Deaths in History on December 1

  • 660 Eligius [Eloy], French patron saint of horses, goldsmiths and metalworkers who as bishop of Tournay-Noyon spent 20 years converting the pagan population of Flanders to Christianity, dies at around 72
  • 1018 Thietmar, German chronicler and Bishop of Merseburg, dies at 43

Henry I of EnglandHenry I of England (c. 1068-1135)

King of England (1100-1135) and the 1st English King after the Norman conquest to be fluent in the English language, dies at around 66 of fever after eating "a surfeit of lampreys"

  • 1241 Isabella of England, wife of Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (b. 1214)
  • 1374 Magnus IV [Magnus Eriksson], king of Norway and Sweden (outlawed slavery), drowns at 58
  • 1417 Walraven I van Brederode, viceroy of Holland, dies
  • 1433 Emperor Go-Komatsu of Japan, 100th Emperor of Japan, dies at 56
  • 1455 Lorenzo Ghiberti, Italian sculptor (Gates of Paradise), dies at 77

Leo XLeo X (1475-1521)

Italian Catholic Pope (1513-21), dies at 45

  • 1530 Margaretha of Austria, governess of the Netherlands, dies at 51
  • 1580 Edmund Campion, English jesuit, hanged, drawn and quartered at 42
  • 1580 Giovanni Morone, Italian theologian, diplomat and cardinal, dies at 71
  • 1581 Alexander Briant, English Catholic saint, hanged, drawn and quartered (b. around 1556)
  • 1581 Ralph Sherwin, English Catholic saint, hanged, drawn and quartered at 31
  • 1602 Kobayakawa Hideaki, Japanese samurai and warlord (b. 1582)
  • 1633 Isabella Clara Eugenia, Sovereign of the Netherlands (1598-1621), dies at 67
  • 1635 Melchior Teschner, German composer, dies at 51
  • 1660 Pierre d'Hozier, French genealogist, dies at 68
  • 1700 Willem ten Rhijne, Dutch physician in Batavia, dies at about 53
  • 1709 Abraham a Sancta Clara [Johann Ulrich Megerle], German court preacher and friar, dies at 65
  • 1729 Giacomo F. Maraldi, French-Italian astronomer and mathematician, dies at 64
  • 1736 Simon van Slingelandt, Dutch grand pensionary (1727-36), dies at 72
  • 1750 Johann Gabriel Doppelmayr, German mathematician, astronomer and cartographer, dies at 73
  • 1767 Henry Erskine, 10th Earl of Buchan, British Freemason
  • 1797 Oliver Wolcott, American judge, signed US Declaration of Independence, dies at 71
  • 1825 Tsar Alexander I of Russia (1801-1825), dies of typhus at 47
  • 1842 Philip Spencer, American sailor, 1st US naval officer condemned for mutiny, hanged aboard the USS Somers at 19
  • 1865 Abraham Emanuel Fröhlich, Swiss poet (b. 1796)
  • 1865 Constant van Crombrugghe, Flemish monastery founder, dies at 76
  • 1866 George Everest, Welsh surveyor and namesake of Mt. Everest, dies at 76
  • 1884 William Swainson (lawyer), second, and last, Attorney-General (New Zealand) of the Crown Colony of New Zealand (b. 1809)
  • 1887 Albertus J. Duymaer van Twist, Dutch Governor-General of Dutch East Indies, dies at 78
  • 1892 Joseph Lippens, Belgian official in Congo, murdered at 37 during the Congo Arab war
  • 1892 Lucius E. Polk, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 59
  • 1913 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), dies at 49
  • 1914 Alfred Thayer Mahan, American naval officer (Influence of Sea Power), dies at 74
  • 1916 Charles Eugène, vicomte de Foucauld, French explorer (Morocco) and ascetic, killed in the Sahara during an uprising at 58
  • 1923 Virginie Loveling, Flemish writer (Sophie) and poet, dies at 87
  • 1928 José Eustasio Rivera, Colombian writer (b. 1888)
  • 1934 Sergei Kirov, Russian politician who was Mayor of Leningrad and a friend of Joseph Stalin, assassinated in Leningrad at 48
  • 1935 Bernard Schmidt, German optical instrument maker (inventor of the Schmidt telescope), dies at 56
  • 1941 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado, 1933-41), dies at 66
  • 1943 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, dies at 81
  • 1947 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, dies at 72
  • 1947 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), dies at 70
  • 1952 Vittorio Emanuele Orlando, Prime Minister of Italy (1917-19) who represented Italy at the 1919 Paris Peace Conference, dies at 92
  • 1964 J. B. S. Haldane, British-Indian geneticist (primordial soup theory), dies at 72
  • 1971 Arthur B. Spingarn, American lawyer and civil rights activist (NAACP chairman, 1940-65), dies at 93

Antonio SegniAntonio Segni (1891-1972)

Italian politician, Prime Minister of Italy (1955-57, 59-60, 62-64), dies at 81

  • 1974 Lajos Zilahy, Hungarian/American author (Angry Angel), dies at 83
  • 1974 Stephen Gill Spottswood, American African Methodist Episcopal Zion bishop, and civil rights leader (NAACP Chairman, 1961-74), dies at 77
  • 1975 Anna E. Roosevelt, American radio personality (b. 1906)
  • 1977 Paul Hardy, Belgian designer (Italian Country, dies at 69
  • 1977 Teun Struycken [Antoon Arnold Marie Struycken], Dutch Minister of Justice (1950-51) and Governor of the Netherlands Antilles (1951-56), dies at 70
  • 1983 Leon Mirsky, Russian-British mathematician (Mirsky's theorem), dies at 64
  • 1984 Roelof Frankot, Dutch painter (b. 1911)
  • 1987 Donn Fulton Eisele, American Air force officer and astronaut, dies of a heart attack at 57
  • 1987 James Arthur Baldwin, American writer (Another Country), dies at 63

James BaldwinJames Baldwin (1924-1987)

American novelist (Go Tell it on the Mountain; Another Country) and playwright (The Amen Corner; Blues for Mister Charlie), dies of stomach cancer at 63

  • 1990 Jan Hendrik de Groot, Dutch co-founder of Vrij Nederland), dies at 89

Vijaya Lakshmi PanditVijaya Lakshmi Pandit (1900-1990)

Indian diplomat and politician who was the 1st woman to hold a cabinet post in India, dies at 90

  • 1991 George Joseph Stigler, US economist (Nobel Prize 1982), dies at 80
  • 1995 Koos Schuur, Dutch writer, poet (Novemberland), translator, and editor (Het Woord), dies at 79
  • 1996 Babrak Karmal, Afghan politician (General Secretary 1979-86), dies at 67
  • 1997 Denis Gerald Barrington, British artist, dies at 67
  • 1997 Michel Bélanger, French Canadian businessman and banker (b. 1929)
  • 2003 Clark Kerr, first Chancellor of the University of California, Berkeley (b. 1911)
  • 2004 Prince Bernhard of the Netherlands dies of lung cancer at 93
  • 2005 Gust Avrakotos, American intelligence case officer (b. 1938)
  • 2006 Bruce Trigger, Canadian archaeologist (McGill University) (b. 1937)
  • 2007 Sally L. Smith, American educator and founder (Lab School of Washington), dies at 78
  • 2008 Joseph B. Wirthlin, American businessmen, religious leader, member of the Quorum of the Twelve Apostles (LDS Church), dies at 91
  • 2010 Hillard Elkins, American theatre and film producer (b. 1929)
  • 2011 Christa Wolf, German writer (b. 1929)
  • 2016 Ousmane Sow, Senegalese sculptor, dies at 81