Deaths in History on March 23

Agrippina the YoungerAgrippina the Younger (15-59 AD)

Roman Empress (sister of Caligula, wife of Claudius, mother of Nero), dies at 43 (circumstances of her death vary, but suggest she was murdered by her son, the Emperor Nero)

  • 1103 Eudes I, Duke of Burgundy (b. 1058)
  • 1169 Shirkuh, Kurdish general, Vizier of Cairo, and Saladin's uncle, dies
  • 1237 Jan of Brienne, King of Jerusalem and Emperor of Constantinople, dies
  • 1361 Henry of Grosmont, 1st Duke of Lancaster, richest peer in England, dies at 50 or 51

Peter the CruelPeter the Cruel (1334-1369)

Spanish King of Castile and Leon (1350-69), murdered by his half-brother at 34

  • 1548 Itagaki Nobukata, retainer of Takeda Shingen

Julius IIIJulius III (1487-1555)

Counter-Reformation Pope (1550-55), dies at 67

  • 1559 Emperor Gelawdewos of Ethiopia (killed in battle) (b. 1521/1522)
  • 1596 Henry Unton, English diplomat
  • 1606 Justus Lipsius [Joost Lips], Dutch classic philologist, dies at 58
  • 1618 James Hamilton, 1st Earl of Abercorn, Scottish politician
  • 1653 Johan van Galen, Dutch admiral (commanded Dutch fleet during Battle of Leghorn), dies of wounds from the Battle of Leghorn at about 48

Nicolas FouquetNicolas Fouquet (1615-1680)

French politician and Superintendent of Finances (1653-61) who became fabulously wealthy and later imprisoned for maladministration of state funds, dies in jail in Pinerolo at 65

  • 1742 Jean-Baptiste Dubos, French writer (b. 1670)
  • 1747 Claude Alexandre de Bonneval, French soldier (b. 1675)
  • 1754 Johann Jakob Wettstein, Swiss theologian (b. 1693)
  • 1786 Patience Wright, 1st US woman pro artist, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1801 Tsar Paul I of Russia (1796-1801) is struck with a sword, strangled, and trampled to death in his bedroom at St. Michael's Castle aged 46
  • 1813 Princess Augusta Frederica of Great Britain, dies at 75
  • 1819 August von Kotzebue, German dramatist, dies at 57
  • 1840 William Maclure, Scottish-American Geologist (first geological map), dies at 76
  • 1842 Stendhal [Marie-Henri Beyle], French author (Le Rouge et de Noir, a Chartreuse de Parme), dies at 59
  • 1862 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian chancellor, dies at 81
  • 1907 Konstantin Pobedonostsev, Russian reactionary lawyer and senator, dies at 79
  • 1914 Rafqa Pietra Choboq Ar-Rayès (Saint Rebecca) Lebanese saint (b. 1832)
  • 1925 Aleksei Kuropatkin, Russian general and minister of War, dies at 76
  • 1927 Paul César Helleu, French artist (b. 1859)

Bhagat SinghBhagat Singh (1907-1931)

Indian freedom fighter, hanged at 23

  • 1937 Helge Rode, Danish poet/essayist, dies at 66
  • 1942 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), dies at 73
  • 1943 Andre Lichtenberger, French Sudan writer (Le Petit Roi), dies at 72
  • 1944 O.C. Wingate, British General-Major (Burma), dies in air crash in India at 41
  • 1946 Gilbert N. Lewis, American Chemist (theory of covalent bonding), dies at 70
  • 1947 Archduchess Luise of Austria, Princess of Tuscany (b. 1870)
  • 1952 Klaas Schilder, Dutch vicar and theologist (Reformed Churches in the Netherlands (liberated)), dies at 61
  • 1953 Raoul Dufy, painter, Forcalquier, France
  • 1955 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (b. 1875)
  • 1957 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, dies at 77
  • 1958 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist/philosopher, dies at 76
  • 1960 Franklin P. Adams, American columnist (Information Please), dies at 78
  • 1961 James Edward Murray, (Sen-D-Montana) (1935-61), dies
  • 1961 Valentin Vasilyevich Bondarenko, Russian cosmonaut, dies in an accident during training at 24
  • 1962 Josef van Schaik, Dutch lawyer and politician (Vice-Premier of Netherands), dies at 80
  • 1964 Vassily Vainonen, Russian ballet choreographer (Gayaneh), dies at 66
  • 1968 Edwin O'Connor, American writer (The Edge of Sadness - Pulitzer Prize for Fiction, 1962), dies of a cerebral hemorrhage at 49
  • 1969 Rudolf Pannwitz, German writer and philosopher (Urblik), dies at 87
  • 1970 Del Lord, Canadian director (b. 1894)
  • 1971 Simon Vestdijk, Dutch author/poet (Brass Garden), dies at 72
  • 1972 Cristóbal Balenciaga, Spanish couturier 'The Master', dies at 77
  • 1980 Arthur Melvin Okun, American economist (Misery Index), dies of a heart attack at 51
  • 1982 Mario Praz, Italian literary critic and scholar (Casa della vita), dies at 85
  • 1983 Barney Clark, 1st artificial heart recipient, dies after 112 days at 62
  • 1985 Anton Constandse, Dutch anarchist and writer, dies at 85
  • 1985 Patricia Roberts Harris, (Rep-D), 1st African American woman cabinet member, dies of cancer at 60
  • 1985 Peter Charanis, Greek-American scholar and professor (b. 1908)
  • 1985 Richard Beeching, chairman of British Railways (b. 1913)
  • 1987 Adriaan Pitlo, Dutch lawyer, dies at 85
  • 1991 Dominic Bellissimo, created buffalo chicken wings, dies at 68
  • 1991 Elisaveta Bagriana, Bulgarian poet (The Eternal and the Holy), dies at 97
  • 1991 Fons Jansen, Dutch news reader and cabaretier, dies at 65
  • 1991 Parkash Singh, Indian soldier, recipient of the Victoria Cross (b. 1913)
  • 1992 Friedrich A. von Hayek, British economist (Road to Serfdom), dies at 92
  • 1993 Hans Werner Richter, German writer and founder (Gruppe 47), dies at 84
  • 1994 Alvara del Portillo, Spanish Opus Dei bishop, dies at 80
  • 1994 Luis Donaldo Colosio, Mexican presidential candidate, assassinated at 44
  • 1995 Robert Turner, winner of 1st All-American Soap Box Derby, dies at 72
  • 1995 Russell Reading Braddon, Australian author, dies at 74
  • 1996 Peter Baer, German-British artist and printmaker, dies at 72
  • 1998 Gerald Stano, American serial killer (confessed to killing 41 people), dies at 46
  • 1999 Luis María Argaña, Paraguayan politician (b. ?)
  • 2001 David McTaggart, Canadian co-founder of Greenpeace, dies in a car accident at 68
  • 2004 Rupert Hamer, Australian politician (b. 1916)
  • 2006 David B. Bleak, Medal of Honor recipient (b. 1932)
  • 2007 Paul J. Cohen, American mathematician, Fields Medal winner (b. 1934)
  • 2007 Paul Joseph Cohen, American mathematician (Cohen forcing, Continuum hypothesis), dies at 72
  • 2012 Abdullahi Yusuf Ahmed, President of Somalia, dies from liver failure at 77
  • 2013 David Bond, British sailor, dies at 90
  • 2014 Adolfo Suárez, Prime Minister of Spain (1976-81), dies from a respiratory infection at 81

Lee Kuan YewLee Kuan Yew (1923-2015)

Founding father of modern Singapore and 1st Prime Minister of Singapore (1959-90), dies of pneumonia at 91

  • 2016 Peter Moores, British businessman and director (Littlewoods), dies at 83

Madeleine AlbrightMadeleine Albright (1937-2022)

American diplomat (UN Delegate, 1993-97), and 1st female US Secretary of State (1997-2001), dies of cancer at 84