On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1938

  • Jan 3 Arthur Boon, Flemish priest/philologist, dies at 54
  • Jan 8 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, creator of Raggedy Ann and Andy (b. 1880)
  • Jan 8 Christian Rohlfs, German painter and artist, dies at 88
  • Jan 16 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), dies at 61
  • Jan 17 William Pickering, American astronomer (predicted Pluto), dies at 79
  • Feb 5 Hans Litten, German jurist (b. 1903)
  • Feb 6 Marianne Von Werefkin, Russian-German-Swiss Expressionist painter, dies at 77

Harvey Firestone

Feb 7 Harvey Firestone, American manufacturer and founder of the Firestone Tire and Rubber Company, dies at 69

  • Feb 9 Truby King, pioneer of mothercraft, dies
  • Feb 11 James A. Ten Eyck, American champion rower and coach (Ten Eyck Trophy namesake), dies at 86
  • Feb 16 Otto zur Linde, German author (Lieder of the Leids), dies at 64
  • Feb 18 Edward Anseele, Belgian socialist politician, dies at 81
  • Feb 18 David King Udall, American politician (b. 1851)
  • Feb 19 Leopoldo Lugones, Argentine poet (Las montañas del oro), dies at 63
  • Feb 21 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (discovery of magnetic fields in sunspot), dies at 69
  • Mar 1 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, dies of a stroke at 74
  • Mar 4 George Foster Peabody, American politician (b. 1852)
  • Mar 7 Andreas Michalakopoulos, Greek politician, Prime Minister of Greece (1924-25) (b. 1876)
  • Mar 13 Clarence Darrow, American defense attorney at Scopes Monkey Trial, dies at 80
  • Mar 13 Nikolai Ivanovich Bukharin, Russian politician and intellectual, dies at 49
  • Mar 27 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), dies at 66
  • Mar 31 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet and critic (New Guide), dies at 78
  • Apr 2 Alice Berend, writer, dies
  • Apr 10 Nana Annor Adjaye, Pan-Africanist, dies in W Nzima Ghana
  • Apr 12 Feodor Chaliapine, Russian author (Man & Mark), dies at 65
  • Apr 13 Grey Owl [Archibald Belaney], Canadian conservationist, dies at 49
  • Apr 15 Caesar Vallejo, Peruvian-French poet (Trilce, Russia & 1931), dies at 46
  • Apr 16 Bertram Mills, British circus proprietor (Bertram Mills Circus), dies at 70
  • Apr 19 Henry John Newbolt, English poet and author (Studies Green & Gray), dies at 75
  • Apr 21 Muhammad Iqbal, British East Indies lawyer and Pakistan national hero, dies at 65
  • Apr 21 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, dies at 60
  • Apr 24 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, dies at 74
  • Apr 26 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), dies at 79
  • Apr 27 Edmond Rubbens, Belgian minister to Colonies, dies at 44
  • May 4 Carl von Ossietzky, German pacifist and writer (Nobel Peace Prize 1935), dies at 48
  • May 9 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist, dies at 72
  • May 11 Arnold Sauwen, Flemish poet (Hours of Solitude), dies at 81
  • May 13 Charles Edouard Guillaume, French physicist (1920 Nobel Prize for Physics), dies at 77
  • May 16 Stephen Fairbairn, oarsman/coach, dies
  • May 17 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and Zionist, dies at 60
  • May 26 John Jacob Abel, American Pharmacologist (endocrine glands), dies at 81
  • May 30 Raden Soetomo, Indonesian freedom fighter, dies at 49
  • Jun 1 Ödön von Horváth, Hungarian writer (A Child of Our Time), dies at 36
  • Jun 6 Rafael Guízar y Valencia, Mexican Catholic bishop (cared for the wounded, sick, and dying during the Mexican Revolution), dies at 60
  • Jun 7 Norbert Fonteyne, Flemish writer (How Flemings Came Late), dies
  • Jun 14 William Wallace Campbell, American astronomer and Director of Lick Observatory, dies at 76
  • Jun 15 Ernst L Kirchner, German painter, dies at 58
  • Jun 22 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), dies at 61
  • Jun 30 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), dies at 61
  • Jul 4 Otto Bauer, Austrian Social Democrat, dies at 56
  • Jul 9 Benjamin N. Cardozo, American lawyer and jurist, dies at 68
  • Jul 18 Vladimir M Kirshon, Russian playwright, executed at 35
  • Jul 18 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), dies at 62
  • Jul 21 Owen Wister, American author, 'father of the Western' (The Virginian), dies at 78
  • Jul 29 Nikolai Krylenko, Russian/Soviet jurist and politician (b. 1885)
  • Aug 3 Alexander Malyschkin, writer, dies
  • Aug 4 L H Perquin, Dutch radio announcer, dies at 73
  • Aug 7 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (S Method), dies at 75
  • Aug 9 Leo Frobenius, German ethnologist and archaeologist (African cultures), dies at 65
  • Aug 12 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, dies at 74
  • Aug 16 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, dies at 1938
  • Aug 25 Aleksandr Kuprin, Russian author (Jama), dies at 67
  • Aug 30 Max Factor, Polish-American make-up artist, inventor and founder of cosmetics manufacturer Max Factor & Company, dies at 60
  • Sep 3 Bart de Ligt, anti military theologist, dies at 77
  • Sep 13 Samuel Alexander, Engl philosopher (Space, time & deity), dies at 79

Thomas Wolfe

Sep 15 Thomas Wolfe, American novelist (Look Homeward Angel), dies of tuberculosis.at 37

  • Sep 17 Bruno Jasieński, Polish poet (b. 1901)
  • Sep 21 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), dies at 64
  • Sep 24 Lev Schnirelmann, Russian mathematician (b. 1900)
  • Sep 28 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), dies at 76
  • Oct 2 Alexandru Averescu, Romanian soldier and politician (b. 1859)
  • Oct 5 Saint Faustina, Polish saint (b. 1905)
  • Oct 13 E. C. Segar, American cartoonist (Popeye), dies at 43
  • Oct 18 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian Marxist/socialist, dies at 83
  • Oct 24 Ernst Barlach, German writer and artist, dies at 68
  • Oct 25 Alfonsina Storni, Argentine poet (La inquietud del rosal), dies at 46
  • Oct 27 Lascelles Abercrombie, English poet/critic, dies at 57
  • Nov 1 Francis Jammes, French poet and writer (Jammisme), dies at 69
  • Nov 7 Ernst vom Rath, German diplomat, assassinated at 29, providing the pretext for Kristallnacht
  • Nov 9 Vasily Blyukher, Soviet military commander (b.1889)
  • Nov 9 Edward Murray East, American botanist and geneticist who developed hybrid corn, dies at 59

Typhoid Mary

Nov 11 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient best known as 'Typhoid Mary' and the first person in the United States known to be immune to typhoid, dies at 69

  • Nov 17 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), dies at 74
  • Nov 19 Lev Shestov, Russian existentialist philosopher, dies at 72
  • Nov 20 Enzo Matsunaga, Japanese writer (b. 1895)
  • Nov 20 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), dies at 83
  • Nov 20 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, dies at 68
  • Nov 26 Henry Schultz, American economist (econometrics), dies at 45
  • Nov 30 Corneliu Zelea Codreanu, Romanian politician (founder and leader of the Iron Guard), dies at 39
  • Dec 8 Friedrich Glauser, German-language Swiss writer (b. 1896)
  • Dec 9 Johannes van Laar, Dutch chemist (thermodynamics), dies at 78
  • Dec 11 Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist and internationalist (Nobel Peace Prize 1921), dies at 69
  • Dec 12 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, dies at 69
  • Dec 19 Stephen Warfield Gambrill, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Maryland), dies at 65
  • Dec 20 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader, dies at 88
  • Dec 21 Helen Miller Shepard, American philanthropist who established Hall of Fame, dies at 70
  • Dec 23 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Chimes), dies at 70
  • Dec 24 Bruno Taut, German architect (b. 1880)
  • Dec 25 Karel Čapek, Czech author, playwright and critic (R.U.R.), coined term "robot", dies of pneumonia at 48
  • Dec 27 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments dies at 72
  • Dec 27 O Mandelstam, writer, dies
  • Dec 27 Calvin Bridges, American geneticist (b. 1889)
  • Dec 31 Richard Nicolaas Roland Holst, Dutch artist and painter, dies at 70