On This Day

Deaths in History in 1891

  • Jan 4 Antoine Labelle, Quebec catholic priest (b. 1833)
  • Jan 5 Guillaume L Baud, Dutch minister of Colonies (1848-49), dies at 89
  • Jan 10 Laza Lazarević, Serbian writer (Prvi put s ocem na jutrenje) and psychiatrist, dies at 39
  • Jan 11 Georges-Eugene, Baron Haussmann, French administrator and architect, dies at 81

Person of interestGeorge Bancroft

Jan 17 George Bancroft, American historian and father of U.S. History, dies at 90

Father of U.S. History George Bancroft
Father of U.S. History
George Bancroft
  • Jan 20 David Kalākaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1874-91), dies at 54
  • Jan 23 Prince Baudouin of Belgium, Count of Flaanders, dies at 21
  • Jan 26 Nikolaus Otto, German auto pioneer (internal combustion engine), dies. (b. 1833)
  • Jan 31 Ernest Meissonier, French painter/etcher/sculptor, dies at 75
  • Feb 9 Johan B Jongkind, Dutch/French painter (Winter View), dies at 71
  • Feb 10 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician (b. 1850)
  • Feb 13 David Dixon Porter, United States Navy admiral, dies at 77

Person of interestWilliam Tecumseh Sherman

Feb 14 William Tecumseh Sherman, American Major General in the Union Army, dies at 71

  • Feb 15 Claudius W. Sears, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 74
  • Feb 28 George Hearst, American businessman and politician (U.S. Senator from California), dies at 70
  • Mar 15 Théodore de Banville, French writer, dies at 67

  • Mar 15 Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (b. 1819)
  • Mar 17 Napoléon JKP Bonaparte, French prince and member of National Convention, dies at 68

Person of interestJoseph E. Johnston

Mar 21 Joseph E. Johnston, American military officer (senior officer in Confederate Army and United States Army), dies at 84

US Army Officer and Confederate General Joseph E. Johnston
US Army Officer and Confederate General
Joseph E. Johnston
  • Mar 24 Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City, dies at 76

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

Mar 29 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (Pointillism), dies at 31

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat

Person of interestP. T. Barnum

Apr 7 P. T. [Phineas Taylor] Barnum, American circus promoter and showman (Barnum & Bailey), dies at 80

Circus Showman and Businessman P. T. Barnum
Circus Showman and Businessman
P. T. Barnum
  • Apr 24 Helmuth von Moltke the Elder, Prussian general and fieldmarshal, dies at 90
  • Apr 25 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (b. 1811)
  • Apr 29 Armistead Lindsay Long, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 65
  • May 4 Sherlock Holmes, "dies" at Reichenbach Falls
  • May 6 Thomas Hare, English barrister and political reformer, dies at 85
  • May 8 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), dies at 59
  • May 10 Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli, Swiss botanist (famous for his work on plant cells), dies at 74
  • May 11 Edmond Becquerel, French physicist who studied the solar spectrum, magnetism, electricity and optics (photovoltaic effect), dies at 71
  • May 16 Ion Brătianu, Romanian statesman (b. 1821)

Person of interestJohn A. Macdonald

Jun 6 John A. Macdonald, 1st Prime Minister of Canada (1867-73 and 1878-91), dies of a stroke at 76

Prime Minister of Canada John A. Macdonald
Prime Minister of Canada
John A. Macdonald
  • Jun 23 Wilhelm Eduard Weber, German physicist, dies at 86
  • Jul 4 Hannibal Hamlin, American attorney and 15th Vice President of U.S. (1861-65), dies at 81
  • Jul 29 Ishwar Chandra Vidyasagar, father of Bengali prose (Exile of Sita), dies at 70
  • Jul 31 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French-Belgian glass painter, dies at 77

  • Aug 2 George Washington Williams, American historian (History of the Negro Race in America), dies from tuberculosis and pleurisy at 41
  • Aug 12 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat, dies
  • Aug 14 Sarah Childress Polk, Wife of the 11th President of the United States, James K. Polk (1845-1849), dies at 87
  • Aug 22 Jan Neruda, Czech author (b. 1834)
  • Sep 7 Lorenzo Sawyer, 9th Chief Justice of the Supreme Court of California, dies at 71
  • Sep 9 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, dies at 84
  • Sep 11 Antero Tarquínio de Quental, Portuguese poet (Beatrice), dies at 49
  • Sep 18 William Ferrel, American mathematician (b. 1817)
  • Sep 27 Ivan Goncharov, Russian author (b. 1812)

Person of interestHerman Melville

Sep 28 Herman Melville, American writer (Billy Budd, Moby-Dick), dies at 72

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Sep 30 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, dies at 54
  • Oct 3 Edouard Lucas, French mathematician (Lucas sequences), dies at 49
  • Oct 6 Charles Stewart Parnell, English-Irish Home Rule Party leader, dies at 45
  • Oct 9 Johannes Tideman, theologist, dies at 83
  • Oct 11 Charles Stewart Parnells remains buried in Ireland
  • Oct 15 Gilbert Arthur a Beckett, English writer (b. 1837)
  • Oct 15 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 54
  • Oct 16 Sarah Winnemucca, indian scout, dies
  • Oct 21 Alpheus Baker, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 63
  • Oct 22 Ernst von Fleischl-Marxow, Austrian physiologist (b. 1846)

Person of interestArthur Rimbaud

Nov 10 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and arms merchant (Saison en Enfer), dies of a bone cancer at 37

  • Nov 24 Robert Bulwer-Lytton, 1st Earl of Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880), dies at 60
  • Dec 5 Pedro II van Alcantara, Emperor of Brazil (1831-89), dies at 66
  • Dec 6 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, dies at 54
  • Dec 11 Johan C J van Schagen, Dutch poet/writer (Narrenwijsheid), dies
  • Dec 17 Msiri, ruler of the Garanganze Kingdom, Congo (Katanga), dies in battle against Belgian funded expedition
  • Dec 17 Omer Bodson, Belgian captain, dies in battle against Msiri, ruler of Garanganze Kingdom in the Congo
  • Dec 29 Leopold Kronecker, German mathematician (Tensor of Kronecker), dies at 68