On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1968

  • Jan 2 Sanoesi Pane, Indonesian writer, dies at 62
  • Jan 4 Joseph Pholien, Belgian PM (1950-52) communist fighter, dies at 83
  • Jan 6 Kurt Baschwitz, Germ/Dutch sociologist/journalist (Heksen), dies at 81
  • Jan 7 James Smith, South African ichthyologist (b. 1897)
  • Jan 14 Dorothea Mackellar, Australian poet (My Country) (b. 1885)
  • Jan 15 Leopold Infeld, Polish nuclear physcist (Motion & Relativity), dies at 69
  • Jan 16 Robert R "Bob" Jones, founder (Bob Jones University), dies at 84
  • Jan 17 Julis Deutsch, Austria politician/general Spanish rep army, dies at 83
  • Jan 21 Will Lang Jr., American magazine executive (b. 1914)
  • Jan 26 Merrill C. Meigs, American newspaper publisher (b. 1883)
  • Jan 26 Yvor Winters, American poet (b. 1900)
  • Jan 30 Tsugouharu Foujita, Japanese-French painter and printmaker, dies at 81
  • Feb 4 Gerard den Brabander [Jan G Jofriet], poet (Nothing New), dies at 67
  • Feb 4 Neal Cassady, American writer (b. 1926)
  • Feb 8 J Borremans, Belgian politician (Communist), dies at 56
  • Feb 9 Frederik M baron van Asbeck, lawyer (League of Nations), dies at 78
  • Feb 10 Pitirim A Sorokin, Russian/US sociologist, dies at 79
  • Feb 18 Sigurd Erixon, etnologist (Atlas "ver Svensk Folkkultur), dies at 79

Howard Florey

Feb 21 Howard Florey, Australian pathologist and pharmacologist who purified penicillin (Nobel 1945), dies at 69

  • Feb 22 Peter Arno, American cartoonist (b. 1904)
  • Feb 23 Fannie Hurst, American author (Anatomy of Me), dies at 78
  • Feb 25 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47), dies at 96
  • Feb 27 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), dies at 85
  • Feb 29 Tore Ørjasæter, Norwegian poet (b. 1886)
  • Mar 1 Georg von der Vring, German painter & writer (Camp Lafayette), dies at 78
  • Mar 6 Joseph Martin Jr, Speaker of the House, dies at 83
  • Mar 14 Erwin Panofsky, German-American art historian and iconologist, dies
  • Mar 20 Carl T Dreyer, Danish director (Passion of Jeanne d'Arc), dies
  • Mar 23 Edwin O'Connor, American writer (The Edge of Sadness - Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, 1962), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 49
  • Mar 24 Lauwrens Voorthuyzen, Dutch sect leader, dies at 70

Yuri Gagarin

Mar 27 Yuri Gagarin, Russian cosmonaut and 1st man into space (aboard Vostok 1), dies in a Mig-15 plane crash at 34

  • Apr 1 Lev D Landau, Russian physicist (Nobel 1962), dies at 59

AssassinationMartin Luther King Jr.

Apr 4 Martin Luther King Jr., American clergyman and leader of the Civil Rights Movement (Nobel 1964), assassinated at the Lorraine Hotel in Memphis, Tennessee at 39

  • Apr 6 Robert "Bobby" Hutton, American Black Panther leader and treasurer, shot to death by Oakland police at 17
  • Apr 10 Gustavs Celmins, Latvian politician (b. 1899)
  • Apr 12 Heinrich Nordhoff, German automobile engineer and Volkswagen director (b. 1899)
  • Apr 16 Edna Ferber, American author and playwright (American Beauty, Cimarron), dies at 82
  • Apr 20 Mabel Stark, American tiger trainer "crazy Mabel", found dead after her suicide at 79
  • May 1 Harold Nicolson, English diplomat and author (Good Behaviour), dies at 71
  • May 2 Donald L Hall, American airplane designer (Spirit of St Louis), dies at 69
  • May 7 Lurleen Wallace, American politician (46th Governor of Alabama, 1967-68), dies at 41
  • May 9 Harold Gray, American comic strip artist (Little Orphan Annie), dies at 74
  • May 9 Mercedes de Acosta, American poet, playwright, costume designer, and socialite, dies at 75
  • May 14 Husband Edward Kimmel, commandant US Ocean fleet WW II, dies at 86
  • May 20 Kees van Dongen, Dutch/French painter, dies at 91
  • May 25 Georg von Küchler, German field marshal and WWII war criminal, dies at 86
  • May 25 Charles K. Feldman, American producer (Casino Royale), dies at 63
  • May 28 Fyodor Matveyevich Okhlopkov, Yakut-born Soviet sniper (b. 1908)

Helen Keller

Jun 1 Helen Keller, American political activist, author (The Story of My Life) and lecturer, who was the 1st deaf-blind person to earn a BA, dies at 87

  • Jun 1 [Johan] Erik Lindegren, Swedish poet/interpreter, dies at 57
  • Jun 6 Franklin Clark Fry, American minister (World Rad of Church), dies at 67

AssassinationRobert F. Kennedy

Jun 6 Robert F. Kennedy, (US Senator (D), New York), assassinated in Los Angeles by Sirhan Sirhan at 42

  • Jun 6 Randolph Churchill, son of Winston Churchill (b. 1911)
  • Jun 9 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (b. 1884)
  • Jun 19 James Joseph Sweeney, American Catholic prelate, dies at 70
  • Jul 2 Francis Brennan, US cardinal of Philadelphia, dies at 74
  • Jul 9 Allyn Edwards, host (One Minute Please, Mr Citizen), dies at 53
  • Jul 9 Vardis Fisher, American writer (Passion Spin the Plot), dies at 73
  • Jul 14 Westbrook Van Voorhis, American announcer (March of Time), dies at 64
  • Jul 14 Konstantin Georgiyevich Paustovsky, Russian writer (Kara-Bugaz), dies at 76
  • Jul 15 Lura Anson, dies in Woodland at 76
  • Jul 18 Corneille Heymans, Belgian physiologist (Nobel 1938), dies at 76
  • Jul 22 Giovannino Guareschi, Italian author (Don Camillo, Peppone, dies at 60
  • Jul 23 Henry Hallett Dale, physiologist (1938 Noble Prize for Medicine or Physiology for work on acetylcholine), dies at 93
  • Jul 27 Anton van Duinkerken [Willem J M A Asselbergs], literary, dies
  • Jul 28 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), dies in a car accident at 70
  • Jul 28 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), dies at 89
  • Aug 3 Constantine Rokossovski, vice-premier of Poland (1952-56), dies at 71
  • Aug 6 Ernest Burnelle, Belgian politician (Communist Party of Belgium (PCB)), dies at 60
  • Aug 8 Orovida Camille Pissarro, British painter and etcher, dies at 74
  • Aug 11 Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian New Testament scholar, dies at 85
  • Aug 12 Pieter Oud, Dutch politician and Mayor of Rotterdam (1945-52), dies at 81
  • Aug 12 Esther Forbes, American novelist (Johnny Tremain), dies at 76
  • Aug 20 Channing H. Cox, American politician (49th Governor of Massachusetts), dies at 88
  • Aug 21 Vladimir Boudnik, Czech sculptor, commits suicide at about 45
  • Aug 27 Marina, princess of Greece/Denmark/Dutchess of Kent, dies at 61
  • Aug 28 John Gordon Mein, US ambassador in Guatemala, dies
  • Aug 28 Nick Castle, American choreographer (Dinah Shore, Judy Garland), dies at 58
  • Aug 29 Ulysses S. Grant III, American soldier and planner, dies at 87
  • Aug 31 George P Gooch, English historian/House of Commons leader, dies
  • Sep 2 Ernest Claes, Belgian author (The White), dies at 82
  • Sep 11 René Cogny, French General (b. 1904)
  • Sep 18 Willem Kooiman, Dutch theologist and church historian, dies at 65
  • Sep 19 Chester F Carlson, inventor (photocopying), dies at 62
  • Sep 23 Padre Pio, Roman Catholic saint, dies at 81
  • Sep 24 Robert Arthur Ley, English sci-fi author (Telepath, Power of X), dies at 47
  • Sep 25 Cornell Woolrich, American writer (El Angel Negro), dies at 64
  • Sep 26 Daniel Johnson, Sr., Canadian politician, 20th Premier of Quebec, dies at 53
  • Sep 28 Dewey Philip "Daddy-O", American pioneering DJ, dies of heart failure at 42

Marcel Duchamp

Oct 2 Marcel Duchamp, French painter and sculptor (Nude Descending a Staircase), dies at 81

  • Oct 4 Francis Biddle, 58th United States Attorney General (1941-45), dies at 82
  • Oct 6 Phyllis Nicolson, British mathematician (Crank-Nicolson method), dies at 51
  • Oct 9 Pierre Mulele, Congolese rebel leader, executed
  • Oct 20 Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher, dies at 84
  • Oct 25 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (Passions), dies at 91
  • Oct 27 Lise Meitner, Austrian-Swedish physicist (discovered the nuclear fission of uranium, dies at 89
  • Oct 28 Henricus WJM Keuls, lawyer/poet, dies at 85
  • Oct 30 Conrad Richter, American writer (Light in the Forest), dies at 78
  • Nov 1 Georgios Papandreou, Greek politician and Prime Minister of Greece (1944–45, 1963, 1964–65 dies at 80
  • Nov 4 Paul JM Lindemans, Flemish agricultural engineer and author, dies at 78
  • Nov 4 Michel Kikoine, Belarusian painter (b. 1892)
  • Nov 6 Charles B. McVay III, American naval officer, Commander of the USS Indianapolis when it sank, commits suicide at 70
  • Nov 7 Willem A. Wagenaar, Dutch journalist and author (3,000 meter), dies at 67
  • Nov 7 Alexander Gelfond, Russian mathematician, dies at 62
  • Nov 16 Greet Hofmans, faith healer of Dutch queen Juliana, dies at 74
  • Nov 17 Wilhelm Lehmann, German writer, dies at 86
  • Nov 17 Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (Gormenghast books), dies at 57
  • Nov 18 Walter Wanger, US producer (Cleopatra), dies at 74
  • Nov 25 Paul Siple, American explorer of the Antarctic. (b. 1908)
  • Nov 26 Arnold Zweig, German antifascist and author (Junge frau 1914), dies at 81

Enid Blyton

Nov 28 Enid Blyton, English children's author (Noddy, Famous Five), dies at 71

  • Dec 10 Karl Barth, Swiss theologist/minister (Kirchliche Dogma), dies at 82

Thomas Merton

Dec 10 Thomas Merton, French-American Catholic writer and Trappist monk (7 Story Mountain), accidentally electrocuted by an electric fan at 53

  • Dec 10 George Forrest, Northern Irish politician, dies at 47
  • Dec 15 Antonio J. Barrette, French Canadian politician, premier of Quebec, dies at 69
  • Dec 19 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), dies at 84

John Steinbeck

Dec 20 John Steinbeck, American author (Grapes of Wrath, Nobel Prize 1940, 1962), dies at 66

  • Dec 22 Louise Granville, entertainer, dies of influenza at 73
  • Dec 29 Austin Farrer, English theologian and philosopher (b. 1904)
  • Dec 30 Trygve Lie, Norwegian politician and 1st Secretary-General of the United Nations (1946-52), dies at 72