Deaths in History in 1977

  • Jan 3 Avraham Ofer, Israeli minister of housing, commits suicide
  • Jan 3 Benno Stokvis, Dutch attorney/politician, dies at 75
  • Jan 10 Ruth Wakefield, American inventor (created the Toll House Cookie, the first chocolate chip cookie), dies at 73
  • Jan 12 Henri-Georges Clouzot, director (Diabolique, Truth), dies at 69

Person of interestAnthony Eden

Jan 14 Anthony Eden, British Prime Minister (Conservative: 1955-57) and Foreign Secretary, dies of liver cancer at 79

British Prime Minister Anthony Eden
British Prime Minister
Anthony Eden
  • Jan 14 Anaïs Nin, French author (b. 1903)
  • Jan 17 Gary Gilmore, executed in Utah, 1st US execution since 1967
  • Jan 18 Carl Zuckmayer, German/Swiss/US playwright (Second Wind), dies at 80
  • Jan 21 Sandro Penna, Italian poet, dies at 70
  • Jan 23 Bernard "Toots" Shor, barkeeper, dies at 73
  • Feb 1 Edmond [Moore] Hamilton, American sci-fi author (Danger Planet), dies at 72
  • Feb 4 Brett Halliday, American writer (Dividend on Death), dies at 72
  • Feb 5 Oskar Klein, Swedish physicist (b. 1894)
  • Feb 7 Herman Dooyeweerd, Dutch philosopher/lawyer, dies at 82
  • Feb 9 Denys Amiel, French dramatist/playwright (Le mouton noir), dies at 92
  • Feb 9 Gaus, an orangutan who lived to be 59
  • Feb 9 Sergei Ilyushin, Russian airplane builder (Ilyushin), dies at 82
  • Feb 11 Louis J M Beel, Dutch premier (1946-48, 58-59), dies at 74
  • Feb 11 Fakhruddin Ali Ahmed, Indian leader, fifth President of India (1974-77), dies of a heart attack at 72
  • Feb 17 Janani Luwum, Ugandan Archbishop (b. 1922)
  • Feb 18 Maria Realino, teacher (Botany of Curacao), dies at 87
  • Feb 19 Anthony Crosland, British politician (b. 1918)
  • Feb 27 John Dickson Carr, American author (b. 1905)
  • Mar 2 Eugénie Brazier, French chef who was the 1st woman to earn 3 Michelin stars (1933), and the 1st person earn 3 Michelin stars for 2 restaurants, dies at 81
  • Mar 4 Andrés Caicedo, Colombian writer (b. 1951)
  • Mar 4 Lutz Graf Schwerin von Krosigk, German politician and former Chancellor of Germany (b. 1887)
  • Mar 10 Pieter Jan Bouman, Dutch sociologist/historian, dies at 74
  • Mar 10 Willem Schermerhorn, Dutch premier (1945-46), dies at 82
  • Mar 11 Ulysses S. Grant IV, American geologist (b. 1893)
  • Mar 13 Fanie Lou Hamer, freedom fighter, dies
  • Mar 13 Jan Patocka, Czech philosopher, dies in prison

Person of interestFannie Lou Hamer

Mar 14 Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), dies of breast cancer at 59

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer
  • Mar 15 Kamal Joemblat, Lebanese politician, murdered
  • Mar 15 Hubert Aquin, Quebec novelist, political activist and editor (b. 1929)
  • Mar 18 Marien Ngouabi, president of Congo-Brazzaville, murdered
  • Mar 22 A.K. Gopalan, Indian Communist leader (b. 1904)
  • Mar 27 A. P. Hamann, American politician and city manager of San Jose, California, dies in the Tenerife airport disaster at 67
  • Apr 5 John Marriott, dies at 83
  • Apr 7 Siegfried Buback, German FR procureur-genl, murdered attorney-general
  • Apr 14 Riekus Waskowsky, Dutch poet, dies at 44
  • Apr 17 William Cardinal Conway, Northern Irish clergyman (b. 1913)
  • Apr 19 Günter Bruno Fuchs, German writer, poet and artist, dies at 48
  • Apr 20 Sepp Herberger, German football coach and manager (West German National Team), dies at 80
  • Apr 21 Milton "Gummo" Marx, American comic (Marx Brothers), dies at 84
  • May 5 Ludwig Erhard, German minister of Economic Affairs (CDU), dies at 80
  • May 9 James Jones, American novelist (Bad Blood, From Here to Eternity), dies at 55
  • May 22 Gijsbert van Hall, banker/mayor of Amsterdam (1957-67), dies at 73
  • May 25 Yevgenia Ginzburg, Russian writer (b. 1904)
  • May 29 Ba Maw, Burmese politician (b. 1893)
  • May 30 Claire Goll, German-French writer, dies at 86
  • Jun 3 Archibald Vivian Hill, English physiologist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1886)

  • Jun 9 Hans Andreus, [Johan W van de Zant], Dutch poet, dies at 51
  • Jun 13 Tom C Clark, former Supreme Court Justice (1949-67), dies in NY at 77

Person of interestWerner von Braun

Jun 16 Wernher von Braun, rocket scientist (V1/V2), dies at 65 of smoking

Rocket Scientist Werner von Braun
Rocket Scientist
Werner von Braun
  • Jun 19 Ali Shariati, Iranian sociologist (b. 1933)
  • Jun 24 André-Gilles Fortin, Canadian politician, dies in car crash at 33
  • Jun 25 Lady Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guides, dies at 88
  • Jun 26 Oskar Morgenstern, German/US economist, dies at 75
  • Jun 29 Anton Hildebrand, Dutch children's book writer (Monus), dies at 70
  • Jun 29 Magda Lupescu, consort of King Carol II of Romania (b. 1895)
  • Jul 2 Vladimir Nabokov, Russian-American novelist (Lolita, Ada), dies at 78
  • Jul 3 Mohammed al-Zahaby, Egyptian minister, murdered
  • Jul 4 Gersh Budker, Russian physicist (b. 1918)
  • Jul 9 Loren C Eiseley, US anthropologist/writer (Animal Secrets), dies at 69

Person of interestAlice Paul

Jul 9 Alice Paul, American suffragist (National Woman's Party), dies at 92

Suffragist Alice Paul
Suffragist
Alice Paul
  • Jul 15 Konstantin Fedin, writer, dies

Person of interestNoel Wien

Jul 19 Noel Wien, American aviation pioneer (Wien Air Alaska), dies at 78

Aviation Pioneer Noel Wien
Aviation Pioneer
Noel Wien
  • Jul 21 Lee Miller, American photographer (War correspondent for Vogue in WWII), dies at 70
  • Jul 27 Jacob Marschak, Ukrainian-American economist (econometrics), dies at 79
  • Jul 30 Jorgen Ponto, West German banker, murdered
  • Jul 31 Stacy Moskowitz, shot to death by Son of Sam, at 20
  • Aug 1 Francis Gary Powers, US U-2 pilot, dies at 47
  • Aug 3 Makarios III [Michail Mouskos], Greek Cypriot clergyman and politician, dies at 63
  • Aug 4 Emil Bloch, German philosopher (Principle Hope, Traces), dies at 92
  • Aug 11 John Howard Lawson, American scriptwriter and playwright (Blockade, Algiers, Sahara), dies at 82
  • Aug 13 Henry Williamson, English author (Tarka the Otter), dies
  • Aug 14 Alexander Luria, Russian neuropsychologist (Higher Cortical Functions in Man), dies at 75
  • Aug 24 Soewarsih Djojopoespito, Indonesian writer (Toe the Line), dies at 65
  • Aug 26 HA Rey, author of popular constellation book, dies at 78
  • Sep 4 E. F. Schumacher, German economist and statistician (b. 1911)
  • Sep 4 Jean Rostand, French biologist (b. 1894)
  • Sep 5 Marcel Thiry, Belgian writer and wallon militant, dies at 80
  • Sep 10 Hamida Djandoubi, Tunisian convicted murderer who was the last person to be executed in Western Europe, is beheaded in Marseille by guillotine at 28
  • Sep 12 Robert Lowell, US poet/pacifist (Near the Ocean), dies at 60)
  • Sep 12 Steven Biko, South African anti-apartheid activist, dies in police custody at 30
  • Sep 16 Maria Callas, American-born prima donna, dies in Paris at 53
  • Sep 18 Paul Bernays, Swiss mathematician (b. 1888)
  • Sep 25 Sidney James van den Bergh, Dutch businessman and politician, dies at 78
  • Oct 10 Jean Duvieusart, 36th Prime Minister of Belgium, dies at 77
  • Oct 11 Mason Gross, professor (Think Fast, 2 for the Money), dies at 66
  • Oct 11 MacKinlay Kantor, American author (b. 1904)
  • Oct 16 Michael Balcon, producer, dies at 81
  • Oct 18 Andreas Baader (b. 1943)
  • Oct 18 Gudrun Ensslin, German terrorist (Founder of Red Army Faction), dies at 37
  • Oct 18 Jan-Carl Raspe (b. 1944)
  • Oct 27 James M Cain, American writer (Postman Always Rings Twice), dies at 85
  • Nov 2 Hans Erich Nossak, German writer, dies at 76

Person of interestRené Goscinny

Nov 5 René Goscinny, French cartoonist (Asterix), dies of cardiac arrest during a routine stress test at 51

Author and Cartoonist René Goscinny
Author and Cartoonist
René Goscinny
  • Nov 8 Georg Wüst, German Oceanographer, dies at 87
  • Nov 11 Abraham Sarmiento, Jr., Filipino journalist & political activist, dies at 27
  • Nov 13 Ingrid Schubert, German terrorist (b. 1944)
  • Nov 14 A.C. Bhaktivedanta Swami Prabhupada, Indian guru, founder of International Society for Krishna Consciousness, dies at 81
  • Nov 18 Kurt Schuschnigg, Austrian politician (b. 1897)
  • Nov 20 Maxie Wander, writer, dies
  • Nov 27 John Little McClellan, American lawyer and politician (Sen-D-Ark), dies at 81
  • Nov 30 Terrence Rattigan, British writer and playwright (b. 1911)
  • Dec 1 Paul Hardy, Belgian designer (Italian Country, dies at 69
  • Dec 1 Teun Struycken [Antoon Arnold Marie Struycken], Dutch Minister of Justice (1950-51) and Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (1951-56), dies at 70
  • Dec 5 Aleksandr Vasilevsky, Soviet military commander (b. 1895)
  • Dec 7 Peter Carl Goldmark, German-Hungarian engineer (developed the LP record format), dies in a car accident at 77
  • Dec 9 Clarice Lispector, writer, dies
  • Dec 12 Baroness Clementine Spencer-Churchill (nee Hozier), widow of Sir Winston, dies at 92
  • Dec 15 Wilfred Kitching, the 7th General of The Salvation Army (b. 1893)
  • Dec 18 Louis Untermeyer, poet/critic/TV panelist (What's My Line), dies at 92
  • Dec 18 Walter Breedveld, Dutch writer (Een ship vergaat), dies at 76
  • Dec 19 Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician and the 1st woman to serve as a governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), dies at 101
  • Dec 24 Samael Aun Weor, Colombian writer (b. 1917)
  • Dec 31 Sabah III Al-Salim Al-Sabah, ruler of Kuwait (b. 1924)