On This Day

Deaths in History on July 13

  • 574 John III, Italian Pope (561-74), dies
  • 939 Leo VII, Italian Pope (936-39), dies
  • 1024 Henry II, Holy Roman Emperor (1014-24) and King of Germany (1002-24), dies at 51
  • 1105 Rashi, [Rabbi Shlomo Yitzaki], Jewish intellectual, dies
  • 1205 Hubert Walter, Archbishop of Canterbury and Justicier of England
  • 1309 Jan I van Nassau, bishop of Utrecht, dies
  • 1357 Bartolus de Saxoferrato Italian jurist (b. 1313)
  • 1380 Bertrand du Guesclin, French King of Granada, dies at about 60
  • 1399 Peter Parler, German architect (b. 1330)
  • 1402 Jianwen, 2nd Emperor of the Ming Empire (1398-1402), dies at 24
  • 1551 John Wallop, English soldier and diplomat (b. 1490)
  • 1621 Albert VII, Archduke of Austria and cardinal-archbishop of Toledo, dies at 61
  • 1626 Robert Sidney, 1st Earl of Leicester, English statesman, dies at 62
  • 1628 Robert Shirley, English adventurer (b. 1581)
  • 1629 Caspar Bartholin the Elder, Danish physician, theologian, writer on anatomy, dies at 44
  • 1683 Arthur Capell, 1st Earl of Essex, English statesman (b. 1631)

  • 1693 Hendrik Trajectinus, Count of Solms, Dutch lieutenant-general (b. 1636)
  • 1705 Titus Oates, English Protestant conspirator, dies at 55
  • 1755 Edward Braddock, British general, dies in battle at Pittsburgh
  • 1760 Conrad Weiser, Pennsylvania's ambassador to the Native Americans, dies at 63
  • 1761 Tokugawa Ieshige, Japanese shogun (b. 1712)

Person of interestJames Bradley

1762 James Bradley, English astronomer, 3rd Royal, discovered Earth's nutation motion, dies at 69

Astronomer James Bradley
Astronomer
James Bradley
  • 1777 Guillaume Coustou Jr, French sculptor (Apollo/Mars/Venus), dies at 61
  • 1785 Stephen Hopkins, American politician who signed the US Declaration of Independence, dies at 78
  • 1789 Victor de Riqueti, marquis de Mirabeau, French economist, dies at 73

MurderJean-Paul Marat

1793 Jean-Paul Marat, French journalist and revolutionary (Friend of the People periodical), is murdered by Charlotte Corday in a bath at 50

Revolutionary and Journalist Jean-Paul Marat
Revolutionary and Journalist
Jean-Paul Marat
  • 1807 Henry Benedict Stuart, Jacobite claimant to the throne of England (b. 1725)
  • 1859 Rufus Choate, American lawyer (Hall of Fame), dies at 59
  • 1860 John Ackersdijk, Dutch state house builder, dies at 69
  • 1861 Robert Selden Garnett, US Confederate Brigadier General, dies at 41
  • 1863 John S. Bowen, American Major General (Confederate Army), dies at 32
  • 1877 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German bishop of Mainz, dies at 65
  • 1882 Johnny Ringo, American Gunfighter (b. 1850)
  • 1889 Robert Hamerling, Austrian poet (b. 1830)
  • 1890 John C. Frémont, American army officer, explorer of the American West and presidential candidate , dies at 77
  • 1896 August Kekule von Stradonitz, German chemist who discovered structure of benzene ring, dies at 66

  • 1922 Martin Dies, American politician (b. 1870)
  • 1924 Alfred Marshall, English economist (Principles of Economics), dies at 81
  • 1925 Gerben Postma [Ids], Fries writer (Lytse Fryske Spraekleare), dies
  • 1927 James E K Aggrey, Ghana/US theologist, dies

Person of interestKate Sheppard

1934 Kate Sheppard, New Zealand suffragette and the most prominent member of New Zealand's women's suffrage movement, dies at 87

Suffragette Kate Sheppard
Suffragette
Kate Sheppard
  • 1936 Jose Calvo Sotelo, Spanish minister of Finance, murdered at 43
  • 1937 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, dies at 66
  • 1943 Kurt Huber, German philosopher and resistance fighter, beheaded at 50

Person of interestAlfred Stieglitz

1946 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), dies at 82

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz
  • 1954 Irving Pichel, dies at 63

Person of interestFrida Kahlo

1954 Frida Kahlo, Mexican painter who explored questions of identity, postcolonialism, gender and race in Mexican society, dies of a pulmonary embolism at 47

Painter Frida Kahlo
Painter
Frida Kahlo
  • 1954 Grantland Rice, American sportswriter (New York Herald Tribune 1914-30, Colliers 1925-37), dies from a stroke at 73
  • 1955 Beulah Ecton Woodard, African-American sculptor, dies at 59
  • 1955 Ruth Ellis, last English woman (murderess), executed by hanging
  • 1960 Anna Blaman, Dutch writer (Life & Death), dies at 55
  • 1960 Joy Gresham, American writer (b. 1915)
  • 1960 Joy Davidman, American poet, writer and wife of C. S. Lewis, dies at 45
  • 1965 Photis Kontoglou, Greek writer, painter and iconographer, dies at 69
  • 1966 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, dies at 82
  • 1967 Cornelis A Eman, chairman (State of Aruba Peoples Party), dies at 51
  • 1969 Madiba Thembekile, Nelson Mandela's son, dies in a car accident at 24

Person of interestLeslie Groves

1970 Leslie Groves, American army engineer who directed the Manhattan Project and construction of the Pentagon, dies of a heart attack at 73

US Army Engineer and WWII General Leslie Groves
US Army Engineer and WWII General
Leslie Groves
  • 1974 Patrick Blackett, British physicist (Nobel 1948 - nuclear reaction), dies at 76
  • 1976 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (b. 1884)
  • 1976 Joachim Peiper, German military leader (SS, by assassination; b. 1915)
  • 1979 Corine Griffith, dies at 84
  • 1980 Seretse Khama, 1st President of Botswana (1966-80), dies of pancreatic cancer at 59
  • 1982 Michael Blankfort, American writer, producer and director, dies at 74
  • 1983 Gabrielle Roy, Canadian author (b. 1909)
  • 1987 Patience Collier, dies
  • 1988 Huub Bals, Dutch film promotor, dies at 51
  • 1988 Samuel L Mendel, oldest US war veteran, dies at 104
  • 1989 Abdul Rahman Qassemlu, Iran Kurds leader, murdered
  • 1989 Arnaldo Ochoa Sanchez, Cubans general, executed
  • 1990 Lois Moran Young, dies of cancer at 81
  • 1991 Cor Ria Leeman, Flemish (youth)writer, dies
  • 1993 Edwin "Rick" Bakker, author (Rick's Report/AIDS Diary), dies at 31
  • 1994 Bob Payton, American pizza magnate (The Chicago Pizza Pie Factory), dies at 50
  • 1995 Godtfred Kirk Christiansen, Danish toy manufacturer (Lego Group)
  • 1996 Walter Hassan, British automotive engineer, dies at 91
  • 1997 Miguel Ángel Blanco, Spanish politician (b. 1968)
  • 2002 Yousuf Karsh, Turkish-born Armenian photographer (b. 1908)
  • 2008 Bronisław Geremek, Polish social historian and politician (b. 1932)
  • 2014 Thomas Berger, American novelist, dies at 89
  • 2014 Nadine Gordimer, South African author & Nobel laureate, dies at 90
  • 2016 Bernardo Provenzano, Mafia Boss (Cosa Nostra), dies in a prison hospital at 83

Person of interestLiu Xiaobo

2017 Liu Xiaobo, Chinese writer and human rights activist, dies from liver cancer at 61

Writer and Human Rights Activist Liu Xiaobo
Writer and Human Rights Activist
Liu Xiaobo
  • 2018 Nancy Barbato Sinatra, first wife and life-long friend of Frank Sinatra, dies at 101
  • 2020 [Zindziswa] Zindzi Mandela, South African politician and poet, dies at 59