Historical Figures Who Died in 1931

  • Jan 1 Martinus Beijerinck, Dutch microbiologist & botanist (1st to coin the name virus), dies at 79
  • Jan 3 Joseph J C Joffre, French marshal, dies at 78
  • Jan 9 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies at 62
  • Jan 11 James Milton Carroll, American Baptist pastor, leader, historian, and author (b. 1852)
  • Jan 14 William Ernst Johnson, British mathematician, dies
  • Feb 2 Theodor Batthynyi, Hungarian contra-revolutionary, dies at 71
  • Feb 3 Hans Schardt, Swiss geologist, dies at 72
  • Feb 11 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine), dies at 76
  • Feb 12 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (b. 1855)
  • Feb 18 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, dies at 51
  • Feb 26 Otto Wallach, German chemist (Nobel 1910), dies at 83
  • Feb 27 Chandra Sekhar Azad, Indian revolutionary (Hindustan Socialist Republican Army), dies at 24
  • Mar 5 Fr. Arthur Tooth SSC, Anglican Clergyman prosecuted and imprisoned for ritualist activities, dies ta 91
  • Mar 7 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter known for his illustrations of the Kalevala, the Finnish national epic, dies at 65 [1]
  • Mar 7 Theo van Doesburg [Christian Emil Marie Küpper], Dutch painter and architect, dies at 47
  • Mar 20 Hermann Müller, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1876)

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh (1907-1931)

Mar 23 Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

  • Mar 25 Ida B. Wells (-Barnett), American journalist, civil rights activist, and co-founder of the NAACP, dies at 68
  • Mar 27 Arnold Bennett, English novelist (Anna of the Five Towns), dies at 63
  • Mar 31 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67

André MichelinAndré Michelin (1853-1931)

Apr 4 French industrialist, tire manufacturer (Michelin) and publisher of the Michelin Guide, dies of respiratory failure at 78

  • Apr 8 Eric Axel Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel Prize for Literature 1931), dies at 66
  • Apr 10 Khalil Gibran, Lebanese poet and painter (b. 1883)
  • Apr 16 Rachel Bluwstein, Hebrew poet, dies of tuberculosis at 40
  • May 9 A[lbert] A[braham] Michelson, American physicist (1907 Nobel), dies at 78
  • May 14 David Belasco, American theatrical producer (b. 1853)
  • May 14 Denys Finch Hatton, English big-game hunter, dies at 44
  • May 17 Johan [Eliza J] de Master, art critic/writer, dies
  • May 17 Timothy Cole, American wood engraver, dies at about 71
  • May 31 Felix-Raymond-Marie Rouleau, French Canadian cardinal, archbishop of Quebec (b. 1866)
  • Jun 4 Ibn Ali Hussein, King of Hejaz, dies
  • Jun 5 John Lawson Stoddard, American lecturer, photographer, and author, considered the father of travelogue, dies at 81
  • Jun 13 Shibasaburo Kitasato, Japanese physician (b. 1851)
  • Jun 22 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), dies at 89
  • Jun 29 Nérée Beauchemin, Quebec poet (b. 1850)

Alice Mary RobertsonAlice Mary Robertson (1854-1931)

Jul 1 American educator, social worker and 2nd woman in US Congress, dies at 77

  • Jul 2 Stephen Babcock, American agricultural chemist (Babcock test and father of scientific dairying), dies at 87
  • Jul 4 Emanuele F duke of Aosta, Italian WW I-general/fascist, dies at 62
  • Jul 4 Hussein ibn-Ali, sjarif Mecca/king/kalief of Hedzjaz (1917-24), dies
  • Jul 11 Jean-Louis Forain, French impressionist etcher and lithographer, dies at 78
  • Jul 15 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician 9Poisson distribution) and economist (b. 1868)
  • Jul 16 Alice Pike Barney, American painter, dies at 74
  • Jul 18 Oskar Minkowski, German Biologist (pancreas and diabetes), dies at 73
  • Jul 24 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, dies at 75
  • Jul 27 Auguste-Henri Forel, Swiss entomologist (b. 1848)

Daniel WilliamsDaniel Williams (1858-1931)

Aug 4 American heart surgeon who performed the 1st open heart Immunologist, dies at 73

  • Aug 19 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever), dies at 63
  • Aug 27 Francis Marion Smith, American borax magnate (b. 1846)
  • Aug 27 Frank Harris, Irish-American journalist and writer (My Life & Loves), dies at 75
  • Aug 27 Willem Hubert Nolens, Dutch priest and ambassador to Vatican, dies at 70
  • Aug 28 Hugh Mahon, Irish-born Australian politician, dies at 74
  • Aug 29 David Abercrombie, Abercrombie & Fitch founder, dies at 64
  • Aug 31 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar, dies at 77
  • Sep 9 Lujo [Ludwig J von] Brentano, German economist dies at 86
  • Sep 10 Dmitri Egorov, Russian mathematician (differential geometry and mathematical analysis), dies at 61
  • Sep 11 Salvatore Maranzano, Sicilian-born American organized crime figure, murdered at 63

Lili ElbeLili Elbe (1882-1931)

Sep 13 Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), dies from complications involving a uterus transplant at 48

  • Sep 18 Hazrat Babajan, a Baloch Muslim saint (b. c. 1806)
  • Oct 7 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, dies at 65
  • Oct 7 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), dies at 81
  • Oct 8 John Monash, Australian military general during WWI (Gallipoli, Western Front), dies at 66
  • Oct 10 Carl von Bach, German mechanical engineer, dies at 84
  • Oct 13 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (b. 1868)
  • Oct 17 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, dies at 47

Thomas EdisonThomas Edison (1847-1931)

Oct 18 American inventor (lightbulb, phonograph, motion picture camera), dies of diabetes complications at 84

  • Oct 21 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright (La Ronde - Reigen), and novelist (Fräulein Else), dies a brain hemorrhage at 69
  • Nov 2 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), dies of cancer at 47
  • Nov 3 Rudolf Wilhelm Canne, Fries playwright (Peaske), dies at 60
  • Nov 11 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (b. 1840)
  • Nov 15 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, dies at 68
  • Nov 17 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • Nov 17 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • Nov 19 Xu Zhimo, Chinese poet, dies in a plane crash at 34
  • Dec 5 Vachel Lindsay, American poet (b. 1879)
  • Dec 10 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Six Chansons), dies at 69
  • Dec 13 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • Dec 16 Gustave J Waffelaert, Flemish theologist and bishop of Bruges, dies at 82
  • Dec 18 Jack "Legs" Diamond, American gangster and bootlegger, murdered at 34
  • Dec 23 Wilson Bentley, American scientist (b. 1865)
  • Dec 26 Melvil Dewey, American librarian and educator (created Dewey Decimal System for libraries), dies at 80