpa perdida), dies at 41
  • Oct 22 Janos Arany, Hungarians poet (Toldi Szerelme), dies at 65
  • Nov 20 Henry Draper, American amateur astronomer (photos of the Moon, Orion Nebula), dies of pleurisy at 45
  • Nov 21 Sergey Nechayev, Russian Nihilist (Catechism Revolutionary), dies at 35
  • Nov 26 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel, Prussian conservative statesman and Minister-President of the Kingdom of Prussia (1850-88), dies at 77
  • Dec 3 Archibald Campbell Tait, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1811)
  • Dec 6 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician and railroad entrepreneur (b. 1819)
  • Dec 6 Anthony Trollope, English novelist and poet (Barchester Towers), dies at 67
  • Dec 12 Robert Morris, 1st successful African American lawyer and abolitionist, dies at 59
  • Dec 31 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), dies at 44