Historical Figures Who Died in 1890

  • Jan 7 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, wife of German Emperor William I, dies at 78
  • Jan 18 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), dies at 44
  • Jan 28 Prudence Crandall, American educator and founder of School for "young ladies of colour", dies at 86
  • Feb 3 C. H. D. Buys Ballot, Dutch meteorologist (Buys Ballot's law), dies at 72
  • Feb 18 Gyula Andrássy Sr, Prime Minister of Hungary (1867-71), dies at 66
  • Feb 22 John Jacob Astor III, American businessman (Astor Estate holdings), dies at 67
  • Feb 22 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (b. 1834)
  • Mar 16 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (b. 1864)
  • Mar 20 Alexander F. Mozhaiski, Russian aviation pioneer, dies at 65
  • Mar 22 Désiré de Haerne, Belgian Catholic priest and Congressional leader, dies at 85
  • Apr 1 David Wilber, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 69
  • Apr 2 Marinus Frederik Andries Gerardus Campbell, Dutch bibliographer, dies at 70
  • Apr 4 Pierre-Joseph-Olivier Chauveau, French Canadian politician (1st Premier of Quebec), dies at 69
  • Apr 4 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, dies at 77
  • Apr 8 Junius Spencer Morgan, American merchant and philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), dies at 76
  • Apr 11 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", dies of asphyxia at 27
  • Apr 13 Samuel J. Randall, American politician (Speaker of the United States House of Representatives), dies at 61
  • Apr 22 Magnus Huss, Swedish physician who coined the word alcoholism and was the first to define it as a disease, dies at 82
  • May 7 James Nasmyth, Scottish engineer and inventor of the steam hammer, dies at 81
  • Jun 7 Reuben Lindsay Walker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 63
  • Jul 3 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), dies at 78
  • Jul 6 Edwin Chadwick, British social reformer (Poor law reform, sanitation movement), dies at 90

Henri Nestlé

Jul 7 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), dies from heart attack at 75

  • Jul 13 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer of the American West and presidential candidate, dies at 77
  • Jul 16 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss novelist and poet, dies at 70

Vincent van Gogh

Jul 29 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch painter (Sunflowers), dies 2 days after shooting himself at 37

  • Aug 2 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), dies at 76
  • Aug 11 John Henry Newman, British thologian (Tract 90), educator, poet (Dream of Gerontius), Anglican priest, Catholic priest, cardinal and saint, dies of pneumonia at 89
  • Aug 14 Fr. Michael J. McGivney, Irish-American Catholic priest, and founder the Knights of Columbus fraternal organization, dies of pneumonia at 38
  • Aug 22 Vasile Alecsandri, Romanian foreign minister, diplomat and poet, dies at 69
  • Sep 3 Charles-A Chatrian, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 63
  • Sep 3 Willem Linnig The Younger, Flemish painter and graphic artist, dies at 48
  • Sep 16 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography," vanishes under suspicious circumstances at 49
  • Sep 22 Johanna D. Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot), dies at 79
  • Oct 3 Joseph Hergenröther, German historian (b. 1824)

Catherine Booth

Oct 4 Catherine Booth, Co-founder of the Salvation Army known as the 'Army Mother', dies at 61 [1]

  • Oct 12 William Worth Belknap, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies from a heart attack at 61
  • Oct 13 Samuel Freeman Miller, U.S. Supreme Court Justice, dies at 74
  • Oct 23 Charles Verlat, Flemish painter, dies at 65
  • Oct 26 Collodi [Carlo Lorenzini], Italian writer (Pinocchio), dies at 63
  • Nov 3 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councilor (b. 1811)
  • Nov 4 Jacob PP baron van Zuylen, Dutch foreign minister (1852-3), dies at 74
  • Nov 4 Joseph B. Palmer, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 65
  • Nov 16 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian man of letters/librarian, dies at 71
  • Nov 23 Willem III, last male King of the Netherlands (1849-90), dies at 73
  • Nov 24 August Belmont, Prussian-American financier and diplomat (U.S. Minister to the Netherlands 1853-57), dies at 76
  • Dec 2 Cadmus M. Wilcox, American Major General (Confederate Army - American Civil War), dies at 66
  • Dec 10 Ludolph Anne Jan Wilt Sloet van de Beele, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1861-66), dies at 84

Sitting Bull

Dec 15 Sitting Bull, Hunkpapa-Sioux chief who helped led his people to victory in the Battle of the Little Big Horn, killed by US Police aged 58 or 59

Heinrich Schliemann

Dec 26 Heinrich Schliemann, German archaeologist who rediscovered Troy, dies of cholesteatoma at 86

  • Dec 29 Big Foot, Sioux Indian chief, dies at Wounded Knee
  • Dec 31 Pancha Carrasco, Costa Rican war heroine (Costa Rica's first woman in the military), dies at 74