Deaths in History on July 26

  • 796 Offa, Anglo-Saxon King of Mercia (the Midlands of England) (ruled 757-796)
  • 811 Nicephorus I, Byzantine Emperor (802-11), dies in battle
  • 1342 Charles I Robert van Anjou, King of Hungary (1307-42), dies
  • 1380 Emperor Kōmyō of Japan, 2nd Northern Emperor (1336-48), dies at 58
  • 1471 Pope Paul II [Pietro Barbo], Italian Pope (1464-71), dies at 54

AtahualpaAtahualpa (c. 1502-1533)

last Sapa Inca Emperor, garroted by order of Francisco Pizarro at about 52

  • 1592 Armand de Gontaut, baron de Biron, French soldier (b. 1524)
  • 1611 Horio Yoshiharu, Japanese warlord (b. 1542)
  • 1615 Alonso Pérez de Guzmán, 7th Duke of Medina Sidonia, Spanish Armada commander, dies at 64
  • 1630 Charles Emanuel I, the Great, Italian Duke of Savoy (Peace of Lyon), dies at 68
  • 1680 John Wilmot, 2nd Earl of Rochester, poet/courtier, dies

Elena Cornaro PiscopiaElena Cornaro Piscopia (1646-1684)

Italian mathematician and the 1st woman to receive an academic degree from a university, dies of tuberculosis at 38

  • 1712 Thomas Osborne, English PM (1690-94), dies at 80
  • 1723 Robert Bertie, 1st Duke of Ancaster and Kesteven, English statesman
  • 1728 John Friend, physician/politician, dies
  • 1834 Jonathan Jennings, American politician (Governor of Indiana, 1816–1822; Congressman for Indiana, 1822–1831), dies at 50

Sam HoustonSam Houston (1793-1863)

1st President of Republic of Texas (1836-38, 1841-44) who helped bring Texas into the United States as a constituent state, dies at 70

  • 1867 King Otto of Greece (b. 1815)
  • 1881 George Borrow, writer, dies
  • 1910 Philippus Jacobus Hoedemaker, Dutch theologist, dies at 71
  • 1915 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), dies at 78
  • 1916 Sally Louisa Tompkins, American nurse and philanthrophist, only commissioned woman in US Confederate Army, dies at 82
  • 1918 Eduard "Mick" Mannock, British WW I flying ace (Victoria Cross), dies at 31
  • 1919 Edward Poynter, British painter, President of the Royal Academy, dies at 83
  • 1925 Gottlob Frege, German mathematician and logician (Begriffsschrift), dies at 76

William Jennings BryanWilliam Jennings Bryan (1860-1925)

American orator and statesman known as "The Great Commoner", dies at 65

  • 1926 Robert Todd Lincoln, American politician, lawyer, Captain (Union Army), diplomat, businessman, and son of President Abraham Lincoln, dies in his sleep at 82
  • 1934 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (Little Nemo), dies at 63
  • 1937 Gerda Taro (Gerta Pohorylle), German-born war photojournalist, dies covering Spanish Civil War aged 26
  • 1941 Benjamin Lee Whorf, American linguist (the relation of language to thinking and cognition), dies at 44
  • 1941 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), dies at 66
  • 1941 Marx Dormoy, French socialist, killed by a time bomb
  • 1942 Roberto Arlt, Argentine writer (The Seven Madmen), dies at 42
  • 1942 Titus Brandsma [Anno Sjoerd], Dutch Roman Catholic priest and philosopher (Dachau), dies

Reza Shah PahlaviReza Shah Pahlavi (1878-1944)

Shah of Iran (1925-41), dies of a heart ailment at 66

  • 1946 Morris Hirshfield, Polish/American painter, dies

Eva PerónEva Perón (1919-1952)

Argentine First Lady (1946-52) actress, suffragette, unionist and humanitarian who was inspiration for A.L. Webber's musical "Evita", dies of cancer at 33

  • 1953 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greece politician and general (Prime Minister of Greece 1945-50, 51-2), dies at 69
  • 1954 Hans Lodeizen [Johan Frederik], poet (Travel to Congo), dies at 26
  • 1954 Ruth Bryan Owen, American politician (first woman appointed as a U.S. ambassador, Denmark 1933-36), dies at 68
  • 1957 Carlos Castillo Armas, Dictator and President of Guatemala (1954-57), assassinated by a palace guard with leftist sympathies at 42
  • 1959 Manuel Altolaguirre, Spanish poet and publisher (Amor), dies at 54
  • 1960 Cedric Gibbons, American art director (b. 1893)
  • 1960 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (b. 1879)
  • 1970 Robert Taschereau, French Canadian lawyer and Chief Justice of Canada, dies at 73
  • 1971 Diane Arbus [Nemerov], American photographer (Vogue, Harper's Bazaar), commits suicide at 48 [1]
  • 1974 Arthur K Watson, US businessman (IBM), dies at 55
  • 1980 Ibn-e-Safi, Pakistani fiction writer and Urdu poet, dies at 52

George GallupGeorge Gallup (1901-1984)

American survey sampling pioneer and inventor of the Gallup poll, dies of a heart attack at 82

  • 1986 W. Averell Harriman, American politician (Gov-D-NY) and ambassador to USSR (1943-46), dies at 94
  • 1987 Jim Bishop, American journalist and author (The Day Lincoln was Shot), dies at 79
  • 1988 Fazlur Rahman, Pakistani modernist scholar, dies at 68
  • 1992 Ron Webber, dies of cancer at 60
  • 1993 Matthew Ridgway, American general (World War II, Korean War, NATO Supreme Commander) and Chief of Staff of the US Army (1953-55), dies of cardiac arrest at 98
  • 1994 Marino Iandiorio, Italian canned tomato pioneer, dies at 64
  • 1994 Thomas Davis, US movie editor/son of MGM-chief Frank D, dies at 26
  • 1995 George W. Romney, American politician (Gov-R-Michigan, US Secretary of HUD 1969-73), dies of a heart attack, dies at 88
  • 1995 Raymond Mailloux, Quebec politician (b. 1918)
  • 1996 Arthur McDonald, Royal Air Force officer and radar pioneer, dies at 93
  • 2000 John Tukey, American statistician (b. 1915)
  • 2001 Josef Klaus, Austrian conservative politician (Minister of Finance, 1961-63; Chancellor, 1966-70), dies at 90
  • 2001 Peter von Zahn, German journalist (b. 1913)
  • 2001 Rex Barber, American WWII aviator (b. 1917)
  • 2002 Jutta Hecker, German writer, dies at 97
  • 2005 Alexander Golitzen, American art director (b. 1908)
  • 2005 Jack Hirshleifer, American economist (b. 1925)
  • 2007 Lars Forssell, Swedish writer, member of the Swedish Academy (b. 1928)
  • 2009 Marcey Jacobson, American photographer (b. 1911)
  • 2009 Merce Cunningham, American choreographer (Acrobat in Every Soul is a Circus), dies at 90
  • 2010 Sivakant Tiwari, senior legal officer of the Singapore Legal Service (b. 1945)
  • 2011 Margaret Olley, Australian still-life and interior painter, dies at 88
  • 2012 Franz West, Austrian artist, dies at 65
  • 2013 Rolf Haufs, German writer, dies at 77
  • 2015 Bobbi Kristina Brown, daughter of Whitney Houston and Bobby Brown, dies in a coma at 22
  • 2015 Wolfgang Gönnenwein, German choral director and educator, and artistic director (Ludwigsburger Schlossfestspiele, 1972-2004), dies at 82
  • 2016 Forrest E. Mars Jr., American Candy Manufacturer (Mars, Inc.), dies at 84
  • 2016 Miss Cleo [Youree Dell Harris], American psychic (Psychic Readers Network), dies of colon cancer at 53
  • 2018 Simegnew Bekele, Ethiopian dam engineer (Grand Ethiopian Renaissance Dam), murdered at 53
  • 2020 Bill English, American computer engineer who helped develop the computer mouse and the revolutionary NLS computer system, dies of respiratory failure at 91
  • 2021 Mike Enzi, American accountant, and politician (US Senator for Wyoming (R), 1997-2021), dies from injuries in a bicycling accident at 77