On This Day

Deaths in History in 1883

  • Jan 4 Antoine Eugène Alfred Chanzy, French general (b. 1823)
  • Jan 5 Charles Tompson, first Australian published poet (b. 1806)
  • Jan 10 Dr Samuel A. Mudd, American medical doctor (b. 1833)
  • Jan 10 Samuel Mudd, American physician (imprisoned for conspiring with John Wilkes Booth), dies of pneumonia at 49
  • Jan 23 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • Feb 1 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), dies at 64 [NS=Feb 13]
  • Feb 17 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, dies at 37
  • Feb 26 Alexandros Koumoundouros, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (b. 1817)

Person of interestAlexander H. Stephens

Mar 4 Alexander H. Stephens, Vice President US Confederate States, dies at 71

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
  • Mar 9 Arnold Toynbee, English economic historian and social reformer, dies at 30

Person of interestKarl Marx

Mar 14 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • Mar 15 Henry C. Wayne, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • Apr 4 Peter Cooper, American industrialist, inventor and philanthropist (Cooper Union, steam locomotive), dies at 92
  • Apr 6 Benjamin Wright Raymond, American politician (b. 1801)

Person of interestEdouard Manet

Apr 30 Édouard Manet, French impressionist painter (Olympia, The Luncheon on the Grass) dies at 51

Impressionist painter Edouard Manet
Impressionist painter
Edouard Manet
  • May 17 Lydia Estes Pinklham, patent-medicine manufacturer, dies

  • May 20 William Chambers, Scottish author and publisher (Basis of Communication & Coding), dies at 83
  • May 23 Cyprian Norwid, Polish painter, poet and playwright (Wanda), dies at 61
  • May 24 Abdel Kadir, Algerian leader (b. 1808)
  • May 26 Abdelkader El Djezairi, Algerian leader, scholar and national hero (b.1808)
  • May 26 Edward Sabine, Irish astronomer (b. 1788)
  • May 29 Albrecht of Prussia, mistress of John van Rossum, dies at 73
  • May 29 Princess Marianne of the Netherlands, Princess of Orange-Nassau and daughter of King Willem I, dies at 73
  • Jun 12 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), dies at 71
  • Jun 14 Edward FitzGerald, English poet (b. 1809)
  • Jun 20 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Filbuste), dies at 64
  • Jul 15 Tom Thumb, famous small person (40"), dies of a stroke at 44
  • Jul 27 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott v. Sandford), dies at 70
  • Aug 1 Karl Wilhelm Dindorf, classic scholar, dies
  • Aug 19 Jeremiah S. Black, American statesman (b. 1810)
  • Sep 3 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), dies from a spinal tumour at 64
  • Sep 15 Joseph Plateau, Belgian physicist (Plateau's Law), dies at 81
  • Sep 21 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch man of letters/theologist, dies at 65
  • Oct 2 Joshua Ratoon Sands, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), dies at 88
  • Oct 22 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), dies at 65
  • Oct 31 Swami Dayananda Saraswati, founder of Arya Samaj
  • Nov 5 William Hicks, British col/commander (Egyptian army), dies in battle
  • Nov 18 Wilhelm Siemens, German/British physicist (steam engine), dies
  • Nov 19 Carl Wilhelm Siemens, German engineer and inventor (laid undersea cables), dies at 60

Person of interestSojourner Truth

Nov 26 Sojourner Truth, African-American abolitionist and feminist, dies at 86

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Dec 13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)