On This Day

Deaths in History in 1934

  • Jan 1 Jakob Wassermann, German writer, dies at 60
  • Jan 8 Alexandre Stavisky, French swindler, dies
  • Jan 8 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), dies at 53
  • Jan 10 Marinus van der Lubbe, Dutch communist, beheaded in Berlin at 24
  • Jan 12 Surya Sen "Master Da", Indian activist for independence (Chittagong armoury raid), hanged at 39
  • Jan 13 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, soldier/explorer (Sudan), dies at 70
  • Jan 13 Paul Ulrich Villard, French chemist and physicist who discovered gamma rays, dies at 73
  • Jan 15 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), dies at 70
  • Jan 15 Patrick O'Malley, US policeman, killed by John Dillinger
  • Jan 29 Fritz Haber, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1918), dies at 65
  • Jan 30 Frank Nelson Doubleday, American publisher (b. 1862)
  • Feb 16 Eduard Bagritsky, Russian-Soviet poet and journalist (South-West), dies at 38
  • Feb 17 Albert I, King of Belgium (1909-34), dies at 58
  • Feb 23 Augusto Sandino, Nicaraguan patriot, assassinated by National Guard

Person of interestDavidson Black

Mar 15 Davidson Black, Paleoanthropologist, dies while working alone during the night, in Beijing, China at 49

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • Mar 19 Anthony J Block, lawyer (Dutch strafproces), dies at 66

  • Mar 20 Emma of Waldeck and Pyrmont, Queen consort of William and Regent of the Netherlands, dies at 76
  • Mar 22 Theophilos Hatzimihail, Greek painter (b. 1870)
  • Mar 26 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), dies at 51
  • Mar 27 Francis William Reitz, 5th State President of the Orange Free State, dies at 89
  • Mar 29 Otto Hermann Kahn, German millionaire and benefactor (b. 1867)
  • Mar 31 Franz Ehrle, German jesuit/head of Vatican library, dies at 88
  • Apr 7 William Monroe Trotter, African, dies on 62nd birthday in Boston
  • Apr 30 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, dies at 75
  • May 2 Sergey Vasilyevich Lebedev, Russian Chemist who invented the first commercially viable and mass-produced synthetic rubber, dies at 59
  • May 11 Orest Khvolson, Russian physicist & honorary member of the Soviet Academy of Sciences (1920), dies at 81

Person of interestBonnie Parker

May 23 Bonnie Parker, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush in Louisiana at 23

American Outlaw Bonnie Parker
American Outlaw
Bonnie Parker

Person of interestClyde Barrow

May 23 Clyde Barrow, American outlaw (Bonnie & Clyde), killed in police ambush in Louisiana at 25

Bank Robber Clyde Barrow
Bank Robber
Clyde Barrow
  • May 27 Meijer Linnewiel, [Prof Kokadorus], Amsterdam street hawker, dies
  • May 30 Tōgō Heihachirō, Imperial Japanese Navy admiral and one of Japan's greatest naval heroes, dies at 86
  • Jun 6 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian and writer (b. 1864)
  • Jun 6 Charles Francis Jenkins, American Inventor and early television pioneer (also invented the altimeter and automobile self-starter) dies at 66
  • Jun 11 Lev Vygotsky, Russian psychologist (b. 1896)
  • Jun 21 Thorne Smith, American sci-fi author (Stray Lamb, Topper, Turnabout), dies at 42
  • Jun 30 Ernst Röhm, German army officer and chief organizer of Adolf Hitler’s Storm Troopers (Sturmabteilung, or SA; Brownshirts), executed at 46
  • Jun 30 Gregor Strasser, German political activist and NSDAP-Reich organization leader, murdered during the Night of the Long Knives at 42

  • Jun 30 Karl Ernst, German SA-leader, murdered
  • Jun 30 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (1932-33), murdered at 52
  • Jun 30 Gustav Ritter von Kahr, Prime Minister of Bavaria killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1862)
  • Jun 30 Erich Klausener, Catholic politician killed in the Night of the Long Knives murders (b. 1885)
  • Jul 3 Henry WAE, Prince of Netherlands/father of Queen Juliana, dies
  • Jul 3 Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of the Netherlands (1901-34), dies at 58
  • Jul 4 Hayyim Nahman Bialik, Jewish poet, dies at 61

Person of interestMarie Curie

Jul 4 Marie Curie, Polish-French scientist who discovered radium and the 1st woman to win a Nobel Prize (1903, 1911), dies at 66

Physicist Marie Curie
Physicist
Marie Curie
  • Jul 6 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, dies at 73
  • Jul 8 Benjamin Baillaud, French astronomer, dies at 1934
  • Jul 12 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), dies at 57

Person of interestKate Sheppard

Jul 13 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • Jul 15 Jules Renkin, Belgian politician (28th Prime Minister of Belgium 1931-32), dies at 71
  • Jul 16 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, dies at 66

Person of interestJohn Dillinger

Jul 22 John Dillinger, Notorious American bank robber, shot dead at 31 by federal agents at the Biograph Theater in Chicago

Gangster John Dillinger
Gangster
John Dillinger
  • Jul 24 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, dies at 54
  • Jul 25 Engelbert Dollfuss, Austrian Fascist chancellor, assassinated by nazis at 41
  • Jul 25 François Coty, French perfume manufacturer, dies at 60
  • Jul 25 Nestor Makhno, Ukrainian anarchist Insurrectionary leader, dies at 45
  • Jul 27 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17), dies at 79

Person of interestPaul von Hindenburg

Aug 2 Paul von Hindenburg, German WW1 general and President of Germany (1925-34), dies of lung cancer at 86

German President and WWI General Paul von Hindenburg
German President and WWI General
Paul von Hindenburg
  • Aug 6 Hermann Glauert, British aerodynamicist, dies at 41
  • Aug 10 John Kane, Scottish-American primitivist painter (Self-Portrait), dies at 73
  • Aug 12 Hendrik P Berlage, architect (Stock exchange Amsterdam), dies at 78
  • Aug 18 Delilah L Beasley, American author/columnist (Oakland Tribune), dies at 61
  • Aug 28 Doris Ulmann, American photographer best known for her portraits of the people of Appalachia, dies aged 52
  • Aug 30 Earnest L Wolzogen, German writer (That tolle Komtess), dies at 79
  • Aug 31 Jan Schaper, Dutch publicist and politician (SDAP), dies
  • Sep 9 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic, dies at 67
  • Sep 12 Catherine Breshkovsky, Babushka/Grandmother of Russian revolution, dies at 90
  • Sep 22 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted monument Stonehenge to the British nation, dies at 58
  • Oct 9 J-Louis-F Barthou, French writer, French Premier and Foreign Minister, assassinated by Croatian nationalist at 72
  • Oct 9 King Alexander, of Yugoslavia, assassinated by Georgief (Croatian terrorist) at 45
  • Oct 12 Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
  • Oct 15 Raymond Poincaré, French president and Prime Minister (1912), dies at 74
  • Oct 17 Santiago Ramón y Cajal, Spanish histologist (central nervous system) and neuroscientist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1906), dies at 82
  • Oct 19 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (houtgravures), dies at 63

Person of interestPretty Boy Floyd

Oct 22 Charles "Pretty Boy" Floyd, American gangster and FBI Most Wanted criminal, shot dead at 30 by the FBI in Ohio

  • Oct 25 Frank Sprague, American inventor who installed the first U.S. electric trolley system, dies at 77
  • Nov 8 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian sanitary physician, dies at 55
  • Nov 8 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, dies at 73
  • Nov 15 Anton Dreesmann, German-Dutch manufacturer (Vroom & Dreesman), dies at 80
  • Nov 16 Joachim Ringelantz, writer, dies
  • Nov 16 Carl von Linde, German engineer and chemist who invented mechanical refrigeration, dies at 92
  • Nov 17 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, dies at 51
  • Nov 20 Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist and cosmologist (developed theoretical models of the universe based on Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity), dies at 62
  • Nov 23 E. A. Wallis Budge, English orientalist and museum curator (British Museum), dies at 77
  • Nov 26 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman, dies at 68
  • Nov 27 "Baby Face" Nelson, [Lester Gillis], gangster, shot by FBI at 26
  • Nov 27 Herman Hollis, FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson
  • Nov 27 Sam Cowley, FBI agent, killed by Baby Face Nelson
  • Nov 30 Hélène Boucher, French aviatrix (b. 1908)
  • Dec 1 Sergei Kirov, Russian politician who was Mayor of Leningrad and a friend of Joseph Stalin, assassinated in Leningrad at 48
  • Dec 3 Charles James O'Donnell, Irish politician (b. 1849)
  • Dec 6 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, dies at 71
  • Dec 12 Thorleif Haug, Norwegian Nordic skier (b. 1894)
  • Dec 13 Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell (b. 1854)
  • Dec 15 Maggie L. Walker, African-American teacher and businesswoman (1st female Bank President),dies at 69