Deaths in History in 1945

  • Jan 2 Betram Home Ramsay, Engl adm/Cmdr Naval Forces (Normandy), dies at 61
  • Jan 3 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (b. 1877)
  • Jan 3 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (b. 1879)
  • Jan 6 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (b. 1863)
  • Jan 8 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Omgang met planten), dies at 79
  • Jan 8 Karl Krafft, Swiss astrologer who was manipulated by the Nazi regime (b. 1900)
  • Jan 9 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • Jan 10 Rudolf Borchardt, writer, dies at 67
  • Jan 16 Dennis Donnini, British rifleman (Victoria Cross), dies in battle at 19
  • Jan 19 Ernest B Allo, French theologist, dies at 71
  • Jan 22 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer, dies at 61
  • Jan 22 Johan Eykman, theologist (World Church), dies at 52
  • Jan 22 Else Lasker-Schuler, German-born poet (b. 1869)
  • Jan 23 Helmuth J Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • Jan 30 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarian/German botanist, dies at 90
  • Jan 31 Eddie Slovik, 1st US executed for desertion since Civil War at 25
  • Feb 1 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), dies at 72
  • Feb 2 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July plot), hanged at 60
  • Feb 3 Roland Freisler, German Nazi judge (July 20th plotter case), dies
  • Feb 5 Violette Szabo, French WWII secret agent, is executed by Nazis at 23
  • Feb 6 Jan Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 6 Paul Bos, Dutch resistance fighter, executed
  • Feb 9 George Maduro, Dutch Antillian resistance fighter (Madurodam), dies in Dachau at 28
  • Feb 9 Jan Bakker, resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 10 Anacleto Diaz, Filipino jurist (b. 1878)
  • Feb 11 J S H Lokerman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Neugengamme
  • Feb 12 Henrietta Szold, founder (Hadassah, Youth Aliyah), dies
  • Feb 12 Walraven [Wally] van Hall, Dutch banker/resisted Nazis, executed at 39
  • Feb 12 Antonio Villa-Real, Filipino jurist (b. 1880)
  • Feb 16 Rudolf Vornlund, Swedish playwright (Upproret), dies at 45
  • Feb 19 Wim Speelman, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at 26
  • Feb 22 Osip Brik, Russian writer (b. 1888)
  • Feb 23 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet and writer (Pjotr Peroyj), dies at 62
  • Feb 23 Aubrey Cousins, Canadian sergeant (Victoria Cross), dies in battle
  • Feb 24 Ahmed Maher Pasha, Egypt's PM, assassinated in parliament
  • Feb 25 Mário de Andrade, Brazilian writer, photographer and modernist, dies of a heart attack at 51
  • Feb 27 HJ Lochtman, Dutch chaplain/resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen
  • Mar 2 Emily Carr, Canadian artist (b. 1871)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish Internal minister (1940), dies at 61
  • Mar 5 Lena Baker, American murderer (b. 1901)
  • Mar 6 Jan Thijssen, Dutch resistance fighter, executed at Savage Farm
  • Mar 7 Adolf Bartels, German writer/racist, dies at 82
  • Mar 8 H J Jamin, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Buchenwald
  • Mar 8 Jan Beekes, resistance fighter, executed at 26

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 12 Anne Frank, Dutch diarist and Jewish victim of the Nazi Holocaust (Diary of Anne Frank), dies of typhus in the Belsen concentration camp at 15

Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust Anne Frank
Jewish Victim & Diarist of the Holocaust
Anne Frank
  • Mar 15 Herman Bernard Wiardi Beckman, Dutch resistance fighter and politician (SDAP), dies at 41
  • Mar 16 Pierre Drieu la Rochelle, French writer/poet, commits suicide at 52
  • Mar 16 Börries von Münchhausen, German poet (b. 1874)
  • Mar 19 Fritz Fromm, German supreme commander of Reserve army, executed
  • Mar 21 J Woortman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies in Bergen-Belsen at 39
  • Mar 21 Arthur Nebe, German SS officer, dies at 50

  • Mar 22 J Postuma, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • Mar 24 J S Nicklin, Lt-Col/Canada's 1st parachutist, dies
  • Mar 24 Thomas Rennie, Gen-Maj (Dutch command 51st Highland Division), dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 26 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), dies of cancer at 82

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Mar 26 Isaack Stouten, resistance fighter, shot to death at 29
  • Mar 27 Jorgen Nielsen, Danish writer (romance), dies at 42
  • Mar 29 Karl T Sapper, German geographer/geologist (Vulkankunde), dies at 79

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Mar 31 Hans Fischer, German physicist (Nobel 1930), dies at 63

Physicist and Nobel Laureate Hans Fischer
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
Hans Fischer
  • Mar 31 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • Apr 3 Joseph Weinheber, Austria poet/writer (Vienna Verbatim), dies at 43
  • Apr 6 Benjamin M Telders, president (Dutch Liberal States Party), dies at 42
  • Apr 9 Dietrich Bonhoeffer, German theologist/antifascist, hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans Oster, German major-general/spy, "July 20th plot", hanged
  • Apr 9 Hans von Dohnanyi, "July 20th plotter", hanged
  • Apr 9 Wilhelm Canaris, Admiral/headed Germany Abwehr, hanged
  • Apr 9 Georg Elser, failed assassin of Hitler (b. 1903)
  • Apr 10 Hendrik N Werkman, resistance/painter (Blue Boat), executed at 63
  • Apr 10 Charles Nordhoff, English-born writer (b. 1887)
  • Apr 11 Kamiel van Baelen, Flemish author and resistance fighter (Mensch op Weg), dies at 29

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 12 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (D) (1933-1945), dies in office of a stroke at 63

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Apr 13 Ernst Cassirer, German philosopher and educator (Essay on Man), dies at 70
  • Apr 17 Hannie Schaft, "Girl with red hair," executed
  • Apr 17 Ion Pillat, Romania poet/senator (Umbra timpului), dies
  • Apr 17 Walter Model, German fieldmarshal, commits suicide at 54
  • Apr 18 John Ambrose Fleming, electrical engineer, dies
  • Apr 18 Ernie Pyle, American journalist (b. 1900)
  • Apr 19 J P Heyboer, resistance fighter, executed
  • Apr 21 John Poston, British major/Montgomery's ADC, dies in battle at 25
  • Apr 22 Kathe Kollwitz, German graphic artist, dies at 77
  • Apr 23 Albrecht Haushofer, writer, dies at 42
  • Apr 24 Anton de Kom, Suriname resistance fighter, dies at 47
  • Apr 26 Pavlo Skoropadsky, Ukrainian politician and general (b. 1871)
  • Apr 26 Sigmund Rascher, Nazi doctor (b. 1909)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 28 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), shot by communist partisans at 61

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Apr 28 Claretta Petacci, mistress of Mussolini, executed
  • Apr 28 Hans Bloesch, writer, dies
  • Apr 28 Roberto Farinacci, Italian fascist (b. 1892)
  • Apr 29 Matthias Kleinheisterkamp, German SS officer (b. 1893)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Apr 30 Adolf Hitler, German Dictator (1936-45), commits suicide at 56

Dictator of Nazi Germany Adolf Hitler
Dictator of Nazi Germany
Adolf Hitler
  • Apr 30 Eva Braun, German mistress/wife of Hitler, commits suicide at 33

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 1 Paul Joseph Goebbels, German Nazi Minister of Propaganda, commits suicide aged 47 with his wife and arranges the death of his 6 children aged

Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information Joseph Goebbels
Nazi Minister of Propaganda and Information
Joseph Goebbels

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 2 Martin Bormann, German Nazi leader (Hitler's secretary, chief of the Party Chancellery), most likely commits suicide age 44 [remains identified in 1972]

Nazi leader Martin Bormann
Nazi leader
Martin Bormann
  • May 2 Ludwig Stumpfegger, German SS doctor and Hitler's personal surgeon commits suicide at 34
  • May 5 Peter Van Pels, Jewish Refugee (b. 1926)
  • May 5 Elsie Mitchell and five Sunday school students become the only people to die during World War II on US soil when they are killed by a Japanese fire balloon that lands in the forest of Gearhart Mountain, near Bly, Southern Oregon
  • May 8 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (b. 1883)
  • May 10 Richard Glücks, German SS officer (b. 1889)
  • May 14 Heber J. Grant, seventh president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (b. 1856)
  • May 15 Major Courtney, US medal of honor marine, dies in battle of Sugar Loaf
  • May 15 Charles Williams, UK writer (b. 1886)
  • May 17 Jan van Geenen, resistance fighter, dies
  • May 17 Sasaki Shigetsu Sokei-an, founder 1st Zen Institute of America, dies
  • May 19 Philipp Bouhler, German nazi leader (b. 1889)
  • May 22 Carel A Lion Cachet, lithographer/wood carver, dies

Person of interestPerson of Interest

May 23 Heinrich Himmler, German Nazi leader (head of the SS), commits suicide while in Allied custody at 44

Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS Heinrich Himmler
Leading Nazi and Reichsführer of the SS
Heinrich Himmler
  • May 25 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, dies at 62
  • May 30 Irma Laplasse, Flemish farmer/nazi collaborator, executed
  • Jun 4 Georg Kaiser, German playwright (The Burghers of Calais), dies at 66
  • Jun 6 Meinoud M Rost van Tonningen, anti semite/NSB (1937-41), suicide
  • Jun 7 Nishida Kitaro, scholar/philosopher/Zen practitioner, dies at 74
  • Jun 8 Karl Hanke, Official of the Nazi Party (NSDAP) of Nazi Germany, dies at 41
  • Jun 16 Aris Velouchiotis, Greek guerrilla resistance leader (b. 1905)
  • Jun 18 Colonel Roberts, commandant 22nd regiment marines, dies in battle
  • Jun 18 Simon B Buckner, US lt-gen/commandant of 10th Army, dies in action
  • Jun 20 Bruno Frank, German-born American writer, dies at 58
  • Jun 21 Josef Hora, Czech writer/poet (Sinking Shadows), dies at 53
  • Jun 22 Isamu Tsjo, Japanese chief-staff 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 22 Mitsuri Ushijima, Jap lt-gen/commandant 32nd Army, commits harakiri
  • Jun 23 Lt Gen Ushijima, Japanese commander, commits suicide at Okinawa
  • Jul 5 John Curtin, Victoria, 14th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor: 1941-45), dies of heart disease at 60
  • Jul 7 Salomeja Neris, [S Bacinskaite-Buciene], Latvian poet, dies at 40
  • Jul 12 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • Jul 20 Paul Valéry [Ambroise Paul Toussaint Jules Valéry], French author, philosopher and poet (La Jeune Parque), dies at 73
  • Aug 6 Hiram Johnson, American progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), dies at 78
  • Aug 6 Prince Wu of Korea (b. 1912)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Aug 10 Robert H. Goddard, rocket pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), dies of throat cancer at 62

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Aug 15 Korechika Anami, Japanese War Minister (b. 1887)
  • Aug 16 Takijiro Ohnishi, led Japanese kamikaze pilots (harakiri), dies
  • Aug 17 Pater Bleijs, [Louis], resistance fighter, dies in car accident
  • Aug 19 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (b.1875)
  • Aug 20 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, dies at 73
  • Aug 22 Ida Henrietta Hyde, American physiologist, inventor of the micro-electrode, and pioneering female scientist dies at 87
  • Aug 25 John Birch, American intelligence officer and missionary (b. 1918)
  • Aug 26 Franz Werfel, Czech/German/US poet/writer (Mirror Man), dies at 54
  • Sep 6 John S. Mccain Snr., US admiral, (WW II-Pacific Ocean), dies of a heart attack at 61
  • Sep 15 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (b. 1876)
  • Sep 16 John "Pa" van de Steur, philanthropist (Java), dies at 80
  • Sep 20 William Buehler Seabrook, Writer, journalist, occultist and explorer (b. 1884)
  • Sep 20 Augusto Tasso Fragoso, Brazilian president (b. 1869)

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Sep 20 Eduard Wirths, Nazi physician at Auschwitz, commits suicide at 36

Nazi Physician Eduard Wirths
Nazi Physician
Eduard Wirths
  • Sep 25 Charles A Ellwood, US sociologist/psychologist, dies at 72
  • Sep 26 R Beer-Hofmann, writer, dies at 78
  • Oct 1 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Traumatic Shock), dies at 73
  • Oct 6 Leonardo Conti, Nazi physician, dies by hanging himself while awaiting trial for war crimes at Nuremberg at 45
  • Oct 8 Herman T Colenbrander, historian, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), dies at 78
  • Oct 12 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 13 Milton S. Hershey, American chocolate tycoon (The Hershey Chocolate Company), dies at 86

Chocolate Tycoon Milton S. Hershey
Chocolate Tycoon
Milton S. Hershey

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Oct 15 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), executed by firing squad for high treason at 62

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Oct 24 Robert Ley, German nazi, commits suicide
  • Oct 24 Vidkun Quisling, Norwegian Min of Defense/PM (1942-45), executed at 58
  • Oct 26 Paul Pelliot, French explorer (b. 1878)
  • Oct 26 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, dies at 82
  • Oct 29 Hans Erich Blaich [Dr. Owlglass], German writer (Simplicissimus), dies at 72
  • Nov 2 Princess Thyra, daughter of Frederick VIII of Denmark (b. 1880)
  • Nov 16 Kaarlo Sarkia, Finnish poet (Kohtalon Vaaka), dies at 43
  • Nov 20 Francis William Aston, British chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1877)
  • Dec 4 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), dies at 79
  • Dec 10 Theodor Dannecker, SS officer (b. 1913)
  • Dec 11 Charles Fabry, French physicist (b. 1867)
  • Dec 13 Robert van Genechten, Dutch Nazi (NSB), commits suicide
  • Dec 13 Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • Dec 14 Henry van Goudoever, Dutch lawyer/judge, dies on his 69th birthday
  • Dec 14 Josef Kramer, known as "The Beast of Belsen," & 10 others, hanged
  • Dec 16 Fumimaro Konu, Japanese prince/PM (1937-39, 40-41), commits harakiri

Person of interestPerson of Interest

Dec 21 George S. Patton, American WWII general (Sicily, Italy and Normandy) known as "Old Blood & Guts", dies of congestive heart failure at 60

US WWII General George S. Patton
US WWII General
George S. Patton
  • Dec 22 Otto Neurath, Austrian/British philosopher, dies at 63
  • Dec 23 Mogens Klitgaard, Danish author (Brunkul), dies at 39
  • Dec 28 Theodore Dreiser, novelist (An American Tragedy), dies at 74