Deaths in History in 1944

  • Jan 1 Sir Edward Lutyens, British architect who designed New Delhi (b. 1869)
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk, [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American journalist (b. 1857)
  • Jan 7 J Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Lou Hoover, U.S. First Lady (b. 1874)
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist (b. 1860)
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major/pilot, shot down

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Jan 23 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (b. 1909)
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, US journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer (b. 1882)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 1 Piet Mondrian, abstract painter (Composition in Blue), dies at 71

Abstract Painter Piet Mondrian
Abstract Painter
Piet Mondrian
  • Feb 4 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer (b. 1872)
  • Feb 5 Robert E Park, sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • Feb 10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • Feb 17 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
  • Feb 22 Kasturba Gandhi, wife of Mohandas Gandhi (b. 1869)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Feb 23 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), dies at 80

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Feb 29 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)
  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

BattleExecution

Mar 4 Louis Buchalter, American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer (b. 1861)
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 22 ... Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy, executed
  • Mar 23 O C Wingate, British general-major (Burma), dies in air crash
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies
  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, US poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard [Paul-Gustave-Marie-Camille Hazard], French critic and literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, U.S. Vice-Presidential candidate (b. 1874)
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (b. 1851)

  • May 11 Henk Hos, resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 12 Arthur T Quiller-Couch [Q], British author/critic, dies at 80
  • May 16 George Ade, US novelist/playwright (Counsel Widow), dies at 78
  • May 16 Max Brand, [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 16 George Ade, American author (b. 1866)
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42
  • Jun 6 Danny Brotheridge, British lieutenant, 1st to die during D-Day landing WWII
  • Jun 6 Gerrit John van de Peat, artist/resistance fighter, executed at 41
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, sculptor/resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist (b. 1910)
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian (executed) (b. 1886)
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter/friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • Jun 27 Vera Menchik, Russian 1st official women's world chess champion (1927), dies in a London air raid at 38
  • Jul 7 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies
  • Jul 7 Georges Mandel, [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader (-1940), is executed by the Milice at 59
  • Jul 11 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • Jul 16 John Post, Dutch farmer/resistance fighter (passage fight), executed
  • Jul 17 Hugh Rigby, English portrait painter (King George V 1928-32), dies
  • Jul 17 William James Sidis, gifted mathematician and child prodigy (b. 1898)
  • Jul 18 George A Hartland, English MP (Norwich 1931-35), dies at 60
  • Jul 18 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • Jul 19 Carl Bock, Danish Gestapo agent, liquidated
  • Jul 19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • Jul 20 Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • Jul 20 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • Jul 20 Claus Schenk von Stauffenberg, count/German antifascist colonel, dies
  • Jul 20 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • Jul 20 Ludwig Beck, gen/chief Germany general staff (July 20th plot), dies
  • Jul 20 Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Rudolf Schmundt, gen/Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds
  • Jul 20 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 21 Gerrit van den Bosch, led illegal Dutch CPN party, dies in Dachau
  • Jul 21 Henning von Tresckow, Gen-Maj, "July 20th plotter", commits suicide
  • Jul 23 Bernard M Cohen, attorney, killed at Belsen concentration camp
  • Jul 23 Helmuth J von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 23 Max HHR Nettlau, Austrian historian (Der Anarchismus), dies at 79
  • Jul 24 Jan Postma, leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • Jul 25 Lesley J McNair, US Lieutenant General killed by friendly fire at St-Lo
  • Jul 26 Rezā Shāh Pahlavi [Rezā Khan], Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies at 66 of a heart ailment

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 1 Manuel Luis Quezon y Molina, Second President of Philippines (1935-42), dies of tuberculosis at 65

2nd President of the Philippines Manuel L. Quezon
2nd President of the Philippines
Manuel L. Quezon
  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal, hanged at 62
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, attempt Hitler assassination, dies
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy (b. 1915)
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 19 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, commits suicide, dies at 62
  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Mussa Dshalil, writer, dies
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German diplomat (b. 1909)
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thalmann, German communist, dies in Buchenwald
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, US senator (R-Nebraska 1913-43), lame duck-amendment, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarrusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 10 Jaap P Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, Chancellor of Germany (b. 1870)
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Peter Waddy, British major 1st Para Brigade, dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US lt-colonel, dies in battle at Best
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle
  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • Sep 19 John AC Fitch, British lt-colonel, dies in battle in Arnhem

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 19 Guy Gibson, British wing commander, dies in a plane crash at 26

RAF Pilot Guy Gibson
RAF Pilot
Guy Gibson
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, English (Victoria Cross), dies in battle in Arnhem
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Colijn, Neth PM, buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, Fr sculptor/graphic artist, dies in car crash at 82
  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Al Smith, American politician (b. 1873)
  • Oct 5 Joseph B "Aristide" Maillol, French sculptor/graphic artist, dies
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician, dies at 52

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 14 Erwin Rommel, German Field Marshal (WWII - African campaign), commits suicide at 52

German WWII Field Marshal Erwin Rommel
German WWII Field Marshal
Erwin Rommel
  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, journalist, executed in Auschwitz-Birkenau
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1877)
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, Archbishop of Canterbury (b. 1881)
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian Naturalist and Conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon and biologist, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Lord Moyne, British prefect (Middle-East), murdered
  • Nov 6 Segundo "Boy" Ecury, Aruba, WW II resistance fighter, executed at 22
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge & Ozaki, spies, hanged in Tokyo
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, German combat/jet fighter pilot, dies
  • Nov 9 Frank Marshall, American chess player (b. 1877)
  • Nov 12 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Wang Tjing-Wei, premier China (1932-35), dies
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Stanley Eddington, dies
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian, dies
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author/journalist, dies at 43
  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Nov 30 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), dies at 83

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Dec 2 Filippo T Marinetti, Italian writer (father of futurism), dies at 67
  • Dec 2 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • Dec 3 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • Dec 13 Vassily Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter, dies at 78
  • Dec 16 Elisabeth ten Boom dies at 59
  • Dec 17 Pieter A. Roodenburgh, student and resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • Dec 19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • Dec 20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck
  • Dec 30 Romain Roland, French writer/pacifist (Nobel 1915), dies at 78