Deaths in History on July 12

  • 783 Bertrada of Laon, Frankish queen sometimes referred to as "Bertha Broadfoot", and mother of Charlemange the Great, dies
  • 1073 Johannes Gualbertus, Italian monk/saint, dies
  • 1429 Jean de Gerson, French theologian (Theologica mystic), dies at 65
  • 1441 Ashikaga Yoshinori, Japanese shōgun (1429-41), assassinated in evening play by the Akamatsu family at 48
  • 1450 Jack Cade who led a revolt against English King Henry VI is captured and mortally wounded in Sussex. His head later erected on a pole on London Bridge.

ErasmusErasmus (1466-1536)

Dutch humanist and theologian (The Praise of Folly), dies at 69

  • 1545 Maria Manuela van Portugal, niece of Spanish King Philip II, dies
  • 1575 Renée of France, duchess of Ferrara and daughter of French King Louis XII, dies at 63
  • 1584 Steven Borough, English explorer, dies at 58
  • 1633 Simon Besler, German composer, dies at 49
  • 1640 Henry Casimir I, count of Nassau-Dietz, dies
  • 1664 Stefano della Bella, Italian printmaker (b. 1610)
  • 1682 Jean Picard, French astronomer, dies at 61
  • 1693 John Ashby, English admiral
  • 1708 William of Nassau de Zuylenstein, Earl of Rochford, Dutch soldier and diplomat, dies
  • 1712 Richard Cromwell, Lord Protector of the Commonwealth of England, Scotland and Ireland (1658-59), dies at 85
  • 1749 Charles de la Boische, Marquis de Beauharnois, Governor of New France

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton (1755-1804)

US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), killed by Vice President Aaron Burr in pistol duel near Weehawken at 49

William HoweWilliam Howe (1729-1814)

5th Viscount Howe, British Military Leader (commander of British forces in the American Revolutionary War), dies at 84

  • 1835 David Douglas, Scottish botanist (Douglas fir), dies from falling in to a pit trap while surveying Mauna Kea in Hawaiʻi at 35
  • 1844 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher, dies at 63
  • 1845 Henrik Wergeland, Norwegian poet (Creation, Humanity, and Messiah) and author, dies at 37
  • 1849 Dolley Madison, 4th First Lady Of The United States (b. 1768)
  • 1850 Robert Stevenson, Scottish civil engineer (Bell Rock Lighthouse, Scotland), dies at 78
  • 1874 Fritz Reuter, German novelist, dies at 63
  • 1892 Cyrus West Field, American financier noted for success of 1st transatlantic cable, dies at 72
  • 1898 Paul Voulet, French captain/mass murderer in Senegal, dies
  • 1899 Esquire Mauritius A de Savornin Lohman, Governor of Suriname, dies at 67
  • 1902 Pieter Caland, Dutch hydraulic engineer (New Waterway), dies at 74

Charles RollsCharles Rolls (1877-1910)

British aviator and auto manufacturer who co-founded Rolls Royce, dies in a place crash at 32, the 1st British person to do so

  • 1917 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, dies at 71
  • 1918 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, dies at 54
  • 1918 William McComb, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 89

Gertrude BellGertrude Bell (1868-1926)

British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), dies at 57

  • 1929 Robert Henri, American painter (The Eight) and leader of Ashcan school of painting, dies at 63
  • 1933 Willem H Drucker, lawyer, dies at 45
  • 1934 Ole Evinrude, Norwegian-American industrialist and inventor (outboard marine engine), dies at 57

Alfred DreyfusAlfred Dreyfus (1859-1935)

French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), dies at 75

  • 1945 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (b. 1871)
  • 1945 Wolfram Freiherr von Richthofen, German field marshal (German Air Force-WW II), dies at 49
  • 1946 Ray Stannard Baker, American journalist (Puliter Prize 1940), dies at 76
  • 1949 Douglas Hyde, first President of Ireland (b. 1860)
  • 1950 Elsie de Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (b. 1865)
  • 1956 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), dies at 80
  • 1961 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (b. 1879)
  • 1966 D T Suzuki, Zen Buddhism scholar, dies in Tokyo Japan at 96
  • 1980 John W Davis, President (WV State college), dies at 92
  • 1981 Ben Seijes, historian (WWII), dies at 73
  • 1988 Joshua Logan, Broadway producer (South Pacific), dies at 79 of palsy
  • 1988 Raymond W Goldsmith, US economist, dies at 83
  • 1989 Sidney Hook, American philosopher (The Paradoxes of Freedom), dies at 86
  • 1990 Richard R Briggs, dies after short illness at 71
  • 1993 Dan Eldon, British-Kenyan photojournalist, killed in Somalia while working for Reuters at 22
  • 1994 David Malcolm Lewis, English historian, expert in Greek Epigraphy, dies at 56
  • 1994 James Bysse Joll, British historian, dies at 76
  • 1996 (Andrew) Rodger Waterson, Scottish zoologist, specializing in malacology (mollusks) and entomology (insects), dies at 84
  • 1996 John Boon, English publisher (MiIls and Boon), dies at 79
  • 1998 Serge Lemoyne, French Canadian artist (b. 1941)
  • 2000 Charles Merritt, Canadian Army officer and recipient of the Victoria Cross during World War II, dies at 98

Edward Lee HowardEdward Lee Howard (1951-2002)

American CIA Case Officer and alleged Soviet spy who defected to the Soviet Union in 1985, dies at 50 after breaking his neck during a fall

  • 2004 Betty Oliphant, co-founder of National Ballet of Canada (b. 1918)
  • 2004 Jean Ruth Adams, American entomologist (insect pathogens and viruses), dies at 75 or 76
  • 2005 John King, Baron King of Wartnaby, British businessman and CEO of British Airways after its privatization, dies at 87
  • 2007 Mr. Butch, Iconic Boston street figure (b. 1951)
  • 2007 Stan Zemanek, Australian radio personality (b.1947)
  • 2008 Tony Snow, former speechwriter for Presidents George H. W. Bush and press secretary for George W. Bush, dies of colon and liver cancer at 53
  • 2009 Simon Vinkenoog, Dutch writer and poet, dies at 80
  • 2010 Harvey Pekar, American comic book writer (American Splendor), dies at 70
  • 2010 James P. Hogan, British sci-fi author (Giants' Star), dies at 69
  • 2013 Amar Bose, American entrepreneur and academic (M.I.T., Bose Corporation), dies at 83
  • 2014 Kenneth J. Gray, American politician (Rep-D-IL, 1955-74, 85-89), dies at 89
  • 2017 Scharlette Holdman, American death penalty mitigation specialist, dies at 70
  • 2018 Tom Gallagher, American diplomat, gay activist, and 1st Foreign Service officer to publicly come out in 1976, dies at 77