Historical Figures Who Died in 1970

  • Jan 3 Gladys Aylward, British missionary in China; portrayed by Ingrid Bergman in The Inn of the Sixth Happiness (b. 1902)
  • Jan 4 Jean-Étienne Valluy, French general (b. 1899)
  • Jan 5 Cyril Fagan, Irish astrologer and author, dies at 73
  • Jan 5 Max Born, German physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), dies at 87
  • Jan 8 Georges Guibourg, French performer (b. 1891)
  • Jan 10 Pavel Belyayev, Soviet fighter pilot and cosmonaut (Voskhod II), dies at 44
  • Jan 12 Blanche Stuart Scott, US pilot, dies at 84
  • Jan 14 William Feller, Croatian mathematician (b. 1906)
  • Jan 16 Armijn Pane, Indonesian writer (Djinak-djinak merpati), dies at 61
  • Jan 18 David O. McKay, 9th President of the Church of Jesus Christ of the Latter-day Saints, dies at 96
  • Jan 24 Caresse Crosby, American poet (b. 1891)
  • Jan 25 Eunice Hunton Carter, 1st African American female district attorney (NY), dies at 70
  • Jan 27 Rita Angus, New Zealand painter (b. 1908)
  • Jan 29 B. H. Liddell Hart, English military historian and publicist (The Rommel Papers), dies at 74
  • Feb 1 Alfréd Rényi, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 48

Bertrand Russell

Feb 2 Bertrand Russell, English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), dies at 97

  • Feb 4 Louise Bogan, American poet (Sleeping Fury) and critic, dies at 72
  • Feb 15 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, dies at 87
  • Feb 17 Shmuel Yosef Agnon, Jewish writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1966), dies at 81
  • Feb 18 Desideer Stracke, Flemish jesuit and literature historian, dies at 94
  • Feb 19 Ralph Flanders, American politician (Senator-Vermont), dies at 89
  • Feb 20 Café Filho, 18th Brazilian President (1954-1955) dies aged 71
  • Feb 20 Sophie Treadwell, American playwright and journalist, dies at 84
  • Feb 25 Mark Rothko [Marcus Rothkovich], Latvian-American abstract expressionist (Green on Blue), takes his own life at 66
  • Feb 27 Marie Dionne, one of the French Canadian Dionne quintuplets (b. 1934)
  • Feb 27 Robert Bruce Lockhart, diplomat/writer, dies
  • Mar 1 Ed Hoornik, Dutch writer & poet (Na jaren), dies at 59
  • Mar 2 Marc-Aurèle Fortin, Quebec painter (b. 1888)
  • Mar 14 Fritz Perls, German-American psychiatrist and psychotherapist (father of Gestalt therapy), dies at 76
  • Mar 15 Josef Martin Bauer, writer, dies at 68
  • Mar 15 Tarjei Vesaas, Nowegian poet and author (Isslottet), dies at 72
  • Mar 16 Arthur Adamov, Russian-French playwright (Paolo Paoli), dies at 61
  • Mar 17 Fernand Crommelynck, Belgian playwright (Chaud et Frois), dies at 83
  • Mar 21 Marlen Haushofer, Austrian writer (The Wall), dies at 49
  • Mar 23 Del Lord, Canadian director (b. 1894)
  • Mar 26 Fritz Ascher, German Expressionist artist, dies at 76
  • Mar 29 Anna Louise Strong, American communist journalist (b. 1885)
  • Mar 30 Heinrich Brüning, German politician and Chancellor of Germany (1930-32), dies at 84
  • Mar 31 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII), dies at 75
  • Apr 4 Victor Otto Stomps, German writer and publisher, dies at 72
  • Apr 5 Alfred Henry Sturtevant, American geneticist, dies at 78
  • Apr 6 Sam Sheppard, American accused murderer (b. 1923)
  • Apr 7 Josina Machel, Mozambican independence activist, and wife of Mozambique's 1st president Samora Machel, dies at 25
  • Apr 8 Marie V Felix, Prince of Luxemburg, dies
  • Apr 11 John H O'Hara, American journalist (Pal Joey, Rage to Live), dies at 65
  • Apr 16 Richard Neutra, American architect (b. 1892)
  • Apr 17 Sergei U S Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-Orthodox church, dies at 92
  • Apr 26 Erik Bergman, Swedish pastor, dies at 83
  • Apr 26 John Knittel, Swiss writer, dies at 79
  • Apr 26 Paul Celan, Romanian-born writer, dies at 49
  • Apr 30 Jacob Presser, historian/writer (Doom, Ondergang), dies at 71
  • May 1 Yi Un, last Crown Prince of Korea, dies at 72
  • May 4 4 students, at Kent State University killed by Ohio National Guard
  • May 4 William Schroeder (b. 1950)
  • May 6 Wharton Esherick, American artist and sculptor who worked primarily in wood, dies at 82
  • May 9 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician, dies at 86
  • May 9 Walter P. Reuther, American worker's union leader & president of the CIO, dies in a plane crash at 62

Nelly Sachs

May 12 leonie "Nelly" Sachs, German Swedish poet and playwright (Nobel prize for Literature 1966), dies at 78

  • May 12 Wladyslaw Anders, Polish general (WW I, WW II), dies at 78
  • May 13 William Dobell, Australian portrait artist, dies at 70
  • May 17 Nigel Balchin, English author (My Executioner), dies at 61
  • May 19 Tadeusz Breza, Polish writer (The Bronze Gate), dies at 64
  • May 21 E. L. Grant Watson, Australian biologist (b. 1885)
  • May 22 Joseph W Krutch, American writer (Measure of Man), dies at 76
  • May 27 Emmy van Lokhorst, author, dies at 78
  • May 29 Eve Hesse, German born Jewish American sculptor dies of a brain tumor aged 34
  • May 29 John Gunther, American author and host (John Gunther's High Road), dies at 68
  • Jun 1 Giuseppe Ungaretti, Italian poet (Hermeticism) and journalist, dies at 82
  • Jun 3 Adrian Conan Doyle, youngest son of Arthur Conan Doyle, dies at 59
  • Jun 3 Douwe Hermans Kiestra, Frisian farmer and writer, dies at 70
  • Jun 3 Hjalmar Schacht, German economist, banker and politician (co-founder German Democratic Party), dies at 93
  • Jun 4 Hjalmar Schcacht [Horace Greeley], Nazi minister, dies
  • Jun 4 Jopie [Johan A] Pengel, premier Suriname, dies
  • Jun 5 "Jopie" Pengel [Johan A], Premier of Suriname (1963-69), dies at 54
  • Jun 5 Jay Irving, American cartoonist (Draw Me a Laugh), dies at 69

E. M. Forster

Jun 7 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Maurice, Passage to India), dies at 91

  • Jun 8 Abraham Maslow, American psychologist (b. 1908)
  • Jun 11 Aleksander Kerensky, Minister-Chairman of the Russian Provisional Government (1917), dies at 89
  • Jun 11 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, taught reading through phonetics, dies
  • Jun 11 William 'Billy Batts' Devino, American crime figure (b. 1921)
  • Jun 16 Elsa Triolet [Ella Kagan], Russian-French writer and Resistance fighter, dies at 73

Sukarno

Jun 21 Sukarno, 1st President of Indonesia (1945-67), dies from kidney failure while under house arrest at 68

  • Jun 23 Roscoe Turner, American aviator and racer (b. 1895)
  • Jun 24 Man Singh II, Maharajah of Jaipur State, dies at 57
  • Jun 29 Roman Ingarden, Polish philosopher (Studia philosophica), dies at 77
  • Jun 29 Stefan Andres, German writer (Wir sind Utopia), dies at 64
  • Jul 2 Jessie Street, Australian suffragette and aboriginal rights fighter, dies at 81
  • Jul 3 Frances Parkinson Keyes, American novelist (Dinner at Antoine's), dies at 84
  • Jul 4 Barnett Newman, American abstract expressionist painter (Black Fire I), dies at 65
  • Jul 7 Allen Lane, English publisher and founder of Penguin Books, dies at 67
  • Jul 7 Dame Laura Knight, English impressionist artist, dies at 92
  • Jul 10 Bjarni Benediktsson, 13th Prime Minister of Iceland (1963-70), dies at 62

Leslie Groves

Jul 13 Leslie Groves, American army engineer who directed the Manhattan Project and construction of the Pentagon, dies of a heart attack at 73

  • Jul 18 Lucien H d'Azambuja, Fren astronomer (chromosphere of Sun), dies at 86
  • Jul 20 Iain Macleod, Conservative Party Politician and Chancellor of Exchequer at time of his death (b. 1913)
  • Jul 21 Mikhail Gerasimov, Russian anthropologist and sculptor (b. 1907)
  • Jul 22 George Johnston, Australian journalist and novelist (b. 1912)
  • Jul 24 Peter de Noronha, Indian businessman and philanthropist, dies at 73
  • Jul 26 Robert Taschereau, French Canadian lawyer and Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 73

António de Oliveira Salazar

Jul 27 António de Oliveira Salazar, Dictator of Portugal (1932-68) who founded and controlled the Estado Novo (New State), dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 81

  • Jul 30 Louis Lomax, African-American author and journalist, dies in a car accident 47
  • Aug 1 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), dies at 86
  • Aug 7 Harold Haley, American judge, shot dead in courthouse shootout in San Rafael at 67
  • Aug 7 James McClain, US African American activist, shot dead
  • Aug 7 Jonathan Jackson, US African American activist, shot dead in a shootout at 17
  • Aug 7 William Christmas, US African American activist, shot dead
  • Aug 10 Alexander Gode, German-American linguist, dies at 63
  • Aug 19 Paweł Jasienica, Polish historian, dies at 60
  • Aug 20 Hildo Krop, modernistic sculptor, dies at 86
  • Aug 22 Vladimir Propp, Russian structuralist scholar (b. 1895)
  • Aug 30 Anna Casati, Italian marchesa, murdered at 41
  • Sep 1 Francois Mauriac, French novelist, poet and playwright (Nobel 1952), dies at 84
  • Sep 4 James M. Taylor, American USAF officer and astronaut, killed during a training mission at 39
  • Sep 8 Percy Spencer, inventor of the microwave oven, (b. 1894)
  • Sep 11 Ernst May, German architect and city planner (New Frankfurt), dies at 84
  • Sep 14 Rudolph Carnap, German philosopher and mathematician, dies at 79
  • Sep 21 Gijsbert Friedhoff, Dutch architect (Wibautstrat tax office, Amsterdam), dies at 78
  • Sep 25 Erich Maria Remarque, German novelist (All Quiet on the Western Front), dies at 72

Gamal Abdel Nasser

Sep 28 Gamal Abdel Nasser, Egyptian revolutionary and politician (Acting President, 1954-56; President, 1956-70), dies of heart attack at 52

  • Sep 28 John Roderigo Dos Passos, American writer (Manhattan Transfer), dies at 74
  • Oct 8 Jean Giono, French writer (Hussard Sur le Toit), dies at 75
  • Oct 8 Lucien Goldmann, Romanian-French sociologist and philosopher, dies at 57
  • Oct 9 Jean Giono, French writer (Le Hussard sur le toit), dies at 75
  • Oct 10 Adam Rapacki, Polish minister of Maritime (1956-68), dies at 60

Édouard Daladier

Oct 10 Édouard Daladier, 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, dies at 86

  • Oct 12 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani Urdu poet, dies at 40
  • Oct 17 Pierre Laporte, Vice-Premier of Quebec (assassinated) (b. 1921)
  • Oct 19 Unica Zürn, German writer and artist, dies at 54

John T. Scopes

Oct 21 John T. Scopes, American teacher convicted for teaching evolution (Scopes "monkey trial" 1925), dies of cancer at 70

  • Oct 22 René Schneider, Chilean general/supreme commander, murdered
  • Oct 24 Richard Hofstadter, American historian, dies at 54
  • Nov 2 Richard Cushing, US cardinal to Boston, dies at 75
  • Nov 3 Peter II Karadjordjevic, last King of Yugoslavia (1934-45), dies at 57
  • Nov 8 Huw T. Edwards, Welsh trade unionist and politician, dies at 77
  • Nov 8 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), dies at 87

Charles de Gaulle

Nov 9 Charles de Gaulle, French army general, and politician (President of France, 1958-69), dies at 79

  • Nov 9 William L. Dawson, American politician (Rep-D-Ill), dies at 84
  • Nov 21 Chandrasekhara Venkata Raman, Indian physicist (Nobel Prize 1930 for light scattering), dies at 82
  • Nov 23 Yusuf Bin Ishak, president of Singapore 1965-70, dies at about 60
  • Nov 25 Yukio Mishima, Japanese author/nationalist (Harakiri), dies at 45
  • Nov 26 B O Davis Sr, 1st African American general, dies at 93 in Chicago
  • Nov 28 Fritz von Unruh, German writer, dies at 85
  • Nov 28 Jan Drda, Czech writer (Nema Barikada, Mestecko Na Dlani), dies at 55
  • Nov 28 Nina Ricci, French fashion couturiere (Nina Ricci), dies at 87
  • Dec 6 Thomas S Power, American USAF-gen (Raid on Tokyo-March 1945), dies at 65
  • Dec 7 Romaine Brooks [Beatrice Romaine Goddard], American painter, dies at 96

Rube Goldberg

Dec 7 Rube Goldberg, American cartoonist whose carttoons inspired the Rube Goldberg contests (Pulitzer Prize 1948), dies of cancer at 87

  • Dec 8 Christopher Kelk Ingold, English chemist (Cahn–Ingold–Prelog priority rules), dies at 77
  • Dec 9 Artem Mikoyan, Russian aircraft designer (MIG), dies at 65
  • Dec 9 Sir Feroz Khan Noon, Prime Minister of Pakistan (b. 1893)
  • Dec 12 Doris Blackburn, Australian politician (Member of the Australian Parliament for Bourke), dies at 81
  • Dec 12 Louis Zimmer, Flemish astronomer and clock maker (Jubelklok, Wonder Clock), dies at 82
  • Dec 14 Franz Schlegelberger, German Nazi politician, dies at 94
  • Dec 23 Bessie Abramowitz Hillman, Russian-American labor leader and founder of Amalgamated Clothing Workers of America, dies at 71
  • Dec 28 L. Mendel Rivers, American politician (Rep-D-SC), dies at 65
  • Dec 29 William King Gregory, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory), dies at 94