On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1953

  • Jan 2 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, dies at 71
  • Jan 4 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • Jan 11 Hans Aanrud, Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89
  • Jan 11 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
  • Jan 11 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet), dies at 58
  • Jan 11 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • Jan 13 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), dies at 64

Gerd von Rundstedt

Jan 24 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), dies of heart failure at 77

  • Jan 26 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), dies at 58
  • Jan 26 Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
  • Jan 28 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 76
  • Jan 28 Derek Bentley, Englishman controversially convicted for murder of a police officer (pardoned 1998), executed at 19
  • Jan 30 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68
  • Feb 4 Alexander Loudon, Dutch diplomat (League of Nations), dies at 60

Joseph Stalin

Mar 5 Joseph Stalin, dictator and leader of the Soviet Union (1922-53), dies of a stroke at 73

  • Mar 10 Charles Gordon Curtis, American inventor (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92
  • Mar 14 Klement Gottwald, Czech Communist politician, Premier and President of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • Mar 20 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), dies at 60
  • Mar 23 Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
  • Mar 24 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
  • Mar 24 Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74
  • Apr 2 Jean Epstein, French director (Vive la Vie), dies at 56
  • Apr 4 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), dies at 59
  • Apr 4 Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author, dies at 93
  • Apr 6 Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • Apr 12 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), dies at 73
  • Apr 14 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84
  • Apr 20 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • Apr 22 Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N], Dutch writer, dies at 75
  • Apr 29 Moïse Kisling, Polish-French painter (La souris boiteuse), dies at 62
  • May 4 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, dies at 60
  • May 14 Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japanese-American painter, etcher and lithographer, dies at 59
  • May 19 Damaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician (122nd Prime Minister of Spain), dies at 79
  • May 28 Hori Tatsuo, Japanese writer (b. 1904)
  • Jun 9 Ugo Betti, Italian dramatist (The Fugitive), dies at 61
  • Jun 16 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80

ExecutionEthel Rosenberg

Jun 19 Ethel Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed (in 5 tries) at Sing Sing, NY, for espionage at 37

ExecutionJulius Rosenberg

Jun 19 Julius Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed at Sing Sing, NY for espionage at 35

  • Jun 20 Hendrik de Man, sociologist (Belgian Working people Party), dies at 67
  • Jun 30 Elsa Beskow, Swedish children's author and illustrator, dies at 79
  • Jun 30 Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
  • Jul 1 Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
  • Jul 1 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist, dies
  • Jul 14 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), dies at 70
  • Jul 15 Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios (b.1882)
  • Jul 16 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
  • Jul 18 Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • Jul 19 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 52
  • Jul 20 Dumarsaid Estime, President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • Jul 20 Jan Struther, British author (b. 1901)
  • Jul 26 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greece premier (1945-50, 51-2), dies
  • Jul 31 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), dies at 63
  • Aug 11 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart), dies at 60
  • Aug 15 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • Aug 17 Johannes Tielrooy, Dutch literary professor (French Living Lesson), dies at 66
  • Aug 17 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), dies at 87
  • Sep 1 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet, dies at 87
  • Sep 2 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, dies at 70
  • Sep 5 Richard Walther Darré, Nazi politician, one of the leading 'blood and soil' ideologists (b. 1895)
  • Sep 8 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • Sep 12 Hugo Schmeisser, German inventor and weapons designer, dies at 68
  • Sep 16 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • Sep 17 Emil Ermatinger, Swiss literature historian, dies at 80
  • Sep 25 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgaria poet (Iron Verses), dies at 76
  • Sep 26 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, dies at 58
  • Sep 27 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter and caricaturist (Rocks of Oran), dies at 72

Edwin Hubble

Sep 28 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, first to announce existence of other galaxies, dies at 63

  • Oct 3 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences, dies at 82
  • Oct 5 Friedrich Wolf, writer, dies at 64
  • Oct 11 James Earle Fraser, American sculptor (Indian Head (Buffalo) nickel), dies at 76
  • Oct 18 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary writer and leader (Young Frisian Movement), dies at 57
  • Oct 20 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (Luftwaffe special bombing unit WWII), dies in a plane accident at 36
  • Oct 23 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), dies at 83
  • Nov 8 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933, dies at 83
  • Nov 8 John van Melle, South African writer (Bart Nel), dies at 66

Ibn Saud

Nov 9 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), dies of a heart attack at 78

  • Nov 9 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (Child's Christmas in Wales), dies at 39
  • Nov 22 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad, dies at 69
  • Nov 24 Robert Lightfoot, English theologist and exegetist, dies at 70

Eugene O'Neill

Nov 27 Eugene O'Neill, American playwright (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), dies of cerebellar cortical atrophy at 65

  • Dec 2 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), dies at 74
  • Dec 6 Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), dies at 48
  • Dec 10 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), dies at 81
  • Dec 15 Ed Barrow, American Baseball HOF manager (World Series 1918 Boston Red Sox) and executive (10 x World Series NY Yankees), dies at 85
  • Dec 19 Rudolf Leonhard, writer, dies
  • Dec 20 Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist (cohesion-tension theory in plants), dies at 84

ExecutionLavrentiy Beria

Dec 23 Lavrentiy Beria, Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, executed after being ousted from power at 54

  • Dec 25 Lee Shubert, American theatre producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him), dies at about 80
  • Dec 31 Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer and founder (KLM), dies at 64