Deaths in History on January 23

  • 1002 Otto III, German king and emperor (983/996-1002), dies at 21
  • 1199 Yaqub, Almohad Caliph (b. 1160)
  • 1356 Margaretha of Bavaria, Emperess of Germany, dies

Ferdinand II of AragonFerdinand II of Aragon (1452-1516)

King of Aragon (1479-1516), King of Naples (1504-16), dies at 63

  • 1549 Johannes Honter, Transylvanian Saxon humanist and theologian (b. 1498)
  • 1567 Jiajing, 12th Emperor of Ming Dynasty of China, dies at 59
  • 1622 William Baffin, English explorer, dies of a gunshot wound at in attack on Qeshm about 38
  • 1639 Francisco Maldonado da Silva Solis, Peruvian poet, burned at stake
  • 1648 Francisco de Rojas Zorrilla, Spanish playwright (Del Rey Abajo Ninguno), dies at 40
  • 1744 Giambattista Vico, Italian philosopher and historian (b. 1668)
  • 1785 Matthew Stewart, Scottish mathematician (b. 1717)
  • 1789 Frances Brooke, English writer (b. 1724)
  • 1789 John Cleland, English novelist (Fanny Hill), dies (b. 1709)
  • 1800 Edward Rutledge, American founding father, Governor of South Carolina (1798-1800) and signer of the Declaration of Independence, dies at 50
  • 1803 Arthur Guinness, Irish brewer and founder of the Guinness brewery, dies at 77
  • 1805 Claude Chappe, French engineer and telecommunications pioneer (optical telegraph), commits suicide at 41

William Pitt the YoungerWilliam Pitt the Younger (1759-1806)

British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), dies of a suspected peptic ulceration of his stomach or duodenum at 46

  • 1812 Robert Craufurd, British general, dies at 47
  • 1813 George Clymer, American merchant (signed US Declaration of Independence), dies at 73
  • 1820 Prince Edward, British Duke of Kent and Strathearn, son of Geor III and father of Queen Victoria, dies of pneumonia at 52
  • 1833 Edward Pellew, 1st Viscount Exmouth, British admiral (b. 1757)
  • 1866 Thomas Love Peacock, English satirist (b. 1785)
  • 1875 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!), dies at 55
  • 1883 Gustave Doré, French artist, engraver, and illustrator (b. 1832)
  • 1888 Eugène Marin Labiche, French playwright (The Italian Straw Hat), dies at 72
  • 1889 Alexandre Cabanel, French painter (Birth of Venus), dies at 65
  • 1891 Prince Baudouin of Belgium, Count of Flanders, dies at 21
  • 1893 Jose Zorrilla y Moral, Spanish poet (Granada), dies at 75
  • 1893 Lucius Quintus Cincinnatus Lamar, American politician and U.S. Supreme Court Justice, dies at 67
  • 1913 Nazim Pasha, Turkish Minister of War, assassinated at 65
  • 1923 Max Nordau, Austrian author, philosopher, and Zionist leader (b. 1849)
  • 1926 Désiré-Joseph Mercier, Belgian philosopher and cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church, dies at 74
  • 1937 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), dies at 60

Edvard MunchEdvard Munch (1863-1944)

Norwegian painter (The Scream), dies at 80, bequeathing all of his work to the city of Oslo

  • 1944 Viktor Gusev, Russian poet (Polyushko Pole), dies at 34
  • 1945 Helmuth J. Moltke, German politician ("July 20th Plot"), executed at 37
  • 1946 Matteo Giulio Bartoli, Italian linguist, dies at 72
  • 1947 Pierre Bonnard, French painter and illustrator, dies at 79
  • 1952 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, dies at 71
  • 1957 Willie Edwards, US African American, murdered by KKK at 25
  • 1971 Fritz Feigl, Austria-born chemist (b. 1871)
  • 1973 Alexander Onassis, Greek heir of the Onassis family (b. 1948)
  • 1976 Aleksey Vasilyevich Sorokin, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 44
  • 1977 Bernard "Toots" Shor, New York restaurateur (Toot's Shor's Restaurant), dies at 73
  • 1984 Mu'in Bseiso, Palestinian poet (b. 1926)
  • 1986 Joseph Beuys, West German avant-garde artist (Fluxus movement), dies at 64
  • 1988 Charles Glen King, American biochemist and pioneer of nutrition research who isolated vitamin C, dies at 91
  • 1988 Dan Daniel, American politician (Rep-D-VA, 1969-88), dies at 73

Salvador DaliSalvador Dali (1904-1989)

Spanish surrealist artist (Crucifixion), dies of heart failure at 84

  • 1990 Mariano Rumor, Italian politician (Prime Minister of Italy, 1968-70; 73-1974), dies at 74
  • 1991 Northrop Frye, Canadian writer and critic (b. 1912)
  • 1992 Simon Brand, South African banker and adviser to President F. W. de Klerk, dies
  • 1993 Dudley Stevens, English entertainer, dies of AIDS at 57
  • 1993 Keith Laumer [Anthony LeBaron], American sci-fi author (Retief's War), dies at 67
  • 1994 Nikolai Ogarkov, Russian marshal (Flight KAL 007), dies at 76
  • 1994 Oliver Smith, US set designer (Guys & Dolls-7 Tony Awards), dies at 75
  • 1994 Suzanne M. Blum, French lawyer (Charlie Chaplin), dies at 95
  • 1995 Harold Collett Dent, British journalist and educationist, dies at 100
  • 1995 Michael Whalley Wickham, English artist, dies at 91
  • 1995 Peter Luke, British playwright, dies at 75
  • 1996 Norman MacCaig, Scottish poet, dies at 85
  • 1997 Jeremy Maas, British writer and art dealer, dies at 68
  • 1997 Laura "Dinky" Patterson, dies bungee jumping at Super Bowl rehearsal at 43
  • 1997 Randy Greenawalt, American convicted killer, executed by injection at 47
  • 1997 Roger John Tayler, British astrophysicist (author of The Origin of the Chemical Elements), dies at 67
  • 1998 Hilla Limann, president of Ghana in (1979-81), dies at 63
  • 1999 Jay Pritzker, American businessman (b. 1922)
  • 1999 Thomas C. Mann, American diplomat (U.S. Ambassador to Mexico), dies at 86
  • 2002 Pierre Bourdieu, French sociologist and anthropologist, dies at 71
  • 2002 Robert Nozick, American philosopher (Anarchy, State, and Utopia), dies at 63
  • 2004 Helmut Newton, German fashion photographer, dies at 83
  • 2005 Morys George Lyndhurst Bruce, 4th Baron Aberdare, British politician (b. 1921)
  • 2006 Chris McKinstry, Canadian scientist (b. 1967)
  • 2006 Virginia D. Smith, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Nebraska), dies at 94
  • 2007 E. Howard Hunt, American intelligence officer involved in Watergate break-in, dies at 88
  • 2007 Ryszard Kapuściński, Polish journalist and writer (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Syed Hussein Alatas, Malaysian Politician (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Robert W. Scott, American politician, governor of North Carolina (b. 1929)
  • 2011 Jack LaLanne, American fitness and nutritional expert, dies at 96
  • 2012 Anthony Capo, DeCavalcante crime family hitman and informant, dies from heart attack at 52/53
  • 2015 King Abdullah of Saudi Arabia (2005-2015), dies at 90
  • 2017 Lee O’Denat, American internet entrepreneur (WorldStarHipHop.com), dies of heart disease at 43
  • 2018 Nicanor Parra, Chilean poet, mathematician, and physicist (Defense of Violeta Parra), dies at 103
  • 2018 Stansfield Turner, American admiral and CIA director (1977-81), dies at 94
  • 2018 Wyatt Tee Walker, African-American pastor, civil rights leader, chief of staff for Martin Luther King, Jr. and cultural historian, dies at 88
  • 2019 Diana Athill, English writer and editor (Stet), dies at 101
  • 2019 Norman Orentreich, American dermatologist known as "the father of modern hair transplantation", dies at 96