On This Day

Deaths in History in 1922

  • Jan 4 Eliza Ann Gardner, African-American abolitionist and religious leader, dies at 90

Person of interestErnest Shackleton

Jan 5 Ernest Shackleton, British-Irish polar explorer (Endurance, Antarctica), dies of a heart attack at 47

Polar Explorer Ernest Shackleton
Polar Explorer
Ernest Shackleton
  • Jan 6 Jakob Rosanes, German mathematician (algebraic geometry and invariant theory), dies at 79
  • Jan 7 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Charles R Young, colonel, dies at 58, in Lagos Nigeria
  • Jan 10 Frank Tudor, Australian Labor Opposition leader (b. 1866)
  • Jan 15 John Kirk Barry, Dr/explorer David Livingstone's companion, dies at 89
  • Jan 22 Benedict XV [Giacomo Paolo Giovanni Battista della Chiesa], Italian 258th pope (1914-22), dies at 67
  • Jan 22 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), dies at 84
  • Jan 27 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (I Mala Voglia), dies at 81

Person of interestNellie Bly

Jan 27 Nellie Bly [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (Ten Days in a Mad House), dies at 57

Journalist and Adventurer Nellie Bly
Journalist and Adventurer
Nellie Bly
  • Feb 3 Christiaan R de Wet, South African Boer general, dies at 67
  • Feb 3 John Butler Yeats, Northern Irish artist (b. 1839)
  • Feb 5 Slavoljub Eduard Penkala, Croatian inventor (b. 1871)
  • Feb 11 Gerardus J P Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society), dies at 67
  • Feb 14 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish lawyer and politician (Minister of the Interior), assassinated at 41

  • Feb 15 Clara [G Meijer-]Wichmann, German/Dutch anarchist/feminist, dies at 36
  • Feb 23 Albert Victor Bäcklund, Swedish physicist (b. 1845)
  • Feb 25 Henri Désiré Landru, French sex murderer, guillotined at 52
  • Mar 22 Louis-Antoine Ranvier, French anatomist and historian, dies at 86
  • Apr 1 Charles I, emperor (Austria)/King of Hungary (Charles IV), dies
  • Apr 1 Jane Bunford, Britain's tallest-ever person measuring 2.41 metres (7 ft 11 in) at the time of her death, dies at 26
  • Apr 2 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (inkblot test - Rorschach test), dies at 37
  • Apr 5 Charles F A Woeste, Belgian count/min of Justice, dies at 85
  • Apr 9 Patrick Manson, Scottish physician and parasitologist (Father of tropical medicine), dies at 77
  • Apr 21 Alessandro Moreschi, Italian castrato (b. 1858)
  • Apr 30 David M Chumaceiro, Curacaos poet, dies
  • May 4 Viktor Kingissepp, Estonian Bolshevik politician (b. 1888)
  • May 18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine), dies at 76
  • May 19 Heinrich I Quincke, German internist (postural drainage), dies at 79
  • May 28 John Munro Longyear, American capitalist and developer of timber and mineral lands, dies at 72
  • May 30 David Mendes Chumaceiro, Curacaos poet (Adelfas), dies at 45
  • Jun 4 William Halse Rivers, British psychologist/anthropologist, dies
  • Jun 9 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter/etcher, dies at 56
  • Jun 12 Wolfgang Kapp, German politician (Kapp putsch 1920), dies at 63
  • Jun 18 John Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer (studied the Milky Way), dies at 71

  • Jun 19 Johannes C Kapteyn, Dutch astronomer, dies at 71
  • Jun 22 Henry H Wilson, Field Marshal, murdered in London
  • Jun 24 Walter Rathenau, German foreign minister, killed by anti-semites at 54
  • Jun 26 Albert H K, monarch of Monaco (1889-1922), dies at 73
  • Jun 28 Velimir Khlebnikov, Russian poet and playwright, dies at 36
  • Jul 4 Lothar von Richthofen, German pilot, dies at 27
  • Jul 6 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), dies at 59
  • Jul 7 Cathal Brugha, Chief of Staff of Irish Republican Army (b.1874)
  • Jul 13 Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • Jul 17 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist, dies at 57
  • Jul 19 Cornelis Adrianus Pekelharing, Dutch physician, dies on 74th birthday
  • Jul 20 Andrey Markov, Russian mathematician (Markov Chain), dies at 66
  • Jul 21 Djemal Pasha, dictator of Turkey, murdered
  • Jul 22 Jokichi Takamine, Japanese-American biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources, dies at 67
  • Jul 22 John Motley Morehead III, American chemist (commercial production of calcium carbide, important for welding), dies at 67
  • Jul 29 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist and archaeologist, dies at 81

Person of interestAlexander Graham Bell

Aug 2 Alexander Graham Bell, Scottish-born British American inventor (telephone), dies of diabetes complications at 75

  • Aug 2 Mina Kruseman, Dutch author and feminist, dies at 82

Person of interestEnver Pasha

Aug 4 Enver Pasha, Turkish general and politician, dies in battle at 40

Leader of the Ottoman Empire Enver Pasha
Leader of the Ottoman Empire
Enver Pasha

Person of interestArthur Griffith

Aug 12 Arthur Griffith, Irish writer and politician who founded Sinn Féin (President of Ireland 1922), dies of cerebral hemorrhage at 51

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith
  • Aug 14 Alfred CW Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe/newspaper magnate, dies

Person of interestMichael Collins

Aug 22 Michael Collins, Irish nationalist leader, killed in ambush by anti-treaty forces during the Irish Civil War at 31

Revolutionary, soldier, and politician Michael Collins
Revolutionary, soldier, and politician
Michael Collins
  • Aug 28 Gaston of Orleans, Count of Eu, dies at 80
  • Sep 2 Henry Lawson, Australian writer and poet (n the Days When the World Was Wide and Other Verses), dies at 55
  • Sep 4 Georges Sorel, French philosopher and theorist of Sorelianism, dies at 74
  • Sep 5 Georgette Agutte, French painter (b. 1867)
  • Sep 8 Léon Bonnat, French painter, dies at 89
  • Sep 30 Paul Barth, German philosopher and sociologist, dies at 64
  • Oct 12 Daisy M C Baers, Flemish philosophy/theory, dies at 33
  • Oct 12 Margriet Baers, Flemish philosopher and social worker, dies at 33
  • Oct 24 George Cadbury, British chocolate and cocoa manufacturer (Cadbury), dies at 83
  • Oct 25 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist (discovered fertilization), dies at 73
  • Oct 28 Hugo Verriest, Flemish writer and poet (Flemish Motion), dies at 81
  • Nov 1 Alfred Capus, French journalist and playwright, dies at 63
  • Nov 14 Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist and politician who first coined the term "geopolitics", dies at 58
  • Nov 16 Max Abraham, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • Nov 17 Robert Comtesse, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1899-1912), dies at 75
  • Nov 18 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and author (Recherche du Temps Perdu), dies at 51
  • Nov 21 Ricardo Flores Magón, Mexican anarchist (b. 1874).
  • Dec 5 Samuel Muller Fzn, Dutch historian/archivist, dies
  • Dec 12 John Wanamaker, American merchant (Wanamakers Department Store), pioneer in marketing and Postmaster General, dies at 84
  • Dec 13 Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic politician and poet (b. 1861)
  • Dec 16 Gabriel Narutowicz, 1st President of Poland (Dec 7-16, 1922), assassinated