Deaths in History on November 17

  • 375 Valentinian I "The Great", Roman Co-Emperor and Ruler of Western Roman Empire (336-75), dies at 54
  • 474 Leo II, Byzantine Emperor (474), dies at age 7

Gregory of ToursGregory of Tours (538-594 AD)

Gallo-Roman chronicler and bishop (History of the Franks), dies at 55

  • 641 Emperor Jomei of Japan (b. 593)
  • 680 Hilda of Whitby, Christian saint and founding abbess of Whitby monastery (b. 614)
  • 885 Liutgard of Saxony, Queen of the Franks (876-882)
  • 1093 Margaret, widow of Scottish king Malcolm III, dies
  • 1231 Elisabeth of Hungary, daughter of Andrew II of Hungary (b. 1207)
  • 1302 St. Gertrude the Great, German Benedictine nun (b. 1256)
  • 1326 Edmund FitzAlan, 9th Earl of Arundel, English politician, dies at 41
  • 1494 Giovanni Pico della Mirandola, Italian philosopher (b. 1463)
  • 1512 Kempo Roeper, Frisian rebel, quartered
  • 1525 Eleanor of Viseu, Queen of Portugal (1481-95), dies at 67
  • 1558 Mary I 'Bloody Mary', English Queen of England (1553-58), dies at 42
  • 1558 Reginald Pole, English cardinal, scholar and "heretic", dies at 58
  • 1562 Antoine de Bourbon, King of Navarre (1555-62), father of Henry IV of France, dies at 44
  • 1592 John III, King of Sweden (1568-92), dies at 54
  • 1600 Kuki Yoshitaka, Japanese naval commander, commits seppuku (ritual suicide) after defeat at Battle of Sekigahara (b. 1542)
  • 1608 Adolf, count of Nassau-Siegen, dies in battle at 22
  • 1632 Gottfried Heinrich Graf zu Pappenheim, Bavarian field marshal, dies at 38
  • 1643 Jean-Baptiste Budes, Comte de Guébriant, Marshal of France (b. 1602)
  • 1665 John Earle, English bishop and author, tutor to Charles II (b. c. 1601)
  • 1668 Joseph Alleine, English Nonconformist travelling preacher (b. 1634)
  • 1690 Charles de Sainte-Maure, duc de Montausier, French soldier, dies at 80
  • 1713 Abraham van Riebeeck, Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies (b. 1653)

Calico JackCalico Jack (1682-1720)

English pirate captain who operated in the Bahamas and Cuba, executed for piracy by hanging in Port Royal at 37

  • 1747 Alain-René Lesage, French author (Le diable boiteux), dies at 79
  • 1757 Maria Josepha of Austria, Queen consort of Poland (1734-57), dies at 57

Thomas Pelham-HollesThomas Pelham-Holles (1693-1768)

1st Duke of Newcastle, British Prime Minister (Whig: 1757-62), dies at 75

  • 1776 James Ferguson, Scottish astronomer, dies at 66
  • 1780 Bernardo Bellotto, Italian painter (b. 1720)
  • 1794 Jacques François Dugommier, French general, dies at 56
  • 1808 David Zeisberger, Moravian clergyman and missionary, dies at 87
  • 1808 Mustafa IV, 29th Sultan of Ottoman Empire (1807-08), dies at 29
  • 1818 Charlotte of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of England, consort to King George III dies at 74
  • 1848 Jozef B. "Olim" Cannaert, Flemish lawyer, dies
  • 1849 Prince Alexander of Hohenlohe-Waldenburg-Schillingsfürst, German priest and miracle-worker (b. 1794)
  • 1858 Robert Owen, British father of the cooperative movement (b. 1771)
  • 1865 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, dies at 52
  • 1875 Hilario Ascasubi, Argentina author (pampa, gauchos & indians), dies
  • 1893 Alexander-Jozef von Battenberg, Prince of Bulgaria (1879-86), dies at 36
  • 1897 George Hendric Houghton, American Protestant Episcopal clergyman (b. 1820)
  • 1902 Hugh Price Hughes, Welsh Methodist Social reformer, dies at 55
  • 1905 Adolphe [Adolf Wilhelm August Karl Friedrich], Grand Duke of Luxembourg (1890-1905), dies at 88
  • 1905 Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders and son of Leopold I, dies at 68

Auguste RodinAuguste Rodin (1840-1917)

French sculptor (Baiser, Thinker), dies at 77

  • 1917 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), dies at 56
  • 1921 Pa Chay Vue, Hmong Nationalist
  • 1922 Robert Comtesse, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council (1899-1912), dies at 75
  • 1926 Carl Akeley, American taxidermist and naturalist who developed the animal mount process and other techniques for museums, dies at 62
  • 1927 Adolph Joffe, Russian Communist revolutionary and writer (Brest-Litovsk), commits suicide at 44
  • 1928 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian author, politician, & freedom fighter (b. 1865)
  • 1929 Herman Hollerith, German/US statistician (punch card), dies at 69
  • 1931 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, dies at 77
  • 1931 John Paulus Lotsy, Dutch botanist and geneticist (Resumptio Genetics), dies at 64
  • 1934 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, dies at 51
  • 1938 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), dies at 74
  • 1940 Eric Gill, British sculptor (b. 1882)
  • 1940 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (b. 1879)
  • 1941 Ernst Udet, German WWI pilot and notable flying ace who helped develop the Luftwaffe under the Nazi Party, commits suicide at 45
  • 1942 Ben Reitman, American anarchist, physician (b. 1879)
  • 1944 Johan Hermanus Doorn, Dutch journalist and resistance fighter (Orange Newspaper), dies at 34
  • 1945 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, dies at 63
  • 1947 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", dies at 83
  • 1947 Victor Serge, Russian anarchist, novelist, and historian (b. 1890)
  • 1962 Arthur Vining Davis, American industrialist and CEO (Alcoa-1910-57), dies at 95
  • 1968 Mervyn Peake, British writer and illustrator (Gormenghast books), dies at 57
  • 1968 Wilhelm Lehmann, German writer, dies at 86
  • 1973 Mirra Alfassa, French-Indian spiritual leader (Sri Aurobindo), known as "The Mother", dies at 95
  • 1979 Immanuel Velikovsky, Russian writer (Worlds in Collision), dies at 84
  • 1982 Ruth Donnelly, comedienne, dies at 86 in NYC
  • 1986 Georges Besse, French president-director of Renault, murdered
  • 1988 Sheilah Graham, gossip columnist, dies of heart failure at 84
  • 1989 Gus Farace, American gangster (b. 1960)

Robert HofstadterRobert Hofstadter (1915-1990)

American atomic physicist and Nobel laureate (electron scattering in atomic nuclei), dies at 75

  • 1991 John Blatnik, (Rep-Minn, 1947-75), dies at 80
  • 1992 Audre Lorde, American writer, feminist and activist (Black Unicorn), dies of cancer at 58
  • 1993 Gérard D. Levesque, Canadian politician, dies at 67
  • 1994 G Waller, German/Swiss movie journalist (NRC/Variety), dies at 82
  • 1995 Edward LeBone Molotlegi, chief of the Bafokeng, dies at 66
  • 1995 John Prickett, teacher/ecumenist, dies at 88
  • 1995 Marguerite Young, writer, dies at 87
  • 1996 Andrew John Fairclough, trade union educator, dies at 45
  • 2000 Louis Eugène Félix Néel, French physicist, Nobel Prize laureate (b. 1904)
  • 2002 Abba Eban, Israeli diplomat (b. 1915)
  • 2002 Leo P. Kelley, American sci-fi author (Dead Moon, Vacation in Space), dies at 74
  • 2011 Olin Branstetter, American businessman and politician (b. 1929)
  • 2012 Margaret Yorke, English crime fiction writer, dies at 88
  • 2013 Doris Lessing, Iranian novelist and Nobel laureate (Adore, Memoirs of a Survivor, Golden Notebook), dies at 94
  • 2013 Omprakash Valmiki, Indian Dalit writer and poet (Joothan), dies of stomach cancer at 63
  • 2017 Azzedine Alaïa, Tunisian-born fashion designer, dies at 82
  • 2017 Salvatore Riina, Italian mobster and chief of the Sicilian Mafia, dies at