Deaths in History on December 13

  • 838 Pippijn I, King of Aquitania, dies
  • 1048 Al-Biruni, Iranian mathematician, astronomer and polymath, dies at 74
  • 1124 Callistus/Callixtus II [Guido di Borgogna], Italian Pope (1119-24), dies
  • 1126 Henry IX, the Black, Duke of Bavaria (1120-26), dies
  • 1204 Maimonides [Moses Ben Maimon], Sephardic Jewish philosopher, astronomer and physician (Mishneh Torah), dies in Cairo at 69
  • 1250 Frederick II, Holy Roman Emperor (1220-50), King of the Romans (Germany), dies at 55
  • 1404 Albert I, Duke of Bavaria and third son of Louis IV, Holy Roman Emperor, dies at 74

DonatelloDonatello (c. 1386-1466)

Florentine artist and Renaissance sculptor, dies at around 80

  • 1516 Johannes Trithemius, German cryptographer, dies at 54
  • 1521 Manuel I, King of Portugal (1495-1521) during era of Portuguese exploration known as "Manuel The Fortunate", dies at 52
  • 1557 Niccolo Tartaglia, Italian mathematician, dies
  • 1565 Conrad Gessner, Swiss physician and naturalist, dies at 49

Selim IISelim II (1524-1574)

11th Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1566-74), dies of head injury after a fall at 50

  • 1603 François Viète, French mathematician dies in Paris (b. 1540)
  • 1621 Katarina Stenbock, Queen of Gustav I of Sweden (b. 1535)
  • 1650 Phineas Fletcher, English poet, dies at 68
  • 1693 Dodoftei, Romanian metropolitan of Moldavia/writer (Saint Lives), dies
  • 1693 Willem Van de Velde, Dutch the Old, seascape painter, dies at about 82
  • 1716 Charles de La Fosse, French painter (b. 1640)
  • 1721 Alexander Selkirk, Scottish sailor and castaway, inspiration for Robinson Crusoe (b. 1676)
  • 1729 Anthony Collins, English philosopher (A discourse on free-thinking), dies at 53
  • 1769 Christian Fürchtegott Gellert, German poet and novelist (Fables & Tales), dies at 54
  • 1774 Susanne von Klettenberg, German abbess and correspondent of Goethe, dies at 50
  • 1783 Pehr Wilhelm Wargentin, Swedish astronomer (b. 1717)

Samuel JohnsonSamuel Johnson (1709-1784)

English scholar and lexicographer (A Dictionary of the English Language), dies at 75

  • 1814 Charles Joseph, 7th Prince of Ligne, Belgium fieldmarshal and author, dies at 79
  • 1835 John Storm, American Revolutionary soldier (b. 1760)
  • 1837 Herman of Alaska, Russian Orthodox hermit (b. 1756)
  • 1862 Conrad Feger Jackson, US Union brigadier general, dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 49
  • 1862 Maxcy Gregg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 48
  • 1862 Thomas Reade Rootes Cobb, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies in Battle of Fredericksburg at 39
  • 1863 Friedrich Hebbel, writer, dies at 50
  • 1868 Carl Friedrich Philipp von Martius, German botanist and explorer, dies at 74
  • 1872 Helena Beeloo, a maid, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1872 W T van der Kouwen-ten Cate, murdered by Henry Jut at the Hague, Netherlands
  • 1881 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Kletva [The Curse]), dies at 43
  • 1883 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (b. 1812)
  • 1894 Sarah Parker Remond, African-American abolitionist, dies at 68
  • 1895 Ányos Jedlik, Hungarian physicist (b. 1800)
  • 1908 Augustus Le Plongeon, French-American photographer and antiquitarian, dies at 83
  • 1909 Innokenti Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter, dies of a heart attack at 54
  • 1915 Francis Cockrell, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 81
  • 1919 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (b. 1850)
  • 1922 Hannes Hafstein, Icelandic politician and poet (b. 1861)

Samuel GompersSamuel Gompers (1850-1924)

American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), dies at 74

  • 1930 Fritz Pregl, Slovenian/Austrian chemist, Nobel laureate (b. 1869)
  • 1931 Gustave le Bon, French psychologist (b. 1840)
  • 1932 Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (b. 1853)
  • 1934 Thomas A. Watson, American assistant to Alexander Graham Bell in inventing the telephone, dies at 80
  • 1935 Victor Grignard, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - development of the Grignard reaction), dies at 64
  • 1940 Jacques-Arsène d'Arsonval, French physicist and inventor of the moving-coil D'Arsonval galvanometer, dies at 89
  • 1942 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (b. 1866)
  • 1944 Wassily Kandinsky, Russian-French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), dies at 78
  • 1945 Elisabeth Volkenrath, supervisor at concentration camps (b. 1919)
  • 1945 Robert van Genechten, Dutch Nazi (NSB), commits suicide
  • 1947 Nicholas Roerich, Russian painter, dies at 73
  • 1950 Abraham Wald, Hungarian mathematician (field of statistical sequential analysis), dies at 48
  • 1954 John Raymond Hubbell, American writer (b. 1879)
  • 1955 Egas Moniz, Portuguese psychiatrist and neurosurgeon (1949 Nobel laureate for developing Lobotomy procedure), dies at 81
  • 1958 Ahmed Mukhtar Baban, premier of Iraq, executed
  • 1958 Barhanuddin Bashajan, Iraqi minister of Foreign affairs, executed
  • 1958 Rafiq Aref, Iraqi chief-staff Arabs Statenbond, executed

Grandma MosesGrandma Moses (1860-1961)

American primitive painter (Old Oaken Bucket), dies at 101

  • 1963 Hubert ME Pierlot, Belgian advocate/premier (1939-45), dies at 79
  • 1965 Robert Frederick Sink, United States Army Officer (WWII, Korean War & Vietnam War), dies at 60
  • 1969 Raymond A Spruance, U.S. Navy admiral (Battle of Midway), dies at 83
  • 1971 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), dies at 88
  • 1973 Henry Green, English author (b. 1905)
  • 1974 John G. Bennett, British scientist and author, dies at 77
  • 1974 Yakup Kadri Karaosmanoglu, Turkish writer and translator, dies at 85
  • 1975 Hendrik Johan Kruls, Dutch general and chief military authority (1944-46), dies at 73
  • 1976 Eduard Claudius, writer, dies
  • 1977 Charles Petrie, British historian known for his study of royalism and Jacobitism (If: A Jacobite Fantasy), dies at 82
  • 1980 Harm van Riel, Dutch Liberal Party politician, dies at 73
  • 1983 Alexander Schmemann, Orthodox Christian priest and theologian (b. 1921)
  • 1983 Mary Renault [Challans], British author (King Must Die, Funeral games), dies at 78
  • 1983 Nichita Stanescu, Romanian poet (b. 1933
  • 1988 Bill Nichols, American politician (Rep-D-AL, 1967-88), dies of a heart attack in office at 70
  • 1991 Andre Pieyre de Mandiargues, French writer (La marge), dies at 82
  • 1992 Cornelius Vanderbilt Whitney, American businessman and heir (Pan Am Airways), dies at 93
  • 1992 K.C. Irving, Canadian industrialist (b. 1899)
  • 1992 Robert Shone, British economist and director-general (NEDC), dies at 86
  • 1993 Charles JB Jonckheere, Flemish poet/writer: Ogentroost, dies at 87
  • 1994 Antoine Pinay, Prime Minister of France (1952-53), dies
  • 1994 Glenn M. Anderson, American politician (Rep-D-CA, 1969-93), dies at 81
  • 1994 Herman W "Fritz" Liebert, US librarian/Yale-curator, dies at 83
  • 1995 Evangeline Bruce, American society hostess and writer, dies at 81
  • 1996 Cao Yu, Chinese dramatist (Peking Man), dies at 86
  • 1996 Charles Edwin Molnar, computer pioneer, dies at 61
  • 1997 Alexander Oppenheim, mathematician, dies at 94
  • 1997 Martin Carter, Guyanese poet and political activist, dies at 70
  • 1997 Rafael Jose Fernandez de la Calzada y Ferrer, restaurateur, dies at 83
  • 1998 Richard Thomas, British admiral (Royal Navy) and NATO representative, dies at 66
  • 1999 Allen Breed, American inventor of the first automotive airbag sensor, dies of a heart attack while suffering from lung cancer, at 72
  • 2003 William V. Roth, Jr., U.S. Senator (b. 1921)
  • 2004 David Wheeler, English computer scientist (b. 1927)
  • 2005 Stanley Tookie Williams, co-founder of the Crips and convicted murderer (b. 1953)
  • 2006 Henry Beachell, American plant breeder, dies at 100
  • 2007 Mark Partridge, Rhodesian politician
  • 2010 Richard Holbrooke, American diplomat (b. 1941)
  • 2011 Park Tae-joon, South Korean general and founder of steel giant Posco, dies at 84
  • 2011 Russell Hoban, American author (creator of 'Frances' series), dies at 86
  • 2016 Thomas Schelling, American economist, (Nobel Prize 2005 - game-theory analysis), dies at 95
  • 2017 Bette Howland [Lee Sotonoff], American writer and literary critic (Blue in Chicago, The iron year), dies from multiple sclerosis and dementia at 80
  • 2018 Alann Steen, American journalist and educator, and political hostage (Beirut, 1987-91), dies of cancer at 79
  • 2019 Richard G Hatcher, American attorney and politician (Mayor of Gary, Indiana, 1968-88), dies at 88