Historical Figures Who Died in 1961

Erwin SchrödingerErwin Schrödinger (1887-1961)

Jan 4 Austrian physicist and Nobel Laureate (wave mechanics), dies at 73

  • Jan 6 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, dies at 76
  • Jan 7 Clarice Baright, 1st woman admitted to American Bar Association, dies at 74
  • Jan 9 Emily Greene Balch, American writer, Nobel Peace Prize laureate (b. 1867)
  • Jan 10 Dashiell Hammett, American detective writer (Thin Man, Maltese Falcon), dies at 66
  • Jan 24 Willem J M van Eysinga, people rights scholar, dies at 82
  • Jan 30 Maud Wagner, first known American tattoo artist and circus performer, dies at about 83
  • Feb 3 Viscount Dunrossil, Gov-Gen of Australia (1959-61), dies at 67
  • Feb 4 Piet[er] L. Kramer, Influential Dutch architect (Amsterdam School), dies at 79
  • Feb 5 Anthony Gustav de Rothschild, British philanthropist, dies at 73
  • Feb 11 Kate Carew [Mary Williams], American caricaturist, dies at 91

Patrice LumumbaPatrice Lumumba (1925-1961)

Feb 11 Congolese revolutionary, 1st prime minister of the Democratic Republic of the Congo, assassinated by the Belgian government at 34

  • Feb 20 Otto Huiswoud, Suriname-born political activist and editor-in-chief (Negro Worker), dies at 67
  • Feb 21 Blaise Cendrars [Frederic Sauser-Hall], Swiss poet, dies at 73
  • Feb 21 Frederick McKinley Jones, American inventor (developments in refrigeration), dies of lung cancer at 67
  • Feb 22 George de Cuevas, Chilean-born ballet impresario and choreographer (Grand Ballet du Marquis de Cuevas), dies at 75 or 76
  • Feb 26 Karl Albiker, German sculptor (Problem of the Plastic), dies at 83
  • Feb 26 Mohammed V, ibn Yusuf, sultan/King of Morocco, dies at 51
  • Mar 7 Englebert van Anderlecht, Belgian painter, dies at 42
  • Mar 7 Max Hymans, French WW II resistance fighter and Head of Air France, dies at 60
  • Mar 16 Chen Geng, Chinese military leader (b. 1903)
  • Mar 17 Susanna Salter, 1st US female mayor/temperance leader, dies at 101
  • Mar 23 James Edward Murray, (Sen-D-Montana) (1935-61), dies
  • Mar 23 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies in an accident during training at 24
  • Mar 30 Philibert Melotte, British astronomer (discovered Jupiter's 8th satellite Pasiphae), dies at 81
  • Mar 31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Modern Art & Degenerating), dies at 85
  • Apr 4 Simion Stoilow, Romanian mathematician (b. 1873)
  • Apr 6 Jules Bordet, Belgian bacteriologist (syphillis, Nobel 1919), dies at 90
  • Apr 7 Marian Jordan, radio comedienne (Fibber McGee & Molly), dies at 62
  • Apr 9 Zog I [Ahmed Zogu], King of Albania (1928-39), dies at 65
  • Apr 13 John A. Bennett, American convicted rapist, dies at 26
  • Apr 22 Maria Radulphus [Adrian Hermus], Curacao school inspector, dies at 91
  • Apr 25 Hans F Blunck, writer, dies
  • Apr 27 Roy Del Ruth, American director (About Face, Folies Bergere), dies at 67
  • May 3 Maurice [Jean Jacques] Merleau-Ponty, French philosopher, dies at 53
  • May 6 Lucian Blaga, Romanian philosopher and poet (Transcendental censor), dies at 65
  • May 16 George A. Malcolm, American jurist (17th Associate Justice of the Philippine Supreme Court) and educator, dies at 79
  • May 17 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister/mayor of Antwerp, dies at 81
  • May 20 Josef "Pips" Priller, German fighter ace (b. 1915)
  • May 20 Nannie Helen Burroughs, American educator and civil rights activist (founded National Training School for Women and Girls), dies at 82
  • May 30 Rafael Trujillo [Rafael Leónidas Trujillo Molina], Dominican politician, soldier and dictator of the Dominican Republic (1930-61), assassinated at 69
  • May 31 Walter Little, Canadian politician (b. 1877)
  • Jun 2 George S. Kaufman, American playwright (This is Show Business), dies at 72

Carl JungCarl Jung (1875-1961)

Jun 6 Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), dies at 85

  • Jun 7 Robert Griffith, producer of Pajama Game, dies
  • Jun 9 Camille Guérin, French scientist (b. 1872)
  • Jun 12 Clinton Golden, American labor leader (founder of the United Steelworkers of America), dies at 72
  • Jun 16 Marcel Junod, Swiss physician (b. 1904)
  • Jun 22 Queen Maria of Yugoslavia [Maria of Romania], Queen consort of Yugoslavia (1922-34), dies at 61
  • Jun 23 Franz de Backer, Flemish writer (Rubens' Daughter), dies at 70
  • Jun 25 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, dies at 74
  • Jun 25 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected women governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), dies at 86
  • Jun 26 Kenneth F. Fearing, American poet (Afternoon of a pawnbroker), dies at 58
  • Jun 27 Harry Hooton, Australian poet, dies of cancer at 52
  • Jun 27 Muchtar Auezov, Kazakh writer and playwright (Enilik-Kebek), dies at 63
  • Jun 30 Lee de Forest, American inventor (Electron Tube), dies at 87
  • Jul 1 Louis-Ferdinand Céline, French writer (Die Nacht), dies at 67

Ernest HemingwayErnest Hemingway (1899-1961)

Jul 2 American author (The Old Man and the Sea, Nobel 1954), dies from suicide at 61

  • Jul 6 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter and illustrator, dies at 93
  • Jul 6 Enrique Larreta [E Rodriguez Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer, dies at 86
  • Jul 12 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • Jul 15 John E. Brownlee, Canadian politician (b. 1884)
  • Aug 2 Giovanni Battista Angioletti, Italian author (Il giorno del giudizio), dies at 64
  • Aug 5 Sidney Holland, Prime Minister of New Zealand (National: 1949-57), dies at 67
  • Aug 6 Jozef E Van Roey, Flemish cardinal/archbishop of Mechelen, dies at 87
  • Aug 7 Frank Buchman, American theologist (Moral Re-Armament), dies at 83
  • Aug 8 Franc N D Buchman, US theology (Moral Rearms), dies at 83
  • Aug 9 Walter Bedell Smith, U.S. Army general (WWII) and head of CIA (1950-52), dies at 75
  • Aug 14 Clarke Ashton Smith, sci-fi author (Lost Worlds), dies at 68
  • Aug 14 Henri-Edouard-Prosper Breuil, priest/archaeologist, dies
  • Aug 16 Maulvi Abdul Haq, Pakistani scholar and father of Modern Urdu, dies at 91
  • Aug 18 Learned Hand, Chief judge of US court of Appeals, dies at 89
  • Aug 18 Leonhard Frank, writer, dies at 78
  • Aug 20 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), dies at 79
  • Aug 20 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian-American Arctic explorer and ethnologist, dies at 82
  • Sep 1 Eero Saarinen, Finnish-American architect (Dulles Airport), dies at 51
  • Sep 1 William Z. Foster, American labor organizer and US Communist Party president (1945-57), dies at 80
  • Sep 3 Robert E. Gross, American businessman (b. 1897)
  • Sep 7 Pieter Sjoerds Gerbrandy, Dutch lawyer and Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1940-45), dies at 76
  • Sep 12 Carl Hermann, German physicist, dies at 63
  • Sep 16 Yme Schuitmaker, Dutch potato farmer/dramatist, dies
  • Sep 17 Adnan Menderes, Prime Minister of Turkey (1950-60), dies at 62

Dag HammarskjöldDag Hammarskjöld (1905-1961)

Sep 18 Swedish public servant, 2nd Secretary-General of the United Nations (1953-61) and posthumous Nobel Peace Prize winner (1961), dies in a plane crash over Congo at 56

  • Sep 19 Helen Kimble, fictional wife of Dr Richard Kimble (The Fugitive)
  • Sep 19 Pieter Tesch, mine engineer/geology (Pedestal of Netherlands), dies
  • Sep 21 Earle Dickson, American inventor (Band-Aid), dies at 68
  • Sep 24 Sumner Welles, American diplomat (Good Neighbor Policy), dies at 68
  • Sep 26 Charles Erwin Wilson, American engineer (President and CEO of General Motors) and politician (United States Secretary of Defense 1953-57), dies at 71
  • Sep 27 Hilda Doolittle, American poetess (Bid Me to Live), dies at 75
  • Sep 29 Reinhard Herbig, German archaeologist, dies at 63
  • Sep 30 Onésime Gagnon, Canadian politician, 20th Lieutenant Governor of Québec, dies at 72
  • Oct 4 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, dies at 81
  • Oct 4 Max Weber, Polish-Russian-American painter, dies at 80
  • Oct 8 Tom Howard, American photo-journalist, dies at 67

Eugene BullardEugene Bullard (1895-1961)

Oct 12 1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, dies of stomach cancer at 66

  • Oct 14 Harriet Shaw Weaver, British political activist, and magazine editor (The Egoist), dies at 85
  • Oct 14 Paul Ramadier, French lawyer and politician (Prime Minister, 1947), dies at 73
  • Oct 19 Benjamin Merkelbach, Dutch architect and city builder of Amsterdam, dies at 60
  • Oct 21 Nils Johan Einar Ferlin, Swedish poet (Barfotabarn), dies at 62
  • Oct 25 Peter Jensen, Danish-American engineer, entrepreneur (Magnavox), and co-inventor (moving-coil loudspeaker), dies at 75
  • Oct 26 Milan Stojadinović, Serbian-Yugoslav political figure and 12th Prime Minister of Yugoslavia (1935-39), dies at 73
  • Oct 30 Luigi Einaudi, economist/1st president Italy, dies
  • Nov 1 Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist and author, dies at 97
  • Nov 9 Antonius Coolen, Dutch author (Village by the River), dies at 64
  • Nov 13 Anthony Joseph Drexel Biddle, Jr., American diplomat (b. 1897)
  • Nov 16 Sam Rayburn, American politician (US Representative from Texas, 1913-61; Speaker of the House for 17 years), dies of pancreatic cancer at 79
  • Nov 19 Dorothy Heyward (née Kuhns), American playwright (Porgy), and novelist, dies at 71
  • Dec 6 Frantz Fanon, West Indian psychiatrist and philosopher (The Wretched of the Earth), dies of leukemia at 36
  • Dec 12 Daiun Sogaku Harada, Zen founder of Sanbo Kyodan lineage, dies at 91

Grandma MosesGrandma Moses (1860-1961)

Dec 13 American primitive painter (Old Oaken Bucket), dies at 101

  • Dec 17 Marion Perkins, sculptor (Man of Sorrow), dies at 53
  • Dec 20 Earle Page, eleventh Prime Minister of Australia (b. 1880)

Moss HartMoss Hart (1904-1961)

Dec 20 American playwright (You Can't Take it With You, Act 1), dies of a heart attack at 57

  • Dec 23 Kurt Meyer, German SS officer (b. 1910)
  • Dec 25 Otto Loewi, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (b. 1873)
  • Dec 25 Owen Brewster, U.S. Senator from Maine (b. 1888)
  • Dec 25 Rheinhold Rudenberg, inventor of electron microscope, dies
  • Dec 28 Edith Bolling Galt Wilson, 1st lady (1915-21), dies at 89