On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1918

  • Jan 1 William Wilfred Campbell, Canadian poet (Beyond the Hills of Dream, Ian of the Orcades), dies of pneumonia at 57
  • Jan 2 Sybe Kornelis Bakker, Dutch Christian socialist & reformed preacher, dies at 42
  • Jan 6 Georg F L P Cantor, German mathematician: collection, dies at 72
  • Jan 7 Julius Wellhausen, German biblical scholar (analysis of the structure and dating of the Pentateuch), dies at 73
  • Jan 8 Ellis H. Roberts, American politician (b. 1827)
  • Jan 9 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (invented 1st animated images), dies at 73
  • Feb 4 Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, dies at 49
  • Feb 6 Gustav Klimt, Austrian painter/cartoonist, dies at 55
  • Feb 9 Emiel van der Straeten, Flemish playwright (Sudanese legends), dies at 30
  • Feb 10 Abdul Hamid II, 34th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876-1909), dies at 75
  • Feb 11 Taytu Betul, Empress of Ethiopia (1889-13) and founder of Addis Ababa, dies at 66 or 67
  • Feb 21 Neltje Blanchan, American nature writer, dies at 52
  • Feb 23 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dies at 35
  • Mar 2 Hubert Howe Bancroft, American historian, ethnologist (History of Pacific States), dies at 85
  • Mar 14 Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States as the wife of James A. Garfield (1881), dies at 85
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/liberal politician, dies at 73
  • Mar 20 Lewis A. Grant, American Civil War General (b. 1828)
  • Apr 5 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer, dies at 73
  • Apr 6 John Q. A. Brackett, American politician, 36th Governor of Massachusetts (1890-91), dies at 75
  • Apr 13 Lavr Georgevich Kornilov, Russian military officer, dies at 47
  • Apr 20 Karl Ferdinand Braun, German inventor, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909), dies at 67

The Red Baron

Apr 21 Manfred von Richthofen [The Red Baron], German World War I fighter ace, dies at 25 after his plane is shot down

Gavrilo Princip

Apr 28 Gavrilo Princip, Bosnian-Serb assassin of Archduke Franz Ferdinand, dies of tuberculosis at 23

  • May 1 Grove Karl Gilbert, American geologist (investigated Lake Bonneville, Utah), dies at 74
  • May 3 Charlie Soong, Chinese Methodist missionary and key player in the Xinhai Revolution of 1911, dies at 55
  • May 9 George Coşbuc, Romanian poet, dies at 51
  • May 12 Abel Hoadley, Australian confectioner (Violet Crumble), dies at 73
  • May 14 James Gordon Bennett, Jr., American newspaper publisher (thought to have inspired the phrase "Gordon Bennett"), dies at 77
  • May 16 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, dies at 64
  • May 19 Gervais Raoul Lufbery, French-American World War I fighter pilot and flying ace, dies at 33
  • May 27 Henry Adams, US literature historian (Esther), dies at 80
  • May 30 Georgy Valentinovich Plekhanov, Russian revolutionary theorist, dies at 61
  • May 31 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich, dies at 82
  • Jun 4 Charles W. Fairbanks, 26th Vice President of the United States (Republican: 1905-09) and Senator, dies of nephritis at 66
  • Jun 17 Derek Barber, CEO (Countryside Commission), dies
  • Jun 26 Peter Rosegger, Austrian poet and Nobel Prize laureate, dies at 74
  • Jul 2 Mehmed V Resjad, Sultan of Turkey (1909-18), dies at 73
  • Jul 3 Mehmed V, 35th Ottoman Sultan (1909-18), dies at 73
  • Jul 3 David Alfred Thomas, 1st Viscount Rhondda, Welsh coal-mining entrepreneur, dies at 62
  • Jul 6 Count von Mirbach, German ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • Jul 12 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, dies at 54
  • Jul 12 William McComb, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 89
  • Jul 14 Quentin Roosevelt, youngest son of United States President Theodore Roosevelt, killed in aerial combat over France on Bastille Day at 20
  • Jul 16 José de Diego, Puerto Rican patriot and advocate for Puerto Rico's independence from Spain and the U.S., dies at 52

ExecutionAlexei Nikolaevich

Jul 17 Alexei Nikolaevich, last Tsarevich of Russia and son of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 13

ExecutionAnastasia Nikolaevna

Jul 17 Anastasia Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, youngest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 17 by a group of Bolsheviks

  • Jul 17 Eugene Botkin, Russian court physician of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 53
  • Jul 17 Ivan Kharitonov, Russian cook of Tsar Nicholas II, executed around the age of 46
  • Jul 17 Anna Demidova, Russian lady in waiting of Tsarina Alexandra, executed at 40
  • Jul 17 Maria Nikolaevna Russian Grand Duchess, 3rd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 19 by a group of Bolsheviks

ExecutionNicholas II

Jul 17 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), executed by a Bolshevik firing squad in Yekaterinburg, Siberia at 50

  • Jul 17 Olga Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, eldest daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 22 by a group of Bolsheviks
  • Jul 17 Tatiana Nikolaevna, Russian Grand Duchess, 2nd daughter of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 21 by a group of Bolsheviks
  • Jul 17 Alexei Trupp, Russian footman and assistant of Tsar Nicholas II, executed at 62
  • Jul 17 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian Tsarina (1894-1918), executed by firing squad at 46
  • Jul 18 Grand Duchess Elizabeth Fyodorovna (b. 1864)
  • Jul 19 Joost van Vollenhoven, Neth, gov-gen (French West-Africa), dies
  • Jul 22 Indra Lal Roy, Indian World War I flying ace, dies at 19
  • Jul 25 Carlos Guido y Spano, Argentine poet (Mexico, canto epico), dies
  • Jul 25 Franiska zu Reventlow, writer, dies at 47
  • Jul 26 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flying ace (Victoria Cross), dies at 31
  • Jul 29 Ernest William Christmas, Australian painter (b. 1863)
  • Jul 30 Chaim Soloveitchik, Rabbi of Brisk, talmudic scholar, dies
  • Aug 3 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (Het Volk), dies at 41
  • Aug 10 Erich Lowenhardt, Germany flying ace of World War I (b. 1897)
  • Aug 22 Korbinian Brodmann, German neurologist (b. 1868)
  • Aug 29 Max Dauthendey, German painter and author (Raubmenschen), dies at 51)
  • Aug 31 Joe English, Irish-Flemish draftsman, painter, and soldier ((designed WWI gravestones), dies of appendicitis at 36
  • Sep 3 Fanya Kaplan, Russian who shot at Lenin on Aug 30th, executed at 28
  • Sep 12 George Reid, fourth Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1845)
  • Sep 25 John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop of St Paul (1888-1918), dies at 80
  • Sep 25 Mikhail Alekseev, Russian general (b. 1857)
  • Sep 28 Georg Simmel, German sociologist and philosopher (b. 1858)
  • Sep 28 Freddie Stowers, American soldier (b. 1896)
  • Oct 5 Roland Garros, French stunt flyer, dies
  • Oct 9 Mikhail Vasilyevich Alekseyev, Imperial Russian general and WW I Chief of Staff, murdered at 60
  • Oct 9 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), dies at 41
  • Oct 13 Gerrit Engelke, German writer (Briefer der Liebe), dies fighting in WWI at 27
  • Oct 15 Sai Baba of Shirdi, Indian saint (b. circa 1838)
  • Oct 19 Joseph Lesage, French painter/etcher (WWI), dies at 34
  • Oct 28 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), dies at 72
  • Oct 28 Edward Bouchet, American Physicist, 1st African American to receive US Ph.D, dies at 66
  • Oct 31 Egon Schiele, Austrian painter and graphic artist, dies at 28
  • Oct 31 [Stephen] István Tisza, Hungarian PM (1903-05, 1913-17), assassinated by soldiers at 57
  • Nov 3 Aleksandr Lyapunov, Russian mathematician (Lyapunov exponent), dies at 61
  • Nov 4 Andrew Dickson White, American historian and educator, 1st President of Cornell University, dies at 85

Wilfred Owen

Nov 4 Wilfred Owen, English soldier and anti-war poet (Anthem for Doomed Youth, Futility), killed in action at 25 during the crossing of the Sambre–Oise Canal, exactly one week before the signing of the Armistice

  • Nov 9 Guillaume Apollinaire [Kostrowitsky], French poet (Alcools) and art critic (coined the term 'Cubism'), dies during the Spanish Flu pandemic at 38
  • Nov 11 Victor Adler, Austrian politician (Minister of Foreign Affairs), dies at 66
  • Nov 11 George Lawrence Price, Canadian soldier, last person to be killed in WW I (b. 1892)
  • Nov 13 Marten Baersma [MH Bottema], Fries author, dies at 28
  • Nov 29 Harald Kidde, Danish writer (Helten), dies at 40
  • Dec 2 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer, dies in the flu pandemic at 38
  • Dec 2 Edmond Rostand, French poet and dramatist (b. 1868)
  • Dec 11 Ivan Cankar, Slovene author, poet, novelist and playwright (Erotika, The Bailiff Yerney and His Rights), dies of pneumonia at 42, a complication of the Spanish flu
  • Dec 14 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese politician (4th President of Portugal, 66th Prime Minister of Portugal), murdered at 46
  • Dec 22 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author and painter, dies at 83
  • Dec 22 Randolph Bourne, American writer (Education and Living), dies at 32
  • Dec 28 George H White, last post Reconstruction congressman (Penn), dies
  • Dec 28 Olavo Bilac, Brazilian poet (b. 1865)