On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1941

  • Jan 4 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Le Rire, Nobel 1928), dies at 81

Amy Johnson

Jan 5 Amy Johnson, British pilot who was the first female pilot to fly alone from Britain to Australia, dies during a ferry flight at 37

  • Jan 6 Franz Hessel, German writer, dies at 60

Robert Baden-Powell

Jan 8 Robert Baden-Powell, British founder of the Boy Scout movement, dies at 83

  • Jan 9 Ko Boezeman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Jan 10 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, murdered at 67
  • Jan 10 Sir John Lavery, Northern Irish artist (b. 1856)

James Joyce

Jan 13 James Joyce, novelist (Ulysses), dies in Zurich Switzerland, at 58

  • Jan 17 Jose Leite de Vasconcelos, Portuguese scholar (Etnografia), dies at 82
  • Jan 29 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (1936-41), commits suicide at 69
  • Feb 2 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, dies at 78
  • Feb 4 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian and archaeologist, dies at 79
  • Feb 6 Maximilien Luce, French painter, dies at 82
  • Feb 11 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/Min of Finance (SPD), suicide at 63

Frederick Banting

Feb 21 Frederick Banting, Canadian physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine, dies in a plane crash at 49

  • Feb 24 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), dies at 56
  • Feb 26 Jan Keizer, Zaanse February striker, shot to death
  • Feb 27 William D. Byron, U.S. Congressman (b. 1895)
  • Feb 28 Alfonso XIII, King of Spain (1886-1931), dies of a heart attack at 54
  • Mar 3 Constant W L Scheurleer, archaeologist/banker/art expert, dies at 59
  • Mar 3 Ernst Cahn, owner of Amsterdam Koco ice cream parlor, executed
  • Mar 5 Ludwig Quidde, German historian/politician (Nobel 1927), dies at 82
  • Mar 6 John Gutzon Borglum, American sculptor (Mount Rushmore), dies at 73
  • Mar 6 Leen Schijvenschuurder, Dutch February strike leader, executed
  • Mar 7 Gunther Prien, German commandant (U-47), dies in battle
  • Mar 8 Sherwood Anderson, American author & publisher (Winesburg Ohio), dies at 64
  • Mar 13 A Coenradi, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Mar 13 Bernard Ijzerdraat, Dutch resistance fighter, executed by Nazi regime at 49
  • Mar 13 E Hellendoorn, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Mar 13 J Eyl, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Mar 13 Elizabeth Madox Roberts, American poet and novelist (The Time of Man), dies at 54
  • Mar 15 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, dies at 77
  • Mar 16 John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Challenger), dies at 73
  • Mar 17 Joachim Schepke, German commandant (U-100), dies in battle
  • Mar 20 D A van den Bosch, anti-nazi clergyman (Amersfoort Camp), dies
  • Mar 21 Robert Liefmann, German economist (Kartelle und Trusts), dies at 67
  • Mar 24 (Rafaël) "Raf" Verhulst, Flemish poet, journalist, playwright (Jesus of Nazarus; Semini's Children), and educator, dies at 75

Virginia Woolf

Mar 28 Virginia Woolf-Stephen [Adeline], British writer (To Lighthouse), dies from suicide at 59

  • Mar 28 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian Police Commissioner (b. 1877)
  • Apr 1 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, dies at 81
  • Apr 2 Pál Teleki, prime minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-1 and 1939-41), dies at 61
  • Apr 3 Pal Teleki-von Szek, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), committed suicide at 61
  • Apr 4 Max Frisch, writer, dies at 29
  • Apr 5 Sir Nigel Gresley, Steam locomotive engineer (b. 1876)

Annie Jump Cannon

Apr 13 Annie Jump Cannon, American astronomer (Henry Draper catalogues), dies at 77

  • Apr 14 Jack Edmonson, Australian corporal in Tobruk (Victoria Cross), dies
  • Apr 14 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, dies at 69
  • Apr 16 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, dies at 60
  • Apr 18 Alexandros Koryzis, Prime Minister of Greece in 1941, commits suicide at about 65 as German troops closed in on Athens
  • Apr 20 Barend ter Haar, Dutch lawyer, dies in Buchenwald at 49
  • Apr 24 Karin Boye, Swedish writer (Kallocain) commits suicide at 40
  • Apr 26 Jean Demoor, Belgian physician & physiologist, dies at 74
  • Apr 27 Penelope Delta, Greek author, dies at 67
  • Apr 30 Edwin S. Porter, American film pioneer and producer (Jack and the Beanstalk), dies at 71
  • May 1 John R Locksmith de Brown, vicar/CHU-politician, dies at 71
  • May 5 Natalija Obrenović, Queen of Serbia (b. 1859)
  • May 7 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, dies
  • May 7 Sir James George Frazer, Scottish anthropologist (b. 1854)
  • May 23 Herbert Austin, English automobile designer and builder (founder of Austin Motor Company), dies at 74
  • May 24 Lancelot Holland, British vice-admiral (WW II-Hood), dies in battle
  • May 27 AH Borgesius, tutor/experimentator/amateur astronomer, dies at 76
  • May 30 Prajadhipok, Rama VII, last absolute king of Siam (1925–35), dies at 47
  • Jun 1 Hugh S Walpole, British novelist and playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40), dies at 57

Wilhelm II

Jun 4 Wilhelm II von Hohenzollern, German Emperor (1888-1918), dies of a pulmonary embolus at 82

Marcus Garvey

Jun 10 Marcus Garvey, Jamaican-born black nationalist who began the back-to-Africa movement among US African Americans, dies at 52

  • Jun 11 Daniel Carter Beard, American author, social reformer and founder of the Boy Scouts of America, dies at 91
  • Jun 14 Pieter J Kromsigt, theologist/publicist (John Knox), dies at 74
  • Jun 15 Evelyn Underhill, British Anglo-Catholic poet, dies at 65
  • Jun 15 Otfrid Foerster, German neurologist, dies at 67
  • Jun 16 Lodo of Hamel, 1st Dutch secret affiliate, dies
  • Jun 20 [Stephanie] Hélène Swarth, Dutch poet ("Lonely flowers"), dies at 81
  • Jul 4 Antoni Łomnicki, Polish mathematician (b. 1881)
  • Jul 8 Moses Schorr, Polish rabbi, senator, historian and orientalist (b. 1874)
  • Jul 11 Arthur Evans, English archaeologist (discovered the Minoan palace of Knossos in Crete), dies at 90
  • Jul 17 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), dies at 62
  • Jul 20 Lew Fields, American vaudeville performer (b. 1867)
  • Jul 21 Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet, dies at 68
  • Jul 26 Benjamin Whorf, anthropologist, dies
  • Jul 26 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • Jul 26 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), dies at 44
  • Jul 26 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), dies at 66
  • Jul 27 Alfred Henry O'Keeffe, New Zealand artist, dies at 83
  • Aug 2 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (el Florilegio), dies at 70

Rabindranath Tagore

Aug 7 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), dies at 80

  • Aug 14 Josef Jakobs, German spy, executed in Tower of London
  • Aug 14 Saint Maximilian Kolbe, Polish martyr (b. 1894)
  • Aug 14 Paul Sabatier, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - improving the hydrogenation of organic species in the presence of metals), dies at 86
  • Aug 29 Henri Louis, French officer/resistance fighter, executed at 40
  • Aug 29 Jan Louis Guillaume Doornik, Dutch resistance fighter in France, executed at 36
  • Aug 30 Peder Oluf Pedersen, Danish engineer and physicist, dies at 67
  • Aug 31 Marina Tsvetaeva, Russian poet (The Train of Life), committed suicide at 48
  • Sep 6 Hugo Loudon, president-director (Royal Oil), dies at 81
  • Sep 9 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, dies at 85
  • Sep 9 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), dies at 72
  • Sep 29 Friedrich Angel, German mathematician (group theory), dies at 79
  • Oct 5 Louis Brandeis, American lawyer and associate justice on the Supreme Court of the United States, dies at 84
  • Oct 12 Harry Micajah Daugherty, American politician, lawyer and political manager accused of corruption, dies at 81
  • Oct 13 GJ Berenschot, general/supreme commander Dutch East Indies army, dies
  • Oct 17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins), dies
  • Oct 18 Dirk Fock, Dutch politician and Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (1921-26), dies at 83
  • Oct 18 Manuel Teixeira Gomes, 7th President of Portugal, dies at 81
  • Oct 25 Robert Delaunay, French artist, dies at 56
  • Oct 26 Arkady Gaidar, Russian Soviet children's writer, killed in combat at 37
  • Oct 27 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist (physiology of development, fertilization, cell division), dies of pancreatic cancer at 58
  • Oct 31 Herwarth Walden, German art writer and critic, dies in a Soviet prison at 63
  • Nov 1 Camille Melloy [the Paepe], Belgian priest/poet (Requiem), dies at 50
  • Nov 2 Simon Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, dies at 73
  • Nov 5 Arndt Pekurinen, Finnish pacifist (b. 1905)
  • Nov 6 Maurice Leblanc, French novelist (b. 1864)
  • Nov 7 Albin Zollinger, Swiss poet/author (Das Gewitter), dies at 46
  • Nov 8 Gaetano Mosca, Italian sociologist (Elite Circle), dies at 83
  • Nov 12 Abe Reles "Kid Twist", American NY gangster and police informer, killed falling from a window under suspicious circumstances at 35
  • Nov 17 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, commits suicide at 45
  • Nov 18 Chris Watson, third Prime Minister of Australia (Labour Party), dies at 74
  • Nov 18 Émile Nelligan, Quebec poet (b. 1879)
  • Nov 18 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel Prize, 1920), dies at 77 [1]
  • Nov 21 Juanita Spellini, first women executed in Calif
  • Nov 21 Henrietta Vinton Davis, African-American elocutionist, dramatist, impersonator and public speaker, dies at 81
  • Nov 21 George Morren, Flemish painter/sculptor, dies at 73
  • Nov 22 Werner Mölders, German ace fighter pilot (b. 1915)
  • Nov 25 Pedro Aguirre Cerda, president Chile (People's Front), dies
  • Nov 26 Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (Trold, der vejrer kristenblod), dies at 80
  • Nov 26 Ernest Lapointe, French Canadian politician (b. 1876)
  • Dec 1 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado, 1933-41), dies at 66
  • Dec 3 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (b. 1883)
  • Dec 5 Amrita Sher-Gil, Hungarian-Indian painter described as the “Indian Frida Kahlo" and "one of the greatest avant-garde women artists of the early 20th century," dies of complications from a failed abortion at 28
  • Dec 6 Oskar Ernst Bernhardt, German author (In the Light of Truth: The Grail Message), dies at 66
  • Dec 7 Iida, Japanese pilot/lt, dies in battle at 28
  • Dec 7 Mervyn S. Bennion, United States Navy Captain, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1887)
  • Dec 7 Herbert C. Jones, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1918)
  • Dec 7 Thomas J. Reeves, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1895)
  • Dec 7 Franklin Van Valkenburgh, United States Navy, Medal of Honor recipient, killed in Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor (b. 1888)
  • Dec 9 Leonard "Leo" Polak, Dutch philosopher, dies in Sachsenhausen at 61
  • Dec 9 Dmitry Merezhkovsky, Russian writer and philosopher (b. 1865)
  • Dec 10 Colin Kelly, American B-17 Flying Fortress pilot and 1st US air hero during WW II, killed in action at 26 after ordering his crew to bail out shortly before his bomber exploded
  • Dec 11 John Gillespie Magee, Jr., American poet and aviator (b. 1922)
  • Dec 11 Charles Émile Picard, French mathematician, died at 85
  • Dec 12 Cesar Basa, Philippine Air Force and World War II hero (b. 1915)
  • Dec 19 L M Dovator, Russian general, dies in battle
  • Dec 20 Igor Severyanin, Russian poet (b. 1887)
  • Dec 30 El Lissitzky, Russian artist and architect (b. 1890)