Historical Figures Who Died in 1949

  • Jan 10 Erich von Drygalski, German geographer, geophysicist, and polar scientist (b. 1865)
  • Jan 15 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, dies at 63
  • Jan 18 Charles Ponzi [Carlo], Italian con-man (Ponzi scheme in the US), dies at 66
  • Jan 20 Joseph Cuypers, architect Dutch (Amsterdam Stock Exchange), dies at 87
  • Jan 22 William Thomas Walsh, American author (Isabella of Spain), dies at 57
  • Jan 25 Makino Nobuaki, Japanese statesman (b. 1861)
  • Feb 12 Hassan al Banna, Egyptian founder of the Muslim Brotherhood, dies at 42
  • Feb 14 Yusuf Salman Yusuf, Iraqi-Assyrian communist leader (b. 1901)
  • Feb 18 Niceto Alcalá-Zamora, 1st Prime Minister of the Second Spanish Republic and President of Spain (1931-36), dies at 71
  • Feb 21 Tan Malaka, Indonesian philosopher and founder (Indonesian Communist), executed at 49
  • Feb 22 Russell W. Porter, American artist and explorer (Alaska), dies at 77
  • Mar 2 Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter and poet, dies at 70
  • Mar 7 Francis Dodd, English artist (official war artist WWI), commits suicide at 74
  • Mar 13 Henri Giraud, French general (b. 1879)
  • Mar 14 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • Mar 17 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (b. 1882)
  • Mar 24 [Johann Baptist] Hanns Albin Rauter, German SS and Police leader in the occupied Netherlands, executed by firing squad at 54
  • Mar 25 Hanns A Rauter, German SS-commandant in Netherland, executed at 54
  • Mar 30 Friedrich Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel Prize 1931), dies at 64
  • Apr 14 Joseph Augustine Cushman, American paleontologist, dies at 68
  • Apr 18 Leonard Bloomfield, American linguist, dies at 62
  • Apr 19 Stephen Samuel Wise, American Rabbi and President of Zionist Org of America, dies at 75
  • Apr 25 Jankel Adler, Polish painter and printmaker, dies at 53
  • Apr 28 Aurora Quezon, First Lady of the Philippines, assassinated at 61

Maurice MaeterlinckMaurice Maeterlinck (1862-1949)

May 6 Belgian playwright, poet and author (Blue Bird, Nobel 1911), dies at 86

  • May 9 Louis II [Louis Honoré Charles Antoine Grimaldi], Prince of Monaco, dies at 78
  • May 16 William Newzam Prior Nicholson, painter/engraver, dies
  • May 18 James Truslow Adams, American historian (Pulitzer 1921), dies at 70
  • May 20 Randolph West, American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (b. 1890)
  • May 21 Klaus Mann, German-American author (Mephisto), dies at 42
  • May 22 Klaus H T Mann, German/American writer (Turning Point), dies
  • May 24 Alexey Shchusev, Russian-Soviet architect, dies at 75
  • May 25 Simon Spoor, Dutch intelligence officer and general (WWII), dies at 47
  • May 27 Ropert L Ripley, cartoonist (Believe It or Not), dies at 55 in NY

Amadeo GianniniAmadeo Giannini (1870-1949)

Jun 3 American banker and entrepreneur (founded Bank of America), dies at 79

  • Jun 10 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian-Danish writer (1928 Nobel Prize for Literature), dies at 67
  • Jun 11 Koci Xoxe, Albanian vice-premier, executed
  • Jun 11 Oton Zupanic, Slavs poet (Zimzelen pod snegom), dies at 71
  • Jun 19 Syed Zafarul Hasan, Indian-Pakistani Prominent Muslim philosopher, dies at 64
  • Jun 26 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), dies at 72
  • Jul 2 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49), dies at 67
  • Jul 8 Antun Sa'ada [Antoun Saadeh], Syrian politician (Syrian Social Nationalist Party), executed by firing squad in Lebanon at 45
  • Jul 12 Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • Jul 16 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, dies at 83
  • Jul 19 Frank Murphy, American politician and 56th United States Attorney General, dies at 59
  • Aug 9 Edward Thorndike, American psychologist (father of modern educational psychology), dies at 74
  • Aug 14 Husni al-Barazi, premier of Syria, shot to death
  • Aug 14 Husni el-Zaim, president/dictator of Syria, shot to death

Margaret MitchellMargaret Mitchell (1900-1949)

Aug 16 American author (Gone With The Wind), dies at 48

  • Aug 17 Gregorio Perfecto, Filipino jurist (48th Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court) and politician, dies at 57
  • Aug 26 Nico van Suchtelen, Dutch writer and publisher, dies at 70
  • Aug 31 André-Louis Debierne, French chemist and physicist (actinium, worked with Marie Curie), dies at 75
  • Sep 7 José Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter of political murals ((Epic of Culture in New World), dies at 65

August KroghAugust Krogh (1874-1949)

Sep 13 Danish zoophysiologist (arterioles and capillaries, Nobel 1920), dies at 75

  • Sep 19 George Shiels, Irish dramatist (b. 1886)
  • Sep 22 Kim Jong-suk, Wife of Kim Il-sung, mother of Kim Jung-Il, "The Heroine of the Anti-Japanese Revolution", dies at 31
  • Oct 1 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, dies at 77
  • Oct 6 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (News Chronicle), dies at 70
  • Oct 29 G. I. Gurdjieff, Armenian mystic (b. 1872)
  • Oct 31 Edward Stettinius Jr. 48th US Secretary of State (1944-45) and diplomat, dies at 49
  • Nov 2 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (rep-NY 1918-21), dies at 77
  • Nov 3 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and art collector (Guggenheim Museum New York), dies at 88
  • Nov 8 Cyriel Verschaeve, Belgian priest and writer (Maria Magdalena -1928), dies at 75
  • Nov 12 Hendrik A. de Fish [Henri Pauwels], Flemish philological, dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat, dies at 72
  • Nov 19 James Ensor, Flemish painter and etcher (Oestereetster), dies at 89
  • Nov 23 Gustav Radbruch, German lawyer and jurist, dies at 71
  • Dec 3 Elin Pelin, Bulgarian writer (The Gerak Family; Earth), dies at 72
  • Dec 10 Duncan Stewart, 2nd British Governor of Sarawak (1949), dies at 45 after being fatally stabbed in the streets of Sibu by pro-Indonesian Malay student Rosli Dhoby
  • Dec 16 Traitsjo Kostov, Bulgarian communist vice-premier, executed by the state at 52
  • Dec 28 Hervey Allen, American writer and poet (Anthony Adverse), dies at 60