On This Day

Deaths in History on July 23

  • 945 Richarius, bishop of Luik (922-45), dies
  • 1227 Qiu Chuji, Chinese Taoist (b. 1148)
  • 1373 Birgitta van Sweden, Swedish saint, dies
  • 1403 Thomas Percy, 1st Earl of Worcester, English rebel (executed) (b. 1343)
  • 1531 Louis de Brézé, seigneur d'Anet, Marshal of Normandy and husband of Diane de Poitiers
  • 1568 Don Carlos, son of Spanish King Philip II, dies at about 23
  • 1581 Georges Lalaing, viceroy of Friesland, dies
  • 1584 John Day, English protestant printer (Book of Martyrs) (b. 1522)
  • 1645 Michael I, first Russian Tsar of the House of Romanov (1613-45), dies at 49
  • 1690 Richard Gibson, English painter of portrait miniatures and a court dwarf, dies at around 75
  • 1692 Gilles Ménage, French scholar, dies at 78
  • 1727 Simon Harcourt, 1st Viscount Harcourt, Lord Chancellor of Great Britain
  • 1764 Gilbert Tennent, Irish-born religious leader (b. 1703)
  • 1773 George Edwards, English naturalist and ornithologist (father of British ornithology), dies at 79
  • 1781 John Joachim Zubly, Swiss-American Continental Congressman, dies at 56

Person of interestRoger Sherman

1793 Roger Sherman, American lawyer and Founding Father of the United States (Declaration of Independence), dies of typhoid fever at 72

Founding Father of the United States Roger Sherman
Founding Father of the United States
Roger Sherman
  • 1800 John Rutledge, American 2nd Chief Justice of the United States, dies at 60
  • 1803 Arthur Wolfe, Irish 1st viscount Kilwarden, Chief Justice of Ireland, murdered during Irish Rebellion at 64
  • 1816 Elizabeth Hamilton, British author (Cats: A Celebration), dies at 68
  • 1844 Christian Gobrecht, 4th US chief engraver (1840-44), dies in office
  • 1853 Andries Pretorius, Boer leader (Pretoria named after him), dies at 54
  • 1859 Marceline Desbordes-Valmore, French poet (Bouquets et prières), dies at 73
  • 1875 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), dies at 63
  • 1878 Carl Freiherr von Rokitansky, Bohemian physician (b. 1804)

Person of interestUlysses S. Grant

1885 Ulysses S. Grant, 18th US President (1869-77) and Union general, dies of esophageal cancer in Mount McGregor NY at 63

Union General and US President Ulysses S. Grant
Union General and US President
Ulysses S. Grant
  • 1888 Williams Carter Wickham, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 67
  • 1904 John Simon, British pathologist, public health officer, and 1st Chief Medical Officer (1855-76), dies at 87
  • 1905 Jean-Jacques Henner, French painter, dies at 76
  • 1909 Ernest F. Cambier, Belgian colonial pioneer (1st Congo railway), dies at 65
  • 1916 William Ramsay, Scottish chemist who discovered noble gases (Nobel 1904), dies at 63
  • 1920 Conrad Kohrs, German-born cattle rancher in Montana, dies at 84
  • 1923 Charles Dupuy, French statesman, 3 times Prime Minister of France (1893, 1894-95, 1898-99), dies at 71
  • 1924 Frank Frost Abbott, American classical scholar, dies at 64
  • 1927 Saad Zaghlul, Egyptian parliament chairman, dies at 74
  • 1930 Glenn Curtiss, American aviation pioneer and airplane builder, dies at 52
  • 1942 Nikola Vaptsarov, Bulgarian poet, communist and revolutionary, executed by firing squad at 32
  • 1942 Adam Czerniaków, Polish engineer and head of Warsaw Jewish Ghetto Council, dies by suicide at beginning of clearing of the Ghetto at 61
  • 1942 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, dies at 72
  • 1943 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), murdered in the Nazi extermination camp at Sobibor at 71
  • 1944 Max Nettlau, German anarchist and historian, dies at 79
  • 1944 Helmuth James von Moltke, German earl (July 20th plotter), executed by the Nazis for treason at 37
  • 1946 James Maxton, Scottish politician, Leader of the Independent Labour Party, dies at 61

Person of interestPhilippe Pétain

1951 Philippe Pétain, French marshal and Chief of the French State (1940-44), dies at 95

French General Philippe Pétain
French General
Philippe Pétain
  • 1955 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nations (Nobel Peace Prize 1945), dies at 83
  • 1957 Giuseppe Tomasi di Lampedusa, Italian Prince and writer (The Leopard), dies at 61
  • 1964 Jan de Vries, Dutch scholar of Germanic linguistics and Germanic mythology, dies at 74
  • 1968 Henry Hallett Dale, physiologist (1938 Noble Prize for Medicine or Physiology for work on acetylcholine), dies at 93
  • 1969 Dell Floyd, American editor, author and playwright (Little Accident), dies at 82
  • 1973 Eddie Rickenbacker, American aviator "Ace of Aces" (WWI), dies at 82
  • 1979 Joseph Kessel, French journalist and novelist (b. 1898)
  • 1980 Sarto Fournier, Mayor of Montreal (b. 1908)
  • 1980 Mollie Steimer, American political prisoner and anarchist agitator, dies at 82
  • 1982 Betty Parsons, American artist and art dealer, dies at 82
  • 1989 Donald Barthelme, American author (b. 1931)
  • 1990 Kenjiro Takayanagi, Japanese development of television (b. 1899)
  • 1994 Aad Ivens, Dutch checkers player, dies at 80
  • 1994 Henry William Collins, English artist, dies at 84
  • 1995 Bob Rundick, American poet and DJ, dies at 52
  • 1996 Jessica "Decca" Mitford, English author, activist and one of the Mitford sisters, dies at 78
  • 1996 John Corner, scientist, dies at 80
  • 1999 Hassan II [Mawlāy al-Ḥasan Muḥammad ibn Yūsuf], King of Morocco (1961-99), dies of natural causes at 70
  • 2001 Eudora Welty, American novelist (Optimist's Daughter-Pulitzer 1973), dies at 92
  • 2002 William Luther Pierce, American author and activist, dies at 68
  • 2002 Chaim Potok, American novelist and rabbi (b. 1929)
  • 2003 James E. Davis, New York City councilman (murdered) (b. 1962)
  • 2006 Jean-Paul Desbiens, Quebec writer and journalist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Mohammed Zahir Shah, King of Afghanistan (b. 1914)
  • 2007 George Tabori, Hungarian writer, dies at 93
  • 2007 Benjamin Libet, American scientist (human consciousness), dies at 91
  • 2008 Kurt Furgler, member of the Swiss Federal Council (b. 1924)
  • 2011 John Shalikashvili, Polish-American general (NATO), dies at 75
  • 2011 Nguyễn Cao Kỳ, Premier of South Vietnam (1965-67), dies at 80

Person of interestSally Ride

2012 Sally Ride, American astronaut and 1st American woman in space, dies of pancreatic cancer at 61

1st American Woman in Space Sally Ride
1st American Woman in Space
Sally Ride
  • 2014 Dora Bryan [Broadhurst], English actress (Taste of Honey), dies at 91
  • 2016 Thorbjorn Falldin, Swedish politician, Prime Minister (1976-78, 79-82) and sheep farmer, dies at 90
  • 2020 Benjamin Mkapa, Tanzanian politician, President of Tanzania (1995-2005), dies at 81