Historical Figures Who Died in 1944

  • Jan 1 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), dies at 74
  • Jan 3 Jurgis Baltrušaitis, Lithuanian poet (b. 1873)
  • Jan 4 Henri "Hans" Flu, Indonesian/Dutch family doctor/antifascist, murder
  • Jan 4 Kaj Munk [Harald Leininger], anti-fascist writer (Kaj Munk), dies
  • Jan 5 Adolph Goldschmidt, German/Swiss art historian, dies at 80
  • Jan 6 Ida Tarbell, American muckraker (The History of the Standard Oil Company), dies at 86
  • Jan 7 J. Verleun, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Jan 7 Lou Henry Hoover, US First Lady (1929-33) and wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, dies at 69
  • Jan 7 Napoleon Lapathiotis, Greek poet, dies at 56
  • Jan 8 William Kissam Vanderbilt II, member of the Vanderbilt family (b. 1878)
  • Jan 11 Galeazzo count of Cortellazzo Ciano, Italian politician, dies
  • Jan 12 Lance C. Wade, American pilot (b. 1915)
  • Jan 14 Mohammed Emin Yurdakul, Turkish poet, dies at about 74
  • Jan 20 James McKeen Cattell, American psychologist, dies at 83
  • Jan 21 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer, dies at 74
  • Jan 21 Heinrich zu Sayn-Wittgenstein, German major and pilot, shot down

Edvard MunchEdvard Munch (1863-1944)

Jan 23 Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

  • Jan 23 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (Polyushko Pole), dies at 34
  • Jan 29 William Allen White, American journalist (Emporia Gazette), dies at 75
  • Jan 31 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), dies at 61

Piet MondrianPiet Mondrian (1872-1944)

Feb 1 Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie, Composition with Red Blue and Yellow) and art theoretician, dies of pneumonia at 71

  • Feb 4 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, dies at 72
  • Feb 5 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), dies at 79
  • Feb 10 Eugène Michel Antoniadi, Greek astronomer, a crater on Mars and the Antoniadi crater on the Moon were named in his honor (b. 1870)
  • Feb 17 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, dies at 64
  • Feb 22 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mahatma Gandhi, dies at 74

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland (1863-1944)

Feb 23 Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), dies at 80

  • Feb 29 Pehr Evind Svinhufvud, President of Finland (b. 1861)
  • Mar 4 Emanuel Weiss, American hitman (b. 1906) (executed)
  • Mar 4 Fannie Barrier Williams, American educator and political activist (b. 1855)

Louis BuchalterLouis Buchalter (1897-1944)

Mar 4 Jewish-American mobster (Murder, Inc.), executed at 47

  • Mar 4 Louis Capone, New York organized crime figure (b. 1896) (executed)
  • Mar 5 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, dies in nazi concentration camp at 67
  • Mar 6 Ernst Cohen, Dutch chemist, gassed at Auschwitz concentration camp at 74
  • Mar 10 David Vogel, Ukrainian author, dies in Auschwitz at 52
  • Mar 11 Hendrik W van Loon, Neth/US radio commentator/writer, dies at 62
  • Mar 12 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, dies at 82
  • Mar 15 Otto von Below, German commandant (WWI), dies at 86
  • Mar 19 William Hale Thompson, American mayor of Chicago (b. 1869)
  • Mar 22 Pierre Pucheu, French Internal minister to Vichy government, executed by firing squad at 44
  • Mar 23 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41
  • Mar 28 Chayyim Most, Rabbi/Maggid of Kovono, killed by Nazis
  • Mar 28 Stephen Butler Leacock, writer/economist (Literary Lapses), dies at 75
  • Mar 31 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies
  • Apr 4 John Peale Bishop, American poet (Undertaker's Garland), dies at 51
  • Apr 5 Isolde Kurz, German writer/poetess (Meine Mutter), dies at 90
  • Apr 9 Evgeniya Rudneva, Russian World War II heroine (b. 1920)
  • Apr 13 Paul Hazard, French critic and literature historian, dies at 65
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), dies at 68
  • Apr 19 Tommy Hitchcock, polo player (Westchester Cup 1924, 27), dies at 44
  • Apr 24 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (b. 1859)
  • Apr 28 Frank Knox, American politician (Republican VP candidate 1936), newspaper editor and Secretary of the Navy during World War II, dies at 70
  • Apr 29 Bernardino Machado, President of Portugal (1915–17, 1925–26), dies at 93
  • Apr 29 Billy Bitzer, American cinematography pioneer, dies at 72
  • Apr 30 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, dies at 65
  • May 5 Bertha Benz [Cacilie Bertha Ringer], German inventor, automotive pioneer and wife of fellow automotive inventor Karl Benz, dies at 95
  • May 11 Henk Hos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 37
  • May 11 Walter Oesau, German fighter pilot (WWII), dies at 30
  • May 12 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), dies at 80
  • May 16 Ferdinand Alphons Marie van der Ham, Dutch WW II resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 16 Max Brand [Frederick Schiller Faust], western author, dies
  • May 17 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, dies at 60
  • May 19 Godfrey Wilson, British Anthropologist of social change and colonial problems in Africa, commits suicide as a conscientious objector in WW II
  • May 26 Henricus Verbunt, Dutch civil servant and resistance fighter, executed by German forces at 34
  • May 26 Robert van Spaendonck, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 27
  • May 28 Katri Vala, Finnish poet, dies at 42
  • Jun 6 Den Brotheridge, British lieutenant who was the 1st to die during D-Day landings in World War II is killed at 28
  • Jun 9 99 inhabitants of Tulle, hanged by SS
  • Jun 10 French Duwaer, Dutch printer/resistance fighter, executed
  • Jun 10 Gerrit Jan van der Veen [Wolffensperger], Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 41 (b. 1902)
  • Jun 10 Johan Limpers, Dutch sculptor and resistance fighter, executed at 28
  • Jun 10 Willem Jacob van Stockum, Dutch physicist and mathematician, dies at 33
  • Jun 14 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist and anthropologist, dies at 78
  • Jun 14 Robert H Iseley, US pilot/lt-comdr (Saipan), dies in battle
  • Jun 16 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), dies at 82
  • Jun 16 George Stinney, African-American boy wrongfully convicted of murder, is executed by electric chair at 14
  • Jun 16 Marc Bloch, French historian and member of the French resistance, executed by firing squad by the Gestapo at 57
  • Jun 19 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, at 65
  • Jun 21 Jan Bonekamp, Dutch resistance fighter and friend of Hannie Schaft, dies
  • Jun 27 Milan Hodža, Slovak politician (b. 1878)
  • Jul 7 Erich Salomon, German photographer, dies at 58
  • Jul 7 Georges Mandel [Louis Rothschild], French politician and resistance leader, is executed by the Milice at 59
  • Jul 11 Wolfgang Redlich, German major/pilot, dies in battle
  • Jul 16 Johannes Post, Dutch farmer and resistance fighter (passage fight), executed at 37
  • Jul 17 Hugh Rigby, English portrait painter (King George V 1928-32), dies
  • Jul 17 William James Sidis, American mathematician and child prodigy, dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 46
  • Jul 18 George A Hartland, British politician (MP, Norwich, 1931-35), dies at 60
  • Jul 18 Thomas Sturge Moore, English poet (Centaurs' Booty), dies at 74
  • Jul 19 Carl Bock, Danish Gestapo agent, liquidated
  • Jul 19 Harry CA Eyres, British diplomat (Constantinople, Albania), dies at 87
  • Jul 20 Arthur J Treadwell, English mayor of Stoke Newington, dies at about 71
  • Jul 20 Brandt, col/German staff chief, dies in bombing
  • Jul 20 Claus von Stauffenberg, German antifascist colonel (attempted to assassinate Hitler), dies by firing squad at 36
  • Jul 20 Friedrich Olbricht, German general (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Korten, chef gen of Germany Luftwaffe, dies in bomb explosion
  • Jul 20 Ludwig Beck, German general (July 20th plot), dies at 64
  • Jul 20 Mertz, German colonel (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 20 Rudolf Schmundt, German general /Hitler's Army adjunct, dies from wounds in attempt to assassinate Hitler at 48
  • Jul 20 Werner von Haeffen, German lieutenant (July 20th plotter), executed
  • Jul 21 Gerrit van den Bosch, led illegal Dutch CPN party, dies in Dachau
  • Jul 21 Henning von Tresckow, Gen-Maj, "July 20th plotter", commits suicide
  • Jul 23 Helmuth James von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed by the Nazis for treason at 37
  • Jul 23 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, dies at 79
  • Jul 24 Jan Postma, leader of illegal Dutch party (CPN), executed at 49
  • Jul 25 Lesley J McNair, US Lieutenant General killed by friendly fire at St-Lo

Reza Shah PahlaviReza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944)

Jul 26 Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies of a heart ailment at 66

  • Jul 31 Antoine de Saint-Exupéry, French writer, poet and pioneering aviator (The Little Prince), dies during a reconnaissance mission at 44
  • Aug 3 Felix Nussbaum, German painter (Widerstandskunst), dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 3 Felka Platek, wife of painter Felix Nussbaum, dies in Auschwitz
  • Aug 8 Erwin von Witzleben, German fieldmarshal (July 20th plot), hanged at 62
  • Aug 8 Michael Wittman, German soldier and tank ace, dies at 30
  • Aug 10 Berthold Schenk von Stauffenberg, German aristocrat, attempted to assassinate Hitler, executed by Nazi regime at 39
  • Aug 12 Joseph P. Kennedy, Jr., brother of President John F. Kennedy, killed in action in plane explosion over Blythburgh, East Suffolk, England at 29
  • Aug 18 Ernst "Teddy" Thalmann, leader of German KPD, dies
  • Aug 18 Jacques Roumain, Haitian writer (Gouverneurs de la Rosée), dies at 37

Günther von KlugeGünther von Kluge (1882-1944)

Aug 19 German field marshal during World War II (Invasion of Poland, Battle of France, Operation Barbarossa), commits suicide at 61

  • Aug 25 Krijn van den Helm, Dutch resistance fighter (KP Leeuwarden), shot to death
  • Aug 25 Musa Cälil, Russian-Soviet Tatar poet (The Moabit Notebooks), and resistance fighter, executed by guillotine in Plötzensee Prison, Berlin at 38
  • Aug 26 Adam von Trott zu Solz, German lawyer and diplomat, dies at 35
  • Aug 27 Georg von Boeselager, German nobleman (b. 1915)
  • Aug 28 Ernst Thälmann, German communist presidential candidate, dies at 58
  • Aug 30 Morten Nielsen, Danish resistance fighter, dies
  • Sep 2 Bella Rosenfeld, Jewish Belarusian writer, subject of Marc Chagall's paintings and his 1st wife, dies at 48
  • Sep 2 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, dies at 83
  • Sep 2 Manfred Freiherr von Killinger, German ambassador to Romania, commits suicide after Romanian coup
  • Sep 4 Izaak van der Horst, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Herzogenbusch concentration camp at 35
  • Sep 5 Willem M Groenewegen, resistance fighter, executed
  • Sep 6 Robert Lejour, Belgian lawyer/resistance fighter, murdered
  • Sep 10 Jaap P. Musch, Dutch resistance fighter, murdered by Nazis
  • Sep 13 Noor Inayat Khan, Indian princess and Special Operations Executive agent in WWII posthumously awarded the George Cross, executed at Dachau at 30
  • Sep 16 Gustav Bauer, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1919-1920), dies at 74
  • Sep 17 Friedrich Kussin, German Major-General and commander in Arnhem during Operation Market Garden, dies in battle at 49
  • Sep 18 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch army officer and Anti-Revolution Party (ARP) politician (Prime Minister, 1925-26 & 1933-39), dies at 75
  • Sep 18 Robert Cole, US army Lt, Colonel shot by a sniper in battle at Best, Netherlands at 29
  • Sep 19 David Lord, British lieutenant/Dakota-pilot DFC/VC, dies in battle

Guy GibsonGuy Gibson (1918-1944)

Sep 19 British aviator who led the Dambusters Raid (Victoria Cross), killed in action at 26

  • Sep 19 Hilary Barlow, British colonel, dies
  • Sep 20 John Grayburn, British soldier who was posthumously awarded the Victoria Cross for gallantry during the defence of Arnhem bridge, dies during the battle at 26
  • Sep 22 "Cab" Calloway, British scout, dies in battle of Oosterbeek
  • Sep 23 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch Prime Minister (1933-39) is buried
  • Sep 25 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer (Irrfahrten), dies at 68
  • Sep 27 Aimee Semple McPherson, Canadian-American evangelist (Pentecostal), dies at 53
  • Sep 27 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), dies in car crash at 82
  • Sep 27 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, dies at 81
  • Oct 2 Rudolf Schmundt, German gen/Hitlers army adjunct, dies from injuries
  • Oct 4 Alfred "Al" Smith, American politician, 4 time Governor of New York (1919-20 and 1923-28), and 1st Roman Catholic presidential candidate (D, 1928), dies at 70
  • Oct 7 Helmut Lent, German night-fighter ace in World War II, dies at 26
  • Oct 8 Wendell Lewis Wilkie, Republican politician (1940 republican nominee for President), dies at 52
  • Oct 12 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42

Erwin RommelErwin Rommel (1891-1944)

Oct 14 German World War II Field Marshal (North African campaign, Battle of Normandy) known as the Desert Fox, commits suicide at by taking a cyanide pill at 52 after being implicated in a plot to assassinate Adolf Hitler

  • Oct 15 Philip Mechanicus, Dutch journalist, executed at Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp at 55
  • Oct 16 John Eigenhuis, Dutch writer (The Dike), dies at 78
  • Oct 21 Alois Kayser, German missionary to Nauru (b. 1877)
  • Oct 23 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), dies at 67
  • Oct 23 Hana Brady, Jewish Czech Holocaust victim (Hanna's Suitcase), dies at 13
  • Oct 24 Lauri S A Haarla, Finnish writer (Juudas, Sukeltaja), dies at 54
  • Oct 24 Louis Renault, French automobile manufacturer, dies at 67 (b. 1877)
  • Oct 25 Fake Krist, nazi collaborator, killed
  • Oct 26 Princess Beatrice of the United Kingdom, daughter of Queen Victoria (b. 1857)
  • Oct 26 William Temple, English Archbishop of Canterbury, dies at 63
  • Oct 27 Iman J Van de Bosch, Belgian resistance fighter, dies
  • Oct 28 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., dies at 90
  • Nov 2 Thomas Midgley, American chemist and inventor (b. 1889)
  • Nov 3 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, dies at 79
  • Nov 5 Alexis Carrel, French surgeon, sociologist and biologist (Nobel 1912), dies at 71
  • Nov 6 Boy Ecury [Segundo Jorge Adelberto Ecury], Dutch Resistance fighter in World War II, executed by a German firing squad at 22
  • Nov 6 Hannah Senesh, Jewish poetess, executed by Nazis in Budapest
  • Nov 6 Walter Guinness, Lord Moyne, Anglo-Irish politician, British prefect (Middle-East), assassinated by Jewish terrorists at 64
  • Nov 7 Richard Sorge, German spy for the Soviet Union in Tokyo during World War II, hanged in Tokyo at 49
  • Nov 8 Walter Nowotny, Austrian-born fighter pilot ace (258 aerial victories for Luftwaffe), dies in a plane crash at 23
  • Nov 11 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch researcher and co-discoverer of vitamin B1 (thiamine), dies at 79
  • Nov 12 George D. Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure), dies at 60
  • Nov 13 Wang Jingwei, Chinese politician (21st Premier of the Republic of China 1932-35), dies at61
  • Nov 15 Maarten Reuchlin, resistance fighter, executed
  • Nov 17 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), dies at 34
  • Nov 20 Sekio Nishina, Japanese inventor (kaiten-suicide submarine), dies at 21
  • Nov 22 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), dies at 61
  • Nov 22 George Clausen, English painter, dies at 92
  • Nov 24 EMHCH Houtappel, resistance fighter: in Neuengamme, dies
  • Nov 27 Camille Looten, French-Flemish priest and literature historian, dies at 86
  • Nov 27 Leonid Isaakovich Mandelshtam, Russian physicist (b. 1879)
  • Nov 28 Bijnen, Dutch opposition leader (LKP), shot to death in Apeldoorn
  • Nov 28 Joop Brouwer de Koning, youngest Dutch radio operator, executed at 25
  • Nov 28 Lode Zielens, Flemish author and journalist (Obscure Blood), dies at 43

Albert B. FallAlbert B. Fall (1861-1944)

Nov 30 American Senator (R-New Mexico 1912-21) and US Secretary of the Interior (1921-23), convicted for his part in the Teapot Dome scandal, dies at 83

  • Nov 30 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), dies at 79
  • Dec 2 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), dies of cardiac arrest at 67
  • Dec 2 JW Ummels, Dutch resistance fighter (House of Saxon-Nazi), dies
  • Dec 3 Andrew, Prince of Greece and Denmark, dies at 62
  • Dec 3 Delfien Vanhaute, Flemish pastor/poet (Ark of Noah), dies at 75
  • Dec 10 John Brunt, English soldier and Victoria Cross holder, dies at 22
  • Dec 10 Paul Otlet, Belgian author, lawyer and peace activist (created the Universal Decimal Classification scheme), dies at 76
  • Dec 13 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • Dec 16 Elisabeth ten Boom dies at 59
  • Dec 17 Pieter A. Roodenburgh, student and resistance fighter, dies at 26
  • Dec 19 Rudolph Karstadt, German entrepreneur (b. 1856)
  • Dec 20 Abbas Hilmi II, viceroy of Egypt (1892-1914), dies at 70
  • Dec 23 Charles Dana Gibson, American illustrator (Gibson Girl), dies at 77
  • Dec 28 Cornelia ten Boom is accidentally released from Ravensbruck