On This Day

Deaths in History on June 25

  • 635 Emperor Gaozu, first emperor of the Chinese Tang Dynasty (b. 566)
  • 1134 King Niels of Denmark (1104-1134), dies at 68 or 69
  • 1142 Gulielmus of Vercelli, Italian hermit, monastery founder and saint, dies
  • 1218 Simon de Montfort the elder, 5th Earl of Leicester, French crusader dies in the siege of Toulouse
  • 1423 Reinald IV, duke of Gelre & Gulik (Reinoud I), dies
  • 1483 Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers, English noble and writer (translated Dictes and Sayings of the Philosophers, possibly 1st book printed in English), beheaded on orders of future Richard III (b. c. 1440)
  • 1514 Berta Jacobsdr [Suster Bertken], Dutch hermit, dies at 87
  • 1533 Mary Tudor, queen consort of Louis XII of France (b. 1496)
  • 1579 Hatano Hideharu, Japanese warlord and samurai (b. 1541)
  • 1593 Michele Mercati, Italian physician and gardener (Vatican Botanical Garden), dies at 52
  • 1634 John Marston, English poet and playwright (b. 1576)
  • 1665 Sigismund Francis, Archduke of Austria, dies at 34
  • 1669 François de Vendôme, duc de Beaufort, French soldier (b. 1616)
  • 1671 Giovanni Riccioli, Italian astronomer (Almagestum Novum), dies at 73
  • 1673 Charles de Batz-Castelmore, Comte d'Artagnan, Captain of the Musketeers under Louis XIV of France (b. 1611)
  • 1686 Simon Ushakov, Russian icon painter (b. 1626)

  • 1710 Antonius Matthaeus, Dutch lawyer and historian, dies at 74
  • 1715 Jean-Baptiste du Casse, French admiral and governor (Battle of Málaga), dies ta 68
  • 1785 Pieter Kintsius, Dutch VOC supercarga, chief on Macau, dies at 53
  • 1792 Thomas Peters, Early Sierra Leonean founder (b. 1738)
  • 1798 Thomas Sandby, English architect (Royal Academy's 1st professor of Architecture) dies (b. 1721)
  • 1804 Georges Cadoudal, Breton politician and royalist who plotted to overthrow Napoleon, executed at 33
  • 1830 Ephraim McDowell, American physician and surgeon (pioneered abdominal surgery), dies at 58
  • 1838 François-Nicolas-Benoît Haxo, French Army general, dies at 64
  • 1840 Leopold count of Limburg Stirum, Dutch general and politician, dies at 82
  • 1860 Pōtatau Te Wherowhero, The Māori King, dies at Ngāruawāhia, New Zealand
  • 1861 Abdulmejid I, 31st Sultan of Ottoman Empire, dies at 38
  • 1866 Alexander von Nordmann, Finnish zoologist, dies at 63
  • 1868 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), dies at 57
  • 1868 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), dies at 88
  • 1875 Antoine-Louis Barye, French sculptor, dies at 78
  • 1876 Boston Custer, brother of George Armstrong Custer, dies at Battle of the Little Bighorn at 27

Person of interestGeorge Armstrong Custer

1876 George Armstrong Custer, United States Army officer and cavalry commander in the American Civil War and the American Indian Wars, dies at the Battle of Little Bighorn aged 36

  • 1876 Lame White Man, Cheyenne, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • 1876 Myles Keogh, US officer, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn
  • 1876 Thomas W. Custer, brother of George Custer, dies at the Battle of the Little Bighorn

  • 1882 François Jouffroy, French sculptor (b. 1806)
  • 1896 Emile A.H. Seipgens, Dutch beer brewer and man of letters, dies at 58
  • 1896 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), dies at 82
  • 1897 Margaret Oliphant, Scottish novelist and biographer (Beleaguered City), dies at 69
  • 1898 Ferdinand J. Cohn, German botanist and publicist, dies at 70
  • 1906 Stanford White, American architect, shot dead atop Madison Square Garden which he designed by Harry Thaw jealous husband of Evelyn Nesbit at 52
  • 1912 Louis Antoine, Belgian miner and sect leader, dies at about 65
  • 1912 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch-British painter, dies at 76

Person of interestThomas Eakins

1916 Thomas Eakins, American artist (The Gross Clinic), dies at 71

Painter Thomas Eakins
Painter
Thomas Eakins
  • 1929 Georges Courteline [Moineau], French playwright, dies at 71
  • 1942 Hans Lietzman, German theologist and church historian, dies at 67
  • 1948 William C. Lee, U.S. general 'Father of the US Airboure', dies at 53
  • 1954 Eduard M. Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Civil Code), dies at 74
  • 1956 Ernest J. King, US fleet admiral, Chief of Naval Operations, dies at 77
  • 1959 Charles Starkweather, American spree killer, executed by electric chair at 20
  • 1960 Walter Baade, German-American astronomer (Andromeda), dies at 67
  • 1961 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected women governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), dies at 86
  • 1961 John Alexander Douglas McCurdy, Canadian aviator, dies at 74
  • 1962 Ephraim Lisitsky, American Hebrew poet, dies (b. 1885)
  • 1964 Gerrit T Rietveld, Dutch architect (Sonsbeekpaviljoen), dies at 76

  • 1971 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), dies at 88
  • 1971 John Boyd Orr, Scottish physician, Nobel laureate (b. 1880)
  • 1974 Cornelius Lanczos, Hungarian mathematician, dies at 81
  • 1977 Olave Baden-Powell, English founder of the Girl Guides, dies at 88
  • 1978 Hussein al-Ghasjmi, president of North-Yemen, murdered
  • 1979 Philippe Halsman, American portrait photographer, dies at 73
  • 1984 Michel Foucault, French philosopher and historian (History of Sexuality), dies of AIDs at 57
  • 1985 Morris Mason, American convicted rapist and murderer, executed by electric chair at 31
  • 1986 Gery Florizoone, Flemish poet, dies at 63
  • 1988 Axis Sally [Mildred E Gillars], US nazi propagandist (WWII), dies
  • 1992 James Stirling, Scottish architect (Neue Staatsgalerie, 1981 Pritzker Prize), dies at 66
  • 1994 Louis-Robert Casterman, Belgian publisher (Kuifje), dies at 74
  • 1995 Warren Earl Burger, American judge, US Supreme Court Justice, dies of heart failure at 78
  • 1996 Ray Howard-Jones, Welsh artist, dies at 93
  • 1996 Sir Arthur Snelling, British Ambassador (b. 1914)

Person of interestJacques Cousteau

1997 Jacques Cousteau, French oceanographer, dies of heart attack at 87

Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist Jacques Cousteau
Oceanographer, Explorer and Scientist
Jacques Cousteau
  • 1997 William Lyle Woratzeck, American convicted killer, executed in Arizona at 51
  • 2001 Yuri Petrovich Sheffer, Russian cosmonaut, dies at 53
  • 2002 Jean Corbeil, Canadian politician (b. 1934)
  • 2003 Lester Maddox, American businessman, one-time segregationist and Governor of Georgia (b. 1915)
  • 2006 Jaap Penraat, Dutch architect and WWII resistance fighter, dies at 88
  • 2010 Richard B. Sellars, American business executive (b. 1915)
  • 2014 Harry Hookway, Chief Executive of the British Library (1973-84), dies at 93
  • 2016 Bill Cunningham, American fashion photographer (The New York Times), dies at 87
  • 2017 Gordon Wilson, Scottish politician (Leader of the Scottish National Party), dies at 79
  • 2020 John Kennedy Sr., Australian Rules Football coach (Australian Football Hall of Fame legend; VFL Premiership 1961, 71, 76; Hawthorn FC; North Melbourne FC), dies at 91