On This Day

Historical Figures Who Died in 1991

  • Jan 1 Charles B. Timmer, Dutch writer (Russia Black on White), dies at 83
  • Jan 1 Yvonne Waegemans, Flemish author (Gnome Patjoepelke), dies at 81
  • Jan 2 Irving Johnson, American sail training pioneer & adventurer, dies at 85
  • Jan 4 Poon Lim, Chinese sailor who survived 133 days adrift at sea, dies at 72
  • Jan 5 Vasko Popa, Yugoslavia-Serbian poet (Heaven is a Side Issue), dies at 68
  • Jan 6 Ada Moore, entertainer, dies of cancer at 64
  • Jan 10 Dimitris Myrat, dies of cancer at 62
  • Jan 11 Jason Christmas, dies of a gunshot wound during robbery in NY at 49
  • Jan 12 Vasco Pratolini, Italian writer (Ragazze di San Frediano), dies at 77
  • Jan 14 Sallah Kharaf [Abu Iyad], co-founder (Al-Fatah), assassinated
  • Jan 14 Gordon Bryant, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • Jan 17 Olav V, King of Norway (1957-91), dies at 87
  • Jan 18 Hamilton Fish III, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New York), dies at 102
  • Jan 19 Marcel Chaput, French Canadian politician, dies at 72
  • Jan 22 Robert Choquette, French Canadian novelist, poet and diplomat, dies at 85
  • Jan 23 Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)
  • Jan 24 John M. Kelly, Irish politician and academic (b. 1931)
  • Jan 24 Jack Schaefer, American author (Shane), dies at 83
  • Jan 26 Johnny van Doorn, Dutch writer/poet, dies at 46
  • Jan 28 Dale Long, hit HRs in 8 consecutive games, dies at 66
  • Jan 29 Yasushi Inoue, Japanese writer (The Bullfight), dies at 83

John Bardeen

Jan 30 John Bardeen, American physicist, electrical engineer and co-inventor of the transistor (Nobel 1956, 1972), dies of heart disease at 82

  • Jan 30 Clifton C. Edom, American photojournalism educator (b. 1907)
  • Feb 1 Annie van Ommeren-Averink [Hanna Jacoba of Ommeren-Averink], Dutch politician (CPN), dies at 77
  • Feb 3 Harry Ackerman, American TV executive producer (b. 1912)
  • Feb 5 Pedro Arrupe, Spanish priest/Jesuit, dies at 83
  • Feb 6 Marten Levendig, Dutch TV correspondent to Moscow, dies
  • Feb 6 Salvador Luria, Italian-American microbiologist (Nobel Prize 1969), dies at 78
  • Feb 7 Gladys LaVerne, dies of heart problems at 87
  • Feb 7 Amos Yarkoni, legendary Israeli soldier (b. 1920)
  • Feb 7 Jean-Paul Mousseau, Quebec painter, member of Les Automatistes (b. 1927)
  • Feb 7 John Steinbeck IV, American author and journalist
  • Feb 11 Oscar Nitzchke, German architect (Alcoa building, Centre Pompidou), dies at 90
  • Feb 11 Robert W. Holley, American biochemist who worked with RNA (Nobel Prize 1968), dies at 71
  • Feb 11 Ajla Rachmanova, Russian-Austrian author (Students), dies at 92
  • Feb 12 Edward A Blatt, director (Between 2 Worlds), dies at 88
  • Feb 12 Robert F. Wagner Jr., Mayor of New York City (Democrat: 1954-65), dies at 80
  • Feb 14 Arno Breker, German architect and sculptor (Third Reich), dies at 90
  • Feb 14 John A McCone, Head of CIA (1961-65), dies
  • Feb 14 Carlo L. Golino, Italian-American scholar, dies at 77
  • Feb 16 Enrique B Varela, commandant Nicaragua contra's, dies
  • Feb 17 Enrique Bermudez, Nicaraguan commandant, founder of the Nicaraguan Contras, assassinated at 58
  • Feb 24 Marcella Markham, dies of breast cancer at 68
  • Feb 25 Mhlabunzima Maphumulo, South African Kwazulu politician (first President of Congress of Traditional Leaders of South Africa (CONTRALESA)), dies at 41
  • Feb 27 Robert-Jan Akkerman, Dutch diplomat (to Tunis), murdered
  • Feb 28 Guillermo Ungo, member of El Salvador junta (1979-80), dies
  • Feb 28 Wassily Hoeffding, American statistician (b. 1914)

Edwin Land

Mar 1 Edwin Land, American inventor of instant photography & co-founder of the Polaroid Corporation, dies at 81

  • Mar 2 Clark Mollenhoff, American journalist (Pulitzer Prize), dies
  • Mar 2 Freek Zoetmulder, publisher (Austrian Encyclopedia)/neo-nazi, dies
  • Mar 3 Clara Eggink, Dutch poet (Life with J C Bloem), dies at 84
  • Mar 3 William Penney, British physicist (developed Britain's 1st atomic bomb), dies at 81
  • Mar 5 August de Schryver, Belgian politician/founder (CVP), dies at 92
  • Mar 5 Trijntje Jansma-Boskma, oldest person in Netherland, dies at 109
  • Mar 7 Greta Schoon, German poet, dies at 81
  • Mar 8 John Bellairs, American sci-fi author (Chessmen of Doom), dies of cardiovascular disease at 53
  • Mar 12 Etienne Decroux, French mime (Voyage, Surprise), dies at 92
  • Mar 12 Ragnar Granit, Finnish neuroscientist, (Nobel 1967 - discoveries concerning the primary physiological and chemical visual processes in the eye), dies at 90
  • Mar 14 Jef Houthuys, Belgian union leader (ACV, 1968-87), dies at 68
  • Mar 14 Margery Sharp, English children's author (The Rescuers), dies at 86
  • Mar 16 7 members of Reba McIntire's band, killed in a plane crash
  • Mar 16 Jan H. van Roijen, Dutch ambassador to the U.S. and Netherlands Foreign Minister, dies at 85
  • Mar 19 Ron Pagano, dies after lengthy illness at 37
  • Mar 20 Conor Clapton, Eric Clapton's son, falls to his death out of 53rd floor window at 5
  • Mar 22 Léon Balcer, French Canadian politician (b. 1917)
  • Mar 22 Paul Engle, American poet and writer (Worm Earth, American Song), dies at 82
  • Mar 23 Dominic Bellissimo, created buffalo chicken wings, dies at 68
  • Mar 23 Fons Jansen, Dutch news reader and cabaretier, dies at 65
  • Mar 23 Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)
  • Mar 23 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), dies at 97
  • Mar 24 Sir John Kerr, Australian politician and the Governor General who dismissed the Whitlam Government, dies at 76
  • Mar 25 Marcel Lefebvre, French Catholic prelate (b. 1905)
  • Mar 26 Frans Dohmen, union leader (Neth Catholic Mine Workers), dies at 81
  • Mar 29 Lee Atwater, political strategists (R), dies of a brain tumor at 40
  • Apr 1 Martha Graham, American choreographer (Appalachian Spring), dies at 96
  • Apr 1 Paulo Muwanga, chief of Uganda (1980), dies
  • Apr 1 Jaime Guzmán, Chilean politician (President of the Independent Democratic Union), dies at 44

Graham Greene

Apr 3 Graham Greene, British writer (3rd Man, Our man in Havana), dies at 86

  • Apr 4 John Heinz, American businessman and Republican politician (Senator from Pennsylvania, 1977-1991), dies in a plane crash at 52
  • Apr 4 Max Frisch, Swiss architect/writer (Stiller, Biedermann), dies at 79
  • Apr 5 John Tower, American politician (US Senator (R)-Texas), dies in a plane crash at 65
  • Apr 5 Manley Lanier "Sonny" Carter Jr, American chemist and NASA astronaut (STS 33), dies at 43
  • Apr 12 James Schuyler, American poet (Pulitzer 1980), dies
  • Apr 17 Jack Yellen, American poet (Sons o' Fun), dies at 97
  • Apr 20 Yumjaagiin Tsedenbal, Mongolian politician (Chairman of the Presidium of the People's Great Khural (President), 1974-84; Prime Minister, 1952-74; General Secretary of the Mongolian People's Party, 1940-54), dies at 74
  • Apr 20 Sean O'Faolain [J Whelan], Irish writer (Nest of Simple), dies at 91
  • Apr 21 Richard Bolling, American politician (Rep-D-Missouri 1949-83), dies at 74
  • Apr 23 Peter Bailey, Graphic designer/calligrapher, dies
  • Apr 24 J. de Graaf, Dutch ethicist, president church & peace, dies at 79
  • Apr 26 Richard Hatfield, Canadian politician (26th Premier of New Brunswick), dies at 60
  • Apr 27 Marcus Heeresma, Dutch author (Anna, Son of a Whore), dies at 55
  • Apr 28 Floyd McKissick, American lawyer & civil rights activist, dies at 69
  • Apr 28 Steve Broidy, American motion picture executive, dies at 85
  • Apr 29 Claude Gallimard, French publisher, dies
  • Apr 30 George Sperti, American inventor (Preparation H), dies at 91
  • May 1 Richard Thorpe, American director (Jailhouse Rock, Night Must Fall), dies at 95
  • May 2 Hal Bell, dies at 65
  • May 2 Leib Lensky, dies at 82
  • May 2 Ronald McKie, Australian author (The Mango Tree), dies at 81
  • May 3 Gerrit Mik, Dutch psychiatrist and politician (D66), dies
  • May 3 Jerzy Kosiński, Polish-American novelist (The Painted Bird, Being There), dies at 57
  • May 4 Dennis Crosby, son of Bing, commits suicide at 54
  • May 4 George Delacorte, American philanthropist and publisher (Dell Books), dies at 96
  • May 6 Anthony van Kampen, writer (Ketelbinkie, Geschonden Eldorado), dies
  • May 6 Thomas A Carlin, dies at 62
  • May 8 Lloyd Ford, American stuntman, dies at 79
  • May 9 James L. Reinsch, American broadcasting executive & presidential media adviser (Roosevelt, Truman and Kennedy) who also advised Winston Churchill on his 1946 "Iron Curtain" speech, dies at 82
  • May 10 Armand HF Boni [Armand the Good], Flemish poet/writer, dies
  • May 11 Ho Dam, North Korean foreign minister (1970-83), dies at 62
  • May 14 Ast Fonteyne, Flemish lecture artist, dies
  • May 14 Herman Niels, Flemish radio director, dies

Jiang Qing

May 14 Jiang Qing [Madame Mao], Chinese communist and wife of Mao Zedong, commits suicide at 77

  • May 14 John Edward Craven, dies
  • May 14 Shintaro Abe, minister of Exterior of Japan (1982-86), dies
  • May 15 Andreas Floer, German mathematician (Floer homology), dies at 34
  • May 19 Douglas L Mays, cartoonist (Punch), dies
  • May 21 Jean Van Joutte, Prime Minister of Belgium (1952-54), dies
  • May 23 Jean Van Houtte, Belgian politician (Prime Minister of Belgium, 1952-56; Finance Minister, 1950-52 and 1958-61), dies at 84
  • May 23 Peter Trevenen Thwaites, British Brigadier General and playwright (Love or money), dies at 74
  • May 26 Tom Eyen, playwright (Dreamgirls), dies of cardiac arrest at 50
  • May 27 Ed Dodd, cartoonist (Mark Trail), dies at 88
  • May 28 Brigitte B Fischer, writer, dies
  • May 28 Ethel Lois Payne, American civil rights journalist and "1st Lady of the Black Press", dies at 79
  • May 31 Angus Wilson, British writer (Wrong Set), dies at 77
  • Jun 3 Harry Glicken, American volcanologist, killed by Mt Unzen Volcano in Japan at 33
  • Jun 3 Takeshi Nagata, Japanese geophysicist, dies at 78
  • Jun 6 Sylvia Porter, economist/author (Money Book), dies at 77
  • Jun 7 Antoine Blondin, French writer (L'Europe buissonnière), dies at 69
  • Jun 9 Charles Loloma, painter/sculptor, dies
  • Jun 10 Vercors [Jean Bruller], French writer (Silence of Mer), dies
  • Jun 14 Joy Finzi [Joyce A Black], British painter, dies at 84
  • Jun 15 William Arthur Lewis, Saint Lucian economist (1979 Nobel Prize in Economics for economic development research), dies at 76 [1]
  • Jun 17 Leo Koury, American murderer (FBI Most Wanted List - never caught), dies under an assumed name in hospital at 56
  • Jun 23 Antonio Jacinto, Angolan poet, dies at 66
  • Jun 24 Rufino Tamayo, Mexican painter, dies at 91
  • Jun 24 Sumner Locke Elliott, Australian-born American novelist (b. 1917)
  • Jun 27 Klas Bruinsma, leader criminal organization, murdered
  • Jun 27 Willem J [Molly] Geertsema, liberal/foreign minister), dies
  • Jun 28 Klas Bruinsma, clergyman, dies
  • Jul 1 Joost Baljeu, painter/founder-editor Structure, dies
  • Jul 4 Victor Chang, Australian physician (b. 1936)
  • Jul 5 Howard Nemerow, American poet laureate (Pulitzer), dies
  • Jul 5 Mildred Dunnock, dies at 87
  • Jul 6 Nicholas P. Dallis, American psychiatrist and comic strip writer (Rex Morgan, M.D.), dies at 79
  • Jul 11 Hitoshi Igarashi, Japanese interpreter (Satanic Verses), murdered
  • Jul 13 Cor Ria Leeman, Flemish (youth)writer, dies
  • Jul 16 Cornelis Z Forster [Da Kuneisi], Suriname granman/gaanman, dies
  • Jul 16 Frank Rizzo, American politician (Mayor-D-Philadelphia, 1972-80), dies of a heart attack at 70
  • Jul 16 Robert Motherwell, American painter (Elegies to Spanish Rep), dies at 76
  • Jul 18 André Cools, Belgian Minister of Budget, murdered at 63
  • Jul 24 Isaac Bashevis Singer, Polish-American yiddish writer (Yentl, Nobel Prize for Literature 1978), dies at 87
  • Jul 24 Karl Ellis, dies at 41
  • Jul 25 Lazar Kaganovich, Soviet politician and one of the main associates of Joseph Stalin, dies at 97
  • Jul 30 Leonardus S van Egerat, travel expert, dies at 68
  • Aug 4 Nikiforos Vrettakos, Greek poet (Hodyne), dies at 80
  • Aug 5 Soichiro Hondo, Japanese CEO & founder of Honda, dies of liver cancer at 84
  • Aug 6 Shapour Bakhtiar, premier Iran (1979), dies in Paris
  • Aug 6 Roland Michener, 20th Governor General of Canada (1967-74), dies at 91
  • Aug 7 Shapur Bahktiar, Iranian politician, Prime Minister of Iran (1979), assassinated at 77
  • Aug 8 James Irwin, American air force officer and NASA astronaut (Apollo 15, 8th person to walk on the moon), dies at 61
  • Aug 8 John Brasser, Zaans resistance fighter (White Ko), dies
  • Aug 8 Magdalena G Schenk, historical (Vorstenhuizen of our time), dies
  • Aug 10 Josef Lipski, Polish Senator, anti-Communist dissident, and human rights advocate, dies of heart disease at 65
  • Aug 11 Jef Contryn, Flemish pioneer puppet theatre, dies at 89
  • Aug 13 Jack Ryan, American toy developer at Mattel (Barbie Doll, Hot Wheels), dies at 65
  • Aug 15 Marietta Tree, ambassador (UN Comm of Human Rights), dies at 74
  • Aug 16 Shamu the Whale, dies of respiratory failure at 16
  • Aug 16 Stuart Karl, CEO (Karl Home Video), dies at 38 of skin cancer
  • Aug 17 Leo Geerts [Marcel van der Linden], Belgian writer/critic, dies
  • Aug 17 Mervyn Nelson, American stage director (Some of My Best Friends Are...), dies at 76
  • Aug 18 Vaughn Shoemaker, US cartoonist (John Q Public, Pulitzer), dies
  • Aug 20 Lenore Strunsky Gershwin, widow of Ira Gershwin, dies at 90
  • Aug 21 Oswald von Nell-Breuning, German theologist and philosopher, dies at 101
  • Aug 21 Wolfgang Hildesheimer, German-Swiss architect and writer (Mozart biographer), dies at 74
  • Aug 22 Boris Pugo, USSR minister of Interior (1990), commits suicide
  • Aug 23 Florence B Seibert, bio-chemist (TB), dies at 93
  • Aug 24 Beb [Elizabeth] Vuyk, Neth/Indon writer (Camp Diary), dies at 86
  • Aug 24 Bernard Castro, patented convertible couch, dies at 87
  • Aug 25 Sergei Ajromeiev, soviet general, commits suicide
  • Aug 29 Kathryn Cravens, American early news correspondent, dies at 92
  • Aug 29 Libero Grassi, Italian underwear manufacturer/anti mafia, dies
  • Aug 30 Hans Koetsier, Dutch sculptor artist (KLM-Schiphol), dies at 61
  • Aug 30 Jean Tinguely, Swiss sculptor artist (moving objects), dies at 66
  • Aug 31 Leigh Watson, US aviation pioneer/air force general, dies at 93
  • Sep 1 Steve Kemp, British light enterpeneur, dies
  • Sep 2 Alfonso Garcia Robles, Mexican foreign minister (Nobel 1982), dies
  • Sep 3 Henri de Lubac, French theologist and antifascist, dies at 95
  • Sep 6 Donald Henry "Pee Wee" Gaskins, American serial killer (claimed to have murdered over 100 people), executed in the electric chair at 58
  • Sep 7 John Crosby, American columnist/detective writer dies at 79
  • Sep 7 John Lawrence, examined effect of neutron radiation on fabric, dies
  • Sep 8 Jan J Lipski, chairman (Polish Socialist Party)/writer, dies
  • Sep 9 Edwin M. McMillan, American physicist and discoverer of plutonium (Nobel 1951), dies at 83
  • Sep 9 John Lawrence, doctor, dies
  • Sep 9 Joop Zwart, Dutch political activist and resistance fighter, dies at 78
  • Sep 10 Sarah Sally Lawrence, entertainer, dies at 61
  • Sep 11 Ernst Herbeck, German Poet (b. 1920)
  • Sep 12 Jacques Benoit [JJM Bayer], poet, dies
  • Sep 14 Russell Lynes, American art historian and magazine editor (b. 1910)