Historical Figures Who Died in 1883

  • Jan 4 Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • Jan 5 Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • Jan 10 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • Jan 23 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • Feb 1 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests) [NS=Feb 13], dies at 64
  • Feb 17 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, dies at 37
  • Feb 26 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)

Alexander H. StephensAlexander H. Stephens (1812-1883)

Mar 4 American Vice President of the Confederate States (1861-65), dies at 71

  • Mar 9 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, dies at 30

Karl MarxKarl Marx (1818-1883)

Mar 14 German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), dies at 64

  • Mar 15 Henry C. Wayne, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • Apr 4 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), dies at 92
  • Apr 6 Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)

Edouard ManetEdouard Manet (1832-1883)

Apr 30 French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass), dies of complications from syphilis at 51

  • May 17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies
  • May 20 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), dies at 83
  • May 23 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), dies at 61
  • May 24 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • May 26 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • May 26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • May 29 Albrecht of Prussia, mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • May 29 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, dies at 73
  • Jun 12 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), dies at 71
  • Jun 14 Edward FitzGerald, English poet (b. 1809)
  • Jun 20 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Filbuste), dies at 64
  • Jul 15 Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
  • Jul 27 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott v. Sandford), dies at 70
  • Aug 1 Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
  • Aug 19 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (US Attorney General 1857-60, US Secretary of State 1860-61), dies at 73
  • Sep 3 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), dies from a spinal tumour at 64
  • Sep 15 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), dies at 81
  • Sep 21 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch man of letters/theologist, dies at 65
  • Oct 2 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 88
  • Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • Oct 31 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • Nov 5 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • Nov 18 Wilhelm Siemens, German-British physicist and inventor (open-hearth furnace), dies at 60
  • Nov 19 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), dies at 60

Sojourner TruthSojourner Truth (1797-1883)

Nov 26 African-American abolitionist and feminist, dies at 86

  • Dec 13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)