Historical Figures Who Died in 1946

William JoyceWilliam Joyce (1906-1946)

Jan 3 American-born Irish Fascist politician and NAZI propagandist, hanged in Britain for treason at 39

Dion FortuneDion Fortune (1890-1946)

Jan 8 British occultist and author (Psychic Self-Defence, The Mystical Qabalah), dies of leukemia at 55

  • Jan 9 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • Jan 23 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, dies at 72
  • Jan 26 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (b. 1884)
  • Jan 29 Harry Hopkins, American statesman and presidential advisor (US Secretary of Commerce, Loan & Lease law), dies at 55
  • Feb 1 Hans Bethge, German poet, dies at 70
  • Feb 4 Margarete Boie, writer, dies
  • Feb 8 Felix Hoffmann, German chemist (synthesized aspirin and heroin), dies at 78
  • Feb 21 José Streel, Belgian World War II collaborator (b. 1911)
  • Feb 23 Tomoyuki Yamashita [Yamashita Tomobumi], Imperial Japanese general dubbed "Tiger of Malaya," executed for war crimes by hanging at 60
  • Mar 2 Fidél Pálffy, Hungarian National socialist (leading supporter of Nazism in Hungary), dies at 50
  • Mar 2 George E. Stewart, American army officer and Medal of Honor recipient, dies at 73
  • Mar 4 Bror von Blixen-Finecke, Danish big-game hunter (b. 1886)
  • Mar 8 Frederick Lanchester, English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), dies at 77
  • Mar 13 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Rembrandt), dies at 90
  • Mar 13 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, dies at 76
  • Mar 13 Werner von Blomberg, German minister of Reichswehr, dies at 67
  • Mar 16 Marius HLW "Max" Blokzijl, Dutch Nazi propagandist, executed at 61
  • Mar 17 Dai Li, Chinese spymaster (b. 1897)
  • Mar 19 Amir Hamzah, Indonesian poet (Buah Rindu), dies at 35
  • Mar 22 Clemens A. von Galen, Dutch bishop of Munster and anti fascist, dies at 68
  • Mar 23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American Chemist (theory of covalent bonding), dies at 70
  • Mar 30 John Vereker, 6th Viscount Gort, British soldier, Field Marshal during WW II, dies at 59
  • Apr 3 Masaharu Homma, Japanese Lt General (responsible for Bataan Death March in the Philippines), executed by firing squad for war crimes at 58
  • Apr 12 August Borms, Flemish nazi collaborator, executed at 67
  • Apr 12 F Guicciardi, writer, dies

John Maynard KeynesJohn Maynard Keynes (1883-1946)

Apr 21 English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, dies of a heart attack at 62

  • Apr 22 Harlan F. Stone, American lawyer & jurist (SCOTUS, 1941-46), dies at 73
  • Apr 26 Hermann von Keyserling, Baltic German philosopher (Unsterblichkeit), dies at 65
  • Apr 26 Jim Larkin White, American cave explorer and guide (Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico), dies at 63
  • Apr 28 Louis Bachelier, French mathematician, dies at 76
  • May 7 Anton Mussert, Dutch fascist and leader of the Nationalist Socialist Movement, executed for high treason at 51
  • May 19 Booth Tarkington, American novelist (The Magnificent Ambersons) and playwright, dies at 76
  • May 20 Jacob Ellehammer, Danish watchmaker and inventor (powered flight), dies at 74
  • May 26 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, monarch of Waldeck, dies
  • May 29 Martin Gottfried Weiss, Commandant of Dachau concentration camp (b. 1905)
  • May 30 Louis Slotin, Canadian Physicist and Chemist (Manhattan Project, Los Alamos) who assembled the plutonium core for 'Trinity', the first detonated atomic device, dies of radiation poisoning at 35 (b. 1910)
  • Jun 1 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician, is executed after having been convicted of war crimes
  • Jun 3 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), dies at 60

Gerhart HauptmannGerhart Hauptmann (1862-1946)

Jun 6 German author (Before Dawn - Nobel Prize in Literature, 1912), dies at 83

  • Jun 8 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 86
  • Jun 9 Rama VIII [Ananda Mahidol], King of Siam (1935-46), dies of a mysterious gunshot wound at 21
  • Jun 12 Count Hisaichi Terauchi, Japanese fieldmarshal, dies
  • Jun 13 Edward Bowes, American radio host (Major Bowes Amateur Hour), dies at 71

John Logie BairdJohn Logie Baird (1888-1946)

Jun 14 Scottish inventor and father of the television, dies of a stroke at 57

  • Jun 16 Ludwig Winder, Austrian-Czech writer, dies at 57
  • Jun 24 Louise Whitfield Carnegie, American philanthropist (b. 1857)
  • Jun 26 Max Kögel, SS officer (b. 1895)
  • Jun 26 Yosuke Matsuoka, Minister for Foreign Affairs of Japan (b. 1880)
  • Jun 28 Eduard Veterman, Dutch painter/playwright, dies in an auto accident
  • Jul 2 Anthony Overton, publisher/cosmetics manufacturer/banker, dies at 81
  • Jul 4 Gerda Steinhoff, Nazi concentration camp overseer (b. 1922)
  • Jul 4 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, dies at 71
  • Jul 6 Jeanne Lanvin, French fashion designer and perfumer (Lavin), dies at 79
  • Jul 10 Sidney Hillman, Lithuanian-American union leader (Amalgamated Clothing Workers Union; Congress of Industrial Organizations), dies of a heart attack at 59
  • Jul 12 Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist (Puliter Prize 1940), dies at 76

Alfred StieglitzAlfred Stieglitz (1864-1946)

Jul 13 American photographer and art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

Draža MihailovićDraža Mihailović (1893-1946)

Jul 17 Serbian WWII hero and war criminal, executed at 53

  • Jul 21 Gualberto Villarroel, President of Bolivia (b. 1908)
  • Jul 23 James Maxton, Scottish politician, Leader of the Independent Labour Party, dies at 61
  • Jul 25 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), dies at 74
  • Jul 26 Morris Hirshfield, Polish/American painter, dies
  • Jul 27 Gertrude Stein, US/Fren author/poet (Ida, Tender Buttons), dies at 72
  • Aug 1 Andrei Vlasov, Russian general (Red Army, Wehrmacht) executed at 45
  • Aug 5 Wilhelm Marx, German politician, Chancellor of Germany (1923-25, 1926-28), dies at 83

H. G. WellsH. G. Wells (1866-1946)

Aug 13 English sci-fi author (The War of the Worlds, Time Machine), dies at 79

  • Aug 16 Herman Harrell Horne, American philosopher (idealism), dies at 71
  • Aug 29 J E Feenstra, Nazi military police commandant, executed
  • Aug 29 John Steuart Curry, American painter and lithographer ( (Baptism in Kansas), dies of a heart attack at 48
  • Aug 30 Grigory Semyonov, Russian counter-revolutionary (executed) (b. 1890)
  • Aug 31 Harley Granville-Barker, English dramatist, producer (The Voysey Inheritance) and critic, dies at 68
  • Sep 7 Paul Zech, German writer, dies at 65
  • Sep 9 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), dies at 74
  • Sep 11 Arthur van Schendel, Dutch writer (Holland Drama), dies at 72)

Amon GöthAmon Göth (1908-1946)

Sep 13 Austrian SS commandant of the Płaszów concentration camp, executed by hanging at after being convicted of war crimes at 37

  • Sep 13 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, dies at 71
  • Sep 16 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), dies at 69
  • Sep 21 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo), dies at 66
  • Sep 26 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian and author (The Elements of Style), dies at 77
  • Sep 28 Jean Van de Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter, dies
  • Oct 12 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China), dies

Hermann GoeringHermann Goering (1893-1946)

Oct 15 Nazi Party leader, Vice-Chancellor of Germany (1941-45) and World War I fighter pilot ace, poisons himself in prison at 53

Alfred JodlAlfred Jodl (1890-1946)

Oct 16 German general during World War II (head of the German High Command, signed unconditional Nazi surrender), hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg trials at 56

  • Oct 16 Alfred Rosenberg, German war criminal, hanged
  • Oct 16 Arthur Seyss-Inquart, Austrian chancellor (1930s), hanged at 54
  • Oct 16 Fritz Sauckel, German Nazi General of Labor, hanged at 51

Hans FrankHans Frank (1900-1946)

Oct 16 German Nazi Governor General of Occupied Poland, hanged by Allied forces after the Nuremberg war trials at 46

Joachim von RibbentropJoachim von Ribbentrop (1893-1946)

Oct 16 Nazi foreign minister and war criminal, hanged at 53

  • Oct 16 Wilhelm Frick, German war criminal, hanged

Wilhelm KeitelWilhelm Keitel (1882-1946)

Oct 16 Nazi military leader (head of the German High Command), is hanged at Nuremberg at 64

  • Nov 14 Herman de Man [Salomon H Hamburger], author/Radio Orange, dies
  • Nov 22 Otto Georg Thierack, German jurist and politician (Reich Minister of Justice 1942-45), dies at 57
  • Nov 23 Fawzi Husseini, Arabic High Director for Palestine, murdered

Damon RunyonDamon Runyon (1880-1946)

Dec 10 American journalist and writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work), dies at 66

  • Dec 15 Konrad Haebler, German historian (Hundert Kalenderinkunabeln), dies at 89
  • Dec 17 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, dies at 84
  • Dec 19 Paul Langevin, French physicist (b. 1872)
  • Dec 23 John A. Sampson, American gynecologist (b. 1873)