Deaths in History on October 12

  • 632 Edwin of Deira, King of Northumbria and Bretwalda
  • 638 Honorius I [dux plebis], Italian Pope, dies
  • 642 Pope John IV, Dalmatian born Pope (640-42), dies
  • 1093 Robrecht de Fries, earl of Flanders (1071-93), dies at about 62
  • 1095 Margrave Leopold II of Austria (b. 1050)
  • 1176 William d'Aubigny, 1st Earl of Arundel, English politician
  • 1320 Michael IX Palaeologus, co-ruling Byzantine Emperor (1295-1320), eldest son of Andronikos II Palaiologos and Anna of Hungary, dies at 43
  • 1343 Reinald II, duke of Gelre, dies
  • 1491 Fritz Herlen, German artist
  • 1492 Piero della Francesca, Italian painter
  • 1565 Jean Ribault, French explorer and colonizer (b. 1520)
  • 1590 Kano Eitoku, Japanese painter (b. 1543)
  • 1600 Luis Molina, Spanish Jesuit priest (De liberi arbitrii cum gratiae donis), dies at 65
  • 1632 Kutsuki Mototsuna, Japanese samurai commander (b. 1549)
  • 1646 François de Bassompierre, marshal of France, dies at 67
  • 1654 Rembrandt Carel Fabritius, painter, is injured in the Delft Explosion and later dies of his injuries
  • 1666 Dirck Graswinckel, Dutch States-General court clerk, dies at 66
  • 1672 Frederik of Nassau, count of Buren, slain in battle
  • 1678 Edmund Berry Godfrey, English magistrate (b. 1621)
  • 1679 William Gurnall, English writer (b. 1617)
  • 1685 Christoph Ignaz Abele, Austrian jurist (b. 1628)
  • 1685 Geeraerdt Burns, theologist/poet/historian, dies at 59
  • 1685 Gerard Brandt, Dutch theologist, poet and historian, dies at 59
  • 1694 Matsuo Basho, greatest Japanese haiku poet, dies
  • 1730 Frederik IV, King of Denmark and Norway (1699-1730), dies at 59
  • 1758 Richard Molesworth, 3rd Viscount Molesworth, British field marshal (b. 1680)
  • 1791 A L Karschin, writer, dies at 68
  • 1820 Elias Annes Borger, theologist/poet (Ode on the Rhine), dies at 36
  • 1829 Jacobus Blue, Dutch regent/patriot, dies at about 73
  • 1837 Wilhelmine of Prussia, Queen of the Netherlands (1815-37), dies at 62
  • 1844 Claude Tillier, French journalist and writer (My Uncle Benjamin), dies at 43

Elizabeth FryElizabeth Fry (1780-1845)

English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, dies of a stroke at 65

  • 1858 Ando Hiroshige, Japanese painter, dies at 61
  • 1860 Harry Smith, English military commander and leader of British-Indian forces (Battle of Aliwal), dies at 73
  • 1864 Roger Taney, 5th Supreme Court Chief Justice (1836-64), dies at 87

Robert E. LeeRobert E. Lee (1807-1870)

American General who commanded the Confederate Army of Northern Virginia in the American Civil War, dies of pneumonia at 63

  • 1875 Jean-Baptiste Carpeaux, French sculptor and painter (b. 1827)
  • 1887 Dinah Craik, English writer (John Halifax, Gentleman), dies at 61
  • 1890 William Worth Belknap, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), dies from a heart attack at 61
  • 1896 Christian Emil Krag-Juel-Vind-Frijs, Danish nobleman and politician (Council President of Denmark 1865-70), dies at 78
  • 1898 Calvin Fairbank, American abolitionist minister (b. 1816)
  • 1904 Charles Dowd, American principal who was the 1st to propose standardized time zones (for America's railways), struck and killed by a train at 79
  • 1914 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", dies at 76

Edith CavellEdith Cavell (1865-1915)

British nurse, executed by German firing squad in Belgium during World War I at 49

  • 1922 Margriet Baers, Flemish social worker, feminist, and philosopher, dies at 33
  • 1924 Anatole France [Jacques Anatole Thibault], French writer (Thaïs, Wickerwork Woman, Nobel 1921), dies at 80
  • 1926 Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster, theologian, and author (Flatland), dies at 87
  • 1929 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher/theorist, dies at 52
  • 1934 Gertrude Käsebier, American photographer dies aged 82
  • 1936 Edwin Blashfield, American painter who decorated the dome of Library of Congress, dies at 87
  • 1941 Harry Micajah Daugherty, American politician, lawyer and political manager accused of corruption, dies at 81
  • 1944 Regina Jonas, German first woman rabbi, dies at 42
  • 1945 Jesse James Payne, a sharecropper, lynched in Madison County, Florida
  • 1946 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China), dies
  • 1948 Alfred Kerr, German-British writer, dies at 80
  • 1948 Susan Sutherland Isaacs, English educational psychologist and psychoanalyst, dies at 63
  • 1951 Simon Kimbangu/Kibangu, Congolese religious leader and founder of Kimbanguism, dies in captivity at 62
  • 1954 George Welch, American World War II flying ace (Medal of Honor nominee) and test pilot, dies in a plane crash of his experiential F-100 Super Sabre at 36
  • 1955 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, dies of a urinary tract infection at 87
  • 1958 Gerard Hordijk, Dutch architect and painter, dies at 59
  • 1959 Arnoldt Bronnen, writer, dies at 63
  • 1960 Inejiro Asanuma, Leader of the Japanese Socialist Party, murdered at 61

Eugene BullardEugene Bullard (1895-1961)

1st African-American military pilot, flew for France in World War I as part of the French Foreign Legion, dies of stomach cancer at 66

  • 1964 J Howard Frazer, USTA pres, dies in office
  • 1967 Dr. Ram Manohar Lohia, Indian Socialist politician, dies at 57
  • 1969 Serge Poliakoff, Russian-French abstract painter, dies at 69
  • 1970 Mustafa Zaidi, Pakistani Urdu poet, dies at 40
  • 1971 Dean Acheson, American statesman and U.S. Secretary of State (1949-53), dies at 78
  • 1977 Jan Zrzavý, Czech painter, dies at 86
  • 1978 Nancy Spungen, killed by boyfriend Sid Vicious in NYC
  • 1983 Jiri Lederer, Czechoslovakia journalist/dissident, dies at 61
  • 1984 Sir Anthony Berry, British politician (bombing victim) (b. 1925)
  • 1987 Alf Landon, American politician, Governor of Kansas (1933-37) and Republican Presidential nominee in 1936, dies at his Topeka home at 100
  • 1987 Philleo Nash, American politician and Commissioner of the U.S. Bureau of Indian Affairs (1961-66), dies at 77
  • 1988 Ruth Manning-Sanders, author of children's books (b. 1895)
  • 1989 Jay Ward, American cartoonist (Rocky & His Friends, Bullwinkle), dies of kidney cancer at 69
  • 1990 Rifaat Maghub, president Egyptian MP, murdered
  • 1990 Tom Carvel, Greek born American ice cream mogul (Carvels), dies at 84
  • 1991 Arkady Natanovich Strugatsky, Soviet-Russian sci-fi author (Tale of the Troika), dies at 66
  • 1992 Ulysses Guimaraes, Brazilian MP (chairman), dies in accident
  • 1994 Gérald Godin, French Canadian poet and politician, dies at 55
  • 1996 David Gilroy Bevan, British politician, dies at 86
  • 1996 Pavel Alexandrovich Solovyov, aero-engine designer, dies at 79
  • 1996 Trevor Illtyd williams, scientific writer, dies at 75
  • 1998 Mario Beaulieu, Canadian politician (Senator for Quebec, 1990-94), dies at 68
  • 1998 Matthew Shepard, American murder victim (b. 1976)
  • 1999 Robert Marsden Hope, Australian Justice and Royal Commissioner, dies at 80
  • 2001 Quintin Hogg, British politician, Baron Hailsham of St Marylebone, dies at 94 (b. 1907)
  • 2003 Jim Cairns, Australian politician (b. 1914)
  • 2005 C. Delores Tucker, American politician and civil rights activist (b. 1927)
  • 2007 Kisho Kurokawa, Japanese architect (b. 1934)
  • 2008 Karl Chircop, Maltese politician (b. 1965)
  • 2008 Marta Pan, Hungarian-French sculptor (Great spiral), dies at 85
  • 2010 Belva Plain, American novelist (b. 1919)
  • 2011 Dennis Ritchie, American computer scientist (created C programming language, helped developed Unix), dies at 70
  • 2013 Oscar Hijuelos, American novelist (The Mambo Kings Play Songs of Love), dies from a heart attack at 62
  • 2015 George Mueller, NASA Systems Engineer (managed 1969 Moon landing), dies at 97
  • 2017 Grape-kun, a Humbolt penguin from Tobu Zoo, who gained fame from the anime series "Kemono Friends", dies aged 21 (Miyashiro, Saitama Prefecture, Japan).