On This Day

Deaths in History in 1942

  • Jan 5 Yves Paringaux, French chief of staff, murdered
  • Jan 8 Joseph Franklin Rutherford, American religious publisher (b. 1869)
  • Jan 14 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian writer (b. 1883)
  • Jan 16 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (1911-16), dies at 91
  • Jan 17 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, dies at 57
  • Jan 22 Reimond Tollenaere, leader Flemishch National Front, dies at 81
  • Jan 22 Walter Sickert, Danish-English painter (Free House!), dies at 81
  • Jan 22 Xiao Hong, Chinese writer (The Field of Life and Death). dies at 30
  • Jan 26 Gerard Philips, Dutch industrialist and manufacturer (Philips), dies at 83
  • Jan 26 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (Hausdorff space), dies at 73
  • Jan 27 Kaarel Eenpalu, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1888)
  • Jan 29 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor (railroad electrification), dies at 80
  • Feb 2 Daniil Kharms [Yuvatchov], Russian surrealist and absurdist writer, poet, and playwright, dies of starvation during the siege of Leningrad at 36
  • Feb 6 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist, dies at 78
  • Feb 7 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, dies at 65
  • Feb 8 Fritz Todt, German Reichs minister (Organization Todt), dies in a plane crash at 50

  • Feb 9 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (1925-31), dies at 58
  • Feb 12 Grant Wood, American painter (American Gothic), dies at 50
  • Feb 13 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), dies at 76
  • Feb 14 Adnan Bin Saidi, Officer of the Malay Regiment killed in the defense of Singapore (b. 1915)
  • Feb 18 Albert Payson Terhune, American author (b. 1872)
  • Feb 19 Frank Abbandando, American gangster (executed) (b. 1910)
  • Feb 23 Stefan Zweig, Austrian poet, essayist and dramatist (Beware of Pity), dies at 60
  • Feb 24 Anton Drexler, German politician and founder of the German Worker's Party, dies at 57
  • Feb 27 Karel Doorman, Dutch rear-admiral (Java Sea), KIA at 52
  • Feb 27 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, dies at 75
  • Mar 1 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), dies at 59
  • Mar 3 Amedeo, Duke of Aosta, viceroy (Ethiopia), dies at 43
  • Mar 10 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), dies at 79
  • Mar 12 Robert Bosch, German industrialist (b. 1861)
  • Mar 19 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist and ornithologist, dies at 86
  • Mar 23 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73
  • Mar 28 Herman Adriaan van Karnebeek, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1918-27), dies at 67
  • Mar 28 Miguel Hernadez Gilabert, Spanish poet (Viento del Pueblo), dies at 31
  • Mar 30 Alfred Coville, French historian (Lesson premier Valois), dies at 81
  • Apr 8 Alfred Mombert, German poet, dies at 70

  • Apr 12 Johannes E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher, dies at 80
  • Apr 13 Henk Sneevliet, Dutch Communist, executed at 58
  • Apr 15 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), dies at 61

Person of interestHugh S. Johnson

Apr 15 Hugh S. Johnson, American head of the National Recovery Administration & member of FDR's Brain Trust, dies of pneumonia at 60

Member of FDR's Brain Trust Hugh S. Johnson
Member of FDR's Brain Trust
Hugh S. Johnson
  • Apr 17 Jean Baptiste Perrin, French physicist, (1926 Nobel Prize in Physics for discovery of sedimentation equilibrium), dies at 71
  • Apr 18 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor & art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), dies at 67

Person of interestLucy Maud Montgomery

Apr 24 Lucy Maud Montgomery, Canadian author (Anne of Green Gables), dies at 67

  • Apr 24 Leonid Kulik, Russian mineralogist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history, dies of typhus in a Nazi prison camp at 58
  • Apr 25 Paul Kornfeld, writer, dies at 52
  • Apr 30 Jakob van Hoddis [[Hans Davidsohn]], German Jewish poet, transported to German concentration camp at 54 (actual date of death unknown)
  • May 3 Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), executed at 61
  • May 3 Thorvald Stauning, Prime Minister of Denmark (1924-26, 1929-42), dies at 68
  • May 5 Qemal Stafa, Albanian politician (b. 1920)
  • May 16 Bronislaw Kasper Malinowski, anthropologist, dies
  • May 19 Nicoline Magdalene Roll Anker, Norwegian author (Enken), dies at 69
  • May 29 Akiko Yosano, Japanese poet (Tangled Hair), dies at 63
  • Jun 1 Vladislav Vančura, Czech writer (Rozmarné léto), dies at 50

Person of interestReinhard Heydrich

Jun 4 Reinhard Heydrich, German Nazi leader (head of Bohemia and Moravia and the Reich Main Security Office), dies a week after an assassination attempt at 38

Nazi leader Reinhard Heydrich
Nazi leader
Reinhard Heydrich
  • Jun 7 Alan Blumlein, English electronics engineer, dies at 38
  • Jun 10 Jean François van Royen, Sect-Gen of Concentration Camp Amersfoort, dies at 63
  • Jun 10 Stanley Lupino, English comic (Cheer Up, Over She Goes), dies at 48
  • Jun 15 Vera Figner, writer, dies
  • Jun 17 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 88
  • Jun 18 Adolf Opalka, Czech resistance fighter, shot down
  • Jun 18 John Kubris, Czech resistance fighter, killed Heydrich, dies at 28
  • Jun 25 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian, dies at 67
  • Jun 30 Arnoldus J H Aerts, Dutch bishop of New Guinea, executed at 62
  • Jul 3 Louis Franchet d'Espèrey, French general during WWI, dies at 86
  • Jul 11 Simon de la Bella, Dutch president (NVV), dies in Dachau
  • Jul 20 Patric Cobb, British sea officer, dies in battle
  • Jul 23 Nikola J Vaptsarov, Bulgaria poet/communist, executed at 32
  • Jul 23 Adam Czerniakow, Polish engineer (suicide) (b. 1880)
  • Jul 23 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, dies at 72
  • Jul 26 Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies
  • Jul 26 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), dies at 42
  • Jul 27 William Matthew Finders Petrie, Egyptologist, dies
  • Jul 28 Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (Merneptah Stele, measured the pyramids), dies at 89
  • Jul 31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), dies at 79
  • Aug 2 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, dies at 77
  • Aug 3 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), dies at 69
  • Aug 7 Richard Gott, British gen/commandant of 8th Army, dies in battle at 43
  • Aug 7 Janusz Korczak [Henryk Goldszmit], Polish-Jewish educator and pedagogue (ran an orphanage in the Warsaw Ghetto), is gassed at Treblinka extermination camp along with the residents of his orphanage at 64
  • Aug 9 Edith Stein, German philosopher and Discalced Carmelite nun (St. Teresa Benedicta of the Cross), dies at 50 [1]
  • Aug 21 Kiyoano Ichiki, Japanese colonel (WWII), dies
  • Aug 25 George EAE, English prince/earl of St Andrews, dies in battle at 39
  • Aug 25 W van Daalen, opposition leader on Celebes, beheaded
  • Aug 25 George Edward Alexander Windsor, Duke of Kent (b. 1902)
  • Aug 31 Von Bismarck, German major general, (Africa Corps), dies in battle
  • Sep 2 Tom Williams, Irish republican (b. 1924)
  • Sep 5 François de Labouchère, French aviator of World War II, compagnon de la Libération. (b. 1917)
  • Sep 7 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter dies aged 87
  • Sep 14 E.S. Gosney, American eugenicist (b. 1855)
  • Sep 15 Jack Singer, American war reporter (Wasp), dies
  • Sep 19 Condé Nast, American publisher (b. 1873)
  • Sep 27 Douglas Munro, only US Coast Guard with WW II-Med of Honor, dies

  • Oct 1 Ants Piip, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1884)
  • Oct 6 Erich Kuttner, German journalist and historian (Vorwarts), dies at 55
  • Oct 8 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, dies at 73
  • Oct 10 Richard von Schaukal, Moravian-Austria poet and writer (Schlemihle), dies at 68
  • Oct 15 Dirk Bannink, nurse/local counciller Deventer, executed
  • Oct 16 12, Dutch Communist Party-resistance fighter/3 NVV-hostages, executed
  • Oct 18 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (b. 1862)
  • Oct 22 Gustave "Staff" de Clercq, leader Flemish Nationally Covenant, dies
  • Oct 22 Sybren Tulip, NSBer/supt of police in Amsterdam (1941-42), dies
  • Oct 23 Georg Stumme, German general/commandant of African corps, dies
  • Oct 27 Helmuth Hubener, Youth Political Activist against the Hitler regime (b. 1925)
  • Nov 3 Carl Sternheim, German playwright (Trousers, Snob), dies at 64
  • Nov 4 Marcel Barger [Streliskie], cabaret performer, killed in Auschwitz
  • Nov 9 Edna May Oliver, dies on 59th birthday
  • Nov 11 Anton Hendrik Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of the Lichtes), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Daniel J. Callaghan, US Admiral (Medal of Honor) dies during the Battle of Guadalcanal at 52
  • Nov 13 Douglas H Fox, US captain of destroyer Barton, dies in battle
  • Nov 13 Norman Scott, US admiral (at Guadalcanal), dies
  • Nov 17 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • Nov 19 Bruno Schulz, Polish writer (The Street of Crocodiles), shot and killed by German Nazi at 50

Person of interestJ. B. M. Hertzog

Nov 21 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), dies at 76

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • Dec 3 Arthur Berson, German meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon), dies at 83

Person of interestAlbert Kahn

Dec 8 Albert Kahn, American architect known as the "architect of Detroit", dies at 73

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Dec 11 Franz C. Schmelkes, Czech-born Chemist who discovered azochloramid (chlorazodin), a disinfectant, dies of a heart attack at 43
  • Dec 11 Jochen Klepper, German writer, commits suicide at 39
  • Dec 13 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • Dec 14 Eduard C "Edo" Fimmen, Dutch trade union leader, dies at 61
  • Dec 21 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (Giraffen, Blijdorp), dies at 63
  • Dec 22 Franz Boas, German-American anthropologist and linguist (Mind of Primitive Man), dies 84

MurderFrançois Darlan

Dec 24 François Darlan, French Admiral of the Fleet during WWII and Vichy Prime Minister (1941-42), assassinated at 61 in his headquarters in French North Africa by resistance fighter Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle

Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France François Darlan
Admiral and Prime Minister of Vichy France
François Darlan
  • Dec 24 K Balmont, writer, dies at 75
  • Dec 26 Fernand Bonnier de La Chapelle, French resistance fighter and assassin of Admiral of the Fleet and Vichy Prime Minister François Darlan, executed by firing squad at 20
  • Dec 29 Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist, dies at 83
  • Dec 30 Neville Henderson, British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany (1937-39), dies at 60