Deaths in History on July 23

  • 945 Richarius, bishop of Luik (922-45), dies
  • 1227 Qiu Chuji, Chinese Taoist (b. 1148)
  • 1373 Birgitta van Sweden, Swedish saint, dies
  • 1403 Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel (executed) (b. 1343)
  • 1531 Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers
  • 1568 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1581 Georges Lalaing, viceroy of Friesland, dies
  • 1584 John Day, English protestant printer (Book of Martyrs) (b. 1522)
  • 1645 Michael I, first Russian Tsar of the House of Romanov (1613-45), dies at 49
  • 1690 Richard Gibson, English painter of portrait miniatures and a court dwarf, dies at around 75
  • 1692 Gilles Ménage, French scholar, dies at 78
  • 1727 Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1764 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (b. 1703)
  • 1773 George Edwards, English naturalist and ornithologist (father of British ornithology), dies at 79
  • 1781 John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American Continental Congressman, dies at 56

Roger ShermanRoger Sherman (1721-1793)

American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence, Constitution), dies of typhoid fever at 72

  • 1800 John Rutledge, American 2nd Chief Justice of the United States, dies at 60
  • 1803 Arthur Wolfe, Irish 1st viscount Kilwarden, Chief Justice of Ireland, murdered during Irish Rebellion at 64
  • 1816 Elizabeth Hamilton, British author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • 1844 Christian Gobrecht, 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 1853 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (Pretoria named after him), dies at 54
  • 1859 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), dies at 73
  • 1875 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 1878 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)

Ulysses S. GrantUlysses S. Grant (1822-1885)

18th US President (1869-77) and Union general, dies of esophageal cancer in Mount McGregor NY at 63

  • 1888 Williams Carter Wickham, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • 1904 John Simon, British pathologist, public health officer, and 1st Chief Medical Officer (1855-76), dies at 87
  • 1905 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76
  • 1909 Ernest F. Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • 1916 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), dies at 63
  • 1920 Conrad Kohrs, German-born cattle rancher in Montana, dies at 84
  • 1923 Charles Dupuy, French statesman, 3 times Prime Minister of France (1893, 1894-95, 1898-99), dies at 71
  • 1924 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, dies at 64
  • 1927 Saad Zaghlul, Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1930 Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer and airplane builder, dies at 52
  • 1942 Adam Czerniaków, Polish engineer and head of Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Council, dies by suicide at beginning of clearing of the Ghetto at 61
  • 1942 Nikola Vaptsarov, Bulgarian poet, communist and revolutionary, executed by firing squad at 32
  • 1942 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, dies at 72
  • 1943 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • 1944 Helmuth James von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed by the Nazis for treason at 37
  • 1944 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, dies at 79
  • 1946 James Maxton, Scottish politician, Leader of the Independent Labour Party, dies at 61

Philippe PétainPhilippe Pétain (1856-1951)

French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), dies at 95

  • 1955 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nations (Nobel Peace Prize 1945), dies at 83
  • 1957 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian prince and writer (The Leopard), dies at 61
  • 1964 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, dies at 74
  • 1968 Henry Hallett Dale, physiologist (1938 Noble Prize for Medicine or Physiology for work on acetylcholine), dies at 93
  • 1969 Dell Floyd, American editor, author and playwright (Little Accident), dies at 82
  • 1973 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), dies at 82
  • 1976 Martin Wickramasinghe, Sri Lankan author (Gamperaliya - The Uprooted/Changing Village), dies at 85
  • 1979 Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (b. 1898)
  • 1980 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, dies at 82
  • 1980 Sarto Fournier, Mayor of Montreal (b. 1908)
  • 1982 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, dies at 82
  • 1989 Donald Barthelme, American author (b. 1931)
  • 1990 Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese development of television (b. 1899)
  • 1994 Aad Ivens, Dutch checkers player, dies at 80
  • 1994 Henry William Collins, English artist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Bob Rundick, American poet and DJ, dies at 52
  • 1996 Hamilton Fish IV, American politician (Rep-R-NY, 1969-95), dies at 70
  • 1996 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author, activist and one of the Mitford sisters, dies at 78
  • 1996 John Corner, scientist, dies at 80
  • 1998 Vladimir Dudintsev, Ukrainian Soviet writer (Not by Bread Alone), dies at 79
  • 1999 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), dies of natural causes at 70
  • 2001 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), dies at 92
  • 2002 Arnold Weinstock, English industrialist (GEC managing director), dies at 77
  • 2002 Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2002 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist, dies at 68
  • 2003 James E. Davis, New York City councilman (murdered) (b. 1962)
  • 2006 Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), dies at 91
  • 2007 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, dies at 93
  • 2007 Mohammed Zahir Shah, last King of Afghanistan (1933-73), dies at 92
  • 2008 Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1924)
  • 2011 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), dies at 75
  • 2011 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), dies at 80

Sally RideSally Ride (1951-2012)

American astronaut and 1st American woman in space, dies of pancreatic cancer at 61

  • 2016 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, dies at 90
  • 2020 Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian politician, President of Tanzania (1995-2005), dies at 81
  • 2020 Mars Rafikov, Russian cosmonaut (one of the 20 original cosmonauts), dies at 66