Deaths in History in 1954

  • Jan 1 Duff Cooper, British diplomat and writer (b. 1890)
  • Jan 11 Edgard Tytgat, Flemish painter and etcher, dies at 77
  • Jan 16 Michail M Prishvin, Russian writer, dies
  • Jan 19 Theodor Kaluza, German mathematician and physicist (Kaluza-Klein theory), dies at 68
  • Jan 26 Carl J Eldh, Swedish sculptor, dies at 80
  • Jan 31 Edwin H Armstrong, US radio inventor (FM), commits suicide at 63
  • Feb 1 Julius P. Hoste, Belgium minister and daily newspaper publisher (Last News), dies at 69
  • Feb 11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (b. 1877)
  • Feb 12 Dziga Vertov, [Kaufman], Russian dir (3 Songs of Lenin), dies at 58
  • Feb 13 Frederick Lewis Allen, American social historian and editor of Harper's Magazine, dies at 63
  • Feb 17 Evert Gorter, children artist (Kindergeneeskunde), dies at 72
  • Feb 26 William Inge, English author, theologist and Dean of St Paul's Cathedral, dies at 93
  • Mar 5 Julian Coolidge, American mathematician (Study-Segre school), dies at 80
  • Mar 6 Jan Kalf, Dutch literature/art historian, dies at 80
  • Mar 7 Otto Diels, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1876)
  • Mar 9 Eva Ahnert-Rohlfs, German astronomer (b. 1912)

  • Mar 9 V. Walfrid Ekman, Swedish oceanographer, dies at 79
  • Mar 17 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor, dies at 88
  • Mar 28 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (In South Africa), dies at 69
  • Apr 10 Auguste Lumière, French photograph and movie pioneer, dies at 81
  • Apr 10 Ludwig Curtius, German archaeologist (Die antike Kunst), dies at 79
  • Apr 13 Angus Lewis Macdonald, Canadian politician (b. 1890)
  • Apr 17 Lucreţiu Pătrăşcanu, Romanian communist activist (b. 1900)
  • Apr 25 Joseph Hergesheimer, novelist (Java Head), dies
  • Apr 28 Léon Jouhaux, French labor leader, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (b. 1879)
  • Apr 29 Ernst Heldring, Dutch ship owner and financier, dies at 82
  • May 14 Heinz Guderian, German General (b. 1888)
  • May 15 William March, American writer (Company K), dies at 60
  • May 16 Werner Bischof, Swiss photographer, dies accidentally at 38
  • May 19 Aart A van Schelven, church historian (Willem of Orange), dies at 73

Person of interestRobert Capa

May 25 Robert Capa, Hungarian war photographer and photojournalist, dies of injuries from a landmine explosion at 40

Photojournalist Robert Capa
Photojournalist
Robert Capa
  • May 26 Franz Pfemfert, writer, dies at 74
  • May 27 Herzmanovsky-Orlando, writer, dies
  • May 30 Ahmad Amin, Egyptian historian and author (My Life), dies at 67
  • Jun 1 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (Pelle Erobreren), dies at 84
  • Jun 4 Harold Hoffman, (Gov-NJ), dies at 58

Person of interestAlan Turing

Jun 7 Alan Turing, British mathematician and computer scientist pioneer (Turing Machine), commits suicide at 41 (b. 1912)

Computer Scientist Alan Turing
Computer Scientist
Alan Turing
  • Jun 9 Alain LeRoy Locke, African-American writer and philosopher “Father of the Harlem Renaissance”, dies at 68
  • Jun 21 Gideon Sundback, Swedish-American inventor, perfected the zipper (b. 1880)
  • Jun 22 Karl Taylor Compton, American physicist and 9th President of the Massachusetts Institute of Technology, dies at 66
  • Jun 25 Eduard M Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Civil Code), dies at 74

  • Jun 28 Red deer, in Milwaukee Zoo, oldest known deer, dies at 26
  • Jul 3 Siegfried Handloser, German physician (b. 1895)
  • Jul 10 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian Mafia boss, dies at 76
  • Jul 13 Irving Pichel, dies at 63

Person of interestFrida Kahlo

Jul 13 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter who explored questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender and race in Mexican society, dies of a pulmonary embolism at 47

Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo
  • Jul 14 Jacinto Benavente y Martinez, Spanish playwright, dies at 87
  • Jul 17 Dirk B Nanninga, painter, dies at 85
  • Jul 20 Blair Moody, (Sen-Mich), dies at 52
  • Jul 24 Mary Church Terrell, educator/civil rights leader, dies at 90
  • Jul 26 Hans Lodeizen, [Johan Frederik], poet (Travel to Congo), dies at 26
  • Jul 26 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), dies at 68
  • Aug 1 Charles-A Cingria, writer, dies

Person of interestColette

Aug 3 Colette, [Sidonie-Gabrielle], French novelist (Vagabonde), dies at 81

Novelist and Performer Colette
Novelist and Performer
Colette
  • Aug 6 Theo[by] Van Reijn, sculptor/drawer/lithograph, dies at 70 [or 8/10]
  • Aug 11 Santo Trafficante, Sr., Sicilian-born American mobster (b. 1886)

Person of interestHugo Eckener

Aug 14 Hugo Eckener, German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, dies at 86

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • Aug 19 Alcide de Gasperi, 30th Prime Minister of Italy (1945-53), dies at 73

Person of interestGetulio Vargas

Aug 24 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, commits suicide at 71

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Sep 5 Eugen Schiffer, German lawyer and liberal politician, dies at 94
  • Sep 7 Bud Fisher, American cartoonist (Mutt and Jeff), dies at 69
  • Sep 21 Kokichi Mikimoto, Japanese inventor (b. 1858)
  • Sep 24 Edward Pilgrim, British suicide hastened by bureaucracy (b. 1904)
  • Sep 25 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, Spanish essayist/philosopher, dies at 71
  • Sep 29 William John Gruffydd, Welsh poet and scholar, dies at 73
  • Oct 8 Morten Korch, Danish author, dies at 78
  • Oct 12 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, dies in a plane crash of his experiential F-100 Super Sabre at 36
  • Oct 22 Prosper Cocquyt, Belgian brewer/pilot, dies at 54
  • Oct 22 Jibanananda Das, Bengali poet (b. 1899)
  • Oct 22 Oswald de Andrade, Brazilian author (one of the modernist Group of Five), dies at 64
  • Oct 26 Floris HL Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp, dies
  • Oct 27 Sydney Horler, English detective writer (Checkmate), dies at 66

Person of interestHenri Matisse

Nov 3 Henri Matisse, French painter and sculptor (Dance II), dies at 84

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse
  • Nov 4 Stig Dagerman, Swedish author (Burned Child), dies at 31
  • Nov 10 Hussein Fatemi, Iran Foreign minister, executed
  • Nov 16 Albert Francis Blakeslee, American botanist, dies at 80
  • Nov 19 Walter Bartley Wilson, founding member of Cardiff City F.C. (b. 1870)
  • Nov 20 Clyde Cessna, American aviator and airplane manufacturer, dies at 74
  • Nov 21 Werner Elert, German Lutheran theologian, dies at 69
  • Nov 22 Andrej J. Vysjinski, Russian lawyer and UN ambassador, dies at 70

Person of interestEnrico Fermi

Nov 28 Enrico Fermi, Italian-American nuclear physicist (Nobel 1938), dies of stomach cancer at 53

Father of the Atomic Bomb Enrico Fermi
Father of the Atomic Bomb
Enrico Fermi
  • Dec 13 John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • Dec 20 James Hilton, English author (Lost Horizon), dies at 54
  • Dec 23 René Iché, French sculptor (b. 1897)
  • Dec 25 Liberty Hyde Bailey, US botanist (Plantbreeding), dies at 96