On This Day

Deaths in History in 1931

  • Jan 1 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist & botanist (1st to coin the name virus), dies at 79
  • Jan 3 Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
  • Jan 9 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies at 62
  • Jan 11 James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • Jan 14 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
  • Feb 2 Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • Feb 3 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • Feb 11 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • Feb 12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • Feb 18 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, dies at 51
  • Feb 26 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • Feb 27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24
  • Mar 5 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities, dies ta 91
  • Mar 7 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter, dies at 65
  • Mar 7 Theo van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect, dies at 47
  • Mar 9 Ida B Wells-Barnett, African American civil rights activist, dies in Chicago at 78

  • Mar 20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)

BattleBhagat Singh

Mar 23 Bhagat Singh, Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

Indian Independence Fighter Bhagat Singh
Indian Independence Fighter
Bhagat Singh
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist Ida B. Wells
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist
Ida B. Wells
  • Mar 27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), dies at 63
  • Mar 31 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67

Person of interestAndré Michelin

Apr 4 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer and publisher of the Michelin Guide, dies of respiratory failure at 78

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin
  • Apr 8 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, poet, dies
  • Apr 10 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • Apr 16 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • May 9 A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, American physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
  • May 14 David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • May 14 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, dies at 44
  • May 17 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • May 17 Timothy Cole, American wood engraver, dies at about 71
  • May 31 Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, French Canadian cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (b. 1866)
  • Jun 4 Ibn Ali Hussein, King of Hejaz, dies
  • Jun 13 Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • Jun 22 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), dies at 89
  • Jun 29 Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)

Person of interestAlice Mary Robertson

Jul 1 Alice Mary Robertson, American educator, social worker and 2nd woman in US Congress, dies at 77

2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator Alice Mary Robertson
2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator
Alice Mary Robertson

  • Jul 2 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • Jul 4 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • Jul 4 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • Jul 15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • Jul 16 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • Jul 18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, dies at 75
  • Jul 27 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)

Person of interestDaniel Williams

Aug 4 Daniel Williams, American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart surgery, dies at 73

Heart surgeon Daniel Williams
Heart surgeon
Daniel Williams
  • Aug 19 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever), dies at 63
  • Aug 27 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, dies at 70
  • Aug 27 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), dies at 75
  • Aug 27 Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • Aug 29 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder, dies at 64
  • Aug 31 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies
  • Sep 9 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • Sep 10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (b. 1869)
  • Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, dies at 63

Person of interestLili Elbe

Sep 13 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • Sep 18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • Oct 7 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), dies at 81
  • Oct 7 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, dies at 65
  • Oct 8 Sir John Monash, Australian soldier general (b. 1865)
  • Oct 10 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • Oct 13 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • Oct 17 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, dies at 47

Person of interestThomas Edison

Oct 18 Thomas Edison, American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera), dies at 84

Inventor Thomas Edison
Inventor
Thomas Edison
  • Oct 21 A Schnitzler, writer, dies at 69
  • Nov 2 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), dies of cancer at 47
  • Nov 3 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Peaske), dies at 60
  • Nov 11 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • Nov 15 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, dies at 68
  • Nov 17 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • Nov 17 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • Nov 19 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet (b. 1897)
  • Dec 5 Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • Dec 10 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • Dec 16 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bruges, dies at 82
  • Dec 18 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, murdered at 34
  • Dec 23 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • Dec 26 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), dies at 80