Historical Figures Who Died in 1965

  • Jan 3 Betty Harte, entertainer, dies at 82

T. S. EliotT. S. Eliot (1888-1965)

Jan 4 American-born British poet (The Waste Land) and Nobel laureate (1948), dies in London at 76

  • Jan 5 Paul Arntzenius, Dutch painter, graphic artist and etcher, dies at 81
  • Jan 12 Lorraine Hansberry, American playwright (A Raisin in the Sun), and writer (To Be Young Gifted And Black), dies in NYC, dies of pancreatic cancer at 34
  • Jan 12 Porcupine, in the National Zoo, dies at 27; oldest known rodent (Washington, DC)
  • Jan 15 Pierre Ngendandumwe, premier of Burundi, murdered
  • Jan 17 Hans Marchwitza, German writer and communist, dies at 75

Winston ChurchillWinston Churchill (1874-1965)

Jan 24 British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1940-45, 1951-55) during World War II, and writer (Nobel Prize in Literature, 1953), dies of a stroke at 90

  • Jan 26 Ali Mansoer, premier of Persia, murdered
  • Jan 28 Maxime Weygand, French soldier (b. 1867)
  • Feb 2 Richard P Blackmur, American critic/publisher (Good European), dies at 61
  • Feb 4 U C Greyhound, champion trotter (horse), dies at 33
  • Feb 13 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, dies at 93
  • Feb 19 Gheorge Gheorghiu-Dej, Romanian communist politician (President of the State Council 1961-65), dies at 63

Malcolm XMalcolm X (1925-1965)

Feb 21 African American human rights activist and Muslim minister, assassinated in New York City at 39

  • Feb 22 Felix Frankfurter, American jurist and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1939-62), dies of congestive heart failure at 82

Jimmie Lee JacksonJimmie Lee Jackson (1938-1965)

Feb 26 American civil rights protester and church deacon, shot and killed at 26 by an Alabama State Trooper

  • Feb 28 Adolf Scharf, president of Austria (1957-65), dies at 74
  • Mar 5 Chen Cheng, Chinese politician (b. 1897)
  • Mar 9 Kazys Boruta, Lithuanian writer, dies at 60
  • Mar 11 James Reeb, American minister and civil rights activist, dies from head injuries after being beaten in Selma, Alabama at 38
  • Mar 13 Corrado Gini, Italian statistician (b. 1884)
  • Mar 13 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, poet, and politician (b. 1882)
  • Mar 13 George Călinescu, Romanian author (Lauda Lucrorilor), dies at 65
  • Mar 13 Vittorio Jano, Italian automobile designer, dies at 73
  • Mar 17 Nancy Cunard, British writer and activist, dies at 69
  • Mar 18 Farouk I, last King of Egypt (1936-52), dies at 45
  • Mar 25 Viola Gregg Liuzzo, American civil rights activist, murdered by Ku KLux Klan members in Selma, Alabama at 39
  • Mar 28 Clemence Dane, British novelist and playwright (b. 1888)
  • Mar 28 Mary [Victoria Alexandra Alice Mary], Princess Royal and Countess of Harewood and daughter of George V, dies at 67
  • Mar 30 Philip Showalter Hench, American physician, (Nobel Prize 1950 for cortisone), dies at 69

Harry CrerarHarry Crerar (1888-1965)

Apr 1 Canadian WWI and WWII general (First Canadian Army), dies at 76

  • Apr 1 Helena Rubinstein, Polish-born American cosmetics manufacturer, dies at 92
  • Apr 3 Ernst Kirchweger, Austrian communist and resistance fighter (born 1897 or 1898)
  • Apr 8 Erik A. Blomberg, Swedish art historian, poet and author, dies at 70
  • Apr 14 Perry Edward Smith, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged at 36
  • Apr 14 Robert Hickok, US murderer (In Cold Blood), hanged at 33
  • Apr 18 Guillermo González Camarena, Mexican inventor, dies at 48
  • Apr 21 Edward Victor Appleton, English physicist (Nobel Prize 1947), dies at 72
  • Apr 28 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer & writer (Character), dies at 80
  • May 3 Howard Spring, British author (Heaven Lies About Us), dies at 76
  • May 3 Otto Forst de Battaglia, Austrian diplomat and genealogist, dies at 75
  • May 4 Norman Brokenshire, TV moderator (Four Square Court), dies at 66
  • May 9 Leopold Figl, Austrian politician (13th Chancellor of Austria), dies at 62
  • May 10 Hubertus J van Mook, Dutch min of Colonization (1942-45), dies at 70
  • May 14 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor 1933-45), dies at 83
  • May 15 Adrian Schoevers, Dutch director (Schoevers Institution), dies
  • May 18 Eduard Jan Dijksterhuis, Dutch historian of science (biography of Archimedes), dies at 72
  • May 19 Maria Dabrowska, Polish writer (Znaki Zycia), dies
  • May 21 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, dies at 82
  • May 22 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (b. 1882)
  • May 22 Heinrich Barth, Swiss philosopher (Das Sein in der Zeit), dies
  • May 23 David Smith, sculptor, dies
  • Jun 4 Bernard Verhoeven, Dutch poet (Pleidooi near een non), dies at 68
  • Jun 5 Thornton W. Burgess, American conservationist & author (The Bedtime Story-Books; Now I Remember: Autobiography of an Amateur Naturalist), dies at 91
  • Jun 7 Richard Billinger, Austria poet/writer (Bauernpassion), dies
  • Jun 8 Edmondo Rossoni, Italian fascist (b. 1884)
  • Jun 8 Julius Bissier, German painter, dies at 71
  • Jun 11 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (b. 1883)
  • Jun 11 Vernon Johns, American civil rights activist, dies at 73
  • Jun 13 David Drummond, Australian politician (b. 1890)
  • Jun 13 Martin Buber, Austrian-Israeli dialogue philosopher and theologist (Ich und Du), dies at 87
  • Jun 15 E. A. Speiser, American Bible scholar (b. 1902
  • Jun 17 Arnold Meijer, Dutch leader of fascist Dutch National & Black Front, dies at 60
  • Jun 19 James Collip, Canadian biochemist and physiologist (insulin), dies at 72
  • Jun 20 Bernard Baruch, American financier and presidential adviser (Cold War), dies at 94
  • Jun 21 Bernard Baruch, American presidential advisor (termed "Cold War"), dies at 94
  • Jun 21 Kay Fisker, Danish architect (Hornbeck House, Copenhagen), dies at 72
  • Jun 22 Adriaan Franciscus Dussenbroek, Dutch doctor and co-founder (Union National Arubano), dies at 72
  • Jun 22 David O Selznick, American Academy Award-winning producer (Gone With The Wind; Rebecca), dies of a heart attack at 63
  • Jun 26 Bertil Lindblad, Swedish astronomer (Milky Way system), dies at 69
  • Jun 26 Johan C T Kikkert, painter/etcher/critic, dies at 82
  • Jun 27 Anthony Veiller, writer, dies at 62
  • Jul 3 Trigger, horse (Roy Rogers), dies at 25
  • Jul 7 Moshe Sharett, 2nd Prime Minister of Israel (1954-55), dies at 70
  • Jul 10 Jacques Audiberti, French poet (Le cavalier seul), dies at 66
  • Jul 13 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, dies at 69

Adlai Stevenson IIAdlai Stevenson II (1900-1965)

Jul 14 American politician (US Ambassador to UN, 1961-65; Governor of Illinois, 1949-53; Democratic presidential candidate, 1952 & 1956), dies at 65

  • Jul 15 Francis Cherry, American politician (b. 1908)

Syngman RheeSyngman Rhee (1875-1965)

Jul 19 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), dies at 90

  • Jul 27 Henri Daniel-Rops, French writer and historian (b. 1901)
  • Jul 28 Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author (boy detectives club books), dies at 70
  • Jul 30 Junichiro Tanizaki, Japanese writer (Key), dies at 79
  • Aug 2 N. Howell Furman, American Chemist whose work on separating uranium contributed to the development of the atomic bomb, dies at 73
  • Aug 6 Aksel Sandemose, writer, dies
  • Aug 8 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), dies at 89

Shirley JacksonShirley Jackson (1916-1965)

Aug 8 American author (Road Through the Wall), dies at 45

  • Aug 13 Ikeda Hayato, Japanese politician, Prime Minister of Japan (1960-64), dies at 65
  • Aug 14 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet and author (Walk at Dawn), dies at 80
  • Aug 22 Ellen Church, American 1st female airline stewardess (United flight in 1930 from San Francisco to Cheyenne), dies in a horse riding accident at 60
  • Aug 23 John Bata, Czech shoe manufacturer, dies at 67
  • Aug 27 Edmond of Dooren, Flemish painter, dies at 68

Le CorbusierLe Corbusier (1887-1965)

Aug 27 Swiss French architect, city planner and artist (Urbanisme), dies at 77

  • Aug 28 Giulio Racah, Israeli physicist (b. 1909)
  • Sep 2 Johannes Bobrowski, German poet and writer, dies at 48
  • Sep 4 Albert Schweitzer, German-French theologian and philosopher (Nobel Peace Prize 1954), dies at 90
  • Sep 5 Thomas Johnston, Scottish-born politician (b. 1882)
  • Sep 10 Father Divine [Reverend Major Jealous Divine], "the Messenger", African American religious leader
  • Sep 11 Ralph C. Smedley, American Founder of Toastmasters International, dies at 87
  • Sep 13 Jean B. Fletcher, American architect (TAC, the Architects' Collaborative), dies of cancer at 50
  • Sep 14 Lydia Mei, Estonian artist who specialized in watercolors and still lifes, dies at 69
  • Sep 22 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer (George Washington Bridge; Walt Whitman Bridge; Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge), dies at 86
  • Sep 26 James Fitzmaurice, Irish aviation pioneer (b. 1898)
  • Sep 30 E. E. Smith, American food engineer and sci-fi author (Triplanetary), dies at 75
  • Oct 1 Edward E "Doc" Smith, American sci-fi writer (Subspace encounter), dies at 75
  • Oct 6 Georges Vandertongerloo, Belgium sculptor and painter (De Stijl Group, L'art et Son Avenir), dies at 78
  • Oct 11 Dorothea Lange, American documentary photographer, dies at 70
  • Oct 11 Walther Stampfli, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council, dies at 80
  • Oct 13 Paul Hermann Müller, Swiss chemist (1948 Nobel Prize for Physiology or Medicine for discovering effects of DDT), dies at 66
  • Oct 22 Dipa Nusantara Aidit, Indonesian communist leader of PKI (1951-65), murdered at 42
  • Oct 22 Paul Tillich, German-American theologist (Courage To Be), dies at 79
  • Oct 26 Sylvia Likens, American torture victim (b. 1949)
  • Oct 28 Ben Barka, Moroccan opposition leader, kidnapped & murdered in Paris
  • Oct 29 Mehdi Am Barka, Moroccan socialist leader, murdered in Paris
  • Nov 8 Dorothy Kilgallen, American newspaper columnist (b. 1913)
  • Nov 12 Syedna Taher Saifuddin, Bohra Spiritual Leader, dies at 77
  • Nov 14 Dawn Powell, American writer (Turn, Magic Wheel), dies at 68
  • Nov 15 John Geoghegan, U.S. Army infantry lieutenant and Silver Star recipient, killed during the Battle of Ia Drang in Vietnam War at 24
  • Nov 16 Alexander King, author (Jack Paar Show), dies at 66
  • Nov 16 Harry Blackstone Sr., American magician, dies at 80
  • Nov 16 William Thomas Cosgrave, President of the Irish Free State, dies at 85
  • Nov 18 Henry A Wallace, VP (1941-45)/founder (Progressive Party), dies at 77
  • Nov 23 Franc Debenham, Australian geographer and geologist, dies at 81
  • Nov 24 Abdullah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, Emir of Kuwait (b. 1895)

Joseph ErlangerJoseph Erlanger (1874-1965)

Dec 5 American physiologist (shock therapy-Nobel 1944), dies of heart disease at 91

  • Dec 6 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar, dies at 90
  • Dec 13 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (WWII, Korean War & Vietnam War), dies at 60
  • Dec 16 William Somerset Maugham, English author (Razor's Edge), dies at 91
  • Dec 20 Egon Freiherr von Eickstedt, German anthropologist (classified human into races), dies at 73
  • Dec 24 William M. Branham, Christian minister (b. 1906)
  • Dec 26 Nico Donkersloot, Dutch literary and writer, dies at 63
  • Dec 27 Edgar Ende, German painter (b. 1901)