Historical Figures Who Died in 1900

  • Jan 20 John Ruskin, English writer (Dearest Mama Talbot), dies of flu at 81
  • Jan 20 R. D. Blackmore, English novelist (Norie, Lorna Doone), dies at 74

David Edward Hughes

Jan 22 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), dies at 68

  • Jan 30 Vittorio Bersezio [Carlo Nugelli], Italian playwright, dies at 71
  • Feb 3 William W. Averell, American Major General (Union Army), dies at 67
  • Feb 16 George Labram, US mine engineer in South Africa, dies in battle
  • Feb 18 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (b. 1824)
  • Feb 18 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), dies at 64
  • Feb 23 Ernest Dowson, British poet (Decorations in Verse and Prose), dies at 32
  • Feb 23 William Butterfield, architect of the Gothic revival, dies
  • Mar 16 Frederic William Burton, Irish painter, dies at 83
  • Mar 18 Antonio Nobre, Portuguese poet (Só), dies at 32
  • Mar 19 John Bingham, American politician and lawyer, dies at 85
  • Mar 26 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), dies at 80
  • Mar 27 Pieter J Joubert [Smart Piet], South African general, dies at 69
  • Apr 5 Comte de Villebois-Marevil, French/South African general, dies in battle
  • Apr 7 Frederick Edwin Church, American romantic landscape painter (Hudson River School), dies at 73
  • Apr 11 Seth Barton, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 70
  • Apr 20 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, dies at 68
  • Apr 24 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor and cable car pioneer, dies at 64
  • Apr 24 George Campbell, 8th Duke of Argyll and Secretary of State for India (1868-74, 1880-85), dies at 76
  • Apr 30 Casey Jones, American railroad engineer, dies at 36 heroically in Cannonball Express train wreck
  • May 4 Augustus Pitt Rivers, English archaeologist, dies at 73
  • May 5 Ivan Aivazovsky, Russian painter (b. 1817)
  • May 18 Jean Gaspard Felix Ravaisson-Mollien, French philosopher, dies at 86
  • May 28 George Grove, English biblical scholar and misicographer, dies at 79
  • May 31 James Loudon, Dutch politician, Governor-General of Dutch East Indies (1872-75), dies at 75
  • May 31 John Power, Irish baronet and whiskey manufacturer (Powers Whiskey), dies in battle
  • Jun 2 Samori Ture, Muslim leader of the Wassoulou Empire (1878-98), dies in captivity at 69 or 70
  • Jun 3 Mary Kingsley, English ethnographer and explorer who became the first European to enter parts of Gabon, Africa, dies of typhoid at 37

Stephen Crane

Jun 5 Stephen Crane, American novelist (Red Badge of Courage), dies at 28

  • Jun 9 Birsa Munda, Indian tribal freedom fighter, religious leader and folk hero of the Munda tribe who led an uprising in Bengal against the British Raj, dies in jail awaiting trial at 24
  • Jun 29 Ivan Pervushin, Russian mathematician (number theory), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Ferdinand Hamet, Dutch missionary in Mongolia, murdered at 59
  • Jul 29 Umberto I of Italy, King of Italy (1878-1900), shot four times and assassinated by Italian-American anarchist Gaetano Bresci at 56
  • Jul 30 Alfred, Duke of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, dies at 55
  • Aug 4 Isaac Levitan, Russian classical painter, dies at 39
  • Aug 5 James Augustine Healy, African American Roman Catholic bishop, dies at 80
  • Aug 6 Wilhelm Liebknecht, German socialist (Social Democratic Party), dies at 74

Thomas Elkins

Aug 10 Thomas Elkins, African American abolitionist and inventor who held patents for a type of furniture called the chamber commode and the Refrigerating Apparatus, dies at around 82 [1]

  • Aug 12 James Edward Keeler, American astronomer (rings of Saturn), dies at 42

Collis P. Huntington

Aug 13 Collis P. Huntington, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad, Southern Pacific Railroad), dies at 78

  • Aug 16 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese writer, dies at 54

Friedrich Nietzsche

Aug 25 Friedrich Nietzsche, German philosopher and philologist (Übermensch and the doctrine of eternal return), dies of a stroke due to syphilis at 55

  • Aug 25 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese diplomat and politician (2nd Prime Minister of Japan, 1888-1889; President of the Privy Council, 1894-90), dies of a brain hemorrhage at 59
  • Aug 28 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Women on University), dies at 62
  • Sep 23 William Marsh Rice, American philanthropist and university founder (b. 1816)
  • Sep 25 Félix-Gabriel Marchand, premier of Québec (b. 1832)
  • Sep 25 John M. Palmer, American politician (U.S. Senator from Illinois) and American Civil War General (Union), dies at 83
  • Sep 29 Samuel Fenton Cary, American politician and temperance movement leader (Rep-IR-Ohio), dies at 86
  • Oct 14 Albert de Vriendt, Flemish historical painter and etcher, dies at 56
  • Oct 20 Charles Dudley Warner, American novelist (As We Go), dies at 70
  • Oct 20 Naim Frashëri, Albanian poet and writer, dies at 54
  • Oct 28 Max Müller, German-born British orientalist, dies at 76 (b. 1823)
  • Nov 6 PWJ Le Gallais, British lt-colonel, dies in battle at Bothaville

Oscar Wilde

Nov 30 Oscar Wilde, Irish playwright and novelist (Importance of Being Earnest), dies in Paris at 46

  • Dec 14 Jean Baptiste August Kessler, Dutch entrepreneur & director of oil on Dutch Indies, dies at 46
  • Dec 21 Roger Wolcott, American political figure, 39th Governor of Massachusetts (b. 1847)
  • Dec 27 William Armstrong, 1st Baron Armstrong and British industralist and inventor (hydraulic crane Armstrong Gun), dies at 90
  • Dec 28 Alexandre Alberto da Rocha de Serpa Pinto, Portuguese explorer (b. 1846)