On This Day

Deaths in History on March 14

  • 840 Eginhard, French nobleman/biographer (Vita Karoli Magni), dies at 69
  • 968 Matilda of Ringelheim, German Queen (c. 895)
  • 1272 Re Enzo, Italian poet/son of Emp Frederik II von Hohenstaufen, dies
  • 1298 Petrus Johannis Olivi, South France theologist, dies
  • 1457 Jingtai, 7th Emperor of the Ming dynasty of China (1449-57), dies at 28
  • 1490 Charles I, Duke of Savoy (1482-90), dies at 21
  • 1559 Jacques d'Auchy, Walloon baptist merchant, executed
  • 1573 Claude II, of Lotharingen, duke of Aumale/murdered adm Coligny, dies
  • 1590 Philip van Egmont, general/prince of Gavere, dies in battle at Ivry at 30
  • 1612 Philip Galle, Flemish engraver, dies at about 74

Person of interestFrederick Henry

1647 Frederick Henry, Prince of Orange and stadtholder of Holland, Zeeland, Utrecht, Guelders, and Overijssel (1625-47), dies at 63

Prince of Orange Frederick Henry
Prince of Orange
Frederick Henry
  • 1648 Ferdinando Fairfax, 2nd Lord Fairfax of Cameron, English general, dies at 63
  • 1680 René Le Bossu, French critic (b. 1631)
  • 1682 Jacob I van Ruysdael, physician/landscape painter, dies at about 53
  • 1696 Jean Domat, French jurist, dies at 70
  • 1698 Claes Rålamb, Swedish statesman, dies at 75

  • 1748 George Wade, British military leader (b. 1673)
  • 1757 John Byng, English admiral executed by firing squad at 52 for neglecting his duty in defence of Minorca, dies at 53
  • 1791 Johann Salomo Semler, German historian and Bible commentator (b. 1725)
  • 1803 Friedrich Gottlieb Klopstock, German poet (Der Messias), dies at 78
  • 1805 Stanisław Szczęsny Potocki, Russian general (b. 1753)

Person of interestAugustus FitzRoy

1811 Augustus FitzRoy, 3rd Duke of Grafton, British Prime Minister (1768-70), dies at 75

British Prime Minister Augustus FitzRoy
British Prime Minister
Augustus FitzRoy
  • 1823 Charles François Dumouriez, French general (b. 1739)
  • 1874 Johann Heinrich von Mädler, German astronomer (published the most complete map of the Moon of the time, Mappa Selenographica, 4 vol. with Wilhelm Beer), dies at 79

Person of interestKarl Marx

1883 Karl Marx, German philosopher (Communist Manifesto), dies at 64

Communist Philosopher Karl Marx
Communist Philosopher
Karl Marx
  • 1884 Quintino Sella, Italian statesman (b. 1827)
  • 1899 Emile Erckmann, French writer (Waterloo), dies at 76
  • 1902 Daniel H. Reynolds, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 69
  • 1903 Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Dutch landscape painter, dies at 88
  • 1918 Lucretia Garfield, First Lady of the United States as the wife of James A. Garfield (1881), dies at 85
  • 1919 Roger Atkinson Pryor, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), dies at 90

Person of interestGeorge Eastman

1932 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera and founder of the Eastman Kodak Company), shoots himself in the heart at 77

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • 1933 Balto, husky dog who brought back the antitoxin in 1925
  • 1949 John Callan O'Laughlin, American political and military figure and journalist (b. 1873)
  • 1953 Klement Gottwald, premier/president of Czechoslovakia, dies at 56
  • 1957 Evagoras Pallikarides, Cypriot freedom fighter (b. 1938)

  • 1968 Erwin Panofsky, German/US art historian/iconologist, dies
  • 1969 Ben Shahn, Lithuanian-American painter (1964 Arts & Letters), dies at 70
  • 1973 Murat B "Chic" Young, US comic strip artist (Blondie), dies at 72
  • 1973 Howard Aiken, American computing pioneer (Harvard Mark I computer), dies at 73
  • 1976 Busby Berkeley, US choreographer/dir (Strike Up the Band), dies at 80
  • 1976 Martha Saalfeldt, writer, dies

Person of interestFannie Lou Hamer

1977 Fannie Lou Hamer, American civil rights activist (Freedom Summer, Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee), dies of breast cancer at 59

Civil Rights Activist Fannie Lou Hamer
Civil Rights Activist
Fannie Lou Hamer
  • 1980 Mohammad Hatta, Indonesian politician (b. 1902)
  • 1984 Aurelio Peccei, Italian industrialist and chairman (Club of Rome), dies at 75
  • 1989 Edward Abbey (environmental author), dies after surgery at 62
  • 1989 Zita of Bourbon-Parma, Empress of Austria and Queen of Hungary, dies at 96
  • 1991 Jef Houthuys, Belgian union leader (ACV, 1968-87), dies at 68
  • 1991 Robert Maroff, dies at 57
  • 1991 Margery Sharp, children's author (b. 1905)
  • 1992 Steven Brian Pennell, 1st execution in Delaware in 45 years at 34
  • 1994 Abdelkader Alloula, Algerian playwright, murdered
  • 1994 Sally Mary Caroline Belfrage, writer, dies at 57
  • 1995 Johan W "Jo" van Marle, CEO (KNVB, 1980-93), dies at 70
  • 1995 William Fowler, American astrophysicist (Nobel 1983), dies at 83

Person of interestJohn Peters Humphrey

1995 John Peters Humphrey, Canadian jurist and human rights advocate, dies at 89

  • 1996 Nico Kiasashvii, professor of English Literature, dies at 69
  • 1997 Fred Zinnemann Austrian-American director (From Here to Eternity, Julia), dies of heart attack at 89
  • 1997 John Curtis Jr, pres/CEO (Luby's Cafe), commits suicide at 58
  • 1997 Jurek Becker, Polish-born German writer (Jacob the Liar), dies at 59
  • 1997 Lucy Kroll, American talent agent, dies at 87
  • 2002 Cherry Wilder, New Zealand-born author (b. 1930)
  • 2002 Cherry Barbara Grimm [Lockett], New Zealand sci-fi author (Nearest Fire), dies at 71
  • 2003 Jack Goldstein, Canadian-born artist (b. 1945)
  • 2003 Jean-Luc Lagardère, French publisher (b. 1928)
  • 2006 Ann Calvello, American roller derby queen, dies at 76
  • 2006 Lennart Meri, former president of Estonia (b. 1929)
  • 2007 Lucie Aubrac, French history teacher and member of the French Resistance (b. 1912)
  • 2008 Chiara Lubich, Italian Catholic activist and leader and foundress of the Focolare (b. 1920)
  • 2009 Altovise Davis, American entertainer, best known as Sammy Davis, Jr.'s third wife. (b. 1943)
  • 2012 Censu Tabone, President of Malta, dies at 98
  • 2013 Mirja Hietamies, Finnish skier, dies at 82
  • 2014 Tony Benn, British politcian, Minister of Technology and President of the Stop the War Coalition, dies aged 88
  • 2015 Valentin Rasputin, Russian writer (To Live and Remember), dies at 77

Person of interestStephen Hawking

2018 Stephen Hawking, English physicist (Black Holes & Baby Universes), dies at 76

Physicist Stephen Hawking
Physicist
Stephen Hawking
  • 2018 Marielle Franco, Brazilian politician and human rights activist, assassinated at 38
  • 2018 Adrián Lamo, American threat analyst and hacker (NYT, Yahoo!, Microsoft) who reported Chelsea Manning to the FBI, dies at 37
  • 2018 Emily Nasrallah, Lebanese writer and women's rights activist (Birds of September, A Cat’s Diary), dies at 86