On This Day

Deaths in History in 1895

  • Jan 3 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), dies at 70
  • Jan 4 Manuel Pavía y Rodríguez de Alburquerque, Spanish general, dies at 66
  • Jan 9 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • Jan 24 Lord Randolph Churchill, British politician (b. 1849)
  • Jan 26 Arthur Cayley, mathematician, dies
  • Jan 28 François Certain Canrobert, French marshal and parliament member, dies at 85
  • Feb 2 Archduke Albert, Austrian general (b. 1817)
  • Feb 18 Archduke Albrecht of Austria, Duke of Teschen (Battle at Custozza), dies at 77

Person of interestFrederick Douglass

Feb 20 Frederick Douglass, African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave, dies of a heart attack at 77

Abolitionist Frederick Douglass
Abolitionist
Frederick Douglass
  • Mar 1 Pauline Musters, Dutch world's smallest woman at 24 inches (61 cm), dies at 19
  • Mar 2 Berthe MP Morisot, French painter/aquarelliste, dies at 54
  • Mar 2 Ismail Pasha, kedive of Egypt (1863-79), dies at 64
  • Mar 5 Nikolai Leskow, writer, dies at 64
  • Mar 5 Henry Rawlinson, British army officer and scholar, dies at 84
  • Mar 6 Camilla Collett, Norwegian writer and feminist (b. 1813)
  • Mar 9 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (Masochism), dies at 59

  • Mar 10 Charles Frederick Worth, English fashion designer (House of Worth), dies at 69
  • Mar 12 Henry Eustace McCulloch, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 78
  • Mar 12 John H. Balsley, American carpenter and inventor (a practical folding wooden stepladder), dies at 71
  • Mar 13 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), dies at 75
  • Apr 11 Julius Lothar Meyer, German Chemist, dies at 64
  • Apr 19 George Scharf, critic, dies
  • Apr 19 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT-stempels), dies at 70
  • Apr 23 Carl Ludwig, German physiologist and physician (1884 Copley medal), dies at 78
  • Apr 30 Gustav Freytag, German writer (Soll und Haben), dies at 78
  • May 15 Joseph Whitaker, British publisher (Whitaker's Almanack), dies at 75
  • May 19 Jose J Marti y Perez, Spanish/Cuban poet (Versos sencillos), dies
  • May 21 Mary Harris Thompson, 1st American woman surgeon, dies at 66
  • May 23 Franz E. Neumann, German mineralogist, mathematician and physicist, dies at 96
  • May 24 Joseph Quinaux, Belgian painter (landscape paintings), dies at 73
  • May 24 Hugh McCulloch, US Treasury Secretary (1865-69, 1884-85), dies at 86
  • May 25 Ahmed Djevdet Pasja, Turkish minister of Justice, dies at 73
  • Jun 29 Thomas Henry Huxley, English biologist (comparative anatomy), dies at 70
  • Jul 8 Johann Josef Loschmidt, Austrian scientist (b. 1821)
  • Jul 19 Charles T Stork, great industrialist (cotton mach factory), dies at 73
  • Jul 19 Henri Ernest Baillon, French botanist (History of Plants), dies at 67

  • Jul 28 Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1877-79), dies at 72
  • Jul 28 Edward Beecher, American theologian, dies at 91
  • Jul 31 Richard Morris Hunt, American architect and educator, dies at 67
  • Aug 1 Heinrich von Sybel, German historian (Geschichte des ersten Kreuzzugs), dies at 77
  • Aug 2 Joseph Thomson, Scottish geologist and early African explorer (Thomson's Gazelle), dies of pneumonia at 37
  • Aug 4 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 76
  • Aug 5 Friedrich English, German textile manufacturer/marxist, dies
  • Aug 5 Freidrich Engels, German social philosopher (Communism), dies at 74
  • Aug 13 Christian Bernhard Tauchnitz, German publisher (T Edition), dies at 79
  • Aug 19 John Wesley Hardin, American gunfighter (b. 1853)
  • Aug 24 John F Loudon, entrepreneur/colonial director, dies at 74
  • Sep 8 Adam Opel, German automobile manufacturer (Adam Opel AG), dies at 58
  • Sep 14 Alfred Verwee, Flemish painter, dies at 57
  • Sep 17 Auguste Toulet, Belgian balloonist, dies

Person of interestLouis Pasteur

Sep 28 Louis Pasteur, French bacteriologist (invented pasteurization), dies at 72

Bacteriologist Louis Pasteur
Bacteriologist
Louis Pasteur
  • Oct 14 Elisha P. Ferry, American politician (Governor of Washington, 1872-80, 1889-93), dies at 70
  • Oct 31 Franz Hedrich, Austria writer, dies at about 62
  • Nov 29 Eduard count von Taaffe, Austria premier (1868..93), dies at 62
  • Dec 13 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • Dec 25 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), dies at 32
  • Dec 30 LP Hartley, British writer, dies