Deaths in History on January 9

  • 1150 Emperor Xizong of Jin was murdered by Prince Hailing of Jin in a Coup d'état.
  • 1282 Abû 'Uthmân Sa'îd Hakam al Qurashi, ruler of Minorca (b. 1204)
  • 1283 Wen Tianxiang, Prime Minister of China and scholar-general in the last years of the Southern Song Dynasty, executed at 46
  • 1499 Johan Cicero, Elector of Brandenburg (1486-99), dies at 43
  • 1514 Anna Duchess of Brittany, heir to the Duchy of Brittany, only woman to be French Consort Queen twice - to Charles VIII (1483-98), and Louis XII (1499-1514), dies of a kidney stone attack at 36
  • 1543 Guillaume du Bellay, French diplomat and general (b. 1491)
  • 1562 Amago Haruhisa, Japanese samurai and warlord, dies at 46
  • 1571 Nicolas Durand de Villegaignon, French naval officer (b. 1510)
  • 1598 Jasper Heywood, English translator (b. 1553)
  • 1653 John Haynes, 5th Governor of the Massachusetts Bay Colony, dies at 58
  • 1677 Aernout "Aert" van der Neer, cartoonist/landscape painter, dies at 73
  • 1757 Bernard le Bovier de Fontenelle, French scientist and man of letters (b. 1657)
  • 1757 Louis Bertrand Castel, French mathematician, dies at 68
  • 1766 Thomas Birch, British historian (b. 1705)
  • 1798 Pedro Pablo Abarca d Bolea, Spanish officer, and ount earl of Aranda, dies at 79
  • 1799 Maria Gaetana Agnesi, Italian scientist (b. 1718)
  • 1800 Jean Étienne Championnet, French general (b. 1762)
  • 1805 Noble Wimberly Jones, American Continental Congressman (b. 1723)
  • 1828 Pieter 't Hoen, Dutch journalist and patriot (Neder-Rhijn), dies at 83
  • 1843 William Hedley, British industrial engineer (b. 1773)
  • 1848 Caroline Herschel, German-born pioneering female astronomer (comet 35P/Herschel-Rigolle), dies at 97
  • 1849 Jan Kops, Dutch agriculturist/vicar, dies at 83
  • 1853 Juan Nicasio Gallego, Spanish poet and interpreter (El dos de Mayo), dies at 75
  • 1858 Anson Jones, 5th and last President of Texas commits suicide at 59

Napoleon IIINapoleon III (1808-1873)

Emperor of France (1852-70), dies at 64

  • 1876 Samuel Gridley Howe, United States physician, abolitionist, and an advocate of education for the blind, dies at 74
  • 1877 Alexander Brullov, Russia painter (b. 1799)

Victor Emmanuel IIVictor Emmanuel II (1820-1878)

King of Sardinia (1849-61) and Italy (1861-78), dies at 57

  • 1879 Don Joaquin BF Espartero, fieldmarshall/viceroy of Navarra, dies at 86
  • 1893 Mohara, Arab ivory/slave trader, dies in battle & is eaten
  • 1895 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, American watch manufacturer (b. 1812)
  • 1901 Richard Copley Christie, English scholar (b. 1830)
  • 1902 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist and Minister of the Interior, dies at 66
  • 1907 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, dies at 88
  • 1908 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), dies at 67
  • 1908 Wilhelm Busch, German poet, dies at 75
  • 1911 Edvard Rusjan, Slovene flight pioneer (b. 1886)
  • 1918 Émile Reynaud, French scientist (invented 1st animated images), dies at 73

Katherine MansfieldKatherine Mansfield (1888-1923)

New Zealand short story writer (The Garden Party), dies of tuberculosis at 34

  • 1927 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), dies at 71
  • 1930 Edward W Buck, Dutch/US editor (Ladies Home Journal), dies at 66
  • 1931 Claude Anet [Jean Schopfer], French writer (La fille perdue), dies at 62
  • 1941 Ko Boezeman, Dutch resistance fighter, dies
  • 1943 Robin G Collingwood, English philosopher (Roman Britain), dies at 53
  • 1945 Jüri Uluots, Estonian Prime Minister (b. 1890)
  • 1946 Countee Cullen, African American poet of the Harlem Renaissance (Black Christ, One Way to Heaven), dies at 42
  • 1947 Karl Mannheim, German sociologist (Diagnosis of Our Time), dies at 53
  • 1947 Lambertus Zijl, Dutch sculptor (Merchant Exchange-Amsterdam), dies at 80
  • 1958 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes), dies at 77
  • 1958 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, dies at 89
  • 1960 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), dies at 79
  • 1961 Emily Greene Balch, American sociologist, feminist and pacifist (Women's International League for Peace and Freedom - Nobel Peace Prize 1946), dies at 94
  • 1964 Halide Edib Adevar/Salih, Turkish feminist (Handan), dies at about 80

Albert StevensAlbert Stevens (1887-1996)

an American patient in secret medical trials who survived the highest known radiation dose in a human, dies of heart disease at 79

  • 1972 Ted Shawn, US dancer, dies at 80
  • 1975 Pyotr Sergeyevich Novikov, Russian mathematician (group theory), dies at 73
  • 1979 Pier Luigi Nervi, Italian engineer and architect (Nuove Struttura), dies at 87
  • 1984 Wolfgang Staudte, German director (Ciske de Rat), dies at 77
  • 1985 Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist, dies at 105
  • 1990 Sir Edward McTiernan, Australian jurist, lawyer and politician (b. 1892)
  • 1992 Bill Naughton [William John Francis Naughton], English playwright (Alfie), dies at 81
  • 1993 Felix Grucci, fireworks expert, dies of Alzheimer's disease at 87
  • 1993 Sir Paul Hasluck, Governor-General of Australia (b. 1905)
  • 1995 Souphanouvong, President of Laos (1975-87), dies at 85
  • 1996 Kurt Schmucker, German RFA minister of Economy (1963-66), dies
  • 1996 Michael Lynn Synar, politician, dies at 45
  • 1997 Edward Osobka-Morawski, prime minister of Poland (1945-47), dies
  • 1997 Junaidu ibn Buhari, scholar, dies at 90
  • 1998 Kenichi Fukui, Japanese Nobel Prize for Chemistry (1981), dies at 79
  • 2000 Arnold Hall, British aeronautical engineer, dies at 84
  • 2000 Nigel Tranter, Scottish historian and author, dies at 90
  • 2001 Maurice Prather, American photographer, and cinematograper (Carnival of Souls), dies at 74
  • 2001 Paul Vanden Boeynants, Prime Minister of Belgium (1966-68, 1978-79), dies at 81
  • 2004 Norberto Bobbio, Italian philosopher (b. 1909)
  • 2008 John Harvey-Jones, English businessman and chairman of ICI (1982-87), dies at 83
  • 2008 Mehran Ghassemi, Iranian journalist (b. 1977)
  • 2008 William Quinn, Irish Republican Army soldier (b. 1950)
  • 2009 T. Llew Jones, Welsh author (b. 1915)
  • 2012 Malam Bacai Sanhá, President of Guinea-Bissau, dies of diabetes at 64
  • 2012 William Roll, German poltergeist researcher and parapsychologist (The Poltergeist, Unsolved Mysteries), dies at 85
  • 2013 James M. Buchanan, American economist (Nobel Memorial 1986), dies at 93
  • 2014 Dale T. Mortensen, American economist and Nobel laureate, dies at 74
  • 2017 Warren Allen Smith, American gay rights activist and writer, dies at 95
  • 2017 Zygmunt Bauman, Polish-born sociologist (Modernity and the Holocaust), dies at 91
  • 2018 Odvar Nordli, 21st Prime Minister of Norway (Labour: 1976-81), dies at 90
  • 2019 Joseph Howze, American Roman Catholic bishop, 1st African American Bishop to be appointed in 20th century, dies at 95
  • 2020 Roscoe Nance, American sportswriter (USA Today; Mississippi’s first African American sportswriter at mainstream newspaper), dies at 71
  • 2021 Isaak Markovich Khalatnikov, Russian physicist, dies at 101