Historical Figures Who Died in 1955

  • Jan 2 Jose Antonio Remon, President of Panama (1952-55), assassinated at 46
  • Jan 4 G. G. van der Hoeven, Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC newspaper), dies at 82
  • Jan 4 Jan Derk Domela Nieuwenhuis Nyegaard, Dutch vicar (Young Flanders), dies at 84
  • Jan 7 Arthur Keith, Scottish anthropologist, dies at 88
  • Jan 11 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, dies at 72
  • Jan 15 Yves Tanguy, French-American sailor/surrealistic painter, dies
  • Jan 17 Reneke de Marees van Swinderen, Dutch minister (1908-13), dies at 94
  • Jan 20 Robert P.T. Coffin, American poet ("Strange Holiness", Pulitzer Prize, 1936), writer, and editor (Yankee Magazine), dies of a heart attack at 62
  • Jan 21 Maarten Pleun Vrij, Dutch lawyer and criminologist, dies at 59
  • Jan 24 Ira Hayes, American World War II hero (b. 1923)
  • Jan 27 Ernst Penzoldt, writer, dies
  • Jan 29 Hans Hedtoft, 14th Prime Minister of Denmark (1947-50, 53-55), dies at 51
  • Jan 31 John Mott, American theologist and founder (YMCA, Nobel 1946), dies at 89
  • Feb 18 Sadako Sasaki,Japanese child hibakusha (victim of the Hiroshima atomic bomb), dies at 12
  • Feb 23 Paul Claudel, French poet and playwright (L'otage-1909), dies at 86
  • Mar 3 Katharine Drexel, American philanthropist and Roman Catholic Saint, dies at 96
  • Mar 5 Antanas Merkys, President of Lithuania (b. 1888)
  • Mar 8 Clémentine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte V, dies at 82
  • Mar 9 Matthew A Henson, met Peary on 6/4/1909 at North Pole, dies at 88

Alexander FlemingAlexander Fleming (1881-1955)

Mar 11 Scottish bacteriologist (invented penicillin; Nobel Prize 1945), dies of a heart attack at 73

  • Mar 11 Oscar Mayer, Bavarian-born American meat packer (b. 1859)
  • Mar 12 Theodor Plievier, writer, dies
  • Mar 13 Tribhuwan Bir Bikram Shah, King of Nepal (1911-55), dies under mysterious circumstances at 48
  • Mar 16 Nicolas de Staël, French-Russian painter (b. 1914)
  • Mar 21 Walter Francis White, American civil rights activist who led the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP), dies at 61
  • Mar 22 Ivan Šubašić, Kingdom of Yugoslavia prime minister and last ban of Croatia (b. 1892)
  • Mar 23 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • Mar 24 John W. Davis, American politician and United States Ambassador to the United Kingdom, dies at 81
  • Mar 29 Everard Verachtert, Flemish linguist (I Can Speak Nicely), dies at 81
  • Apr 1 Robert R. McCormick, American editor and publisher (Chicago Tribune), dies at 74
  • Apr 1 Silvio d'Amico, Italian theater critic (Il Teatro Italian), dies at 68
  • Apr 10 Pierre Teilhard de Chardin, French philosopher and paleontologist (The Phenomenon of Man), dies at 73
  • Apr 16 Abdullah Seif el-Islam, brother of Yemenite king Ahmed, beheaded

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein (1879-1955)

Apr 18 German-born theoretical physicist & Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), dies of an abdominal aortic aneurysm at 76

  • Apr 18 Eugen Herrigel, Zen philosopher & scholar, dies in Germany at 70
  • Apr 23 Robert Herman Woltjer, Dutch Minister of Education, dies at 76
  • Apr 24 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer/theater critic, dies at 79
  • Apr 25 Paul Basilius Barth, Swiss painter and lithographer, dies at 73
  • Apr 28 Lode Cantens, Flemish playwright (Gnomes of the City), dies at 43
  • May 3 Philips C Visser, explorer/ambassador to Moscow, dies
  • May 3 Rudolf Schlichter, German artist and writer, dies at 64
  • May 4 Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer, dies at 75
  • May 9 Kate Booth, English Salvationist & evangelist, dies at 97
  • May 10 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, dies at 89
  • May 16 James Agee, American author (African Queen, Death in Family), dies at 45
  • May 17 Camilla Wedgwood, English anthropologist (Malekula: A Vanishing People in the New Hebrides), dies of cancer at 54
  • May 18 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, dies at 79
  • May 29 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector, dies at 78
  • Jun 3 Barbara Graham, American criminal convicted of murder, dies at 31
  • Jun 6 Max Meldrum, Scottish-Australian painter (founder of Australian Tonalism), dies at 79
  • Jun 11 Jacques Lemaigre-Dubreuil, French industrialist, murdered
  • Jun 16 Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter, dies at 90
  • Jun 22 Wyllis Cooper, American TV narrator (Volume One), dies at 56
  • Jun 27 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP), dies at 77
  • Jun 29 Max Pechstein, German painter and graphic artist (Oceania), dies at 73
  • Jul 2 Edward Lawson, Scottish recipient of the Victoria Cross, dies at 82
  • Jul 10 Henry W Methorst, Dutch director (Central Bureau of Statistic), dies
  • Jul 13 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, dies at 59
  • Jul 13 Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
  • Jul 16 Jean de Merode [Marie-Louise Courtenay], Belgian princess, dies at 81
  • Jul 19 Koos [Jacobus Jan] Vorrink, Dutch politician and socialist (SDAP/AJC/PvdA), dies at 64
  • Jul 23 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nations (Nobel Peace Prize 1945), dies at 83
  • Aug 2 Rupprecht, last crown prince of Bavaria and German fieldmarshall during WWI, dies at 86
  • Aug 2 Wallace Stevens, American poet (The Auroras of Autumn), dies at 75
  • Aug 3 Lida Durdikova, Czech children's author (Children with extinguished eyes) and publisher (Père Castor), dies at 56
  • Aug 12 James B. Sumner, American chemist (Nobel 1946 - discovered that enzymes can be crystallized), dies at 67

Thomas MannThomas Mann (1875-1955)

Aug 12 German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), dies at 80

  • Aug 14 Fiske Kimball, American architect and art historian, dies at 66
  • Aug 14 Herbert Putnam, American Librarian of Congress, dies at 93
  • Aug 27 Joachim Wach, philosopher/sociologist (Sociology of Religion), dies

Emmett TillEmmett Till (1941-1955)

Aug 28 American lynching victim, kidnapped and lynched at 14, in Money, Mississippi

  • Sep 7 Ernst Rabel, Austrian-American lawyer, human rights activist, and author (The Conflict of Laws: A Comparative Study), dies at 81
  • Sep 8 Johannes de Young, Dutch cardinal and archbishop of Utrecht, dies at 69
  • Sep 10 Robert Blackburn, British aviation pioneer and the founder of Blackburn Aircraft, dies at 70
  • Sep 12 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), dies at 86
  • Sep 14 Franz Carl Weiskopf, German Czech writer, dies at 55
  • Sep 16 Leopold CMS Amery, British minister of Colonies (India), dies at 81
  • Sep 19 John D. Dingell, Sr., U.S. Congressman from Michigan (b. 1894)
  • Sep 21 Jacqueline Reyneke van Stuwe, Dutch author, dies at 84
  • Sep 27 Henri Liebrecht, Belgian stagewriter/journalist, dies at 71
  • Sep 30 Arnold Struycken, Dutch lawyer, dies at 55
  • Oct 4 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal and supreme commander, dies at 71
  • Oct 12 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, dies of a urinary tract infection at 87
  • Oct 13 Manuel Ávila Camacho, 45th President of Mexico (1940-46), dies at 58
  • Oct 18 José Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher and author (The Revolt of the Masses), dies at 72
  • Oct 19 Carlos Dávila, President of Government Junta of Chile (1932), dies at 68
  • Oct 24 Alfred Radcliffe-Brown, British Anthropologist (Structural Functionalism and studies of Andaman Islanders and Australian Aborigines), dies at 74
  • Oct 31 Alban Collignon, Belgian sport journalist, dies at 74
  • Oct 31 William Woodward Jr., American businessman and horse breeder (Hanover National Bank), is shot by his wife after being mistaken for an intruder at 35
  • Nov 1 Dale Carnegie, American writer and public speaker (How to Win Friends & Influence People), dies at 66
  • Nov 1 W H van Eemlandt [Haasse], author (Treasure Hunter of Amstel), dies
  • Nov 5 Maurice Utrillo, French artist (b. 1883)
  • Nov 6 Charley Toorop [Annie CP Fernhout-Toorop], Dutch painter, dies at 64
  • Nov 6 Cornelis GN de Vooys, translator, dies at 82
  • Nov 11 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign affairs (1913-18), dies at 87
  • Nov 12 Tin Ujević, Croatian poet (Žedan kamen na studencu), dies at 64
  • Nov 14 Robert E Sherwood, dramatist (Abe Lincoln in Illinois), dies at 59
  • Nov 15 Lloyd Bacon, director (Fuller Brush Girl, 42nd Street), dies at 65
  • Nov 16 Tomasz Arciszewski, 31st Prime Minister of Poland, 3rd Prime Minister of the Polish government-in-exile in London (1944-47), dies at 88
  • Nov 27 William Nigh, American director (Ape, Doomed to Die, Mr Wong), dies at 74
  • Dec 9 Hermann Weyl, German mathematician and philosopher, dies at 70
  • Dec 11 Johan C. Altorf, Dutch sculptor (October 3 Monument), dies at 79
  • Dec 13 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon (1949 Nobel laureate for developing Lobotomy procedure), dies at 81
  • Dec 27 Alfred Carpenter, English Royal Navy soldier, dies at 74
  • Dec 27 Ham Fisher, American comic strip writer and cartoonist (Joe Palooka), dies at 55
  • Dec 30 Rex Ingamells, Australian poet (b. 1913)