On This Day

Deaths in History on July 28

  • 450 Theodosius II, the Younger, Eastern Roman emperor (408-450), dies after a riding accident at 49
  • 1057 Victor II, [Gebhard], Pope (1055-57), dies
  • 1101 Su Tung-p'o, Chinese poet, essayist, painter and calligrapher, dies at 64
  • 1128 William Clito, Count of Flanders (1127-28), dies at 25
  • 1230 Duke Leopold VI of Austria (b. 1176)
  • 1285 Queen Keran of Armenia, consort of Leo III of Armenia
  • 1330 Michael Shishman of Bulgaria [Michael III], Tsar of Bulgaria (1323-30), dies in the Battle of Velbuzd
  • 1527 Rodrigo de Bastidas, Spanish conquistador (founded city of Santa Marta), murdered by some of his men

BattleThomas Cromwell

1540 Thomas Cromwell, English chief minister for King Henry VIII, executed for treason and heresy at 54 or 55

Lawyer and Statesman Thomas Cromwell
Lawyer and Statesman
Thomas Cromwell
  • 1631 Guillén de Castro y Bellvis, Spanish dramatist (b. 1569)
  • 1655 Cyrano de Bergerac, French dramatist/novelist, dies at 36 in Paris
  • 1655 Suzuki Shosan, Samurai/monk/propagator of Zen Buddhism, dies at 76
  • 1667 Abraham Cowley, English poet (Mistress/Sex libri plantarum), dies
  • 1675 Bulstrode Whitelocke, English lawyer (b. 1605)
  • 1685 Henry Bennet, 1st Earl of Arlington, English statesman (b. 1618)
  • 1711 Gerard Lairesse, Dutch painter, buried at 69

  • 1718 Etienne Baluze, French scholar (b. 1630)
  • 1723 Mariana Alcoforado, Portuguese nun, dies at 63
  • 1746 John Peter Zenger, German born journalist and printer working in New York, involved in 1st amendment fight, dies at 48
  • 1762 George Dodington, 1st Baron Melcombe, English politician (b. 1691)
  • 1794 Georges Couthon, French politician, beheaded at 39

BattleMaximilien Robespierre

1794 Maximilien Robespierre, French revolutionary (President of the National Convention, Member of Committee of Public Safety), executed by guillotine at 36

Revolutionary Maximilien Robespierre
Revolutionary
Maximilien Robespierre
  • 1811 Heinrich J von Collin, Austria dramatist/poet (Coriolan), dies
  • 1818 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (b. 1746)
  • 1835 Édouard Adolphe Casimir Joseph Mortier, French marshal (b. 1768)
  • 1842 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), dies at 63
  • 1844 Joseph Bonaparte, older brother of Napoleon I and King of Naples and Spain, dies at 76
  • 1849 Charles Albert, King of Sardinia (1831-49), dies at 50
  • 1863 James Deshler, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at 30
  • 1864 Samuel Benton, US Confederate brigadier general, dies in battle at about 44
  • 1869 Carl Gustav Carus, German psychologist, philosopher and painter, dies at 80
  • 1869 Jan Evangelista Purkyně, Czech anatomist (b. 1787)
  • 1872 Friedrich Kaiser, Dutch astronomer (Kaiser-Compass), dies at 64
  • 1878 George Law Curry, American newspaper publisher and Governor of Oregon, dies at 58
  • 1895 Jan Kappeyne van de Coppello, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1877-79), dies at 72
  • 1895 Edward Beecher, American theologian, dies at 91

  • 1899 Antonio Guzmán Blanco, Military leader, diplomat and politician, President of Venezuela (1870-77, 1879-84, 1886-87), dies at 70
  • 1904 Vyacheslav von Plehve, Russian Minister of the Interior, killed by Jewish revolutionaries after a bomb is thrown at his carriage, dies at 58
  • 1907 James Henry Lane, US Brigadier General during Civil War (Confederate) and professor, dies at 74
  • 1915 Vilbrun Guillaume Sam, Haitian rebellion leader, President of Haiti (1915), lynched by a mob at 56
  • 1930 Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish physician (Nobel Prize 1911), dies at 68
  • 1937 Joseph Lee, American Father of Playgrounds movement, dies at 88
  • 1939 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), dies at 78
  • 1942 Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (Merneptah Stele, measured the pyramids), dies at 89
  • 1957 Edith Abbott, American social worker and educator (University of Chicago Social Sciences), dies at 80
  • 1960 Enrique Amorim, Uruguayan author (La victoria no viene sola), dies at 60
  • 1965 Edogawa Ranpo, Japanese author (boy detectives club books), dies at 70
  • 1967 Karl W. Richter, American Air Force pilot during Vietnam War (youngest to shoot down a MiG), shot down at 24
  • 1968 Charles William Mayo, American surgeon (Mayo Clinic), dies in a car accident at 70
  • 1968 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), dies at 89
  • 1969 Ramón Grau, Cuban politician, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, dies at 87
  • 1971 Charles E. Pont, American artist, dies at 73
  • 1972 Charu Majumdar, Indian revolutionary leader, dies in custody at 53
  • 1976 Jacob Soetendorp, Dutch rabbi, dies at 62
  • 1981 Fr. Stanley Rother, American Roman Catholic Priest, Martyr and Missionary to Guatemala, dies at 1981
  • 1986 Charles Aubroeck, Belgian painter and sculptor (Iron Tower), dies at 91
  • 1987 James Burnham, philosopher (Coming Defeat of Communism), dies at 81
  • 1990 Armando Frid, of Argentina (Born May 24, 1866 Guin rec), dies at 124
  • 1994 Bernard Delfont, Rus/British impresario (Thorn EMI), dies at 84
  • 1994 Colin Turnbull, anthropologist, dies at 69
  • 1994 Selwyn Powell, art Editor, dies at 82
  • 1996 Mickey Fenn, docker/socialist, dies at 58
  • 1996 Roger Tory Peterson, American ornithologist and writer (How to Know Birds), dies at 87
  • 1997 Seni Pramoj, Prime Minister of Thailand (1945-46, 75, 76), dies
  • 1998 Lenny McLean, English bareknuckle fighter (b. 1949)
  • 1998 Zbigniew Herbert, Polish poet and writer, dies at 73
  • 1999 Trygve Haavelmo, Norwegian economist and 1989 Nobel laureate for his contributions to econometrics, dies at 87
  • 2000 Abraham Pais, Dutch-born American physicist and historian (b. 1918)
  • 2003 Lady Valerie Goulding, Irish politician and activist (b. 1918)

Person of interestFrancis Crick

2004 Francis Crick, English molecular biologist, Nobel laureate (1962), dies of colon cancer at 88

Molecular biologist Francis Crick
Molecular biologist
Francis Crick
  • 2004 Tiziano Terzani, Italian journalist (b. 1938)
  • 2005 Ronald MacDonald, British major-general (WWII), dies at 93
  • 2006 David Gemmell, British writer (b. 1948)
  • 2007 Jim LeRoy, Airshow pilot (b. 1961)
  • 2009 Reverend Ike [Frederick J. Eikerenkoetter II], American televangelist (Joy of Living), dies at 74
  • 2010 Ivy Bean, English internet celebrity (b. 1905)
  • 2011 Abdul Fatah Younis, Former Libyan Interior Minister, assassinated for pro-Gadaffi ties (b. 1944)
  • 2013 William Scranton, American Republican Party politician and diplomat, dies from a cerebral hemorrhage at 96
  • 2014 Margot Adler, American journalist, dies from endometrial cancer at 68
  • 2015 James Jude, American thoracic surgeon (developed CPR), dies at 87
  • 2016 Mahasweta Devi, Indian Bengali writer and activist, dies at 90