Deaths in History on March 31

  • 1074 Regency Yorimichi Fujiwara of Japan (b. 992)
  • 1340 Ivan I of Moscow, Prince of Moscow and Grand Prince of Vladimir (b. 1288)
  • 1389 Everhard Tserclaes, sheriff of Brussels, murdered

Francis I of FranceFrancis I of France (1494-1547)

dies complaining about the weight of the crown at 52

  • 1567 Philip, the Generous, count of Hessen, dies at 62
  • 1578 Juan de Escobedo, sec of Spanish land guardian Don Juan, murdered

Philip IIIPhilip III (1578-1621)

King of Spain & Portugal (1598-1621), dies at 42

  • 1631 John Donne, Metaphysical poet, dies (birth date unknown)
  • 1671 Anne Hyde, wife of James II of England (b. 1637)
  • 1722 Campegius Vitringa, Dutch theologist/exegete, dies at 62
  • 1723 Edward Hyde, 3rd Earl of Clarendon, British Governor of New York and New Jersey, dies at 61

Isaac NewtonIsaac Newton (1643-1727)

English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (Gravity, Laws of Motion), dies at 84

  • 1741 Pieter Burman the Elder, Dutch classical scholar, dies at 72
  • 1797 Betty Washington, younger sister of George Washington, dies at 63
  • 1837 John Constable, English landscape painter (Hay Wain), dies at 60

Charlotte BrontëCharlotte Brontë (1816-1855)

English novelist (Jane Eyre), dies at 38

  • 1869 Allan Kardec, French author and founder of Spiritism, dies at 64
  • 1877 Antoine Cournot, French philosopher and mathematician (rule of Cournot), dies at 75
  • 1884 Jan Theodoor Beelen, Dutch-Belgian bible scholar, dies at 77
  • 1898 Edward Noyes Westcott, US attorney/writer (David Harum), dies
  • 1903 Ebenezer Butterick, American inventor (tissue paper dress pattern), dies at 76

J. P. MorganJ. P. Morgan (1837-1913)

Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, US Steel Corporation, AT&T), dies in his sleep at 75

  • 1914 Christian Morgenstern, German poet (Ich und die Welt), dies at 42
  • 1928 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), dies at 82
  • 1928 Medardo Rosso, Italian sculptor (portraits), dies at 69
  • 1931 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), dies at 67
  • 1934 Franz Ehrle, German Jesuit, head of Vatican library, dies at 88
  • 1938 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet and critic (New Guide), dies at 78
  • 1944 Mineichi Koga, admiral of Japanese fleet, dies

Hans FischerHans Fischer (1881-1945)

German organic chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1930), commits suicide at 63

  • 1945 Hans Riegel Sr., German sweet inventor (founder of Haribo), dies at 51
  • 1945 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), dies at 85
  • 1945 Maurice Rose, 1st US general in Nazi Germany, killed in action at 45
  • 1948 Egon Kisch, Austrian-Czech writer and journalist (Raging Reporter), dies at 62
  • 1952 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (Senate Majority Leader), dies at 74
  • 1959 Peter Suhrkamp, German publisher (Suhrkamp Verlag), dies at 68
  • 1961 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Modern Art & Degenerating), dies at 85
  • 1970 Semjon Timoshenko, Russ marshal/inspector-general (WWII), dies at 75
  • 1976 Paul Strand, American photographer (b. 1890)
  • 1978 Charles Best, American-Canadian medical scientist and co-discoverer of insulin, dies at 79
  • 1980 Vladimír Holan, Czech poet, dies at 74
  • 1981 Enid Bagnold, British novelist (Chalk Garden, 1956 Award of Merit), dies at 91
  • 1982 Fritz Eberhard, West German lawyer and resistor (Law), dies at 85
  • 1983 Christina Stead, Australian writer (b. 1902)
  • 1984 Ronald Clark O'Bryan, American murderer, dies of lethal injection at 39
  • 1988 William McMahon, 20th Prime Minister of Australia (Liberal: 1971-72), dies in his sleep at 80
  • 1989 Bill Chappell Jr., American politician (Rep-D-FL, 1969-89), dies at 67
  • 1990 Lillian "Miss" Miller, audience member (Merv Griffin, Tonight), dies
  • 1993 Jose Maria Lemus, president of El Salvador (1956-60), dies
  • 1994 Léon Degrelle, Belgian Walloon-Spanish facisct Rexist Party leader, and Nazi collaborator, dies of a heart attack at 87
  • 1996 Dante Giacosa, Italian engineer and automobile designer (Fiat), dies at 91
  • 1996 Dario Bellezza, Italian poet, dies of AIDS at 51
  • 1996 Julius Young, fast food entrepreneur, dies at 73
  • 1997 Edwin Alberian, TV celebrity (Clarabell), dies at 76
  • 1997 Laxmishankar Pathak, food retailer, dies at 62
  • 1998 Bella Abzug "Battling Bella", American politician, feminist and activist (Rep-D-NY, 1970-74), dies at 77
  • 1999 Yuri Knorozov, Russian linguist and epigrapher (major role indeciphering Mayan script), dies at 77
  • 2001 Clifford Shull, American physicist, Nobel laureate (b. 1915)
  • 2003 H.S.M. Coxeter, English-born geometer (b. 1907)
  • 2005 Frank Perdue, American poultry farmer (b. 1920)
  • 2005 Justiniano Montano, Filipino politician, dies at 99
  • 2005 Stanley J. Korsmeyer, American oncologist (b. 1951)
  • 2005 Terri Schiavo, American figure in right to die case (b. 1963)
  • 2007 Paul Watzlawick, Communications & Constructivism Theorist (b. 1921)
  • 2008 William L. Dickinson, American politician (Rep-R-AL, 1965-93), dies at 82
  • 2009 Jarl Alfredius, Swedish news anchor (b. 1943)
  • 2009 Raúl Alfonsín, President of Argentina (1983-89), dies of lung cancer at 82
  • 2014 Charles Keating, American district attorney (Los Angeles California), dies at 90
  • 2016 Hans-Dietrich Genscher, German Minister of Foreign Affairs (FDP), worked to re-unify Germany, dies at 89

Imre KertészImre Kertész (1929-2016)

Hungarian writer (Nobel Laureate 2002) and concentration camp survivor, dies at 86

  • 2016 Zaha Hadid, Iraqi-British Pritzker Prize-winning (London Aquatic Centre), dies at 65
  • 2017 Gilbert Baker, American gay activist, designed the rainbow flag, dies at 65
  • 2017 James Rosenquist, American pop artist, dies at 83
  • 2020 Pape Diouf, Senegalese journalist and football agent (president Olympique de Marseille 2005-09; first black president in Europe's top 6 leagues), dies from COVID-19 at 68
  • 2020 Richard Friedman, American psychoanalyst who proved sexual orientation biological, dies at 79
  • 2022 Georgi Atanasov, Bulgarian communist politician, (Prime Minister 1986-90), dies at 88