On This Day

Deaths in History in 1953

  • Jan 2 Guccio Gucci, Italian founder of Gucci fashion house, dies at 71
  • Jan 4 Prince Yasuhito Chichibu, brother of Emperor Showa, dies at 50
  • Jan 8 Admiral Sir Hugh Binney, British naval commander and Governor of Tasmania (b. 1883)
  • Jan 11 Hans Aanrud, Norwegian author (Storken), dies at 89
  • Jan 11 Ernst Herman van Rappard, Dutch Nazi founder (NSNAP), dies at 53
  • Jan 11 Marcel Canneel, Flemish painter (Reuzenstoet), dies at 58
  • Jan 11 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian Premier (1918-21), dies at 84
  • Jan 13 Paul Niggli, Swiss mineralogist (crystal structures), dies at 64

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

Jan 24 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), dies of heart failure at 77

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • Jan 26 Martinus Nijhoff, Dutch poet and linguistic (spelling), dies at 58
  • Jan 26 Athanase David, French Canadian politician and businessman (b. 1882)
  • Jan 28 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, dies at 76
  • Jan 28 Derek Bentley, Englishman controversially convicted for murder of a police officer (pardoned 1998), executed at 19
  • Jan 30 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch resistance fighter, dies at 68
  • Feb 4 Alexander Loudon, Dutch diplomat (League of Nations), dies at 60

Person of interestJoseph Stalin

Mar 5 Joseph Stalin, dictator and leader of the Soviet Union (1922-53), dies of a stroke at 73

Soviet General Secretary Joseph Stalin
Soviet General Secretary
Joseph Stalin

  • Mar 10 Charles Gordon Curtis, American inventor (Curtis-steam turbine), dies at 92
  • Mar 14 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • Mar 20 Graciliano Ramos, Brazilian author (Vidas Secas), dies at 60
  • Mar 23 Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
  • Mar 24 Mary of Teck, Queen of Great Britain and consort of George V, dies at 85
  • Mar 24 Felix M Abel, French dominican/biblical scholar, dies at 74
  • Apr 2 Jean Epstein, French director (Vive la Vie), dies at 56
  • Apr 4 Carol II, King of Romania (1930-40), dies at 59
  • Apr 4 Rachilde [Marguerite Vallette-Eymery], French author, dies at 93
  • Apr 6 Idris Davies, Welsh poet (b. 1905)
  • Apr 12 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), dies at 73
  • Apr 14 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish writer (Scheldelucht), dies at 84
  • Apr 20 Erich Weinert, German communist writer, dies at 62
  • Apr 22 Top Naeff [Anthonetta van Rhijn-N], Dutch writer, dies at 75
  • Apr 29 Moïse Kisling, Polish-French painter (La souris boiteuse), dies at 62
  • May 4 Edward Shanks, British poet and critic, dies at 60
  • May 14 Yasuo Kuniyoshi, Japanese-American painter, etcher and lithographer, dies at 59
  • May 19 Damaso Berenguer, Spanish soldier and politician (122nd Prime Minister of Spain), dies at 79
  • May 28 Hori Tatsuo, Japanese writer (b. 1904)
  • Jun 9 Ugo Betti, dramatist, dies

  • Jun 16 Margaret Bondfield, English politician and 1st British female cabinet minister (Labour), dies at 80

BattleEthel Rosenberg

Jun 19 Ethel Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed (in 5 tries) at Sing Sing, NY, for espionage at 37

Soviet Spy Ethel Rosenberg
Soviet Spy
Ethel Rosenberg

BattleJulius Rosenberg

Jun 19 Julius Rosenberg, 1st US civilian executed at Sing Sing, NY for espionage at 35

Alleged Soviet Spy Julius Rosenberg
Alleged Soviet Spy
Julius Rosenberg
  • Jun 20 Hendrik de Man, sociologist (Belgian Working people Party), dies at 67
  • Jun 30 Elsa Beskow, (Maartman), Swedish author (children's book), dies at 79
  • Jun 30 Charles William Miller, father of football in Brazil (b. 1874)
  • Jul 1 Azzedine Bey, Tunisian heir to the throne, murdered
  • Jul 1 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist, dies
  • Jul 14 Richard von Mises, Austrian scientist and mathematician (probability theory), dies at 70
  • Jul 15 Servant of God Archbishop Mar Ivanios (b.1882)
  • Jul 16 Hilaire Belloc, Anglo-French author (Path to Rome), dies at 82
  • Jul 18 Lucy Booth, Daughter of William and Catherine Booth (b. 1868)
  • Jul 19 Maurice J. Tobin, 56th Governor of Massachusetts, dies at 52
  • Jul 20 Dumarsaid Estime, President of Haiti (b. 1900)
  • Jul 20 Jan Struther, British author (b. 1901)
  • Jul 26 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greece premier (1945-50, 51-2), dies
  • Jul 31 Robert A. Taft, American politician (U.S. Senator from Ohio), dies at 63
  • Aug 11 Ludwig Strauss, German-Israeli writer (Heimliche Gegenwart), dies at 60
  • Aug 15 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (b. 1875)
  • Aug 17 Johannes Tielrooy, Dutch literary professor (French Living Lesson), dies at 66
  • Aug 17 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), dies at 87
  • Sep 1 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet, dies at 87
  • Sep 2 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, dies at 70
  • Sep 5 Richard Walther Darré, Nazi politician, one of the leading 'blood and soil' ideologists (b. 1895)
  • Sep 8 Fred M. Vinson, American Democratic politician, US Treasury Secretary (1945-46) and the 13th Chief Justice of US Supreme Court (1946-53), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • Sep 12 Hugo Schmeisser, German inventor and weapons designer, dies at 68
  • Sep 16 Colin G Fink, US chemist (electro-chemistry), dies
  • Sep 17 Emil Ermatinger, Swiss literature historian, dies at 80
  • Sep 25 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgaria poet (Iron Verses), dies at 76
  • Sep 26 Xu Beihong, Chinese painter, dies at 58
  • Sep 27 Jules-Marie Canneel, Flemish painter and caricaturist (Rocks of Oran), dies at 72

Person of interestEdwin Hubble

Sep 28 Edwin Hubble, American astronomer, first to announce existence of other galaxies, dies at 63

Astronomer Edwin Hubble
Edwin Hubble
  • Oct 3 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences, dies at 82
  • Oct 5 Friedrich Wolf, writer, dies at 64
  • Oct 11 James Earle Fraser, American sculptor (Indian Head (Buffalo) nickel), dies at 76
  • Oct 18 Douwe Kalma, Dutch literary writer and leader (Young Frisian Movement), dies at 57
  • Oct 20 Werner Baumbach, German bomber pilot (b. 1916)
  • Oct 23 Maurice Lugeon, Swiss geologist (nappism), dies at 83
  • Nov 8 Ivan Bunin, Russian poet and novelist (Gentleman from San Francisco-Nobel 1933, dies at 83
  • Nov 8 John van Melle, South African writer (Bart Nel), dies at 66

Person of interestIbn Saud

Nov 9 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), dies of a heart attack at 78

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Nov 9 Dylan Thomas, Welsh poet (Child's Christmas in Wales), dies at 39
  • Nov 22 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad, dies at 69
  • Nov 24 Robert Lightfoot, English theologist and exegetist, dies at 70

Person of interestEugene O'Neill

Nov 27 Eugene O'Neill, American playwright (Desire Under the Elms-Nobel 1936), dies of cerebellar cortical atrophy at 65

Playwright Eugene O'Neill
Eugene O'Neill
  • Dec 2 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), dies at 74
  • Dec 6 Konstanty I Galczynski, Polish poet (Zielona Ges), dies at 48
  • Dec 10 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), dies at 81

Person of interestRobert A. Millikan

Dec 19 Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (Nobel 1923), dies at 85

  • Dec 19 Rudolf Leonhard, writer, dies
  • Dec 20 Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist (cohesion-tension theory in plants), dies at 84

BattleLavrentiy Beria

Dec 23 Lavrentiy Beria, Soviet politician and head of the NKVD secret service, executed after being ousted from power at 54

Head of the Soviet Secret Police Lavrentiy Beria
Head of the Soviet Secret Police
Lavrentiy Beria
  • Dec 25 Lee Shubert, American theatre producer (theatres in NY & LA named after him), dies at about 80
  • Dec 31 Albert Plesman, Dutch aviation pioneer and founder (KLM), dies at 64