On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1937

  • Jan 5 Marie Booth, child of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1864)
  • Jan 6 André Bessette, Canadian Roman Catholic religious figure, dies at 91
  • Jan 14 Jaishankar Prasad, Hindi poet, dramatist and novelist, dies at 47
  • Jan 23 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), dies at 60
  • Feb 1 Marguerite Audoux, French novelist, dies at 73
  • Feb 5 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Eroticism), dies at 75
  • Feb 7 Elihu Root, US min of War/Foreign affairs (Nobel 1912), dies at 91
  • Feb 8 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer and librarian, dies at 75
  • Feb 13 C A Bernoulli, writer, dies
  • Feb 18 Sergo Ordzhonikidze, Georgian Bolshevik and Soviet politician, dies at 50
  • Mar 8 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion), dies at 71
  • Mar 9 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, dies at 72
  • Mar 10 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer (b. 1884)
  • Mar 11 Joseph S. Cullinan, American oil industrialist (b. 1860)
  • Mar 15 H. P. Lovecraft, American horror writer (At the Mountains of Madness, Weird Tales), dies at 46
  • Mar 16 J Austen Chamberlain, English Minister of Foreign Affairs (Nobel), dies at 73
  • Mar 18 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, dies at 73
  • Mar 19 Horacio Quiroga, Uruguayan playwright, poet, and short story writer (Anaconda, El Crimen del Otro), commits suicide at 58
  • Mar 22 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English aviator and ornithologist, dies at 71
  • Mar 23 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist, dies at 66
  • Mar 25 John Drinkwater, English poet and playwright (Bird in Hand), dies at 54
  • Apr 2 Nathan Birnbaum, Austria philosopher (Zionism), dies at about 72
  • Apr 4 Frantisek X Salda, Czech writer/critic, dies at 69
  • Apr 17 Yi Sang, Korean author and poet (Dying Words, Wings, Child’s Bone), dies of tuberculosis in a Japanese prison camp at 26
  • Apr 19 William Conway, 1st Baron Conway of Allington, English historian and explorer (Spitzbergen), dies at 81
  • Apr 25 Clem Sohn, air show performer dies at 26 when his chute fails to open
  • Apr 25 Michał Drzymała, Polish peasant rebel (Drzymała's wagon), dies at 79
  • Apr 29 Wallace Carothers, American chemist and inventor (nylon), commits suicide at 41

Walter Mittelholzer

May 9 Walter Mittelholzer, Swiss aviation pioneer (Swiss Air) and aerial photographer, dies in a climbing accident on an expedition in Styria at 43 [1]

  • May 15 Phillip Snowden, British politician first Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, dies at 72
  • May 25 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, dies at 77
  • May 28 Alfred Adler, Austria psychiatrist (Individual Psychology), dies at 67
  • Jun 4 Keke Geladze, Russian seamstress who was the mother of Soviet dictator Joseph Stalin, dies at 78 or 81
  • Jun 11 R. J. (Reginald Joseph) Mitchell, British aircraft designer (b. 1895)
  • Jun 12 Mikhail Tukhachevsky, Marshal of the Soviet Union (b. 1893)
  • Jun 18 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), dies at 73
  • Jun 19 J. M. [James Matthew] Barrie, Scottish novelist and playwright (Peter Pan), dies at 77
  • Jun 26 Adolf Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), dies at 82
  • Jun 28 Max Adler, Austrian socialist theorist, dies at 64
  • Jul 2 Fred L Noonan, US navigator, disappeared over Pacific Ocean
  • Jul 9 Oliver Law, first African-American commander of U.S. troops (b. 1899)
  • Jul 10 Johan Bernard Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga), dies at 71
  • Jul 13 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, dies at 66
  • Jul 15 Walter Gay, artist, dies
  • Jul 18 Julian Bell, British poet (b. 1908)

Guglielmo Marconi

Jul 20 Guglielmo Marconi, Italian inventor and electrical engineer who pioneered work on long distance radio transmission (Nobel 1909), dies of a heart attack at 63

  • Jul 26 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • Jul 28 Joseph Lee, American Father of Playgrounds movement, dies at 88

Charles E. Hires

Jul 31 Charles E. Hires, American pharmacist, inventor and manufacturer of the Hires Root Beer beverage, dies at 85

  • Aug 6 Ferdinand CS Schiller, British philosopher (Mind!), dies at 72
  • Aug 6 Annie Horniman, English theater owner (Abbey Theatre, Dublin), dies at 76
  • Aug 11 Bakr Sidqi, Iraqi general and dictator, assassinated at 47

Edith Wharton

Aug 11 Edith Wharton [-Jones], American Pulitzer prize-winning author (House of Mirth), dies at 75

  • Aug 11 George Morrison, American entrepreneur (owner of Mammoth Caves), commits suicide at 71 [1]
  • Aug 13 Arthur Plunkett, English civil engineer (designed Sydney Harbour Bridge) (b. 1890)
  • Aug 14 Sapper, British soldier, novelist (Bull-Dog Drummond), dies at 48
  • Aug 22 David C Salas, Antillian writer (Josephina), dies

Andrew Mellon

Aug 26 Andrew Mellon, American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), dies at 82

  • Aug 27 John Russell Pope, American architect (Jefferson Memorial, National Archives and Records Administration), dies at 63
  • Sep 10 Sergei Tretyakov, Russian constructivist writer, playwright and special correspondent for Pravda, executed by Stalinist regime at 47
  • Sep 13 Ellis Parker Butler, American author (Pigs is Pigs), dies at 67

Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Sep 14 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), dies at 87

  • Sep 21 Henri Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie), dies at 72
  • Sep 26 Edward A. Filene, American entrepreneur and philanthropist, dies at 77
  • Oct 9 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of war (1918-20), dies at 73
  • Oct 16 Jean de Brunhoff, French children's book author (Babar the Elephant), dies at 37
  • Oct 16 William Sealy Gosset, English statistician (Student's t-distribution), dies at 61
  • Oct 19 Betty Carver, wife of English WWII Field Marshal Bernard Montgomery, dies

Ernest Rutherford

Oct 19 Ernest Rutherford, New Zealand physicist (Nobel Prize 1908), dies at 66

  • Oct 26 Józef Dowbór-Muśnicki, Polish general, serving with the Imperial Russian and then Polish armies, dies at 70
  • Nov 3 Winthrop Ames, American theatrical director (Snow White and the Seven Dwarfs), dies at 66

Ramsay MacDonald

Nov 9 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), dies of natural causes at sea on board the liner Reina del Pacifico at 71

  • Nov 23 Jagadish Chandra Bose, Indian physicist, ploymath and writer, dies at 78
  • Nov 23 George Albert Boulenger, Belgian naturalist (b. 1858)
  • Nov 25 Lilian Mary Baylis, English theatrical manager (Old Vic & Sadler's Wells Theater), dies at 63
  • Dec 3 Prosper Poullet, Belgian mayor, dies

Gustaf Dalén

Dec 9 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), dies at 68

  • Dec 17 Gerard Vissering, banker/president of Dutch Bank, dies at 72

Frank Kellogg

Dec 21 Frank Kellogg, American politician and diplomat (US Secretary of State, 1925-29), tried to outlaw war (Kellogg–Briand Pact: Nobel Peace Prize, 1929), dies at 80

  • Dec 22 Daito Kokushi, Zen founder of Daitokuji, dies in Kyoto at 55
  • Dec 29 Don Marquis, American author (b. 1878)